Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa kubzala kaloti mu granules. Zambiri pa njira ndi zolakwika

Palibe chodabwitsa chifukwa chakuti mbewu yambewu imapangidwa ndi mlimi. Mlimi uyu yekha, Masanogu Fukuoka anali adakali wofiira, ndipo panthaŵi imodzimodziyo ndi filosofi. Iye adatchula kuti iye anapanga "mipira ya mbewu" ndipo izi zinachitika m'zaka za m'ma 50 zapitazo.

Anayendetsa mbewuzo mudothi ndi madzi ndikupanga mipira. Lingaliro lalikulu linali kuteteza mbewu ndi dziko lapansi. Mbewu za mbalame, nthaka sizimasula. Iye sanafese mbewu za mbewu, koma anabalalitsa pamunda. Mu chilengedwe, palibe wina woti azikumba mabowo ndi mabedi. Sikudziwika ngati anabzala kaloti, koma otsatira ake adaphunzira ku granulate pafupifupi mbeu zing'onozing'ono.

Kuchokera m'nkhaniyi mudzaphunzira za kubzala mbewu za granulated potseguka pansi ndi kukonzanso, komanso masiku angati karoti imatuluka mutatha kufesa.

Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungabzalidwe?

Tsopano dongo silo chigawo chachikulu mu granulation. Pali zipangizo zoterezi - granulators. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'mafakitale, pazinyalala ndi m'mafakitale ena. Aliyense amadziwa mavitamini, feteleza, chakudya cha agalu ndi amphaka. Icho ndi granules.

Thupi yogwira ntchito likugwiritsidwa ntchito zingapo zigawo ndi zofunidwa. Zitha kukhala zinthu zina kapena zipolopolo zoteteza. Mbewu yokhala ndi zipolopolo ndi okulitsa kukula, feteleza, osunga chinyezi: musawerengere.

Mbeu za karoti mu granules siziri zosiyana kwambiri ndi mbewu zina zazing'ono. Iwo ndi mipira ya kukula 2.5-3.0 mm burgundy.

Zilonda (kapena mapiritsi) ndi zazikulu kwambiri kuposa mbeu yomwe ili pachimake. Choncho, pangani zosavuta komanso zosavuta. Zili zosavuta kuti tipeze mtunda woyenerera pakati pa zomera, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti palibe chosowa chochepetsera, zimatengera zochepa kubzala mbewu.

Kudyetsa pamalo otseguka kumachitika mumtsinje, kulenga zida za kubzala mbewu. Mtunda wa pakati pa mizere, kutalika kwa mabowo ayenera kukula.

Kuyerekeza za mbewu wamba ndi granulated

Kuyerekeza kwa zigawo zazikulu za mbewu zowirira ndi wamba zimaperekedwa patebulo:

ParametersMbewu Granulated (nyemba)Mbeu zopanda granulated (nthawi zonse)
MavitaminiZagwiritsidwa ntchito mu granules muzinthu zofunikiraNdikofunika kupanga pamanja
Kumera5-7% apamwambaM'munsimu
Dulani nthawiWatambasula, ndi kuchedwa kwa masabata awiriZachibadwa, malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana.
Mlingo wa seedingKuwongolera mosavutaZovuta kuti mukhalebe woyenera
Mtengo wambewuZokwera mtengo kuposa nthawi zonseKutsika mtengo

Kuyerekeza kwa magawowa kumatipangitsa ife kuganiza kuti kupindula kumaperekedwa kwa granules. Koma izi, ngati tikulankhula. Pachifukwa chilichonse, chigamulochi chiyenera kupangidwa malinga ndi momwe zinthu zilili. Ndi chinthu chimodzi chodzala isanafike nyengo yozizira, ina - kumayambiriro kapena kumapeto kwa nyengo.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa njirayo

Ubwino wa pellets pa mbewu wamba:

  • kupezeka kwa zakudya ndi zinthu zina zofunikira pakukula koyamba;
  • kuchepetsa nthawi ndi ntchito zothandizira kubzala ndi kusamalira zomera;
  • mtundu wokwanira wa mbewu;
  • kumera mwakhama.

Zowonongeka zomwe oyang'anira wamaluwa amadziwa, omwe ankakonda kubzala m'maperetti, nthawi zambiri kumera kumatchulidwa. Ie. Mbeu zachilengedwe zimamera bwino kuposa granulated. Chifukwa chake, posakhalitsa amasamukira ku njira yachizolowezi.

Koma, mwinamwake, si mbewu zimene ziyenera kuimbidwa mlandu, koma mwini mundayo mwiniwake. Ngati mukutsatira zofunikira zonse ndi ntchito, zotsatira zidzakhala zoyenera.

Chinthu china chosokoneza ndi kuchedwa kwakuwonekera. Koma apa mukhoza kubweretsa ndemanga yomweyo. Ndikofunika kuganizira zofunikira za mtundu wina wa kutsogolo kutsogolo kwa wina, komanso kuti tisabwereze njira zomwe tazizoloŵera.

Nthawi: Nthaŵi yobzala?

Chofunika kwambiri kuti mukolole bwino ndikukumana ndi masiku odzala. Zimatsimikiziridwa makamaka ndi zikhalidwe za nyengo. Kanthawi kasupe kamabwera kale, kwinakwake. Pali masiku ambiri otentha m'dera limodzi, osachepera. Avereji kutentha ndi osiyana.

Karoti ndi chomera chosasinthasintha, kotero zimatha kupirira kanthawi kozizira kozizira.

  • Pakatikati mwa Russia, m'midzi, amayamba kubzala kumayambiriro kapena m'ma April. Kufika kumapeto kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May.
  • Kumadera akum'mwera mungathe kubzala kuyambira March mpaka masiku oyambirira a May.
  • Anthu okonda ku Siberia amakonda mizu imeneyi mu April ndi May.

Nthawi zonse, tiyenera kukumbukira izi Kutentha kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kumafunika kusungidwa pa madigiri 14-15. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, nthaka imaphuka mpaka madigiri 7-8, kutentha kwa kanthaŵi kochepa sikuwonekeranso. Koma, ngati zichitika, musadandaule. Kaloti amapulumuka mosavuta kutentha kwa madigiri anga 4.

Kodi mungabzala bwanji mwamsanga?

Musanayambe kubzala kaloti mu granules, muyenera kukonzekera bwino. Nazi zomwe mukufuna:

  1. Konzani zolemba, fufuzani zomwe zikuchitika. Izi zikhoza kukhala mbeu (okonza mapulani), sitiroti, ogulitsa okha, kuthirira akhoza.
  2. Pangani zofunikira zofunika za biohumus, humus.
  3. Konzani mbewu. Ngakhale kuti granules ndi okonzeka kubzala, m'pofunika kuyang'ana matenda awo ndikutsatira nthawi yosungirako.
  4. Kulima nthaka: chotsani namsongole, kukumba pabedi la munda, pangani mizere yowonjezera mbeu mu nthaka.

Chinsinsi cha choyenera ndikulumikizana ndi kukula kwa zinthu zonse za dongosololi. Zomwe zimapanga dongosololi ndizozungulira, kutalika kwake ndi kutalika kwa iwo, komanso grooves kubzala mbewu ndi mtunda wochokera kumalo ena kupita kumalo ena.

  1. Mizere imapangidwa ndi zipangizo zilizonse zomwe zingapange mzere wa masentimita 2-3 ndi 3-4 masentimita. Mtunda wa pakati pa mizere (m'katikatikati mwake) uyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 15 kwa mitundu yoyambirira yakucha. Ngati zosiyana ndi mochedwa kapena sing'anga mochedwa, mtunda uyenera kuwonjezeka kufika 20 cm.
  2. M'mphepete mwa mzere uliwonse, amapanga mbewu zomwe zimabzalidwa. Kuzama kumatha kupangidwa ngakhale ndi ndodo, ngakhale ndi chala. Mtunda woyenerera pakati pa kaloti ndi 5-7 masentimita Ngati mutapanga pang'ono, kuphulika kumachitika ndipo mudzayenera kupatulira.
  3. Amathira madzi ambiri. Ndikofunika kuwonjezera chilengedwe cha madzi ku madzi.
  4. Ikani nyembazo mu pulasitiki ndikuwaza ndi biohumus kapena humus.

    Ndikofunikira! Mbewu, zophimbidwa ndi humus, zidzatuluka kale.

Ndiye mukhoza kuyang'ana kanema ndi malangizo mwatsatanetsatane odzala karoti granules:

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji mutabzala?

Kusamalira kaloti mutabzala ndi makamaka madzi okwanira ndi okwanira nthawi. Musanayambe nthawi yopanga mizu ayenera kumwa madzi osachepera kawiri pa sabata.

Madzi ayenera kukhala ofunda. Madzi ozizira akhoza kuwononga mbewu. Kuthira kwa madzi pa 1 sq.m. nthaka pafupifupi 3-4 malita. Pamene mizu imayamba kupanga, madzi sayenera kuchepa kamodzi pa sabata, koma kuthira madzi katatu.

Kuwonjezera ku kuthirira ndikofunikira kuyang'anira mkhalidwe wa nthaka. Mizere iyenera kumasula nthawi zonse ndikulimbana ndi namsongole.

Zolakwitsa zambiri: chifukwa chiyani zimachitika?

Ngakhale kuyendetsa sikumakhala kovuta, nthawi zonse kumakhala opanda zolakwika. Zolakwa zazikulu:

  • kugula mbewu zomwe zimaperekedwa ku malo ena;
  • kubzala granules ndi moyo wamphero wamphepo;
  • kuphwanya malamulo;
  • kusagwirizana ndi agrotechnical mawu;
  • Kuphwanya mtunda pakati pa mizere ndi mbewu;
  • kutsika kwakukulu kofika;
  • Kutentha kwa nthaka kosakwanira.

Kukhazikitsidwa kwa malamulo onse okha, komanso njira yowonjezera ikhoza kukhala chitsimikiziro cha chitukuko chokhazikika ndi kusasitsa kwa mbeu iliyonse.

Kenaka mungathe kuwonera kanema za zochitika zofanana pamene mutabzala kaloti mu granules:

Kodi muyenera kuchita chiyani ngati sapita nthawi yaitali?

Kawirikawiri, mphukira iyenera kuonekera masabata awiri. Koma sabata yadutsa, wina, koma palibe kumera. Kapena pali, koma pang'ono. Zolakwa zinapangidwa. Kodi tingachite chiyani? Palibe njira zambiri. M'malo mwake, imodzi yokha. Ndikofunika kubwereza mobwerezabwereza ndondomeko yonse, chitani zonse mosamalitsa komanso molondola. Koma ngati mulibe nthawi isanayambe kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa June, ndi bwino kuyamba kukonzekera kukonzekera kozizira.

Kaloti - imodzi mwazidziwi ndi wodzichepetsa muzu mbewu. Potsatira malamulo osavuta, aliyense akhoza kupeza zokolola zabwino ndikugwiritsa ntchito ubwino uliwonse wa chomera ichi. Kukonzekera kodabwitsa kwa asayansi wa ku Japan, granulation ya mbewu, kunathandiza kuti mbewu ikhale yophweka komanso yolimba kuposa kale lonse.