Mmene mungalimbire nkhumba m'chipinda chanu, kubzala ndi kusamalira mbewu

Weigela - Chomera ichi chimachokera ku mtundu wa zitsamba zowononga, banja la ana osungunuka. Pali mitundu 15 ya tiigela, yomwe mitundu 7 idalimidwa, ndipo ngati chomera cha nyumba, nkhumba zokha ndizoyenera kuti zikhale zosakanizidwa. Mu malo otseguka, zomera zimakula makamaka kummawa ndi kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia.

Mukudziwa? Weigela amatchulidwa ndi pulofesa wa zomera, zamagetsi ndi mapangidwe a Germany, K.E. a Weigel, amene adatsegula shrub.

Mtengo wachitsamba: malongosoledwe a zomera

Weigela - Ichi ndi chosatha cha shrub ndi mphukira zowongoka. Stolonov sakhazikitsa. Green ndi white edging, masamba okongola ali moyang'anizana, alibe malemba.

Chomeracho chimatha kuyambiranso maluwa, ndipo maluwawo ndi aakulu kwambiri (mpaka 5 masentimita). Ikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa mu inflorescences (mpaka ma PC 6). Kapena osakwatira. Mtundu ndi wosiyana: kuyambira woyera kupita ku pinki.

Makhalidwe a weigela ndi kusintha kwa mthunzi panthawi ya maluwa kuchoka pamlingo wofikira. Chipatso ndi bokosi la bivalve lomwe lili ndi mbewu zing'onozing'ono. Mu mitundu ina iwo ali ndi mapiko. Weigela amakhala ndi moyo zaka 20-30.

Kusankha malo oti chodzala tirigu

Posankha malo oti mubzalidwe, kumbukirani kuti muyenera kupereka chomeracho pafupi ndi momwe mungathere.

Chiyenera kukhala kuunikira kotani

Kwa tirigu, chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika kwambiri kubzala ndi kusamalira kunyumba ndi kuunika kokwanira. Pamafunika kuwala, koma popanda dzuwa.

Mawindo a kumadzulo ndi kummawa, omwe amapereka kuwala kodabwitsa, amathandiza bwino. Mukaika chomera pawindo lakumwera, musaiwale kuti mutenge. Mukamaika mphika kumpoto - kuyatsa kungakhale kosakwanira.

Kutentha ndi chinyezi kuti zikule bwino

M'nyengo ya chilimwe, kutentha kwapakati ndi koyenera kwa tiigela, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, kutentha kumafunika + 12 ° C ... + 18 ° C.

Chomeracho sichifuna chinyezi chakuya, koma kupopera mbewu nthawi zonse (masamba okha, osati maluwa) sichidzakhala chosasangalatsa. Mungathe kupukuta masambawo ndi chonyowa.

Momwe mungabzalitsire nkhumba kunyumba

Bzalani mbande zabwino kuposa zaka zitatu. Ndondomekoyi imachitika m'chaka. Lembani mizu ndikugwirizanitsa gawolo kuti pasakhale voids pafupi ndi mizu. Musati muzikumba kolala ya mizu kuposa 1-2 masentimita.

Momwe mungasankhire chophika chodzala

Phika ayenera kukula komanso kukhala wolemera. masentimita angapo oposa rhizome. Ngati cholinga chanu ndi mtengo wa bonsai, ndiye sankhani miphika yayikulu ndi yochepa.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kukula bwino kwa nkhumba, mabowo akuluakulu amafunika mu mphika. Madzi akuyenera kuikidwa pansi pa thanki, pamwamba pa nthaka, pozungulira chomera - kuonjezeranso kutsanulira gawo lochepa.

Kodi nthaka iyenera kukhala yotani?

Weigela amakonda nthaka yathanzi, yachonde, yotayirira yopanda ndale kapena yamchere. Malo oyenera mchenga kapena loamy. Mukhoza kupanga kusakaniza nthaka pogwirizanitsa nthaka yosavuta ndi mchenga ndi nthaka yachisanu mu chiŵerengero cha 2: 2: 1. Pa nthaka yowonjezereka, timagalu timasanduka bwino.

Kulowera

Ndondomeko yobzala ya shrub ili ndi ndondomeko zotsatirazi.

  1. Pangani dzenje (30-40 masentimita).
  2. Mizu ya zomera imathandizira ndi kukula kowonjezera.
  3. Mukamabzala, onetsetsani kuti khosi lazu silikuikidwa m'manda.
  4. Malingana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya siigela wosakanikirana, ikani mapulani a maluwa pamtunda wa mamita 2 (zazikulu) mpaka 80 cm (kwa otsika).
  5. Mutabzala kudzafuna madzi okwanira ambiri.

Malamulo Osamalira Malo

Kulankhula za kulima nkhumba kunyumba, nkofunika kufotokozera osati mitu yeniyeni yokha, komanso kukambirana za kusamalira.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa zomera

Pakati pa kukula kwachangu (kasupe-chilimwe) nkofunika kuthirira nthawi zonse, koma moyenera. Gawoli liyenera kukhala lonyowa nthawi zonse, panthawi imodzimodzi, onetsetsani kuti madzi samatha. Kwa nthawi yophukira ndi yozizira, kutsirira kwafupika.

Zimathandiza kamodzi pachaka, kumayambiriro kwa masika, kuti imere nthaka ndi humus. Zimayambitsa kukula kwa masamba aang'ono ndi mphukira.

Kuphuka kunali kobiriwira komanso yaitali - kumapeto kwa kasupe - kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe, ntchito phosphate-potaziyamu feteleza. Komanso kutentha, phosphoric top dressing, zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri mtundu wa masamba, sizidzakhala zosasangalatsa.

Kodi kudulira kumatheka motani?

Chifukwa cha kukula kwake mofulumira, weigela amafunikira kudulira nthawi zonse. Ngati mukufuna kupanga chomera ndi chitsamba, nthawi ndifupipafupi mufupikitse mphukira, ndipo ngati mtengo wawukulu wokhala ndi korona wokongola - chotsani mtengo wokhawokha ndi kuwupiza pamtunda wokwanira.

Kuti apange korona ndi kulimbikitsa kukula kwa mphukira zatsopano, kudulira bwino kumachitika mu kugwa, mwamsanga mutatha maluwa. M'chaka, chotsani nthambi zakale ndi matenda.

Mukudziwa? Zojambula za bonsai nthawi zambiri zimayamba kuphunzira mu weigel. Iye ali ndi rhizome yamphamvu yomwe imamuthandiza iye kulekerera magawo onse a bonsai kupanga.

Pamene chofunika chikufunika, ndi chomwe chikufunikira

Kupaka tizilombo kumachitika ndi kusintha ndi pokhapokha ngati kuli kotheka, ngati mizu ili pafupi kwambiri mumphika wakale. Chomeracho sichifuna kusokonezeka. Zonse zomwe zimafunika kuti muzitha kuziika ndi tank latsopano, gawo lapansi ndi ngalande. Za nthaka ndi mphamvu yosankha, zalembedwa kale.

Chipinda choberekera bwino

Ng'ombe zapanyumba zingathe kuchulukana m'njira ziwiri: cuttings ndi mbewu.

Chomera chomera

Kwa kuswana weigela kunyumba ndi cuttings, kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe, kudula achinyamata, osati lignified mphukira, 10-15 masentimita yaitali ndi 2 internodes. Chotsani m'munsi masamba ndi kudula masamba apamwamba mu theka.

Ikani cuttings kwa maola 1-2 m'madzi, ndiyeno kwa maola 12, malo pa kukula kokondweretsa. Chipinda chiyenera kukhala mdima, ndipo kutentha kumayenera kukhala mkati + 20 ° С ... + 25 ° С.

Ndikofunikira! M'magazi a cutig, mdulidwe wapansi uyenera kukhala wolunjika, popeza masamba a chomerachi akukonzedwa motsutsana.
Kokani 1 cm masentimita mu chisakanizo cha peat ndi mchenga, wokhala ndi mchenga wa masentimita 4. Phizani kapepala kalikonse ndi filimu, mtsuko kapena botolo.

Pangani madzi ndi kumwa madzi odulidwa kawiri pa tsiku. Patatha masabata angapo, rooting idzachitika.

Zilonda zamagazi zimafalitsidwa ndi cuttings, pachimake kwa nthawi yoyamba ali ndi zaka ziwiri.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Mbeu za weigel zimasowa kumera chaka chimodzi mutatha kukolola, choncho ndizo zatsopano zokha zomwe zimayenera kuswana. Kukonzekera koyambirira sikofunikira. Bzalani kasupe.

Momwemo, mu chidebe ndi mabowo pansi, wodzazidwa ndi nthaka ndi ngalande, kuthira mbewu, moisten ndi kuphimba ndi galasi kapena filimu. Ikani malo a dzuwa. Kuwombera kumawonekera pafupi masiku 21, iwo akhoza kukhala achikondi.

Pang'ono ndi pang'ono mkwiyo ndi nyemba zimamera kuchokera wowonjezera kutentha zinthu. Pamene masamba 4 apangidwa - sungani nyembazo muzipinda zosiyana, ndipo mutatha mizuyo, mutha kutenga malo "osakhalitsa" osakhalitsa ndi miphika yosatha ya kukula kwake. Kubalanso mwanjira imeneyi tchire lidzasamba muzaka zisanu.

Pamene tikuwona chomera chokongola chotero ngati tirigu, ndizotheka kukula pakhomo, ngati mutatsatira malamulo oyambirira a kubzala ndi kusamalira, komanso kuberekanso. Mukawonetsa khama pang'ono ndipo chitsamba ichi chidzapereka zifukwa zambiri zozizwitsa.