Chomera Chomera cha Detroit - ndondomeko, malangizo a kukula

Beet Detroit inabwera kwa alimi a Russia omwe sanalembeke mchaka cha 1997, ndipo sali otchuka monga ena, mitundu yambiri.

Koma chaka chilichonse Detroit ikuyamba kutchuka. Amayesa kuchuluka kwa wamaluwa ndipo samagawana nawo.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imatchulidwa pakati pa kucha. Pafupi ndi Detroit, mungathe kunena kuti si zokoma zokha, koma ndithudi zothandiza.

M'nkhaniyi tidzakambirana za makhalidwe, kufotokozera ndi kusiyana kwa mitundu ina, ndikuphunziranso kuti ndi motani momwe ikugwiritsidwira ntchito.

Makhalidwe ndi kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Kuwombera kumawoneka pa tsiku 7-14 mutabzala. Nthawi yochokera kumera mpaka ku zipatso zonse, pafupifupi masiku 95. Chipatsocho ndi chosalala, chozungulira, nthawi zina chowopsa. Thupi ndi lofiira, lopanda mimba. Unyinji wa muzu 100-200 magalamu. Kulima - Tani 35-60 pa hekitala.

Chithunzi

Mu chithunzicho mudzawona beet ya zowerengedwa zosiyanasiyana:



Mbiri yobereka

Zinyama zinadza kwa ife kuchokera ku Italy. Chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake akunja ndi othandiza, adalimbikitsidwa ku Russian Federation kwa kulima kwaokha ndi malonda ogulitsa.

Kusiyana kwa mitundu ina

Mbali yaikulu ya zosiyanasiyana, cholinga chodzala poyera. Mbewu ingabzalidwe pa mbande, koma machitidwe amasonyeza kuti mbewu zimakula bwino ndipo zimakula mofulumira ndikukula kuchokera kumtundu wawo.

Chifukwa chisanu kukana, Mbewu imatha kubzalidwa mwamsanga pansi, popanda zotsatira za rooting ndi zokolola. Komanso zosiyanasiyana zimadziwika ndi kukula kwa chipatso kwathunthu pansi, popanda kutulutsa pamwamba.

Zabwino ndi zamwano

Ubwino wa mndandanda wa masewero:

  • chisanu kukana;
  • bwino kumera - 99.9%;
  • osati wouma;
  • osati mofulumira mu kulima;
  • osati kugonjera kuwombera;
  • Ali ndi makina amphamvu omwe amateteza chipatso nthawi ya chilala.

Kuipa:

  • kukula kwa kamwana kakang'ono;
  • amafuna madzi okwanira.

Kodi ndikuti mungagwiritse ntchito bwanji?

Mosiyana ndi beet wamba, izi zosiyanasiyana Sanagwiritsidwe ntchito pokonzekera zakudya zosiyanasiyana, komanso pokonzekera mankhwala a decoctions, mu cosmetologypopanga masks nkhope. Oyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mu mawonekedwe ghawisi ndi ngati chothandizira chothandizira kumalongeza ndi kusankha.

Malangizo Okula

Gulani mbewu. Mbewu imagulitsidwa m'masitolo ambiri, awiri apadera komanso masitolo ambiri. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa ojambula, kotero nsaluyi imakhala ikuyimira osati kokha ndi Russian, komanso ndi ogulitsa zakunja. Kuyika ndilopiringa - 3-5 magalamu mu thumba, zogulira makumi asanu ndi makumi asanu ndi awiri (60) rulega pa chidutswa, ndi katundu - 100-200 magalamu, okwera makasitoma 300 pa phukusi.

  1. Nthawi yobwera. Kumapeto kwa April, nyengo ikakhala yotentha, ndizotheka kubzala beet pansi. Mukasankha njira ya mmera, muyenera kuyamba kubzala mwezi umodzi musanayambe nyengoyi.
  2. Kusankha malo okhala. Monga oimira onse a ndiwo zamasamba, Detroit amakonda malo abwino. Choncho, pasanapite nthawi ndikofunikira kusankha malo omwe sudzabisa mitengo. Kusamala kumayeneranso kuperekedwa kumalo a malowa, monga beet iyi imakondanso madzi.
  3. Kusankhidwa kwa nthaka. Medium-loamy chernozems ndi peatlands zabwino zoyenera masamba, nthawizonse ndi ndale kapena pang'ono zamchere nthaka anachita. Komanso beetroot imakula bwino pamene yabzalidwa m'malo anyezi, tomato ndi mbatata. Kaloti ndi kabichi zimaonedwa kuti ndizoyipa.
  4. Tikufika:

    • Iyenera kuyamba ndi kukonzekera mabedi. Ngati pamalowa pali mitundu yolemera ya nthaka, ndiye kuti mabedi ndi abwino kwambiri. Lamuloli likugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mitundu yonse yobzala, kuphatikizapo njira yozizira. Mchere wautali umatsitsidwa ndi phulusa. Kutalika kwa bedi lokwanira ndi 20-25 cm.
    • Kenaka, muyenera kukonzekera kubzala zakuthupi. Masiku ochepa musanafike tsiku lodzala chokonzekera, mbewu ziyenera kulowetsedwa m'njira iliyonse yabwino.
    • Anabzala beet pansi pa dongosolo 25x10. Mipatayi imapanga mtunda wa masentimita 25, njere zimayikidwa patalika masentimita 8-10 kuchokera kwa wina ndi mnzake. Kufesa kwakuya - 2-4 masentimita.
    • Pambuyo potseka mbewu ndi nthaka, bedi la munda limasungidwa.
  5. Kutentha kwamtundu. Kutentha kwabwino kwambiri kwa kukula kwa izi zosiyanasiyana ndi 15-20 digiri Celsius. Kufika kumeneku kwachitika pa madigiri 4-5, Detroit idzapulumuka ndi yofiira. Ndi chilala, chifukwa cha mizu yolimba, chikhalidwe chidzakhalanso ndi moyo. Koma zidzakhala zofunikira kuchita madzi okwanira tsiku ndi tsiku.
  6. Kuthirira Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi kukonda chinyezi. Pakuti mphukira zabwino amafunika wambiri kuthirira tsiku lililonse. Pa nyengo yokula, amasintha ku boma - kamodzi pa sabata, pamtunda wa malita 15 pa 1 sq. M. M'masiku owuma, amamwe madzi tsiku ndi tsiku, kupeĊµa mawonekedwe a pansi pano.
  7. Kupaka pamwamba. Potsatira zotsatira zabwino, nthawi imodzi mu masabata awiri amatha kudyetsa beets ndi potaziyamu. Pazithunzi 1. M. 16-20 magalamu a potashi. Pambuyo kupatulira, mbande zimadyetsedwa ndi nayitrogeni. Ndi acidity yakutchire - musaiwale kuwaza mabedi ndi phulusa. Ndiponso chifukwa cha shuga wabwino wokhutira chipatso, mchere umaphatikizidwanso kwa madzi kuthirira.
  8. Zoonjezerapo. Mbewu za zosiyanasiyanazi zimachokera ku mbeu 3-5, zomwe zimapangidwa chifukwa cha maluwa zikukula palimodzi. Choncho, ngakhale mtunda woyenera umawonetsedwa mukamafesa, mbewu zimakhala zikuwoneka ngati zisa - choncho, ndizofunika kuti muzitha kuyera.

    • Nthawi yoyamba imatha kutuluka masamba awiri kapena pamene mbande imakwana 2-3 masentimita. Mtunda woyenera ndi 3-4 masentimita.
    • Kupatulira kachiwiri kumapangidwa pambuyo polemba mapepala 4 kapena angapo, pamene chikhalidwe chimayamba kuwonjezereka mliri wa zipatso. Mtunda uli pafupifupi masentimita 6, opitirira 8-10 masentimita.

    Onetsetsani kuti mukucheka bwino ndi kumasula nthaka mutatha kuthirira.

Kukolola

Ngakhale chikondi cha izi zosiyanasiyana kwa chinyezi, kuthirira kuyenera kuyimitsidwa patatha milungu itatu isanakwane tsiku lokolola. Kuyeretsa kuyenera kuchitika kokha pa nyengo yowuma, mulimonsemo, popanda kuwonetsa kusamba kwa masamba. Zokwanira kuchotsa nthaka yambiri, kudula nsonga ndipo patatha maola ochepa kuchotsa kusungirako. Kuthamanga kwa nthawi yaitali sikukugwiranso ntchito zosiyanasiyana.

Kusungirako

Mwachizolowezi, beets amasungidwa m'chipinda chapansi pa nyumba kapena pa khonde lotentha, mabokosi kapena mchenga. Kutentha kwakukulu ndi madigiri 0-2. Chinyezi chiri chapamwamba. Kuti mukwaniritse zofunikila, mukhoza kusungunula mchenga kapena kuika chidebe pafupi ndi madzi.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Pa fruiting, beets ali pachiopsezo kwambiri ku matenda ambiri, ndipo ngakhale kuti Detroit zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi matenda ambiri, ikhoza kugunda:

  • woyera ndi imvi zowola;
  • downy mildew;
  • Medvedka;
  • nyengo yozizira.
Zosiyanasiyana za beet mitundu ndi zazikulu. Pa webusaiti yathu mukhoza kuwerenga za masamba awa: Wodan F1, Boro, Kestrel F1, Pablo F1, Mulatto, Bordeaux 237.

Kupewa

Kusamalira kwa nthawi yake, komwe kumaphatikizapo kuchotsedwa kwa udzu, kupatulira kwa nthawi yake, ntchito ya feteleza ndi kuthirira, sikudzangoteteza matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, komanso kudzakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pamene tikukolola.

Detroit ndi cultivar yabwino kwa kukula zonse m'minda minda ndi kugulitsa. Maonekedwe okongola ndi kukoma kwabwino, adzakondweretsa aliyense wogwira ntchitoyo komanso mabanja onse. Zomwe zimakhala ndi zotsatira za mankhwala ndi antioxidants zimalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi ndi kuthandiza kuchiza matenda osiyanasiyana.