Pod kapena kutuluka? Izi zodabwitsa kabichi chipatso

White kabichi (lat. Brassica oleracea capitata) ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kabichi ya mtundu wa Kabichi wa banja la kabichi (Brassicaceae). Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa zofunikira kwambiri ndi zokolola zaulimi zomwe zimakula ponseponse pakhomo laling'ono komanso m'minda yayikulu yaulimi.

Mutu umakula m'chaka choyamba cha moyo wa chomera, ngati sichidulidwa, tsinde ndi masamba ndi maluwa ochepa achikasu amapangidwa pamwamba, zomwe zimadzakhala mbeu. Taganizirani zomwe zipatso za kabichi ndizo, dziwani ngati zouma kapena zowutsa mudyo, tiyeni tikambirane za maonekedwe ena.

Nchiyani chikupita kunja?

Kabichi ndi mbeu ya zaka ziwiri. M'chaka choyamba chimakula mafoloko, kapena kutuluka kunja. Pamtima pake, ndi impso za apical kwambiri. Malinga ndi kuphulika koyambirira kwa chipatso, mutu wa mutu umapangidwa miyezi 1.5-2. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, tsinde loyamba, lomwe limatchedwa kuti chitsa, limakhuta.

Dzina "mafoloko" ndilolumikiza, ndipo silinagwiritsidwe ntchito mmaganizo a zomera.

Masamba a masamba, omwe amatchuka kwambiri amatchedwa fork. Mu malo aza sayansi komanso mu malingaliro a botanical, amatchedwa mutu wa kabichi, ndipo, mwachidule, si chipatso.

Mutu umapangidwa kuti apereke zakudya zam'tsogolo kuti zomanga ziwalo ndi zobzala zikhale m'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo wake.

Dzina la chomera chomera ndi mbewu?

Kabichi zipatso ndi yopapatiza yaitali pogona, kufika kutalika kwa 10 masentimita.. Anakhazikitsidwa pambuyo maluwa m'chaka chachiwiri cha mbewu. Amanyamula mbewu zofunikira kuti abzalidwe kubzala.

Kodi amawoneka bwanji?

Taonani mtundu wa chipatso chomwecho. Poda ndi yopapatiza, yowuma kwambiri kuposa chipatso chamadzi, chokhala ndi mbewu zambiri. Mu kabichi, chiwerengero cha mbeu chimakhala kufika 18 pa pod. Chipatsocho chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe obiriwira, ofewa kapena ochepa kwambiri, obiriwira achikasu. Mbewu ndi yaing'ono, 2-4 mm m'mimba mwake, bulauni.

Kabichi - kodi ndizozukira masamba kapena ayi?

Dzina lakuti "mizu masamba" si lolondola, chifukwa chimene chimatchulidwa kuti mawuwa si zipatso, koma zikulitsa ziwalo za pansi. Izi ndi makamaka mphukira zosinthidwa ndi ziwalo za kuthawa.

Zomera zimapanga cruciferous kapena kabichi, Umbrella zomera, Compositae ndi ena ena. Izi kawirikawiri ndi zomera zabwino, koma zimapezedwanso. Ena kabichi, monga mpiru, radish, rutabaga, mawonekedwe a mizu. Kawirikawiri woyera kabichi, mutu si mzu masamba makamaka ndi chipatso.

Kodi podapangidwe bwanji?

M'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo, pambuyo pa kusiyana kwa masamba, mutu wa tsinde umapangitsa mphukira. Zakudya zomwe zimapezeka pamutu wa kabichi zimapanga mapulani ndi maluwa. The kabichi maluwa ndi yaing'ono chikasu maluwa. Maluwa amawonekedwe samasiyana kwambiri ndi udzu kabichi, wachibale wawo wamtchire. Malinga ndi mtundu wa kabichi (woyera, kolifulawa, mphukira ya Brussels) maluwa akhoza kukula mosiyanasiyana, mtundu wa pamphuno - kuchokera ku chikasu kupita ku kirimu.

Pambuyo poyambitsa mungu ndi feteleza, nkhuku imapangidwa, kenako zipatso zimapangidwa. - nyemba zamadzimadzi awiri omwe ali ndi mbewu.

Kodi wolima munda ayenera kuchita chiyani kuti apeze mbewu?

Kuti mupeze mbewu za kabichi, muyenera kusankha pa zakumwa za amayi - mutu wa chaka choyamba cha moyo, ndi masamba a vegetative.

Mitengo yokhazikika, yamphamvu imasankhidwa, popanda zizindikiro zooneka za matenda kapena kuwonongeka. Middle ndi mochedwa kabichi mitundu ndi abwino kwambiri pa cholinga ichi, popeza iwo amasungidwa bwino. Chomeracho chikhale chochepa, ndi tsinde lochepa komanso masamba angapo.

Mbeu za F1 sizigwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mbeu. Adzapanganso kusokonezeka kwa makhalidwe.

Makanema amatsuka pamaso pa chisanu choyamba, kuti asawononge zomera. Chomeracho chimakumbidwa ndi mtanda wa dziko limodzi ndi mizu yake, kuyesera kuti iwonongeke kwambiri. Mizu yayikidwa mudothi. Masamba achoka, kusiya awiri-atatu kuphimba masamba.

Amayi amadzi amasungidwa ndi chakudya pamtentha wosapitirira madigirii2 ndi osachepera. Sitingalole kuzizira, chifukwa zomera zimadwala. Pamwamba kutentha mutabzala, mfumukazi sidzapereka maluwa mapesi, koma masamba ambiri. Mwezi umodzi musanadzalemo, kutentha kumakulira pang'ono - mpaka madigiri +5.

Maselo amfumu okololedwa akukonzekera kubzala kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April. Zomera zimayang'ana, kuchotsa masamba ovunda ndi mizu. Mutuwo umadulidwa mwakachetechete kuti mzere wake pansi uli 12-18 masentimita. Masabata angapo musanabzala, phesi imakula mwakuyikamo mu humus kapena peat.

Mukhoza kudula phesi lonse kuchokera kumutu wa kabichi ndi kulima mu mphika wa dothi.. M'chaka cha zizindikiro zoterozo obzalidwa ndi mtanda wa dziko lapansi. Zimawoneka bwino kuposa momwe zimakhalira pansi.

Masewera obzala - zomera za chaka chachiwiri cha moyo - anabzala kumayambiriro kwa May mu malo obiriwira. Kusindikizidwa zomera pritenyat nthawi yoyamba. Pakatha milungu iwiri kapena itatu, mapesi a masamba akale achotsedwa pammera. Pambuyo pa mphukira, chomeracho chimangirizidwa ku chithandizo. Chiwerengero cha mphukira ndi khalidwe lawo ziyenera kuyendetsedwa - matenda ndi ofooka, mphukira ndi maluwa angapo kapena osatulutsa maluwa.

Mbewu zimabzala kwa mwezi umodzi, Zipatso ndi nyemba zimabala pafupifupi masiku 50 mutatha maluwa.

Mankhwalawa amakololedwa akamakula, popeza nyemba zoyamba kucha zimatha kale.

Tikukupemphani kuti muwonere kanema momwe kabichi yabzalidwa kuti ikwaniritsidwe:

Kutsiliza

Sizovuta kupeza zipatso za kabichi chifukwa chakuti kabichi amadyedwa m'chaka choyamba cha moyo. Kupeza zipatso ndi mbewu ndi zovuta ndipo sizothandiza nthawi zonse kwa wamaluwa.