Kufotokozera mitundu ndi mitundu ya spirea

Pali mitundu yambiri ya zitsamba za spirea. Zimasiyana mu korona, mawonekedwe ndi mtundu wa masamba ndi inflorescences, koma onse amagawana chinthu chimodzi: mawonekedwe okongola. Kudzala zomera m'munda wanu kapena pabwalo kudzakuthandizani kuphunzira za mitundu yayikulu ya spirea.

Mbalame yotulukira spirea yomwe ikufalikira

Mitundu ya mitundu ya masika imakhala ndi spireas, yomwe imafalikira pa mphukira za chaka choyambirira cha moyo, ndipo maluwa nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mtundu woyera. Nyengo yamaluwa ya masika imayamba kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May ndi kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa June ndipo imakhala pafupifupi masabata atatu.

Mukudziwa? Rod spirea ndi ya pinki ya banja. Dzinali lachilatini limachokera ku liwu lachigriki lakuti "speira" ("kugoba") chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa nthambi zabwino.

Spiraea Argut (Spiraea x arguta)

Mtundu uwu wa spirea ndi mtundu wosakanizidwa wa mitundu ya spirea ya Thunberg ndi spirea multicolor.

Kutalika kwa chitsamba kumafika mamita awiri. Korona ndi yayikulu komanso yokongola. Masamba obiriwira amdima ali ndi mawonekedwe opapatiza. White maluwa ndi awiri a 0,8 masentimita akugwirizanitsidwa ndi ambiri inflorescences mu mawonekedwe a ambulera, kuphimba zokongola nthambi zothamanga.

Yoyambirira pa gulu la maluwa otentha a masika. Argut spirea (kapena lakuthwa-toothed) limamasula chaka chilichonse ndikuwoneka wokongola ngati mpanda, ndi kubzala limodzi ndikuphatikizapo zomera zina. Imalekerera nthaka youma pang'ono, koma kuunikira bwino ndikofunikira.

Spiraea oak (Spiraea chamaedryfolia)

Spiraea oak ~- shrub mpaka mamita awiri, ndi korona wandiweyani ndi mphukira yaitali. Mu chilengedwe, amasankha miyala ndi mapiri, malo okula - kuchokera kum'mawa kwa Europe kupita ku Far East.

Masamba obiridwa kwambiri ndi obiriwira pamwamba ndi imvi pansipa ndi mano kumunsi. Maluwa oyera a spirea akugwirizana mu hemispherical inflorescences. Mitundu imeneyi imakhala yovuta kwambiri, yofuna nthaka ndi kuunika.

Spiraeus Wangutta (Spiraea x vanhouttei)

Zotsatira kusakanizidwa kwa Cantonese ndi mitundu itatu ya spirea.

Vagutta Spirea Bush lalikulu kwambiri: kutalika kwake ndi kutalika ndi mamita awiri. Maonekedwe a korona - nthambi za nthambi zowonongeka. Pakati lonse kutalika kwa mphukira pali zambiri hemispherical inflorescences yaing'ono woyera maluwa.

Nthawi zina spirea Vangutta imamasula kachiwiri - mu August. Zikuoneka zokongola m'mabedi akuluakulu, komanso malo omwe ali ndi mitengo ya coniferous komanso pafupi ndi matupi a madzi. Amakonda malo abwino komanso nthaka.

Ndikofunikira! Mitengo ya Spirea ndi uchi wabwino, ming†™ oma imatha kuika malo awo.

Spiraea Crenata (Spiraea crenata)

Amakula kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa Western Europe ndi Russia, ku Caucasus, Altai ndi kumpoto kwa Central Asia.

Zoipa - shrub yaing'ono (pafupifupi mamita 1). Mbali zosiyana za mitunduyi ndizo pamphepete mwa masamba ndi kupezeka kwa mitsempha itatu pansipa. Masambawa ndi obiriwira, maluwa ndi oyera ndi mthunzi wa chikasu, inflorescences ndi zazikulu komanso zovuta.

Mitundu iyi si yachilendo mu chikhalidwe. Mwachilengedwe, spiraea mayotate imakula mumapirime pamapiri otsetsereka a mapiri ndi m'mphepete mwa nyanja, shrub steppes.

Spiraea nipponica (Spiraea nipponica)

Mdziko la mitundu imeneyi - Japan.

Chitsamba chili ndi mamita awiri. Korona wake ndi wandiweyani komanso wathanzi, nthambizo zimafalikira. Spirea Nippon limamasula kumayambiriro kwa June, masambawa ndi ofiira, ndipo maluwa ndi zonona. Zipangizo zazikuluzikulu za inflorescences zimaphimba nthambi. Masamba obiriwira amasungira mtundu wawo mpaka kumapeto kwa autumn.

Spiraea Nipponskaya ndi yabwino kumalo osakwera komanso kumtunda. Sichidziŵika bwino ndi nthaka, koma imafuna kuunikira. Pali mitundu iwiri yokongoletsera: yozungulira ndi yopapatiza.

Mukudziwa? Dzina la mankhwala "aspirin" limachokera ku mawu akuti "spirea". M'zaka za m'ma 1900, asidi acetylsalicylic anali atangoyamba kukhala pamtunda wambiri (Filipnedula ulmaria), panthawiyo ankasankhidwa kukhala spiraea (Spiraea ulmaria).

Spirea Thunberg (Spiraea thunbergii)

Kukongoletsa kwambiri Thunberg spirea chitsamba kutalika kufika mamita 1.2-1.5. Crown shrub yotseguka, ndi nthambi zoonda kwambiri. Masamba ndi owonda kwambiri ndi opapatiza (kutalika 4 cm, m'lifupi 0,5 cm); mu kasupe ali achikasu, wobiriwira wobiriwira mu chilimwe, ndi lalanje mu autumn.

Pamunsi mwa inflorescence umbellate ndi maluwa ochepa ndi rosette ya masamba ang'onoang'ono. Maluwawo ndi oyera ndi mapeyala ochepa pamphuno zochepa. Spirea Thunberg amasungunuka mu May asanafike masamba.

Amakonda kuwala ndipo amasankha malo odzala dzuwa, nthaka ndi kuthirira mosadzichepetsa. M'nyengo yozizira, mphukira ikhoza kuzizira, koma mitundu iyi ndi yopanda chisanu.

Spiraea imvi (Spiraea x cinerea)

Grey spirea amabala chifukwa chake Kusakaniza kwa spiraea ndi nyama-yoyera spirea ndi yoyera-imvi ku Norway mu 1949.

Amakhala ndi dzina lake chifukwa cha mthunzi wa masamba: ali obiriwira pamwamba ndi kuwala pang'ono pansi, m'dzinja amatha kutuluka chikasu. The inflorescences ndi imvi pansi, ndipo maluwa okha ali oyera. Kukwera kwachitsamba - 1.8 mamita.

Chinthu chachikulu cha tizilombo ta sirfure ndi nkhono. Mbalame yotchuka kwambiri ya grey spirea ndi Grefsheim (Grefsheim). Amadziwika ndi korona wambiri, wolemera kwambiri, woonda kwambiri, wowomba bwino kwambiri komanso wamaluwa ambiri.

Spirea Modzichepetsa ku nthaka ndi kuwala, mumthunzi simungamasuke kwambiri. Kuziziritsira kumakhala kosalala ndipo kumakhoza kukula mu nyengo ndi nyengo yozizira yozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Kujambula kokongola kumaphatikizapo chitsamba choyera cha spirea chomwe chimakhala ndi tlips, mitundu, ma crocuses, primroses, alissums. Ng'ombe yamtengo wapatali idzachokera ku tchire la spirea la mtundu umodzi kapena mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe idabzalidwa pakhomo kapena gridi.

Spiraea average (Spiraea media)

Spirea pafupifupi - kwambiri nthambi shrub ndi kutalika kwa mamita awiri ndi mamita awiri mamita 1.2. Korona ndi yozungulira ndi yowuma, mphukira ndi yofiira ndi yofiira kapena yachikasu tinge, ndi makungwa a flaky, ozungulira ndi obala.

Masamba a pakati a spirea ndi oval-oblong, okhala ndi mapepala afupi, omwe ali ndi mano pamwamba, obiriwira. White maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa corymbose inflorescences. Nthawi yamaluwa imakhala masiku 15-20 mu May. Mu chilengedwe, imamera m'nkhalango, pamtunda wouma.

Spiraea livolistnaya (Spiraea prunifolia)

Mwachibadwa mumapezeka ku China ndi Korea. Kutalika kwa shrub kuli mamita awiri, nthambizo ndizoonda, zopangidwa ndi nthambi. Masamba obiriwira okongola amakhala ndi mawonekedwe a oval-oblong, okhala ndi lakuthwa komanso osasuntha.

Mu kugwa iwo amakhala ofiira a bulauni kapena lalanje. 3-6 maluwa oyera a maluwa okongola omwe ali ndi mapepala ophatikizana amaphatikizidwa mu maambulera-inflorescences ndi rosette wa masamba ang'onoang'ono.

Kuti chisanu chizizira, mitunduyo imakhala yosagonjetsedwa. Pofuna kubzala, ndibwino kuti musankhe malo opanda mphepo mu penumbra kapena dzuwa, nthaka yabwino kwambiri imakhala yonyowa, mosakhala ndi mandimu.

Mukudziwa? Mitunduyi inayamba kufotokozedwa mu 1840 ndi Germany Philip von Siebold ndi J. G. Zuccarini m'buku la Flora la Japan.

Chilimwe chikufalikira gulu la spirea

Zomera za gululi zimasiyanitsidwa ndi mfundo yakuti corymbose ndi pyramidal inflorescences imapangidwa pa mphukira zazing'ono zomwe zatha chaka chotsatira. Maluwa amayamba mu June, maluwa ali ndi red-pink shades.

Japanese Spirea (Spiraea japonica)

Chitsamba cha Japanese imakhala kutalika kwa mamita 1.5, ikukula mofulumira ndi molunjika. M'nyengo yophukira, masamba ake ali ojambula mu matalala olemera a maluwa a lalanje. Masambawa ndi otupa ndipo mano ali pamphepete; maluwa ochepa a pinki amasonkhanitsidwa ndi zishango zazikulu. Nthawi yochuluka maluwa - kuyambira kumapeto kwa June mpaka m'ma August.

Mitunduyi sichikukhudzidwa kwambiri ndi zikhalidwe za ndende, koma zimakhala zabwino pamalo a dzuwa ndi nthaka yonyowa. Chomeracho ndi chopanda chisanu ndipo sichikhoza kukhala pogona.

Mitundu yambiri ya Japanese spireas yakhazikitsidwa: Amphona Aang'ono (Little Princess), Shiroban, Macrophylla, Candlelight, Goldflame, Golden Princess, Gold Mound.

Shrub yochepa ya kukula kwa Japanese Goldflame zosiyanasiyana spirea (kutalika kwa 0.6-0.8 mamita, mamita kufika 1 mamita) yoyamba ili ndi lalanje-wofiira kapena lagolide-mkuwa wa masamba aang'ono, ndipo kenako mdima wowala kwambiri. Pakati pa maluwa, masamba amatha kukhala ndi mthunzi wobiriwira, pakagwa - mkuwa wonyezimira ndi golide.

Mukudziwa? Pa inflorescence imodzi ya spirea ya kalasi ya Shiroban pakhoza kukhala maluwa a mithunzi yofiira, yoyera pinki ndi ya lilac.

Spiraea Douglas (Spiraea douglasii)

Motherland douglas spireas - North America. Shrub ili ndi kutalika kwa mamita 1.5. Mphukira zake ndi zolunjika, zapasipeni, za bulauni-zofiira. Amasiya kutalika kwa masentimita 10, opapatiza ndi oblongola, ali ndi mano pamwamba, wobiriwira ndi mchere pambali inayo.

Mapiko a piricidal-panicles amachokera ku maluwa okongola a pinki.

Zimakula bwino dzuwa ndi mthunzi wache. Maluwa kuchokera mu July mpaka September. Chitsamba chokongola cha Douglas Spirea chidzawoneka chokongola m'magulu a magulu pamsewu wa paki, ndipo akhoza kukonza malo otsetsereka ndi madera owonongedwa ndi madzi ndi mphepo.

Spiraeus Bumald (Spiraea x bumalda)

Izi wosakanizidwa wa Japanese spirea ndi yoyera yoyera spirea nthawi zambiri amapezeka m'chikhalidwe. Shumari chitsamba - chokwera ndi chotsika (0.75-1.0 m), korona wa mawonekedwe, nthambizo ndi zolunjika.

Mphukira zazing'ono zimakhala zobiriwira, zosaoneka bwino komanso zochepa, kenako zimakhala zofiirira ndi makungwa a flaky. Fulani mawonekedwe a ovate-lanceolate. Maluwawo amajambula mu pinki yosiyanasiyana - kuchokera ku kuwala kupita ku mdima. Inflorescences ndi lathyathyathya ndi corymbose.

Mitundu ingapo (Anthony Waterer, Gold flame, Red Red) ndi mitundu yokongoletsera ("mdima wakuda", "wokongola", "wokongola", etc.) wa Bumald spiraei apangidwa. Nyengo yozizira-yolimba ndi yosavuta kunthaka, koma m'nyengo youma imakhala madzi okwanira.

Ndikofunikira! Spiraea Bumald ndi Douglas amafunika kudulira mosamala chaka chilichonse. M'chaka choyamba, nthambi ndi nthambi zikukula mkati mwa chitsamba zimadulidwa, ndipo chaka chotsatira amayang'anitsitsa mawonekedwe a korona.

Spiraeus Billard (Spiraea x billardii)

Spirea billard adalengedwa Kusakanizidwa kwa mitundu ya Douglas ndi Spiraea wolfish spireas. Shrub ikufika kutalika kwa mamita awiri.

Masamba amatalika (mpaka masentimita 10) ndipo akuthwa, ngati mtundu wa lancet, ngati wa tsamba la msondodzi. Maluwa a pinki aatali komanso otentha kwambiri - kukumbukira mitundu yachiŵiri ya Douglas spirea.

Iyo imamasula mu July ndi August, ndipo maluwa imagwa pambuyo pa chisanu choyamba. Ndi kwambiri chisanu chopinga spirea ndipo amamva bwino ozizira kumpoto. Zikuwoneka bwino muzinga.

Spiraea birchwood (Spiraea betulifolia)

Amakula mwachilengedwe ku Far East, ku Japan ndi Korea, ku Eastern Siberia. Maonekedwe a masamba a mtundu uwu akufanana ndi mawonekedwe a masamba a birch - ovalo ndi maziko ozungulira, omwe amalandira dzina lake.

M'nyengo yophukira, masamba obiriwira amawala kwambiri. Shrub yomwe imakula kwambiri ya birch-leaved spirea (kutalika kwa masentimita 60) ili ndi korona wolimba kwambiri ndipo imang'ambika, nthawi zina mphukira zazitsamba. Inflorescences ali ndi mawonekedwe a phokoso lachangu la maluwa ambiri oyera kapena obiriwira. Maluwa amayamba mu June.

Mwachilengedwe, zitsamba zimakula mumtambo wa nkhalango ndi zosakanizika pamapiri a mapiri. Chomeracho ndi mthunzi wolekerera, koma chimamera bwino pa malo owala ndi nthaka yonyowa. Pogona m'nyengo yozizira sifunika.

Spiraea woyera (Spiraea alba)

Chilengedwe - North America. Chitsamba choyera cha white ali ndi mphukira zofiira ndi zofiira. Maluwa oyera a chilimwe akufalikira mitundu siwomwe amachitira phokosoli. Maluwawo akugwirizanitsidwa ndi lotayirira pyramidal inflorescences-panicles kumapeto kwa mphukira.

Maluwa imayambira kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa July kufikira oyambirira a August. Chomera ndi chinyezi ndi kuwala, wokhazikika yozizira hardiness. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kubzala osakwatiwa ndi magulu, m'mphepete mwazitsulo.

Spiraea Ivolistnaya (Spiraea salicifolia)

Amakula kumadzulo kwa North America, ku Ulaya, Siberia, ku Far East, ku China, Korea, ndi ku Japan. Mu chilengedwe spiraea violet limakula pafupi ndi mabwawa ndi mathithi. Chitsamba chake choongoka chili ndi mamita awiri.

Masambawa amawoneka ngati masamba a msondodzi: mapapati, ophatikizana ndi ophatikizidwa, mpaka masentimita 10 m'litali, mdima wakuda pamwamba ndi wowala pansipa. Mphukira zake zowongoka ndi zotanuka zimakhala zofiira mosiyanasiyana: bulauni, chikasu, bulauni, pabuka. Mapulorescence-panicles a maluwa okongola a pinki amakhala oyera ndipo amatha kutalika kwa 20-25 masentimita.

Chomeracho ndi chisanu chosagwira, mulingo woyenera kwambiri nthaka ndi watsopano, pang'ono lonyowa. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'magulu omanga.

Mitundu yonse ndi mitundu ya spirea ili ndi zokongoletsera zabwino ndi nyengo yosiyana. Kudziwa izi, mungathe kuphatikiza zomera zamoyo zosiyanasiyana ndikupanga munda wokongola umene udzakondweretse diso ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana komanso maonekedwe osiyanasiyana kuyambira masika mpaka autumn.