Kukula Atria F1 kabichi: zinsinsi za kumera bwino

Okonzanso amaluwa amadziwa kukolola kabichi, chifukwa amakhulupirira kuti njirayi imafuna luso lapadera.

Zaka makumi angapo zapitazo, zinali zofanana ndi zimenezo, koma chaka chilichonse mitundu yambiri ya mbewu imakhala yosafunika kwambiri ndipo imakhala yosagonjetsedwa ndi zotsatira za matenda ndi tizirombo. Atriya kabichi ndi imodzi mwa mitundu imeneyi.

M'nkhaniyi, mudzaphunzira momwe mungamere ndikukula kabichi kabwino, komanso momwe mungapulumutsire mbewu.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kabichi "Atria" ndi yosakanizidwa pakatikati, nyengo yoyamba yomwe ingapezeke masiku 120 mutatha kuika nthaka yotseguka.

Kabichi imakhala ndi kupirira kwakukulu, kufotokozera bwino komanso chitetezo kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Mutu wa kabichi uli ndi mtundu wobiriwira wabuluu ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, m'malo mwake ndi wandiweyani. Pa odulidwa palizitsulo zazing'ono.

Kulemera kwa mutu kumasiyanasiyana kuyambira 4 mpaka 8 kg. Masamba ake ndi osakanikirana, kukula. Pa iwo palibe pafupifupi kutsekemera, kupsyinjika, osati m'mphepete mwachitsulo.

Mbiri ya

Atria F1 wosakanizidwa kabichi zosiyanasiyana zinapangidwa ndi obadwira achi Dutch. Ndipo mu 1994, zosiyanasiyana zinaphatikizidwa mu kaundula wa boma la Russian Federation.

Kodi kusiyana kotani ndi mitundu ina?

Pakati pa mitundu yambiri ya kabichi, mtundu wosakanizidwa wa "Atria" umadziwika ndi msinkhu wopatsa komanso wophweka. Pokhala ndi nthawi yaitali yosungirako, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yozindikira, ndichifukwa chake kabichi imadya bwino.

Ndiponso Chimodzimodzinso ndi kukula komanso kugwirizana kwa mbewu., ndipo chifukwa cha ntchito yobereketsa, mitunduyi inakhala yogonjetsedwa ndi matenda monga fusarium ndi imvi nkhungu.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa F1 wosakanizidwa

Zokongolazi zimatha kukopa chidwi cha anthu onse wamba m'nyengo ya chilimwe ndi alimi omwe ali ndi zamasamba zogulitsa.

Ndipo onse chifukwa ali ndi mndandanda wodabwitsa wa ubwino:

  • makhagege okhwima okhwima amakhala osagwedezeka kwambiri;
  • kuchepetsa matenda;
  • zokolola zazikulu;
  • kukoma;
  • kusakaniza kwachitsulo kambewu kamodzi panthawi yomweyo;
  • kuthamanga kwakukulu pa nthawi ya kukhwima.

Koma pali zovuta zambiri:

  • chofunika kwambiri kuthirira;
  • Pambuyo kuthirira, chomera chimafuna kukwera ndi kutulutsa nthaka;
  • Kubzala mbewu, malo odzaza ndi osadziwika akufunika.

Malangizo ndi ndondomeko ya chisamaliro ndi kukwera

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kabichi "Atria" imakula m'njira ziwiri: kubzala kumamaliza mbande ndikufesa mbewu pamabedi. Njira yoyamba imagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka kumpoto, ndipo yachiwiri - kum'mwera.

Pofuna kupeza zambiri za kabichi "Atria", muyenera kulabadira zotsatirazi:

  1. Kugula mbewu. Mbewu imatha kuonongeka mosavuta m'masitolo ambiri pa intaneti pofuna kubweretsa kunyumba, pazochitika zoterozo, mtengo wa mbeu 2.5,000 udzakhala wochokera ku 1,500 rubles; Mbeu 20 idzawononga makoswe 25. M'mizinda ikuluikulu, mbewu zimagulidwa pamasitolo apadera ndi msika wa alimi.
  2. Nthawi yobwera. Nthawi yabwino kwambiri yofesa mbewu ndi April. Kuchokera pa May 10 mpaka May 20, nthaka ikafika kale, kutentha kumachitika pa chiwembucho. Koma musanayambe kuchita izi, mbewu ziyenera kuyendetsa njira zingapo: kuumitsa ndikuyang'ana kumera.
  3. Kusankha malo okhala. Kubzala kabichi mitundu "Atrii" yowunikira kwambiri ndi malo otseguka, ndi nthaka yosalala ndi yachonde. Ngati nyengo imakhala yozizira, ndiye kabichi imakula bwino mu wowonjezera kutentha.
  4. Nthaka. Chifukwa chakuti haibridi amagwiritsa ntchito mchere wambiri ndi zakudya zina, dothi liyenera kukhala lachonde komanso labwino. Njira yabwino ndi chernozem.
  5. Tikufika. Zomwe zimabzala zomera - ndizofunika kuti mukolole bwino, chifukwa chake mutabzala kabichi, muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena. Mtunda pakati pa mizere iyenera kukhala 60 cm, ndi kusiyana pakati pa mbande kuyambira 30 mpaka 35 masentimita. Ndi bwino kudzala nyengo yamtambo kapena maola 15 ngati nyengo ikuwotha. Mbande ziyenera kuwonjezeredwa kumapiritsi apansi. M'masiku oyambirira, chomeracho chiyenera kutengedwa kuchokera ku dzuwa kuti chisatenthe. Mu sabata, mbande imayenera kupopedwa ndi madzi kawiri kapena katatu patsiku.
  6. Kutentha. Kutsika kochepa kutentha kwa kabichi ndi madigiri 7. Kutentha kwakukulu ndi madigiri 20. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kukula kwa chiwerengero chodziwika kuchokera madigiri 15 mpaka 18.
  7. Kuthirira. Poyamba, kuthirira kabichi kumachitika masiku awiri, 8 malita a madzi pa 1 m². Pambuyo pa masiku 14, chiwerengero cha madzi amachepetsedwa kukhala 1 nthawi pa sabata, ndikudya 13 malita pa 1 m². Kutentha kwa madzi sikuyenera kukhala pansipa + 18 ° С. Chisamaliro chachikulu chiyenera kulipidwa kuchitidwe mu August, pamene mutu wapangidwa.
  8. Kupaka pamwamba. Zonsezi, pamwamba pa kuvala kabichi mitundu "Atria" ikuchitika nthawi zinayi.

    • Patangopita masiku 20 kuchokera. Masipuni awiri a "Effecta" pa 10 malita a madzi (0,5 malita a yankho pa 1 sapling).
    • Patapita masiku 10 kuchokera kuntchito yoyamba. Supuni imodzi ya "Kemira" pa 10 malita a madzi (1 lita imodzi yothetsera pa 1 sapling).
    • Mu June. 20 g wa potaziyamu sulphate ndi 18 g wa superphosphate pa 10 malita a madzi (5-6 malita a yankho pa 1 mamita).
    • Mu August, masabata atatu musanakolole. 15 g ya "Nitrophoska" pa madzi 10 l (5-6 l of solution pa 1 m²).
    Kuti asatenthe mizu ya chomera, chovala choyenera chiyenera kuchitika pambuyo kuthirira, pa nthaka yonyowa.
  9. Zina zothandizira masamba. Pambuyo pa masiku 21 mutabzala kabichi pabedi, muyenera kubzala koyamba, patapita milungu iwiri, ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa. Namsongole amachotsedwa ndipo nthaka imasulidwa musanayambe ndi kuthirira. Nthaŵi zambiri kumasulidwa kwa nthaka ndikofunikira kwa aeration ya mizu, ndondomekoyi imapangitsa mpweya kuti ukhale ndi zomera.
  10. Kukolola. Ikuchitika kumapeto kwa August. Ngati kabichi yadulidwa, gwiritsani ntchito mpeni. Kudula mutu, chokani pafupi masentimita asanu a tsinde la zipatso ndipo mwamsanga muchotseni masamba apansi. Mutatha kukolola, mitu ya kabichi siyikidwa pansi, koma pa filimu yokonzedwera. Pankhani ya kukumba kabichi mizu imachotsedwa pansi, komanso kuchotsa masamba apansi. Mitu imayikidwa kuti idzuke mizu.

Sungani yosungirako

Ndibwino kusunga masamba m'chipinda chapansi, m'chipinda chapansi pa nyumba kapena m'chipinda chilichonse chozizira komanso chakuda. Njira yabwino kwambiri yosungirako ndiyo kuyika kabichi kuchokera muzu woyeretsedwa kale.. Kutentha kwasungirako ndi pafupifupi madigiri 4.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mwina wamba tizirombo kabichi mu kalasiyi ndi slugs. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timakopeka ndi nthaka yozizira komanso yozizira, yomwe ili yoyenera kubereka. Pofuna kuthana ndi slugs, phulusa ndi loyenera, zomwe, kuphatikizapo izi, ndizo chakudya chomera. Amagwiritsiridwa kamodzi pa sabata pambuyo pa mvula kapena kuthirira, pamene masamba adakali onyowa. Ngati pali nkhuku kapena abakha m'deralo, amathandizanso ntchito zawo ndikuthandizira kuchotsa tizirombo.

Pakati pa tizilombo, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi kabichi aphid.amene amadyetsa zomera zopsa. Popeza sakonda kukwiya, mukhoza kubzala adyo pambali pa kabichi kuti muteteze. Kuti awononge nsabwe za m'masamba agwiritsire ntchito "Spark".

Kupewa mavuto osiyanasiyana

Ndipo, potsiriza, kuti tidziziteteze ku zochitika za mavuto pa kulima Atriya kabichi, zinthu zina ziyenera kuziganizira:

  • Ndikofunika kuyang'ana mabedi kuti akhalepo tizirombo kapena matenda;
  • Kabichi kabzalidwa ndi mbewu imayenera kusamalidwa kwambiri;
  • ngakhale kulimbana kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya matenda, ndi koyenera kuchiza kawiri nyengo kuti tipewe matenda;
  • Tikulimbikitsanso kuchotsa zotsalira za zomera kuchokera pansi.

Pobzala izi zosiyanasiyana ngakhale kudera laling'ono, mosamala, mukhoza kukwaniritsa zokolola zabwino ndikupatsa banja lanu mavitamini ambiri m'nyengo yozizira. Mitundu yambiri yakhala ikuyenera kuyang'anitsitsa, onse pakati pa alimi wamaluwa ndi alimi ogwira ntchito. Pambuyo pake kulima kabichi mitundu "Atria" sikufuna nthawi yambiri ndi khama.