Momwe mungamerekere phwetekere "De Barao" m'munda wanu

Masiku ano phwetekere ndi chinthu chofala pa tebulo lililonse. Anthu a m'nyengo ya chilimwe ndi alimi akuwona kuti ndi lamulo lokulitsa masamba awa pamabedi awo. Mudziko pali mitundu yambiri ya tomato, ndipo iliyonse ya izo ndi yapadera komanso yokoma mwa njira yake. Koma pakati pa mitundu yonse ya tomato "De Barao" akuyenerera chidwi chapadera.

Tomato "De Barao" ali ndi subspecies: wofiira, wachikasu, lalanje, wakuda, wamphepete, wamphona, golide ndi mfumu.

Koma, ngakhale pali kusiyana kwake, "De Barao" ali ndi zizindikiro zake zokha: akhoza kukula chaka kapena kuposerapo, pamene akupereka zokolola zazikulu ndi zapamwamba. Zimayambira m'malo mwake zimakhala zazikulu ndi zazikulu, pena zimatha kukula mpaka khumi. Kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi mungathe kusonkhanitsa mpaka 4 makilogalamu a tomato.

Kufotokozera ndi mitundu ya phwetekere "De Barao"

Kalasi ya "De Barao" imagwiritsidwa ntchito polima m'madera otentha, komanso pa kulima pamabvuto otseguka nawo.

Mukudziwa? Matimati "De Barao" sulimbana ndi vuto lochedwa.

Mtedza wa phwetekere wothamanga ukhoza kutengedwa ndi gulu la sing'anga mochedwa. Kuchokera pa nthawi yoyamba mpaka kuyamba kwa kucha kwa zipatso za masiku 120. Tomato wooneka ngati mazira, pafupifupi 60-70 g, koma mfumu yachifumu "De Barao" - kufika 120 g

Tomato amakhwima bwinobwino kunja kwa chitsamba. Mu saladi zokoma komanso mosasamala. Zamasamba zimayenda bwino, choncho zimapindulitsa kukula kwa malonda.

Zina mwazinthu za "De Barao":

  1. Orange "De Barao". Amadziwika ndi zinthu zambiri za carotene, choncho, ali ndi mtundu wowala kwambiri. Chitsamba chimakula mpaka masentimita 300. Nthawi ya kukula - miyezi inayi.

    Zipatso zili zokoma, lalanje, zooneka ngati maula, zimatha kulemera mpaka 100 g. Mitundu imeneyi imatha kukula mumdima wowonjezera komanso kutchire. Zokwanira kuti zisungidwe ndi saladi.

  2. Giant "De Barao". Chitsamba ndi chamtali ndi champhamvu. Akakulira mu wowonjezera kutentha samafuna zinthu zapadera kapena chisamaliro. Mwa mitundu yonse ya tomato, "De Barao" imapsa.

    Koma pa nthawi yomweyi zipatso zake ndi zazikulu - mpaka 210 g, wofiira, wofiira. M'nyengo yofunda, ikhoza kupitirira maluwa mpaka nthawi ya autumn, kukukondetsani inu ndi zipatso zake. Mmerawo ukhoza kukulira pamtunda.

  3. Pink "De Barao". Poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya pinki imapereka mbeu yaing'ono - 3-4 makilogalamu. Mitundu imeneyi ndi yabwino kwa greenhouses. Matimati wa "De Barao" obiriwira amaluwa ambiri amakopeka ndi mtundu wake wodabwitsa.

    Malongosoledwe a zosiyanazi angapezeke m'mabuku olima pa nthawi ya Soviet Union. Zipatso zopitirira 70 g, zokoma zokoma ndi khungu lakuda.

    Mitundu imeneyi imamva bwino m'madera otsika, komwe mame akugwa m'mawa. Kwa ena tomato wadzala ndi matenda osiyanasiyana, koma pinki "De Barao" ndi yangwiro.

  4. Royal "De Barao". Tsinde limakula mpaka masentimita 250. Zipatso mpaka 130 g ndi zofiira. Amapanga maburashi okwana 10, aliyense ali ndi zipatso 7.

    Ndi nyengo yabwino, mbeu imatha kukolola chisanu chisanafike. "De Barao" a Tsar ali m'ndandanda wa mitundu yosawerengeka, kotero mbewu zake n'zovuta kupeza.

  5. Black "De Barao". Mitundu yambiri yosavuta komanso yobiriwira. Zokondweretsa mtundu wake, womwe umadutsa pakati pa wakuda ndi burgundy. Zipatso zake ndi zowonongeka komanso zabwino kuti zisungidwe.
  6. Golden "De Barao". Zokongola kwambiri muzokolola zake ndi zothandiza. Kwa nyengo kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi akhoza kusonkhanitsa mpaka 7 makilogalamu a tomato. Nyamayi ya golide "de barao" (yotchuka "yachikasu") ili ndi carotene yambiri.
  7. Red "De Barao". Ikani masiku 120-130. Iyo imakula mpaka mamita awiri. Zipatso ndizochepa, 90 g Mpaka 4 kg akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi.

    Ndi yoyenera kulima nthawi yotsekedwa, komanso pamalo otseguka. Olima munda amalangiza izi zosiyanasiyana kuti zisungidwe.

  8. Kulimbidwa "De Barao". Zipatso zimakhala zofiira, mpaka 70 g. Mbatata ndi yandiweyani, yokoma kwambiri, yoyenerera mwangwiro kusungirako. Pamene mizere "De Barao" imakula, imakhala yofiira, ndipo imatchulidwa mikwingwirima ya bulauni. Kulimbana ndi vuto lochedwa.

Kodi ndi nthawi iti yobzala de Barao zosiyanasiyana tomato

Kukonzekera Mbewu

Kukonzekera kwa mbeu - ndondomeko yovuta komanso yowononga nthawi. Tsopano pa malonda pali mbewu zosiyanasiyana za zosiyanasiyana "De Barao". Amakhala ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, omwe ali ndi mchere wokhala ndi zinthu zothandiza.

Mukawona kuti mbewuyi ili ndi chipolopolo chofiira, mukhoza kubzala bwino mabokosi omwe akugwiritsidwa ntchito. Koma ngati mbeuyi ndi yamba, popanda zokutira, amafunika konzekerani kukafika.

Muyenera kudula bandage pang'ono kapena nsalu yochepa ya thonje (mpaka 20 cm). Pakatikati mwa bandage muzitsanulira mbeu zingapo za phwetekere ndikugwedeza chubu la bandage, kumangiriza pamphepete mwa ulusi.

Ikani convolutions mu chophimba chokonzekera ndikudzaza ndi potassium permanganate yankho kwa mphindi khumi ndi zisanu. Kenaka kanizani ndi kutsuka bandeji bwino ndi madzi.

Ndikofunikira kwa maola 12 kuti apeze mbewuzo mu njira yothetsera kukula.

Ndikofunikira! Musanayambe kuyika mbewuyi mu njira yothetsera kukula, muyenera kuwerenga mosamala malangizowa.

Kenaka njerezo zimachotsedweratu ndikudzazidwa ndi madzi kuti mabankiwa akhale theka m'madzi. Muyenera kuyika chidebe cha mbeu pamalo otentha kwa maola 48. Chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti tizisunga mabanki.

Kenaka (kuuma), ikani mbewu mufiriji ndi kutentha kwa + 3-5 ° C kwa maola 12.

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Kubzala mbewu "De Barao" muyenera kuyamba kukonzekera bokosi la mbande ndi nthaka. Kuti mupeze gawo lapansi la michere kuti likhale ndi mbande zam'tsogolo, nthaka ndi humus zidzafunika zofanana.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kubzala mbewu, "De Barao" amafunikira humus and crumbly humus.
Komanso ku nthaka iyi mukhoza kuwonjezera 30 g wa superphosphate ndi galasi la phulusa.

Kufesa tomato

Chipale chofewa chikasungunuka, pakati pa mwezi wa March, mukhoza kubzala mbewu za "De Barao" mu mbande. Mbeu yokonzedweratu iyenera kufesedwa m'nthaka yokhala ndi michere, ndipo imakhala ndi masentimita 0,5 pamwamba pa nthaka. Pambuyo mutabzala mbeu, tsambulani potassium permanganate kudzera mu sieve.

Bokosi la mbewu limayikidwa bwino pambali. Masiku awiri aliwonse ndikofunikira kuyang'anira chinyezi cha dziko lapansi. Ngati wouma, tsitsani madzi ofunda pamwamba pa mbande zamtsogolo.

Patapita sabata, mphukira yoyamba idzawonekera.

Momwe mungakulire "De Barao", malamulo a chisamaliro cha mbande

Ndibwino kuti muzisamalira bwino mbeu zanu. Musanayambe kuwoneka, ndikofunika kutentha kutentha mchipinda momwe mabokosi okhala ndi mbande amasungidwa, pafupi madigiri 25.

Mbewu zikadzuka, muyenera kuchepetsa kutentha kwa sabata yoyamba mpaka madigiri 15, komanso usiku mpaka 10 koloko. Pambuyo pa sabata ino, kutentha kumatengera madigiri 20-25 patsiku la dzuwa, komanso kutentha kwa mitambo - mpaka 18. Usiku kutentha kumachepetsedwa kuti 16 ° C.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse muzitsuka mbande ndikuyang'anitsitsa kuti ziphuphu sizikudutsa.

Madzi aang'ono amadzi ayenera kupatulidwa ndi madzi kupyolera mu utsi. Mpaka masamba oyambirira a mbande adatuluka, nthaka siidzamwe madzi. Zomera zitakhala ndi masamba 5-6, mbande ziyenera kuthiriridwa masiku 3-4.

Kukula koyenera, zomera zachinyamata zimapatsidwa kuwala kwa dzuwa kwa maola 12-16. Ngati simungathe kuwapatsa chithandizo chokwanira, tikulimbikitsidwa kudyetsa mbande ndi njira yofooka ya fetereza feteleza.

Mbewu ya phwetekere "De Barao" imafunika kudyetsedwa masabata awiri alionse ndi yankho la superphosphate (20 g pa madzi 10 l). Pamene zikukula, zikhoza kuikidwa m'magawo osiyana. Pamene mbande zikukula, onjezerani dothi (1-2 masentimita) ku miphika yawo, yomwe idzawathandiza kukhazikika ndi kuonjezera kutuluka kwa zakudya.

Kubzala mbande pansi

Ngati munabzala mbande mu March, kumapeto kwa May phwetekere lifike 50 cm mu msinkhu.

Ngati nyengo imakhala yofunda, mbande zingatengedwere ku mpweya wabwino mumthunzi wache. Anabzala phwetekere kumayambiriro kwa June.

Mukudziwa? Olima munda amalangizidwa kuti afesedwe mbande pamalo otseguka madzulo - zomera zidzayamba mofulumira.

Maenje adakumbidwa pamtunda wa masentimita 90. Mukhoza kuwonjezera chovala (humus, kompositi) kwa iwo, ndiye zomera zimayamba kuyenda bwino komanso mofulumira.

Chomera chirichonse chiyenera kumangirizidwa ku chithandizo ndi twine chachirengedwe. Ngati mwazidzidzidzi muli chisanu, konzekerani kanema yomwe mungathe kuziphimba.

Kodi kusamalira zosiyanasiyana phwetekere "De Barao"

Kupanga chitsamba

Kupanga chitsamba cha phwetekere kumatchedwa "mwambo".

Sausages a phwetekere - Awa ndi mapesi a mbali. Masking - kuchotsa mbali kumbali yomwe imathandiza kuti phwetekere zisapange zipatso. Mitundu ina ya tomato imafunika njira yotereyi (mitundu yosakwanira), pamene ena samasowa udzu (mitundu yodabwitsa).

Matimati wa "De Barao" ndi wa gulu loyambirira, choncho, kuyimika kwa stepson kumaonedwa kuti ndi kovomerezeka. Nthata imagwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zochulukira pa mapangidwe a zimayambira, chifukwa chake palibe zipatso pa izo, kapena zambiri zochepa, tomato zosalala zimapangidwa.

Mukudziwa? Ambiri amaluwa amalimbikitsanso kusunga "chitsa" chaching'ono pa malo omwe amakhalapo pamene mukukhala - izi zimalepheretsa kupanga mwana watsopano.

Ophika pamsika amakula mu tsamba la axils, pamtengo waukulu. Ndibwino kuti muchotse njira zoterezi (mpaka 5 cm). Pankhaniyi, njirayi idzakhala ya mbewuyo popanda zotsatira zake. Olima munda amalangiza kuti aziwachotsa m'mawa kapena nyengo ya dzuwa - mabalawo adzauma ndi kuchiritsa tsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Kudyetsa kumachitika nthawi zonse! Masiku onse 4-5.

Kalasi "De Barao" ikulimbikitsidwa kuti ipangidwe mu 2-3 mapesi. Zimadalira kukula kwa chipatso cha zosiyanasiyana "De Barao".

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira zomera

Tomato "De Barao" ndi ovuta kwambiri pa chisamaliro ndi kuthirira. Kuphatikiza kwakukulu ndikuti tomato akulimbana ndi vuto lochedwa ndipo kulima kwawo sikuli kovuta kwambiri.

De Barao imafuna madzi ambiri. Makamaka pa kutentha, mukhoza kutsanulira pa chidebe chimodzi pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse. Thirani tomato kutentha. Choyamba, zilowerere pamwamba pa nthaka, madziwo alowe, ndipo patapita mphindi zochepa, tsitsani madzi otsalawo.

M'nyengo yozizira, amamwe madzi masiku awiri aliwonse, ali osowa - masiku asanu ndi awiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mutatha kuthirira mbewu, muyenera kulima panthaka.

Tomato "De Barao" ndi okwera kwambiri, mutangobzala mbande, muyenera kumanga chitsamba chilichonse kuti muthandizidwe. Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse muzitsuka, muziyeretsanso masamba ouma ndikutsuka masamba ochepa kuti muthe mpweya wabwino.

Kukolola

Tomato "De Barao" ndi sing'anga-mochedwa mitundu. Mitundu yotereyi mu nyengo yathu ino ilibe nthawi yokwanira.

Koma amakoka bwino kunja kwa chitsamba. Chifukwa amaluwa ambiri amayamba kuwasonkhanitsa mu August. Musaiwale za cholinga cha kusonkhanitsa (salting, canning kapena ntchito).

Pali magawo angapo a kukolola tomato: zobiriwira, zoyera ndi kucha. Tomato wobiriwira ndi woyera amawasungira kwa nthawi yayitali, akadali kucha. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kuika mu chipinda chokhala ndi mpweya wokwanira.

Matatowa amakolola kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito mwamsanga - phwetekere, phwetekere, madzi a phwetekere kapena chakudya. Moyo wamapiri - osaposa masiku asanu.

Tomato wobiriwira ndi woyera kumalo ozizira akhoza kusungidwa kwa mwezi umodzi.

Ndikofunikira! Kukolola phwetekere sikulekerera chinyezi ndi chinyezi.

Kukula tomato "De Barao" - ndondomeko yovuta, koma pamapeto pake khama lanu lidzapindula ndi zipatso zokoma ndi zathanzi.