Kodi Parsley Mooskrause 2 ndi chiyani, imakula bwanji ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito?

Tsamba la Parsley "Mooskrause 2" ndi mitundu yobiriwira ya parsley, yomwe imakhala yosagwirizana kwambiri ndi zovuta zachilengedwe, mchere wamtengo wapatali komanso vitamini ndi kukoma kwake. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pophika ndi mankhwala.

Kuwonjezera apo mu nkhaniyi muwona chithunzi cha munda wamundawu, mudziwe makhalidwe ake, fufuzani kumene mungagule mbewu, komanso fufuzani ndondomeko yowonjezera yowonjezera yakukula. Tidzafotokozera za njira zothetsera matenda ndi tizirombo komanso kusiyana kwa parsley ndi mitundu ina.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

Nkhuku "Mooskrause 2" ndi chomera cha biennial chomwe chimakhala ndi masiku 55-75, omwe amatha kubzala, oyambirira komanso osakanikirana ndi parsley. Ili ndi mphamvu yowera kumera (mpaka 90% ya mbewu) ndipo imatchulidwa zonunkhira katundu.

Maonekedwe

Mbali ya kumtunda kwa chomera imayimilidwa ndi rosette yayikulu yozungulirakuchokera masamba omwe mpaka masamba 20. Masambawo ndi obiriwira, obiriwira, omwe ali ndi mapepala abwino kwambiri komanso ozungulira. Tsamba lililonse limagawidwa m'magulu ang'onoang'ono ofanana, ali ndi mawonekedwe a katatu. Muzu woyera-imvi kapena kirimu, wochepa thupi, mpaka 15-25 masentimita m'litali, amafanana ndi mlengalenga, omwe amadziwika bwino. Masamba a chomera amakhala ndi fungo lamoto ndipo amadya.

Chithunzi

Pano mungathe kuona zithunzi za chomera:



Makhalidwe

  • Kalasi yamtengo.

    Parsley "Mooskrause 2" ndi yamtengo wapatali kwambiri chifukwa cha kukoma kwake, kokhala ndi zonunkhira zonunkhira komanso zokoma zokoma. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imadziwika ndi kukana kwake kwa chisanu ndi zokolola zambiri, komanso zimakumbukira zokongola komanso zochititsa chidwi chifukwa cha zobiriwira.

  • Pereka.

    Chokolola chonse pa mita imodzi ndilo makilogalamu 2.0-2.5 (20,000-25,000 makilogalamu pa hekta imodzi).

  • Nthawi yakucha.

    Mawu akuti kucha akufanana ndi June kapena kumayambiriro kwa July ndipo amapitirira mpaka chisanu choyamba (October). Kukula kwachitsulo kwazomera kumapezeka masiku 55-75 kuchokera pakubwera kwa mphukira.

  • Tsiku lofesa.

    Mbewu imabzalidwa pakati pa mwezi wa April chisanu chisungunuka.

  • Matenda ndi Kutsutsana ndi Tizilombo.

    Zosiyanasiyana sizinayambe zotsutsana ndi tizirombo ndi matenda, chifukwa mbewu zake zimakhala ndi mafuta osanjikiza omwe amaletsa mankhwala ndi fungicides. Komanso chitukuko cha matenda chingathandize zomera zoyandikana nawo, zomangamanga za nthaka, madzi okwanira kwambiri.

    Zirombo zazikulu:

    1. karoti ntchentche;
    2. nematodes;
    3. aphid;
    4. zovunda zoyera;
    5. timapepala;
    6. malo oyera.
  • Misa.

    Kulemera kwa muzu umodzi ndi 40-65 magalamu.

  • Maluwa.

    Maluwa amapezeka mu June-Julayi ngati kambula kamene kakang'ono kamaluwa kamene kali kobiriwira, koyera kapena kobiriwira. Kumapeto kwa maluwa yofiira bulauni yaing'ono mbewu zimapangidwa.

  • Frost kukana.

    Izi zosiyanasiyana zimakhala zotsutsana ndi chisanu, zoyenera kubzala m'nyengo yozizira. Akuwombera kupirira kuziraza kuti asiye madigiri 5-7.

Kusiyanasiyana kwa mitundu ina

Zosiyanazi ndizosiyana izi.:

  1. Kuwonjezeka kwa kuzizira kwa chisanu.
  2. Kukula bwino mumthunzi ndi dzuwa.
  3. Muzuwo umasungidwa mu nthaka, koma umakhala wofooketsa, womwe umapangitsa zokolola mosavuta.
  4. Fungo la zomera ndi lofewa komanso losavuta.
  5. Kukhoza kwakukulu kwowonjezera njala pamene wonjezedwa ku chakudya.
  6. Kukula kwa masamba.
  7. Kavalidwe kabwino kogulitsa komwe kamalola kugwiritsa ntchito zosiyanasiyana ngati zokongoletsa ku mbale.
  8. Mbeu za chomeracho zimakhala ndi zotetezera.
  9. Kukula kwakukulu komwe kumabzala panthawi yamasika ndi yozizira.

Mbiri yobereka

Kubeletsa kunachitika ku Germany chakumapeto kwa zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu mphambu khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu pambuyo pozindikira zinyama zakutchire ndi maonekedwe okongola. Maluwa a Roset anapatsa "maluwa" obiriwira. Kupyolera mwa kudutsa kwachilengedwe kwa chomera ndi mitundu yolima yomwe ili ndi zogwiritsira ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito, zosiyanasiyana zimachokera kuzinthu zabwino zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zabwino komanso zikhale zolimba kuchokera ku zomera za makolo, komanso kuwonetsera kokongola.

Kodi ndikuti mungagule mbewu zochuluka bwanji?

M'masitolo m'munda wa St. Petersburg ndi Moscow, mukhoza kugula mbewu mu thumba la mapepala, mu phukusi limodzi la magalamu awiri a mbewu. Komanso zosiyanasiyana zingathe kulamulidwa pa intaneti. Amtengo wapakati pa 2 magalamu ndi 11.5 majeremusi ndi machenga kuyambira 4 mpaka 19 mabala.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

Mavitamini ali mu chomera:

  • Mavitamini onse a B;
  • retinol;
  • posachedwa;
  • tocopherol (vitamini E);
  • vitamini u;
  • vitamini K;
  • choline;
  • ascorbic asidi.

Kalasi ya Caloric: 44 Kcal. Mavitaminiwa ndi 11.0 g, mafuta - 0.7 g, chakudya - 9.0 g pa magalamu zana. Mitengo ya mchere ndi yaikulu ndipo imayimilidwa ndi mankhwala:

  • sodium;
  • potaziyamu;
  • phosphorus ndi magnesium;
  • manganese;
  • calcium;
  • selenium;
  • chizolowezi;
  • mitundu yambiri ya mafuta osatetezedwa ndi mafuta ofunikira;
  • pang'ono pulogalamu.

Ntchito

Zosiyanasiyana zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuphika mu mawonekedwe atsopano ndi osinthidwa. Masamba oyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito. Pa njira zothandizira, ndibwino kuti azizizira, zomwe zidzasunga zinthu zothandiza kwambiri. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito:

  • kuyanika;
  • chophika;
  • frying;
  • akukwera.

Parsley wa zosiyanasiyana izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kukongoletsa saladi, woyamba ndi yachiwiri maphunziro, kukakamiza masamba m'nyengo yozizira. Komanso yoyenera kusungirako nthawi yaitali.

Khwerero ndi Gawo Kukula Malangizo

Tikufika

Ndikofunikira! Mbeu zimangobzala mbewu zokha, chifukwa mbeu yowuma chifukwa cha mafuta ovuta omwe salola chinyezi, idzamera kwa nthawi yaitali.

Thupi lachilengedwe la kumera ndimasabata 2-3 kuchokera kufesa. Ndikofunika kuti mabedi azikhala pamtunda wouma, zomwe zili ndi filimu kapena spunbond. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kumera kumafika ku + mpaka madigiri 77. Asanafese, mbewu zimathiridwa usiku umodzi m'madzi otentha kuti azitsuka zina mwa mafuta ofunikira.

Kufesa kumachitika poyera. Nthaka yakukula parsley iyenera kuyamwa bwino. Malo a Loamy ndi mchenga sali ovomerezeka. Mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi imafuna kuti pakhale zakudya zamtundu wa nthaka, choncho nthaka iyenera kumera ndi humus malingana ndi "makilogalamu 5 pa mita imodzi". Manyowa nthaka ndi manyowa sayenera kukhala.

Parsley ndi masitolo achilengedwe a nitrates.zomwe zimalepheretsa kugwiritsa ntchito zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikule. Manyowa a azitrogeni sagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kuwala kosiyanasiyana-kumafuna, koma kumakula bwino mumthunzi. Yabwino oyambirira ndi oyambirira mitundu ya kabichi, nkhaka ndi zina zowononga mbewu. Chomera ndi mnansi wabwino wa maluwa, solanaceous ndi katsitsumzukwa, amatha kuopseza tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuchokera kwa iwo ndi fungo lake, komanso kuwonjezera maluwa awo.

  1. Mbeu zimabzalidwa m'mapiri okwana 1-1.5 (osapitirira 2.5) masentimita malingana ndi dongosolo la 18x8 cm;
  2. Pambuyo pake amawaza mbewu ndi mandimu;
  3. ataphimbidwa ndi dziko lapansi komanso osasunthika.

Pafupifupi 5-7 magalamu a mbewu amafesedwa pa 1 mita imodzi.

Chisamaliro

Ntchito zosamalira zikuphatikizapo:

  • Kuthamanga kwa nthaka.
  • Kupaka pamwamba. Dyetsani chomera nthawi ziwiri pa nyengo. Saltpeter ndi superphosphate amakonda.
  • Kupatulira mabedi. Anagwiridwa kawiri. Nthawi yoyamba ndi pamene mphukira idzakhala ndi masamba enieni 2-3. Zimamera pamtunda wa masentimita 3-4 pakati pawo. Kupukuta kwachiwiri kumapangidwa pamene kumamera kuchokera masamba 5 mpaka mtunda wa masentimita 8.
  • Kuthirira bwino. Kuyanika kwa nthaka sikuloledwa. Kuthirira kumakhala koyenera, chomera chimayankha bwino ku ulimi wothirira kuchokera ku bwino dispenser (osati mwachindunji dzuwa).
  • Kupalira mbewu. Chikhalidwe cha udzu chimatenga gawo lalikulu la zakudya m'nthaka, choncho ndikofunikira kuchotsa ku mizu.
  • Kugwirizana ndi malamulo a kudula masamba. Masamba amayamba kudula akafika kutalika kwa masentimita 10. Kudula kumakhala kochepa kwambiri. Musachotse zoposa zitatu mwa masamba, mwinamwake chomeracho chikhoza kufa.
  • Kuonjezerapo nthawi imene zomera zimapatsa zobiriwira, ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse muchotse mapesi a inflorescences.
  • Nthawi zonse (osachepera 1 masiku khumi) kumasula nthaka pakati pa mizere ya grooves.

Kukolola ndi kusungirako

Parsley "Mooskrause 2" inachotsedwa pang'onopang'ono pa nthawi yonse ya kukula. Kukolola kumapitirira mpaka chipale choyamba (kumayambiriro kwa October). Popeza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yopanda chisanu, zomera zimakhala bwino pansi pa chisanu choyamba.

Zosonkhanitsazo zimapangidwa ndi masamba ndi zipatso zomwe zimatsukidwa pansi, zatsukidwa ndi kuzidya mwatsopano, zotumizidwa kuti ziwume kapena kusungidwa mufiriji.

Dothi la parsley losungidwa limasungidwa mu matumba ophikidwa m'malo amdima, ouma kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi. Mbewu zouma ndi kusungidwa kutentha kwa zaka 18-20 mpaka 2.

Kulimbana ndi matenda ndi tizirombo

Zochitika:

  • Kugwirizana ndi malamulo oyendetsa ndi kubzala mbewu.
  • Kubzala parsley woyamba ndi wachiwiri mibadwo kutali wina ndi mnzake.
  • Kutentha kwa dothi ndi kudyetsa nthawi zonse.
  • Nthawi zambiri amamasula ndi kuchotsa namsongole kwathunthu.
  • Kupewa kuyanika ndi kuyala nthaka.
Ndikofunikira! Matenda a Foliar ndi fungicides kapena njira yochepa ya potassium permanganate (1: 5000) imachitika pa zizindikiro zoyamba za matenda. Ndi zilonda zakuthengo, zomera zodwala zimachotsedwa pabedi ndi kutenthedwa.

Mooskrause 2 tsamba la parsley ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zokometsera zamasamba, zomwe zimakhala zokoma chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa mafuta osatetezedwa ndi unsterated ndi mether, zomwe zimapangitsa mphamvu zake kukhala zofunikira komanso zokongola kwa wamaluwa ndi ophika. Chovala chokongola kwambiri cha malonda ndi khalidwe labwino la kusunga zimapangitsa kuti zomera zambiri zizikhala zokongoletsera mbale ndi zowonjezera chakudya.