Chisankho chabwino kwa alimi ndi amateurs ndi "King of Market" mitundu yambiri ya phwetekere.

Tikukuwonetserani chidwi chosakanizidwa. Zodabwitsa zake ndikuti ndi mitundu yosiyana siyana, ndipo nthawi yomweyo imakhala ndi zipatso zazikulu.

Izi ndi zosiyanasiyana za tomato Mfumu ya msika. Kulimbana ndi matenda, ndi zokolola zabwino komanso zabwino kwambiri kukoma, izi zosiyanasiyana ankakonda ambiri wamaluwa.

Werengani m'nkhani yathu tsatanetsatane wa zosiyana, makhalidwe ake ndi zikhalidwe za kulima.

Phwetekere "mfumu ya msika": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaMfumu ya msika
Kulongosola kwachiduleKuyambira kucha, mtundu wosakanizidwa wa kulima kumalo otseguka.
WoyambitsaRussia
KutulutsaMasiku 95-105
FomuZipatso zili ndi mawonekedwe ochepa.
MtunduMtundu wa zipatso zakupsa ndi wofiira.
Avereji phwetekere300 magalamu
NtchitoZokonzedwa mwatsopano ndi mitundu yonse ya processing.
Perekani mitundu10-12 makilogalamu ndi 1 mita mita
Zizindikiro za kukulaPa siteji ya kukula, chitsamba chimapangidwa muwiri zimayambira, poika
Matenda oteteza matendaZowonjezeredwa ndi Alternaria ndi Spotting Spotting

Zosakanizidwa zimenezi zinapangidwa ku Russia ndi akatswiri a pakhomo. Adalandira kulembedwa kwa boma monga mtundu wosakanizidwa wolima kulima mu 2009. Kuchokera apo, adapeza ulemu kwa okondedwa kubzala tomato okha komanso alimi omwe amamera tomato zambiri zogulitsa.

"Mfumu ya Msika" ndi wosakanikirana oyambirira, kuchokera pakanthawi ya kumuika ku kuphuka kwa zipatso zokhwima 95-105 masiku apita.

The shrub ndi deterministic, zimayendera. Zimalimbikitsidwa kulima poyera. Amakhala ndi matenda abwino kwambiri kwa tomato. Werengani za mitundu yodalirika pano.

Zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi zolemba, koma zabwino kwambiri zokolola. Ndibwino kuti musamalidwe bwino, mutha kupeza makilogalamu 10-12 a zipatso zabwino kuchokera pa 1 lalikulu. mita

Zokolola za mitundu ina ndi izi:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Mfumu ya msika10-12 makilogalamu pa lalikulu mita
Zikuwoneka kuti siziwoneka12-15 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Ndodo ya ku America5.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Maapulo mu chisanu2.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mfumu ya Msika10-12 makilogalamu pa lalikulu mita
Chikondi choyambirira2 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba
Purezidenti7-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Samara11-13 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Nastya10-12 makilogalamu pa lalikulu mita
Chipinda6-8 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Apple Russia3-5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba

Zizindikiro

Pamene zipatso zifika pamtundu umodzi, zimakhala ndi zofiira ndi zochepa. Tomato ndi aakulu kwambiri, masekeli pafupifupi 300 magalamu. Chiwerengero cha zipinda m'banda ndi 4-5. Nkhani yowuma siidapitirira 6%.

Kulemera kwa zipatso mu tomato wa mitundu ina, onani pansipa:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
Mfumu ya msika300 magalamu
Cranberries mu shuga15 magalamu
Crimson Viscount450 magalamu
Tsar Bellmpaka magalamu 800
Red Guard230 magalamu
Mtima wa golide100-200 magalamu
Irina120 magalamu
Pewani50-60 magalamu
Olya la150-180 magalamu
Lady shedi120-210 magalamu
Mtima wokondwa120-140 magalamu
Andromeda70-300 magalamu

"Mfumu ya msika" ndi chokoma kwambiri mwatsopano. Chifukwa cha zowonongeka, zimapangitsa madzi abwino. Pakuti kuyamwa kwathunthu sikuyenera chifukwa cha zipatso zazikulu. Tomato a mitundu yosiyanasiyana akhoza kuthiridwa mchere mu mbiya, komanso zouma.

Mwazinthu zazikuluzikulu za mtundu uwu, akatswiri akutsindika:

  • kukana kusowa kwa chinyezi;
  • matenda;
  • zokolola zabwino;
  • kukoma kwakukulu kwa zipatso.

Mavuto ake akulu ndi awa:

  1. Zosiyanasiyana ndi yabwino kwa kum'mwera zigawo. Silikukula pakati pa malo ndi kumpoto.
  2. Amaluwa ena ku zovuta zimaphatikizanso kuti n'zosatheka kuzimitsa.

Chithunzi

Tikukupemphani kuti mudzidziwe ndi zipangizo zamakono pa mitundu ya King of Market:

Werengani pa webusaiti yathu: momwe mungamerere mbeu yaikulu ya tomato kunja.

Komanso zinsinsi za kukula koyambirira kwa tomato ndi momwe mungapezere tomato wambiri mu wowonjezera kutentha chaka chonse.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mtedza wa phwetekerewu umapangidwa kuti ukhale m'madera otseguka komanso kumadera akum'mwera kwa dzikoli, chifukwa amadziwika ndi kutentha komanso kusagonjetsedwa ndi kuchepa kwa chinyezi. Mbewu zafesedwa pa mbande kumapeto kwa March. Timagwiritsa ntchito pazinthu izi zamakono, miphika kapena zobiriwira. Musasokoneze kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa kukula.

Pamene mukukula ndikofunikira kulingalira mfundo yakuti imayankha bwino ku chakudya chovuta.

Mankhwala a tomato akhoza kugwiritsa ntchito komanso "zipangizo":

  1. Organic.
  2. Iodini
  3. Yiti
  4. Hyrojeni peroxide.
  5. Amoniya.
  6. Boric acid.

Pa siteji ya kukula, chitsamba chimapangidwa muwiri zimayambira, poika. Popeza chitsamba ndi chodziwika, nthawi zambiri samasowa garter. Koma bungwe la ulimi wothirira moyenera ndi pakati pa mizere silimavulaza.

Zipatso zokolola zimatha kusungidwa kwa nthawi yayitali kutentha ndi kulekerera kayendedwe kabwino, zomwe ndi zofunika kwambiri kwa alimi.

Thandizo: Crimea, Krasnodar Territory ndi Madera a Astrakhan ndi abwino kwa izi zowonjezera. M'madera akumalo ozungulira komanso mochuluka kumpoto, zokolola zake zimagwa kwambiri, ndipo chomeracho chimadwala ndipo nthawi zina sichikhoza kubzala mbewu.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Alternaria

Matenda a Alternaria ndi amodzi mwa matenda omwe mitundu ya "King of Market" imaonekera. Potsutsa izi, gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo "Antrakol", "Consento", "Tattu".

Matenda ena omwe nthawi zambiri amakhudza phwetekere ndi mabakiteriya. Pankhaniyi, baka zowonongeka zimawonongeka, ndipo zina zonse zimapangidwa ndi Bordeaux osakaniza.

Pofuna kupewa, onetsetsani zovala zapamwamba zomwe zili ndi mkuwa ndi nitrogen.. Popeza kuti haibridiyi imakonzedwera kuti ikhale yotseguka pansi, malo omwe tizilombo ta tizilombo timene timapanga ndi yoyenera. Zomera zimatha kuwononga tizirombo monga slugs ndi chimbalangondo.

Potsutsana ndi slugs, gwiritsani ntchito yankho la tsabola yotentha ndi youma mpiru 1 supuni pa lalikulu. mita, ndiye tizilombo tizasiya malo anu. Medvedka imamenyedwa mothandizidwa ndi kuletsa bwino nthaka ndi kukonzekera "Chimanga". Komanso phwetekereyi ikhoza kuopsezedwa ndi mabomba a Colorado, mankhwala oti "Kutchuka" amagwiritsidwa ntchito motsutsana nawo.

Werengani pa tsamba lathu lonse za matenda a tomato mu greenhouses ndi momwe mungachitire nawo.

Komanso za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kugonjetsa komanso yosagonjetsa matenda, tomato osakhala mochedwa.

Kutsiliza

Izi zosiyanasiyana za tomato sizifuna luso lapadera mu chisamaliro. Zokwanira kutsatira ndondomeko yosavuta yothirira ndi kudyetsa. Choncho, ngakhale wolima munda wodziwa bwino angathe kuthana ndi vutoli ndipo nthawi yomweyo amapeza tomato wabwino kwambiri. Bwino ndi zokolola zazikulu.

Ndipo mu tebulo ili m'munsimu mudzapeza zokhudzana ndi nkhani zokhudzana ndi tomato zosiyana siyana zomwe zingakuthandizeni:

SuperearlyPakati-nyengoKuyambira m'mawa oyambirira
Kudzaza koyeraBlack moorHlynovsky F1
Nyenyezi za MoscowTsar PetroMasamba zana
Malo amadabwaAlpatieva 905 aOrange Giant
Aurora F1F1 wokondedwaChimanga chachikulu
F1 SeverenokLa Fa F1Rosalisa F1
KatyushaKufuna kukulaUm Champion
LabradorKupanda kanthuF1 Sultan