Phwetekere wokoma kwambiri oyambirira ndi dzina lachikondi - "Chikondi cha padziko lapansi": kufotokoza za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi kulima

Kwa alimi amaluwa ndi alangizi omwe amadziwa bwino nthawi zonse amatsenga: ndi mbewu zotani zomwe zingasankhe kubzala?

Kwa iwo amene akufuna kusonkhanitsa tomato wokoma mwamsanga mwamsanga, pamene akugwira ntchito yochepa, pali chisakanizo chosakanikirana choyambirira, chimabala dzina lachikondi "Chikondi cha padziko lapansi".

Ngakhale kukhala kosavuta mu chisamaliro ndi kulima, phwetekere ili ndi kamodzi kakang'ono - sikokolola kwambiri. Koma kukoma - pamwamba!

Werengani zambiri m'nkhani yathu yokhudzana ndi zosiyana siyana, zizindikiro zake ndi zizindikiro zake, zowonongeka za ulimi wamakono ndi kukana matenda.

Tomato Chikondi cha Padziko Lapansi: zofotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaChikondi cha padziko lapansi
Kulongosola kwachiduleOyambirira kucha kucha determinant zosiyanasiyana tomato kwa kulima mu greenhouses ndi lotseguka pansi.
WoyambitsaRussia
KutulutsaMasiku 90-105
FomuZowonongeka, pang'ono
MtunduOfiira
Avereji phwetekere200-230 magalamu
NtchitoZonse
Perekani mitundu6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Zizindikiro za kukulaZimasowa zomangiriza ndi zothandizira zamphamvu
Matenda oteteza matendaKulimbana ndi matenda akuluakulu a tomato

Ndicho chokhazikika, chomera choyenera. About indeterminantny sukulu werengani pano. Nyamayi ndi sing'anga 120-130 masentimita, kum'mwera madera komanso mu wowonjezera kutentha akhoza kufika 150 cm. Ponena za kuchapa amatanthauza mitundu yoyambirira, kubzala mbande kukolola zipatso zokolola ayenera kuyembekezera masiku 90-105.

"Chikondi cha padziko lapansi" ndi phwetekere yomwe imasinthidwa kuti ikalime kumalo otseguka komanso m'malo otsekemera, otentha ndi pansi pa filimu. Mmerawo ndi wamtengo wapatali. Zili bwino kutsutsana ndi zipatso zina, ku matenda ena ambiri ndi tizirombo. Alimi amayamikira maonekedwe okongola a chipatso. Zokolola zogulitsa ndi pafupifupi 95%.

Zipatso zomwe zafika pamtundu wosiyanasiyana, zimakhala ndi mtundu wofiira kapena burgundy, wooneka ngati wozungulira, wosalala, wopanda masamba obiriwira. Manyowa ndi ofanana, otsekemera, kukoma kumakhala kosangalatsa kwambiri.

Kukula kwa magalamu okwana 200-230, kukula kwakukulu, komwe kumawonjezera kulemera kwa malonda ndi kutchuka pakati pa olima masamba.

Zomwe zili mu tebulo ili m'munsizi zidzakuthandizira kuyerekezera kulemera kwa zipatso za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi ena:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
Chikondi cha padziko lapansi200-230 magalamu
Altai50-300 magalamu
Yusupovskiy500-600 magalamu
Prime Prime MinisterMagalamu 120-180
Andromeda70-300 magalamu
Mtsitsi90-120 magalamu
Gulu lofiira30 magalamu
Munthu waulesi300-400 magalamu
Nastya150-200 magalamu
Mtima wokondwa120-140 magalamu
Mazarin300-600 magalamu

Chiwerengero cha zipinda 5-6, zouma zokhudzana ndi 5%. Zokolola zikhoza kusungidwa pamalo ozizira kwa nthawi yaitali ndipo zimanyamula zoyendetsa bwino kwambiri.

Dziko lobeletsa, madera okula

Matimati wa phwetekere "Chikondi cha padziko lapansi" kapena "Chikondi cha padziko lapansi", chinaphunzitsidwa bwino ndi akatswiri achi Russia. Analandira kulembedwa kwa boma monga mitundu yovomerezeka yotsegulira malo otseguka ndi malo otentha otentha mu 2009. Kuchokera nthawi imeneyo, zakhala zikudziwika ndi eni eni okwera kutentha komanso alimi chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake abwino.

Kuti mutenge zipatso zabwino, tomato amalima bwino m'madera otentha; Astrakhan, Belgorod, Voronezh, Crimea ndi Caucasus ndizofunikira kwambiri.

Mu filimu zobiriwira, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imabereka zipatso zabwino kwambiri m'madera a lamba wa pakati, Southern Urals, Perm Territory ndi Far East. Ku Siberia, mbeu yosamalidwa ikhoza kupezeka m'malo obiriwira.

Werengani pa webusaiti yathu: Kodi mungapeze bwanji tomato zabwino kwambiri kuthengo? Kodi kukula tomato chaka chonse mu greenhouses.

Nanga ndizinthu ziti zomwe zimayambitsa kukula kwa mitundu yoyambirira? Nchifukwa chiyani tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, fungicides ndi kukula kwazomera m'munda?

Chithunzi

Zizindikiro

Ntchito

Zipatso za hybrid iyi ndizokongola kwambiri, ziwoneka bwino kwambiri muzisungirako zovuta. Koma nthawi zambiri amatha kudya mwatsopano, mu saladi ndi maphunziro oyambirira. Mafuta ndi masamba a tomato "Chikondi cha Padziko Lapansi" amapezeka osati zokoma zokha, komanso zothandiza, chifukwa cha mavitamini ndi shuga.

Pereka

Mukasamalidwa mosamala kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi, mutha kufika pa makilogalamu 6 a zipatso. Ndi malonda ovomerezeka olemera makilogalamu 23-26 / m². Zotsatira zake ndizochepa, makamaka pa chomera cha kukula kwake.

Mukhoza kuyerekezera zokolola zosiyanasiyana ndi ena mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Chikondi cha padziko lapansimpaka makilogalamu 6 kuchokera ku chitsamba
Nastya10-12 makilogalamu pa lalikulu mita
Gulliver7 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mtima wokondwa8.5 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Klusha10-1 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Munthu waulesi15 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Buyan9 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mdima wakuda6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mfumu ya msika10-12 makilogalamu pa lalikulu mita
Kuyambira wamkulu20-22 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Rocket6.5 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Zina mwa ubwino wa tomato zosiyanasiyana "Chikondi cha Padziko Lapansi", makamaka kukulitsa kukula kwake msinkhu. Komanso tcherani khutu ku kulekerera kwabwino kwa kusiyana kwa kutentha, komanso kulekerera kwa kusowa kwa chinyezi.

Zina mwa makhalidwe abwino kwambiri a mtundu wa phwetekere:

  • kukoma koyambirira;
  • ovary ovary ndi kucha;
  • zipatso sizimasokoneza;
  • chitetezo cha matenda;
  • gwiritsani ntchito posankha ndi kusamalira;
  • bwino;
  • kudzichepetsa kwa kuthirira.

Zina mwa zosungirako zomwe adaziwonetsera:

  • akusowa kusunga;
  • kudula kwa tsinde;
  • chosowa cha fetereza pa sitepe ya kukula.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mtedza wa phwetekere umakhala ndi mtunda wautali ndipo thunthu lake limasowa galasi, ndipo nthambi zimakhala ndizinthu zodalirika. Sikoyenera kuzimitsa panja, koma apa mukuyenera kukumbukira kuti izi zidzakulitsa kwambiri nthawi yakucha.

Pakati pa kukula kwachangu zimayankha bwino kuti zitha kuwonjezera potaziyamu ndi phosphorous, m'tsogolomu mungachite ndi zovuta feteleza.

Za feteleza, pa webusaiti yathuyi mudzapeza zambiri zothandiza pa nkhaniyi:

  1. Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito yisiti, ayodini, phulusa, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, boric acid monga kuvala pamwamba?
  2. Momwe mungadyetse zomera pamene mukunyamula, mbande ndi chakudya chodyera.
  3. Pamwamba pa feteleza zabwino ndi zofunikira zotani zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito?
Werengani pa webusaiti yathu: Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji dothi la wowonjezera kutentha kwa kasupe? Kodi ndi nthaka yanji ya tomato yomwe ilipo?

Kodi nthaka iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji mbande za tomato, ndi chiyani cha zomera zazikulu?

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Fomoz

Matenda a tomato osiyanasiyana "Chikondi cha padziko lapansi", chimakhala chotsutsana kwambiri ndi matenda ambiri, kotero ngati mutatsatira njira zonse zothandizira ndi kupewa, matendawa sadzakukhudzani.

Kuwona kuwala ndi kutenthetsa, kuyendayenda nthawi zonse za malo obiriwira - izi ndizo zikuluzikulu zothandiza kusamalira zomera. Koma ndi kofunikira kusamala ndi fomoz, amamenyana ndi matendawa ndi mankhwala "Khom", pamene zipatso zoyenera ziyenera kuchotsedwa. Nthawi zina zomera zimatha kugwidwa ndi bakiteriya wakuda. Kuchotsa matendawa, gwiritsani ntchito mankhwalawa "Fitolavin". Zingathenso kuthandizidwa ndi kuvunda kwa chipatso cha chipatso. Mu matendawa, chomeracho chimachiritsidwa ndi yankho la calcium nitrate ndi kuchepetsa nthaka chinyezi.

N'kofunikanso kukhala ndi lingaliro la matenda amenewa a tomato monga Alternaria, fusarium, Verticilliasis, vuto lochedwa. Komanso pa webusaiti yathuyi mudzapeza zambiri zokhudza chitetezo cha phytophtoras komanso za mitundu yomwe sichikumana ndi mliriwu.

Koma tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, Colorado mbatata kachilomboka, aphid, thrips, akalulu ndi slugs nthawi zambiri amayesa kupha tomato. Kupewa kupezeka kwawo kumathandiza kusamalidwa bwino ndi kukulumikizana kwa nthaka.

Popanda khama, mungathe kupeza zotsatira zabwino kwambiri, izi ndizo zowonjezereka. Kusamalira iye sikudzakhala kovuta, ngakhale munthu wosadziwa zambiri akulima. Mwamwayi mu nyengo yatsopano.

Mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi mudzapeza zokhudzana ndi mitundu ya tomato yakucha nthawi zosiyana:

SuperearlyPakati-nyengoKuyambira m'mawa oyambirira
LeopoldNikolaSupermelel
Schelkovsky oyambiriraDemidovBudenovka
Purezidenti 2PersimmonF1 yaikulu
Pink LianaUchi ndi shugaKadinali
OtchukaPudovikSungani paw
SankaRosemary poundKing Penguin
Chozizwitsa cha sinamoniMfumu ya kukongolaEmerald Apple