Tizilombo ndi matenda a yucca: kupewa, zizindikiro ndi chithandizo

Yucca ndi chomera chokonda kutentha chomwe chimakula mu chikhalidwe cha chilengedwe ndi chilala champhamvu ndipo chimatha kusintha kukhala mtengo waukulu. Zimakhala zosavuta kukula chomera ichi kunyumba, koma iziks zili ndi matenda omwe angakhudze, ndipo ndizofunika kuti alimi onse azidziwa momwe angagwirire nazo.

Matenda a Yucca: kupewa ndi kuchiza

Chomera cha yucca sichimafuna kuti zakudya za m'nthaka zizikhala bwino komanso nthawi zonse zimakhala zowonjezera, popeza ndizochepa zowonjezera zowonjezera zomwe zimayambitsa maonekedwe a matenda. Tiyeni tidziƔe zowonongeka kuti tithe kulimbana nawo kwambiri.

Yucca sichita pachimake

Mu chilengedwe, mtengo wa Yucca umamasula chilimwe chiri chonse ndi panicles wa inflorescences wa mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Komabe, si alimi onse amaluso omwe amatha kukwaniritsa maluwa a yucca., ndipo ngakhale mu greenhouses, nthawi zambiri samasamba, chifukwa chofunika kuti chomera ichi chikhale pafupi ndi zochitika zachilengedwe momwe zingathere. Koma popeza tili mu nyumba sitingathe kuonetsetsa kuti tsiku lalitali ndi kutentha kwambiri, timangokhalira kukonda korona wamtengo wapatali wa chomera ichi.

Mukudziwa? Nthawi zambiri kuti maonekedwe a maluwa asamalire yucca kwa zaka 4-5. Olima amaluso akulangizidwa kuti asachotse masamba otsala a zomera, popeza chisamaliro chochulukira, chomwe sichichibadwa kwa chikhalidwe cha chilengedwe, sichilola kuti chikhale chokoma ndi chitukuko.

Bakiteriya amatenthe

Mabakiteriya otentha a masamba a yucca ndi osowa, koma amatha kuwononga zomera zonse. Ndi matendawa, malo ochepa amapezeka pa yucca, yomwe poyamba imakhala ndi mtundu wachikasu, koma kenako imakhala yakuda.

Kufalikira kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kumapezeka pamene chinyezi chiri pamwamba pa 70% ndipo kutentha kuli pamwamba pa 18 ° C. Komabe, kukana kwa yucca kwa bakiteriya kumatetezedwa pakakhala malo abwino, ochitidwa bwino ndi miphika amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti adzalime, kukhudzana ndi zomera zina kumachepetsedwa. Tiyenera kumvetsetsa kuti tizilombo tikhoza kuyambitsa moto, ndipo yucca ikhoza kukhala ndi kachirombo ka masamba ndi zowonongeka.

Ndizosatheka kupirira bakiteriya kutentha, chotero, ndi kufalikira kwamphamvu kwa mabala achikasu pamasamba a yucca, ziyenera kutayidwa. Ngati mawangawo amawoneka pamasamba angapo, amachotsedwa, ndipo zomera zonse zimapangidwa ndi bordeaux madzi kapena antibiotic kuti awonongeke, pakati pazimene mungayime pa streptomycin.

Mawanga a Brown pa masamba

Ngati masamba pa chomera amayamba kutembenuza chikasu ndi kugwa, koma chikasu chimapezeka pa iwo ngati mawanga ndikupeza malo atsopano - mwinamwake ndi malo a bulauni pa yucca. Ngati nthawi sichitha mankhwala, masamba ayamba kutembenuka wakuda ndi kutha. Chifukwa cha kukula kwa matenda otero pa chomera cha yucca ndiko kusowa kwa kuthirira. Chomeracho sichimakonda overmoistening, komabe, ngati dziko lopsa mu mphika ndi louma kwambiri, yucca idzayamba kuuma.

Pofuna kupewa mabala a bulauni pa masamba a yucca, malo omwe zomera zimayimilira ndizofunikira kuti aziwuluka nthawi zonse ndikupewa kuwonjezeka kwa chinyezi, koma madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala ochuluka kwambiri, ngakhale kuti sakhala ochuluka. Onetsetsani kuti kutentha mu chipinda sikusintha. Ngati mawangawa atulukira kale, kuphatikizapo kusintha maonekedwe akukula, yucca idzafuna chithandizo chapadera ndi fungicides, kuphatikizapo Mungagwiritse ntchito mankhwalawa:

  • Oxy (20 g madzi pa 10 malita);
  • Alirin-B (kwa 1 lita ya madzi awiri mapiritsi a mankhwala);
  • Vitaros (2 ml ya mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa 1 l madzi).
Zotsatira zake za fungicides zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poyesa kupopera mankhwala a yucca. Ndi bwino kubwereza katatu katatu, kutenga masiku khumi. Masamba owonongeka a chomera ayenera kuchotsedwa.

Mphepete mwa Brown ndi masamba

Chizindikiro chomwecho chimayamba nthawi zambiri pamene mpweya wouma m'zipinda chifukwa cha ntchito zotentha. Mitundu ina ya yucca imatha kulekerera chodabwitsa kwambiri, koma zambiri zimayamba kuuma. Pofuna kupewa masamba a chikasu a yucca pamphepete ndi nsonga, yesetsani kuwonjezera mvula chifukwa cha kupopera mankhwala nthawi zonse. Pa nthawi yomweyo, sizothandiza kuwonjezera ulimi wothirira, chifukwa kutentha kwambiri kumayambitsa mizu yovunda.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa china chokhalira m'mphepete ndi ndondomeko za masamba a yucca akhoza kukhala zolakwika, zomwe zomerazo zimawonekera pafupipafupi, ndi kuchuluka kwa chinyezi. Pankhaniyi, yesetsani kukonzanso mphika ndi yucca ndikusintha nthawi zonse kuthirira.

Mdima wamdima

Zizindikiro za matendawa zimakhala zooneka bwino, ngakhale kuti zimakula pang'ono pang'onopang'ono: pambali pamakhala tsamba la necrosis, kapena mawanga akuwonekera pamphepete mwa masamba a yucca. Pa nthawi yomweyi, malo onse ofiira ali ndi mbali zofiirira. Mitundu yambiri ya imvi ndi masamba akale omwe ali kumunsi kwa mbeu.

Popeza wothandizira imvi ndi bowa, ndizosatheka kulimbana ndi vutoli. Masamba ophimbidwa ndi tsamba amachotsedwa, ndipo zomera zonse zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Readzol. Pofuna kupewa izi, mankhwalawa amatha kuchitika nthawi zonse, koma nkofunika kupewa kupopera mankhwala a yucca ndi madzi ozizira.

Tsinde ndi mizu zowola

Kuchiza matenda a yucca monga tsinde ndi mizu yovunda sikutheka, chifukwa ndi mawonetseredwe awo zomera zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndipo sangathe kuchira. Zizindikiro za zowola zowonongeka zimakhala zofewa kwambiri pamtengo ngati mtengo, komanso maonekedwe a zilonda zofiira.

Pamene mizu yowola madzi amadzi akuwoneka pa mizu ya chomera, ndi zotsatira zake kuti minofu ya mkati ya mizu imayamba kuchepa pang'onopang'ono. Matendawa amaonekera kumtunda kwa mbeu, pamapangidwe a mawanga omwe amawombedwa ndi mdima wakuda. Mwamwayi, izi sizichitika kawirikawiri, ndipo chomeracho chimakhala ndi kachilomboka panthawi yobwerera.

Pofuna kupewa tsinde ndi zowola zowonongeka zikulimbikitsidwa:

  • Mukamabzala ndi kubzala yucca, muzitha kuyamwa nthaka ndi miphika;
  • kuteteza overmoistening wa nthaka;
  • kupereka pansi pa miphika ndi yucca bwino ngalande.

Kodi mungatani ndi tizirombo ta yucca?

Matenda a Yucca ndi matenda a bakiteriya - ichi si chovuta kwambiri chomwe mungakumane nacho pakukula mbewu. Kawirikawiri amapezekanso tizirombo zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimangosokoneza zokongola za yucca, komanso zimapangitsa kuti ziwonongeke.

Mukudziwa? Yucca ndi chomera chomwe chimakonda kutentha, choncho ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira ndi kofunika kuonetsetsa kutentha kwabwino mu chipinda, koma panthawi imodzimodziyo kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa kuthirira kuti musayambe kuwonongeka.

Ntchentche yoyera

Tikukamba za tizilombo kamene kamadyetsera masamba okoma a yucca, kapena kokha, madzi ake okha, omwe amawoneka ngati akufa pammera. Mukayang'anitsitsa chomera ichi, mukhoza kuona ntchentche zochepa kwambiri, izi ndi whitefly.

Pali njira zambiri zothetsera tizilomboti:

  1. Yendetsani pafupi ndi chomera cha chikasu kuti mupeze ntchentche zodziwika.
  2. Gwiritsani ntchito kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa, omwe ndi mankhwala abwino Aktara. Kuti mupeze yankho mu 5 malita a madzi, kuchepetsa 4 g wa mankhwala.
  3. Tengani chomera chokhudzidwa ndi Akarin, Iskra-Bio, Inta-Vir, Fitoverm. Kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kudzafunikira mankhwala osachepera anayi, nthawi yomwe siidapitilire masiku khumi.

Shatani poto

Pelletizer imadyetsanso selo yochuluka ya yucca, motero ndi kubereka kwakukulu izi tizilombo tingathe kuwononga chomeracho. Mukhoza kuonetsetsa kuti yucca inakopeka ndi chishango chonyenga, mungathe kuika mavitamini ndi madontho osakaniza pa zomera, komanso kumangidwanso kumene.

Zili zovuta kulimbana ndi ziphuphu zonyenga, monga zishango ngati zikopa zomwe zilipo pa thupi la tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, chifukwa chakuti amalekerera mosavuta mankhwala ophera tizilombo. Choncho, polimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, yucca ikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito:

  • mowa;
  • mpweya wamadzi wamadzi;
  • m'malo mwa mphika pamwamba pa mphika ndi yucca.

Kangaude mite

Nkhumba ya kangaude imadyetsanso kuyamwa kwa nyumba, ndipo mbali iyi yucca imamukongola kwambiri. Pamene tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timapezeka pamunsi mwa masamba a zomera, padzakhala kuwala, ndiyeno mphutsi. M'kupita kwa nthawi, masamba omwe amakhudzidwa ndi akangaude, amatha kutaya mtundu wawo ndipo amayamba kukhala ndi mawanga achikasu.

Chidziwitso cha nthata za akangaude ndikuti zimakhudza zomera zofooka zimene matenda angathe kukhalapo. Choncho, njira yothandiza kwambiri tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndiyo kusamalira bwino mbewu ndi kusamalira bwino.

Koma ngati kangaude yayamba kale ku yucca, chomeracho chiyenera kutsukidwa ndi madzi ozizira kuti chichotse tizilombo. Komanso amafunika mankhwala ndi acaricides - Vertimek kapena Fitoverma. Chiwerengero chochepa cha mankhwala - zitatu, zomwe ziyenera kuchitika ndi kupuma kwa masiku khumi.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati yucca ikasungidwa muzolakwika, mankhwala amachilombo oteteza akangaude amathandiza kuchotsa tizilombo kwa kanthawi.

Mealybug

Mealybug imakhalanso ndi tizilombo toonongeka omwe amalepheretsa chomeracho, akuyamwa madzi onse. Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa mealybugs amatha kuwoneka mosavuta pa masamba komanso ngakhale mitengo ikuluikulu, nthawi zambiri masamba amaphimbidwa chifukwa cha maluwa omwe amamera. Ziri zosatheka kupha tizilombozi mothandizidwa ndi kukonzekera, monga momwe zimakhala ndi zokutira ngati sera, ngati woteteza wonyenga. Pa chifukwa chomwecho, pamene mealybug ikuwonekera, nkoyenera kulimbana nayo mwa kufanana ndi chishango chonyenga.

Slugs

Pamakhala chinyezi, yucca ikhoza kuyambitsa slugs. Mungaphunzire za kukhalapo kwawo pamasuwa achikasu pamasamba, omwe kawirikawiri amawonekera pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira. Mukhozanso kuchotsa slugs ndi manja anu, komabe kuti muteteze mawonekedwe awo atsopano, ndikofunika kuti muyambe yucca ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Matendawa ndi tizirombo tomwe tatchulazi zikuwoneka ngati zotsatira za chisamaliro chosayenera cha yucca. Choncho, chitetezo chabwino ndi chisamaliro chabwino, posankha malo abwino komanso kuthirira nthawi zonse zomera.