Russian oyambirira kucha, phwetekere kwambiri "Valentina": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana ndi zoyenera

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere Valentine ndi ntchito ya oweta zoweta za Institute Vavilov.

Malingana ndi kafukufuku wolima wamaluwa ambiri, izi zosiyanasiyana zimatchedwa "tomato kwa amalesi olima." Chifukwa cha zofuna zake zochepa kuti zisamalire bwino kuti zikule ngakhale alimi oyamba kumene.

M'nkhani yathu mudzapeza ndondomeko yeniyeni ya zosiyana, kudziƔa bwino makhalidwe ake akuluakulu ndi zenizeni za kulima.

Phwetekere "Valentine": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaValentine
Kulongosola kwachiduleOyambirira kucha kucha determato tomato kwa kulima mu greenhouses ndi lotseguka pansi.
WoyambitsaRussia
KutulutsaMasiku 102-105
FomuZipatso ndizozungulira, zooneka ngati maula
MtunduOrange wofiira
Avereji phwetekere80-100 magalamu
NtchitoKwambiri kusamalira
Perekani mitundumpaka makilogalamu 12 pa mita imodzi
Zizindikiro za kukulaAgrotechnika muyezo
Matenda oteteza matendaKulimbana ndi matenda ambiri

Mndandanda umabweretsedwa mu boma lolembetsa ndipo amalimbikitsa kulima pazitsekerero zotseguka. Chitsamba Chomera chimapanga mtundu, chimakhala ndi kutalika kwa 50-60 centimita. About indemantannye mitundu kuwerenga pano. Ponena za kucha kucha mitundu yosiyana. Kubzala kumachitika masiku 102-105 mutabzala mbewu kuti mupeze mbande.

Pamene mukukula pamapiri otseguka, alimi akulangiza kuti asachotse mitsempha, mwinamwake kuchepetsa zokolola n'zotheka. Mu wowonjezera kutentha amafunika kusakwanira, kuchotsa mofulumira masitepe. Amafuna zingwe phesi kuti zithandize.

Chitsambachi chimakhala chaching'ono, chosakhala shtambic ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono a mtundu wobiriwira, chokhala ndi mphamvu yochepa. Maonekedwe ndi maonekedwe a masamba ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi mbatata.

Matenda a Valentine akulimbana ndi matenda akuluakulu a phwetekere, amakhala ndi chilala pang'ono. Zosiyanasiyana zimadziwika kwa nthawi yayitali, ndi mayesero oyerekeza omwe anachitidwa ndi wamaluwa mu 2000, ankachita masewera olimbitsa thupi ndi makhalidwe ovuta kwambiri.

Werengani pa webusaiti yathu: Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji dothi mu wowonjezera kutentha? Ndi nthaka iti yomwe ikuyenera kukula mbande ndi tomato wamkulu mu greenhouses? Kodi ndi nthaka yanji ya tomato yomwe ilipo?

Komanso, kugwiritsa ntchito kukula kwa amalonda, fungicides ndi tizilombo tokula Solanaceae.

Chithunzi

Yang'anirani njira ya kukula ndi zipatso za tomato "Valentine" ingakhale pa chithunzi:

Werenganinso pa webusaiti yathu: Kodi mungapeze bwanji tomato wamkulu kutchire? Ndi mitundu iti yomwe ili ndi chitetezo chokwanira komanso zabwino zokolola?

Kodi kukula tomato zokoma chaka chonse mu greenhouses? Zinsinsi zazikulu za agronomy ya mitundu yoyamba kucha.

Zizindikiro

Ubwino waukulu wa zosiyanasiyana:

  • chitsamba chosakanikirana;
  • kucha;
  • kukana chilala;
  • chitetezo chabwino paulendo;
  • kukana matenda akuluakulu a tomato;
  • sichikutanthauza kuchotsedwa kwa stepsons.
  • Zokolola zazikulu (mpaka makilogalamu 12 pa mita iliyonse).

Ndi zokolola za mitundu ina ya tomato, mukhoza kuwona mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Valentinempaka makilogalamu 12 pa mita imodzi
Kukula kwa Russia7-8 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Mlonda wautali4-6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Chozizwitsa cha Podsinskoe5-6 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Ndodo ya ku America5.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Kuyambira wamkulu20-22 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Prime Prime Minister6-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Polbyg4 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mdima wakuda6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Kostroma4-5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Gulu lofiira10 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba

Kuipa:

Malinga ndi ndemanga zomwe analandira kuchokera kwa wamaluwa omwe adakula tomato Valentine, kupatulapo chifukwa chofunika kumangiriza chitsamba chosadziwika.

Zizindikiro za chipatso:

  • mawonekedwe a chipatso ndi oval, mawonekedwe a maula;
  • Zipatso zosapsa ndizobiriwira, zofiira zofiira;
  • kulemera kwa 80-90, mutakula mu wowonjezera kutentha mpaka 100 magalamu;
  • ntchito yaikulu ndikuteteza ndi zipatso zonse, sauces, lecho, kukonzekera nyengo yozizira mochokera tomato;
  • Kawirikawiri zokolola za 2.5-3.0 kilogalamu pa chitsamba, 10.5-12.0 kilograms mutabzala zopitirira 6-7 zomera pa mita imodzi;
  • kuwonetsa bwino, chitetezo chabwino pa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka katundu, kusungidwa bwino pamene mukukonzekera kucha.

Mukhoza kufanizitsa kulemera kwa zipatso za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi ena mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
Valentine80-100 magalamu
Purezidenti250-300 magalamu
Chilimwe chimakhala55-110 magalamu
Klusha90-150 magalamu
Andromeda70-300 magalamu
Dona WamtunduMagalamu 230-280
Gulliver200-800 magalamu
Banana wofiira70 magalamu
Nastya150-200 magalamu
Olya-la150-180 magalamu
De barao70-90 magalamu
Nkofunikira: Palibe zodziwika pa kukula kwa phwetekere ya Valentine molingana ndi malingaliro a oyambitsa ndi ndemanga zomwe analandira kuchokera kwa wamaluwa.

Mukamabzala, amagwiritsa ntchito njira zamakono za agrotechnical, kuphatikizapo nthawi zonse kuthirira ndi mulching wa nthaka ndi feteleza.

Werengani zambiri za momwe mungameretse tomato ndi momwe mungaperekere:

  • Zamagulu ndi mchere, zokonzedwa zokonzeka, TOP.
  • Pakuti mbande, pamene akunyamula, foliar.
  • Yatsamba, ayodini, phulusa, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, boric acid.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Monga tanena kale, tomato akulimbana ndi matenda ambiri. Komabe, kubzala kungathe kuopsezedwa ndi tizirombo - Colorado maluwa, thrips, nsabwe za m'masamba, akangaude. Polimbana nawo iwo amathandiza kukonzekera kwa microbiological ndi chemistry.

Werengani pa webusaiti yathu: Matenda ambiri a tomato mu malo obiriwira ndi njira zomwe angachitire nawo.

Alternaria, fusarium, verticillis, kuchepa kochedwa ndi kutetezedwa kwa iwo, mitundu ya phwetekere siimakhudzidwa ndi choipitsa chochedwa.

Nyamayi ya Valentine idzakhala yosangalatsa osati kwa wamaluwa okha, chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa kulima ndi kuchepetsa zofunikira zofunika. Zidzakhala zosangalatsa alimi chifukwa chakuti akhoza kupereka tomato kukolola nyengo yozizira.

Mu tebulo ili m'munsimu mudzapeza zokhudzana ndi mitundu ya tomato ndi mawu osiyana:

Kumapeto kwenikweniKukula msinkhuKutseka kochedwa
GoldfishYamalPrime Prime Minister
Rasipiberi zodabwitsaMphepo inadzukaZipatso
Zozizwitsa za msikaDivaMtima wamtima
De Barao OrangeBuyanBobcat
De Barao RedIrinaMfumu ya mafumu
Mchere wachikondiPulogalamu ya pinkiMphatso ya Agogo
Krasnobay F1Red GuardF1 chipale chofewa