Zinsinsi zobzala ndi kusamalira snowberry

Msewu, paki kapena pabwalo mukhoza nthawi zina kuona tchire choyera ndi mtundu wa mipira. Chomera chodabwitsachi chimatchedwa snowberry (Symphoricarpus, Snowfield). Zingakhale zokongoletsera zokongola mu malo, ndipo kusamalira izo sizikusowa kovuta.

Kusankha malo odzala snowberry

Pakuti malo ndi malo otsika snowberry alibe zofunikira zapadera. Ikhoza kukula mthunzi ndi malo amdima, imalola kuleza chilala, ndipo imatsutsana ndi malo a m'tawuni - utsi ndi mpweya. Ma rahizomes a snowdrop amatha kuwononga chiwonongeko cha malo otsetsereka. Zimagwirizana ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa mizu ya mitengo ikuluikulu, yomwe imalola kuti chitsamba chikule mwachindunji pansi pawo.

Chinthu chokha chovuta kuti chomera chikhale chinyezi kwambiri.Choncho, posankha malo otsetsereka, muyenera kumvetsera zowonongeka bwino.

Mukudziwa? Mayina a Chingerezi a snowberry ndi "snowberry" (mabulosi a chisanu), "ghostberry" (mabulosi amtundu) ndi "waxberry" (sera ya mabulosi).

Pang'onopang'ono chodzala chipale chofewa

Zida zofunika kubzala ziyenera kukumba ndi mtanda wa dziko pa mizu. Ndibwino kuti musankhe tchire laling'ono lomwe liri ndi zaka 2-4. Pankhani ya kayendedwe ka mizu, mizu yophimbidwa mu pepala lakuda kapena nsalu yonyowa pokonza kuti zisawonongeke ndi kuwonongeka. Ngati mizu yayuma, m'pofunika kuwaphimba ndi madzi osakaniza dongo ndi madzi musanabzala.

Kukhazikika kamodzi kwa matalala a chipale chofewa, dzenje liyenera kukumbidwa ndi kuya kwake ndi mmimba mwake 0.6-0.7 mamita. Kuti gulu lidzala, shrub iyenera kuikidwa pa mtunda wa 1-1.5 mamita kuchokera ku zomera zina, ndipo kuya kwa kubwera kwa dzenje kufika 0.5-0.7 m

Kupanga ngakhale ngakhale kumenyana ndikofunikira kuti mutseke chingwe ndikumba ngalande motsatira mzerewu ndi kuya kwa 0.6-0.7 mamita ndi m'lifupi mwake 0.4-0.5 mamita.

Komanso nkofunika kuti manyowa nthaka, ngati pali chosowa. Mitengo ya peat, mchenga ndi humus (kompositi) imadulidwa ku nthaka, phulusa la nkhuni ndi superphosphate zingagwiritsiridwenso ntchito (600 g ndi 200 g, pamtunda uliwonse). Pakati pa tchire muyenera kusiya mtunda wa mamita 0.3-0.5. Mutabzala, nthaka imadulidwa pansi ndi yokutidwa ndichitsulo chomwecho. Masiku 4-5 oyambirira, mmera umayenera kuthiriridwa tsiku ndi tsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Snowberry ndi chomera chabwino cha uchi. Zipatso zake ndizovuta kwa anthu, koma m'nyengo yozizira mbalame zina zimadya mbewu.

Kodi kuthirira tchire

Kuthirira tchire mu phere wouma kumatsatira kuchokera kuwerengeka kwa pafupifupi malita 20 a madzi (2.5 zidebe) pa mita iliyonse. Ndibwino kuti tichite zimenezi madzulo osati nthawi zambiri. Ngati dothi lachilengedwe limakhala lokwanira, kuthirira kwina sikukufunika. Pambuyo kuthirira kapena kumwa mvula ndi yabwino kumsongole ndikumasula nthaka kuzungulira chitsamba.

Mmene mungakololere

Kudulira matalala a chisanu kumachitika bwino kumayambiriro kasupe, pamaso pa Mphukira kusweka. Ziyenera kunyalidwa m'maganizo kuti maluwa amapangidwa pa mphukira za chaka chomwecho. Pambuyo kudulira shrub ndi mwakhama komanso mosavuta kubwezeretsedwa.

Pamene kudulira, kupanga korona, kukuwombera kumafupikitsidwa ndi pafupi theka kapena theka -chinayi kutalika kwake. Kudulidwa kwaukhondo kumatanthawuza kuchotsedwa kwa nthambi zowuma ndi zowonongeka. Kudulira uku kumachitika nthawi zonse.

Patapita nthawi, chipale chofewa chimataya mawonekedwe ake: mphukira zimachepa ndi kuchepetsedwa, ndipo masamba ndi maluwa zimakhala zochepa. Kuti musinthire chitsamba chakale, pewani kudulira. Ngati chitsamba chimadulidwira pamtunda wa masentimita 40-60, mphukira zatsopano zimayamba kuchokera ku mphukira zowona m'nyengo yozizira.

Pambuyo pokonza, magawo odulidwa a nthambi akukonzedwa ndi munda wamaluwa.

Mukudziwa? Pali mitundu 15 yachilengedwe ya snowberry (osati kuwerengera hybrids), mtundu wa zipatso zomwe sizingakhale zoyera zokha, komanso za pinki, zamchere ndi zakuda (snowberry Chinese).

Njira zoberekera chisanu

Pofuna kubzala chisanu mungathe kusankha njira yabwino kwambiri yodzipangira nokha kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe zilipo.

Muzu umatuluka

Shrub ikhoza kufalikira ndi kuchoka ku malo oyambirira otsetsereka, chifukwa kuzungulira izo muzambiri mizu ikukula. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chinthu chodzala. Njira iyi imathandizanso kuteteza chitsamba kuwonjezereka.

Kugawa chitsamba

Kumayambiriro kwa kasupe kapena kumapeto kwa masika, chitsamba chachikulu chachitsamba chingakumbidwe ndikugawidwa m'magulu angapo. Chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti gawo lirilonse liri ndi mizu komanso nthambi zamphamvu.

Kuyika

Pofuna kubereka, phokoso liyenera kupangidwa pafupi ndi chitsamba, ligulire nthambi yaing'ono kuti ikhalemo, yikonze (mwachitsanzo, ndi waya) ndikuphimba ndi nthaka kuti pamwamba pa nthambi ikhale pamwamba. Ndibwino kuti tichite zimenezi kumapeto kwa nyengo yachisanu, ndipo m'chilimwe ndikofunika kuthirira madzi, kumanga ndi kumasula nthaka. Mpaka kugwa, kumayamba mizu, ndipo imatha kuikidwa pamalo ena, kulekanitsa secateurs ku chimanga chachikulu.

Cuttings

Kufalitsidwa ndi kudula, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwadothi ndi masamba obiriwira. Chipale chofewa chimathamanga masentimita 10-20 akudulidwa kumapeto kwa autumn kapena kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yozizira ndikusungidwa pamalo ozizira, kumizidwa mumchenga. M'chaka cuttings kudula mu zidutswa ndi angapo masamba. Mphukira yobiriwira imadulidwa kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe ndikuyikidwa m'madzi otentha a rooting.

The cuttings obzalidwa mu michere gawo lapansi wothira mchenga, ndipo anaika mu wowonjezera kutentha. M'dzinja, zomera zimabzalidwa ku malo, ndipo zimaphika m'nyengo yozizira.

Mbewu

Kutalika kwa mbewu zachitsamba kubereka mbewu kumayambira ndi kuchotsedwa kwa mbewu zakupsa kuchokera ku chipatso, kutsuka ndi kuyanika. Ndiye ayenera kufesedwa mabokosi okhala ndi nthaka yachonde, odzaza mchenga pang'ono, kuphimba ndi galasi, prikopat pa sitepala ndi madzi okwanira nthawi zonse. Mukachita izi kugwa, ndiye kuti mphukira yoyamba idzawoneka masika, yomwe mu May ikhoza kugwedezeka pansi ndikuponyedwa pansi.

Ndikofunikira! Mitundu ina ya snowberry (mwachitsanzo, pinki ya pinki ya Greenpearl Yopeka) imasowa pogona pogona.

Mmene mungagwirire ndi zotheka tizirombo ndi matenda a snowberry

Chipale chofewa chimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, koma ndi chinyezi chochuluka cha nthaka chingakhudzidwe ndi imvi zowola ndi powdery mildew. Pofuna kuteteza matenda kumayambiriro a masika, tchire timachiritsidwa ndi 3% yothetsera Bordeaux osakaniza (10 malita a madzi, 300 g zamkuwa sulphate, 400 g atsopano otayidwa laimu). Kwa powdery mildew, mankhwala ndi osakaniza a 0,5% yothetsera phulusa ndi sopo yophika zovala amathandiza.

Tizilombo toyambitsa shrub ndi sawfly yamapiko ndi maluwa omwe amawoneka ngati mapulotechete, omwe angathe kuthandizidwa ndi chithandizo cha tizilombo (monga Karbofos). Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo timadulidwa ndikuwonongedwa.

Chipale chofewa m'mapangidwe a munda

The hedgehog ndi njira yopambana ndi mpanda wamba. Imachita chitetezo ndipo nthawi yomweyo imawoneka bwino kwambiri. Pakuti mpanda ndi bwino kutenga zomera zazing'ono. Chipale chofewa chimawoneka okongola pamalo amodzi osabzala (mwachitsanzo, pa udzu waukulu), komanso kuphatikizapo zomera zosiyana-kutalika, zobiriwira zakuda kapena zamtundu wa zipatso, (mapiri phulusa, viburnum, hawthorn). Ikhoza kukhala gawo la mixborder - munda wamaluwa wokhala ndi zovuta zogwirizana ndi maluwa ndi zitsamba zosiyanasiyana.

Mothandizidwa ndi tchire chodzala, munda ungagawidwe m'madera, komanso kupanga chilengedwe cha zomera zina (mwachitsanzo, asters a mitundu yambiri).

Malo okongola kwambiri a chisanu akuyang'ana kugwa: akuwombera ndi zipatso zambirimbiri zoyera kapena pinki mtundu wopanga zokongola arched akuwongolera.

Ndikofunikira! Mu kubzala gulu, mungagwiritse ntchito kuphatikiza kwa snowberry ndi barberry ndi spirea, komanso timagulu ta mtundu wa rowan.

Kuchiritsa katundu wa snowberry

Ndikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito snowberry kwa mankhwala mosamala, chifukwa ndi owopsa, ndipo mankhwala ake ndi zinthu zomwe sizikumveka bwino.

Zimadziwika kuti chomeracho chimakhala ndi saponins - zinthu zomwe zimapanga thovu, zimapweteka kwambiri ndipo zimakhala ndi zotsutsana ndi zilonda, diuretic, tonic, makhalidwe ofooketsa. Iwo ali poizoni pamene akudya mopitirira muyezo ndi kumasulidwa mu magazi.

Chifukwa cha zamankhwala ndi zachuma, matalala a snowberry amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mafuko ena a ku North America Indian. Zipatso zinkagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ukhondo ndi machiritso kwa khungu (kuchokera kumoto, ziphuphu, zilonda). Masamba osweka, zipatso ndi makungwa ngati compress ndi mankhwala ocheka, zilonda, kuyaka ndi ming'alu khungu. Kutsekedwa kwa zimayambira kunagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira matenda a m'mimba ndi kusamba kwa msambo, kutayira kwa masamba ozizira, kutayika kwa mizu ya matenda a venereal.

Mukudziwa? Chipale chofewa, chofala ku North America, chimatchedwa Indian currant - Indian currant. Chomeracho chinatchedwa dzina lake "coralberry" (mabulosi a coral) chifukwa cha mtundu wa chipatsocho.
Sikovomerezeka kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala kuchokera mkati mwa chisanu popanda kuyang'aniridwa ndi dokotala. The snowberry ndi chomera wokondedwa wa wamaluwa ndi chisankho chabwino chodzala pa chiwembu chake.