Kufotokozera za kalasi ya tomato "Emerald Apple" - phwetekere chokoma ndi chachilendo

Aliyense amene amakonda kuyesa mitundu ya phwetekere yachilendo adzakonda Apple ya Emerald. Kupindula kwake kwakukulu ndi zipatso zokongola, zosiyana ndi kukoma kokoma komanso zakuthupi zinthu.

Mwa tsatanetsatane wa tomato zodabwitsa, tikukuuzani m'nkhaniyi. Pano mungapeze tsatanetsatane wotsatanetsatane wa zosiyanasiyana, kudziƔa bwino makhalidwe ake ndi kuphunzira makhalidwe a kulima.

Matimati wa "Emerald Apple": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Tomato "Emerald Apple" - yamkati-oyambirira kwambiri-ololera zosiyanasiyana. Chitsamba chosakwanira, chimakhala chachikulu mamita 1.5. Chomeracho ndi champhamvu, chabwino kwambiri, chosowa mapangidwe. Zipatso zimasonkhanitsidwa mu maburashi a 3-7 zidutswa. Mpaka 10 kg wa tomato angapezeke ku chitsamba chachikulu. Kukolola kumachitika mu July-September.

Tomato ndi zazikulu, zipinda zam'chipinda zambiri, masekeli 250-300 g. Maonekedwewo ndi ophwanyika, oswedwa pang'ono. Mtedza wa tomato wobiriwira ndi wodabwitsa, wobiriwira wobiriwira ndi mthunzi kapena mthunzi wamkuwa. Chakudya chokoma, chokoma kwambiri, chokoma ndi zowawa pang'ono, wolemera, osati madzi. Mnofu ndi wowopsa, wandiweyani, wobiriwira. Zakudya zamtengo wapatali za shuga ndi zopindulitsa za amino zimapangitsa kuti azilangiza tomato kwa mwana ndi zakudya zamadzulo.

Mitundu yambiri ya Russian yakonzedwa kuti idzalitse pamalo otseguka ndi mafilimu obiriwira. Kololani bwino kusungidwa, kuyenda ndi kotheka.

Zizindikiro

Tomato ali ponseponse, iwo ndi oyenera atsopano, kuphika saladi, zokometsera, mbale zotsalira. Zipatso ndizokoma zokometsera ndi maonekedwe a mchere, zimatha kuphatikizapo kusakaniza tomato wofiira, pinki kapena wachikasu. Chipatso ndi mtundu wodabwitsa komanso wothandiza kwambiri wa mtundu wa greenish-lemon.

Zina mwa ubwino waukulu wa zosiyanasiyana:

  • mawonekedwe oyambirira a chipatso;
  • tomato zokoma ndi zokoma amasungidwa bwino;
  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • kukana matenda aakulu.

Zina mwa zovuta za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndizofunikira kupanga chitsamba ndi zofuna za zomera kuti pakhale thanzi labwino.

Chithunzi

Nazi zomwe tomato awa amawoneka ngati:

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mbande afesedwa mbande mu theka lachiwiri la March kapena kumayambiriro kwa April. Kalasi imasankha kuwala, dothi lopanda thanzi losavomerezeka. Wangwiro osakaniza: turf dziko ndi humus mu ofanana kuchuluka. Mukhoza kuwonjezera vermiculite kapena kutsuka mchenga. Mbewu isanayambe kufesa imayambira mu kukula kwa stimulator kwa maola 10-12.

Kufesa kumachitika ndi masentimita 1.5. Pambuyo kufesa nthaka imapulutsidwa ndi madzi kuchokera mu botolo lazitsulo, chidebecho chimadzazidwa ndi filimu ndipo imayikidwa kutentha. Mbewuzo zikawoneka, mbande zimawonekera kuwala. M'nyengo yamvula, mbande zimaunikiridwa ndi nyali zamagetsi zamphamvu. Kutentha mu chipinda sayenera kugwa pansi pa madigiri 16.

Pambuyo pa maonekedwe a masamba 2-3 a mbande izi zimathamangira miphika yosiyana. Akangotenga, mbewu zimalimbikitsidwa kudyetsedwa ndi feteleza. Mu nthaka kapena pansi pa mbande za filimu amasunthidwa pamene nthaka ikuwotha. Malingana ndi derali, kusamutsidwa kumachitika kumapeto kwa May-kumayambiriro kwa June. Kufika kumalo sikukuwombera. Mtunda pakati pa zomera - 50 cm, pafupifupi masentimita 60 pakati pa mizera.

M'masiku oyambirira kubzala chivundikiro filimuyo, ndiye ikhoza kuchotsedwa. Kuthirira sizowonongeka kawirikawiri, koma zimakhala zambiri, madzi okha otentha amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pakati pa kuthirira nthaka yowonjezera nthaka iyenera kuuma. Mwamsanga mutabzala, chomeracho chimangirizidwa ku chithandizo. Ndi bwino kuchotsa masamba apansi ndi mphukira, kupanga chomera mu 1 kapena 2 zimayambira. Tikufika mofulumira kwambiri popanda pasynkovka ndipo amayamba kufanana ndi nkhalango.

Tizilombo ndi Matenda: Kuletsa ndi Kuteteza

Mitundu ya tomato "Emerald Apple" sichigonjetsedwa ndi matenda akuluakulu a nightshade. Komabe, njira zothandizira ndizololedwa kwa iye, zidzakuthandizani kubzala ndi kusintha zokolola. Asanafese mbewu, dothi limatenthedwa mu uvuni, nthaka yotentha imayenera kukhetsedwa ndi njira yotentha ya potaziyamu permanganate. Kupopera mankhwala mobwerezabwereza ndi zamkuwa zomwe zikukonzekera kumathandiza kuchepetsa kupweteka kochedwa, kuchokera ku phytosporin kapena yina yosakhala yowononga bio-yokonzekera ku zowola ndi bowa.

Mukhoza kumenyana tizilombo ndi tizilombo tomwe timapopera mbewu ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena infusions wa zitsamba: celandine, chamomile, yarrow. Kuchokera kumaliseche slugs kumathandiza amadzimadzi njira yothetsera ammonia. Tizilombo tazindikira timasonkhanitsidwa ndikuwonongedwa.

Mitengo ya Apple ya Emerald ndi yabwino kwambiri kwa iwo amene akufuna kuwonjezera zovuta zowonongeka kumunda. Zipatso zoyamba ndi zokoma kwambiri zidzakhala mphotho yosamalira mbewu, mbewu za mbeu zotsatirazi zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa padera.

Malangizo ogwirizana, kudyetsa ndi kuteteza tomato ku matenda pa kanema: