Chiphona cha Russia chosankha - phwetekere "Mfumu ya Siberia": kufotokoza, kufotokoza, chithunzi

Pali mitundu yambiri ya tomato, onse ali ndi makhalidwe ena, ubwino ndi zovuta.

Lero tikambirana za mitundu yosiyanasiyana, pafupifupi zolakwa. Uyu ndiye Mfumu ya Siberia ya phwetekere, za iye ndikulankhula.

Phwetekere mfumu ya ku Siberia: mafotokozedwe osiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaMfumu ya Siberia
Kulongosola kwachiduleKalasi ya indeterminantny ya pakatikati
WoyambitsaRussia
Kutulutsa111-115 masiku
FomuZipatso zili zozungulira mozungulira mtima.
MtunduOrange
Avereji phwetekere400-700 magalamu
NtchitoMwatsopano
Perekani mitundu12-15 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Zizindikiro za kukulaAgrotechnika muyezo
Matenda oteteza matendaKulimbana ndi matenda akuluakulu

Mitundu ya phwetekere Mfumu ya Siberia, yoyenera kulima, monga poyera pansi, ndi mu greenhouses.

Zosiyanasiyanazi zinapangidwa ndi asayansi a ku Russia makamaka kuti akule mu greenhouses pansi pa zovuta zachilengedwe.

Chomeracho chimabala zipatso bwino m'nyengo yozizira, koma m'madera otentha amatha kubzala bwino.

Mbewuyi ndi yaikulu mamita 150-180 masentimita.

Tomato Mfumu ya Siberia ndi nyengo yapakatikatikati ya nyengo, imasankhidwa kukhala mitundu yambiri ya zomera.

Pazinthu za mitundu iyi, ndi bwino kuzindikira kuti kulimbana ndi matenda ambiri ndi tizirombo ta tomato.

Zizindikiro

Nyamayi iyi ili ndi deta yachifumu yakunja. Zipatso zili ndi lalanje, zoboola mtima, zochepa. Zipatso zili minofu, zazikulu kuchokera 400-700 magalamu, palinso zimphona zeniyeni zomwe zimakhala zolemera 1000 magalamu. Zipatso zili ndi zipinda 7-9 ndipo ziri ndi madzi pang'ono. Kuchuluka kwa nkhani youma 3-5%.

Mukhoza kufanizitsa kulemera kwa tomato za mitundu iyi ndi ena mu tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Maina a mayinaZipatso zolemera (magalamu)
Mfumu ya Siberia400-700
Kukula kwa Russia650-2000
Andromeda70-300
Mphatso ya Agogo180-220
Gulliver200-800
Ndodo ya ku America300-600
Nastya150-200
Yusupovskiy500-600
Dubrava60-105
Zipatso600-1000
Tsiku lachikumbutso150-200

Asayansi athu a ku Siberia anayambitsa phwetekere imeneyi ku Russia. Zolandilidwa monga zosiyana pazinthu zomwe zinalandira mu 2014.

Monga momwe dzina limatanthawuzira, mtundu uwu wa mbewu umalengedwera kulima mu malo otentha otentha m'madera a Kumadzulo ndi Kum'maŵa kwa Siberia, ku Urals ndi ku Far East. Koma poyera nthaka akhoza kukhala wamkulu pakati ndi kum'mwera zigawo Russia.

Zipatso za mitundu yambiri ya Siberia ndi zabwino kwambiri. Zosungirako siziyenera chifukwa cha kukula kwakukulu. Zimakhalanso zovuta kupeza madzi kuchokera kwa iwo, chifukwa ali ndi chinyezi pang'ono.

Tomato Mfumu ya Siberia ili ndi zokolola kwambiri. Ndichisamaliro choyenera kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi chingakhoze kusonkhanitsa mpaka mapaundi asanu, ndi kuchokera ku malo ake. mamita mpaka mapaundi 12-15.

Yerekezerani zokolola za Mfumu ya Siberia ndi mitundu ina ingakhale mu tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Mfumu ya Siberia12-15 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Pink Andromeda6-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Kuyambira wamkulu20-22 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Polbyg4 kg pa mita iliyonse
Gulu lokoma2.5-3.2 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Gulu lofiira10 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba
Chilimwe chimakhala4 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mphaka wamafuta5-6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Dona Wamtundu25 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Countryman18 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba
Batyana6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Tsiku lachikumbutso15-20 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
REFERENCE: Kuonjezera kuchuluka kwa zipatso, olima amaluwa amasiya maluwa 4-5 pa nthambi imodzi.

Chithunzi

Onani pansipa: Tomato Mfumu ya Siberia chithunzi

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Zopindulitsa zosatsutsika za Mfumu zosiyanasiyana za Siberia zikuphatikizapo:

  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • kudzichepetsa kwa nthaka;
  • Kukaniza matenda ndi tizirombo;
  • mwayi wokhala m'madera osiyanasiyana a nyengo;
  • kukoma kwakukulu.

Kuipa:

  • kukula kochepa kwa ntchito, mwatsopano chabe;
  • Mitengo mu chisamaliro imasowa luso lapaderadera, chifukwa limafuna kusungidwa kwapadera kwa nthambi;
  • amafunikira madzi okwanira ndi okwanira nthawi zonse.
Werengani nkhani zochititsa chidwi zokhudzana ndi kubzala tomato m'munda: momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zingwe ndi mulching?

Momwe mungamangireko wowonjezera kutentha kwa mbande ndikugwiritsa ntchito akukula?

Zotsatira zam'kalasi

Zina mwa zosiyana siyana ziyenera kuzindikiridwa kukula kwa chipatso, ndi kukana kwa mitundu iyi kwa mitundu yambiri ya tizirombo ndi matenda.

Chinthu chinanso ndi chakuti phwetekereyi ndi yabwino kwa zakudya zowonjezera, ndipo mavitamini ambiri amachititsa zimenezi kukhala zofunikira kwambiri pakadwala pakapita nthawi.

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI: Mitundu yambiri imakhala ndi alumali yowonjezera moyo wa zipatso, imathandizanso kuyenda.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Nthaŵi zambiri mfumu ya Siberia imakumana ndi nkhanza za kangaude komanso whitefly ya kutentha.

Pamene zomera zimakhudzidwa ndi whitefly ya wowonjezera kutentha, zimaphatikizidwa ndi kukonzekera "Confidor", pamlingo wa 1 ml pa 10 l madzi, zotsatira zake zidzakhala zokwanira 100 sq.m.

Kuchokera ku nthata za kangaude kawirikawiri zimachotsa kugwiritsa ntchito sopo, zomwe zimapukuta masamba ndi malo okhudzidwawo kuti awononge bwinobwino tizilombo.

Pa matenda omwe izi zimakhala zovuta, zimayenera kuwonetsa brown spotting. Nthawi zambiri zimakhudza tomato mu greenhouses.

Pofuna kupewa matendawa, m'pofunika kuyang'anira mphamvu ya kuwala ndi chinyezi, chifukwa kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kumathandizira kuonekera kwa matendawa. Polimbana nalo, gwiritsani ntchito Chingwe ndi Chingwe, kuchokera kuchilombo cha anthu, gwiritsani ntchito yankho lanu.

Zopindulitsa zonse ndi zofooka zochepa zakhazikitsa momwe angagwirire ndi tizirombo zomwe zingatheke, nayenso akufuna kukhala ndi mwayi wokulitsa Mfumu ya Siberia!

Timabweretsanso m'nkhani zanu zachitsamba za mitundu ya tomato ndi mawu osiyana siyana:

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TorbayTitanBenito F1
TretyakovskyKutha f1Paul Robson
Black CrimeaVolgogradsky 5 95Nkhumba ya rasipiberi
Chio Chio SanKrasnobay f1Mashenka