Kupereka wosakanizidwa kumabwera kuchokera ku Holland - kufotokoza kwa wosakanizidwa zosiyanasiyana phwetekere "Marfa"

Mtambo wosakanizidwa wambiri wosakanizidwa Marfa F1 ndibwino kwambiri kumadera okhala ndi nyengo yozizira komanso yozizira.

Ngakhale kuti nyengo imakhala yovuta, zomera zimabereka zipatso zabwino, tomato amakoma kwambiri, amasungidwa ndikusamutsidwa kwa nthawi yaitali.

M'nkhani ino mudzapeza zambiri zokhudza zomwe Marita adasankha ndizo, ndi ziani zikuluzikulu ndi zofunikira za kulima.

Phwetekere "Martha": zofotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaMarfa
Kulongosola kwachiduleNthiti ya mideterminantny ya mid-season
WoyambitsaHolland
KutulutsaMasiku 95-105
FomuWathyathyathya wokhala ndi nthiti pang'ono
MtunduOfiira
Avereji phwetekere130-140 magalamu
NtchitoZonse
Perekani mitundu6 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Zizindikiro za kukulaAgrotechnika muyezo
Matenda oteteza matendaKukaniza kwa ambiri

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imalimbikitsidwa ndi obereketsa a Chidatchi, omwe amaperekedwa ku madera onse a Russia, kuphatikizapo ma Urals ndi Siberia.

Makamaka akuluakulu mu greenhouses ndi filimu pogona, m'madera otentha nyengo, n'zotheka kudzala yotseguka pansi. Kuchita bwino kuli bwino kuchokera 1 lalikulu. mamita a kubzala angaphunzire mpaka 6 makilogalamu a tomato osankhidwa.

Marfa F1 ndi zaka zapakati pa nyengo-zowonjezera zosakanizidwa za m'badwo woyamba. Chitsamba ndi chosadulidwa, chamtali, chokhazikika.

Mtundu wa wobiriwira ndi wa sing'anga, masamba ndi ochepa, osavuta, obiriwira. Mizu yayamba bwino. Zipatso zipse ndi maburashi 6-8 zidutswa. Mu gawo la fruiting baka kuyang'ana kwambiri kaso. Kuphuka kumayamba pakatikati pa chilimwe, chipatso chikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa pamaso pa chisanu.

Mukhoza kuyerekezera zokolola zosiyanasiyana ndi ena mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Marfa6 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Munthu waulesi15 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Rocket6.5 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Chilimwe chimakhala4 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Prime Prime Minister6-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Chidole8-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Mtsitsi8-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Klusha10-11 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Mdima wakuda6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Mphaka wamafuta5-6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Buyan9 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba

Zizindikiro

Zina mwa ubwino waukulu wa zosiyanasiyana:

  • kukoma kwa zipatso;
  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • kukana matenda aakulu;
  • Zipatso zimasungidwa bwino;
  • kudzichepetsa;
  • kupirira kozizira.

Mavutowa angakhale okhudzana ndi kufunika kokhala ndi udzu komanso kupanga chitsamba. Tomato wapamwamba amafunika kulumikiza ku trellis kapena stakes.

Zipatso makhalidwe:

  • Zipatso zili zowonongeka, kuzungulira pang'ono, kukula kwapakati.
  • Misa ya tomato 130-140 g.
  • Tomato ndi ofewa, ofewa, ndi khungu lakuda kwambiri.
  • Nyama ndi yowutsa mudyo, yochepa kwambiri, ndi yochepa mbewu.
  • Mtundu wa zipatso zakupsa ndi wofiira kwambiri.
  • Kukumana ndi kokoma, kokoma, osati madzi.

Zipatso zosonkhanitsidwa zimasungidwa bwino, zotheka ndizovuta. Kuphatikizidwa ndi kulemera kwake ndi kukula kwa tomato ndibwino kugulitsa.

Tomato a Martha ali osiyana siyana, ali oyenerera kukonzekera saladi, mbale zatsamba, msuzi, mbatata yosakaniza, sauces. Madzi okoma amachotsedwa pa zipatso zabwino, zipatso zochepa zazing'ono zimatha kuthiridwa mchere kapena kuzifota.

Yerekezerani kulemera kwake kwa chipatso ndi mitundu ina ingakhale mu tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
MarfaMagalamu 120-260
Kuphulika130-140 magalamu
Crystal30-140 magalamu
Valentine80-90 magalamu
Chipinda150-200 magalamu
Maapulo mu chisanu50-70 magalamu
Tanya150-170 magalamu
Zokondedwa F1115-140 magalamu
La la fa130-160 magalamu
Nikola80-200 magalamu
Uchi ndi shuga400 magalamu

Chithunzi

Mutha kuona zipatso za phwetekere Marfa F1 pazithunzi:

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato Marfa ikukula bwino ndi mmera. Mbewu sizikusowa kutuluka kapena chithandizo chapadera, zimadutsa njira zofunikira musanagulitse.

Nthaka iyenera kukhala yowala komanso yowonjezera. Zokongola - zosakaniza zosakaniza kapena munda wamaluwa ndi humus. N'zotheka kuwonjezera gawo laling'ono la mtsinje wa mtsinje. Mbewu imafesedwa ndi akuya masentimita 1.5, ufa ndi peat, sprayed ndi madzi, ndiyeno nkuyikidwa kutentha.

Pambuyo kumera, zitsulozo zimaonekera powala. Imwani mbande imakhala madzi ofunda kuchokera kumadzi okwanira. Pamene mapepala oyambirira akufalikira pa tomato, zomera zimathamanga, ndiye kuzidyetsa ndi zovuta madzi feteleza.

Ali ndi zaka makumi asanu ndi limodzi (60), mbande zimatengedwa kupita ku wowonjezera kutentha, zomwe zidabzalidwa pamabedi otseguka, nthaka iyenera kutenthedwa. Pazithunzi 1. M akhoza kutenga 3 chitsamba cha phwetekere.

Pambuyo posamalidwa, mapangidwe a zomera amayamba. Ndi bwino kusunga chitsamba 1-2 zimayambira, kuchotsa anawo pamwamba pa maburashi. Kuthirira ndi kosavuta; kwa nyengo, tomato amadyetsedwa 3-4 nthawi zonse zovuta feteleza. Mtsinje waukulu umangidwa ndi zothandizira, kenako nthambi zazikulu ndi zipatso zimamangiriridwa kwa iwo.

Werengani nkhani zochititsa chidwi zokhudzana ndi kubzala tomato m'munda: momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zingwe ndi mulching?

Momwe mungamangireko wowonjezera kutentha kwa mbande ndikugwiritsa ntchito akukula?

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mitengo ya Martha ndi yotsutsana ndi matenda akuluakulu a nightshade: verticillosis, fusarium, cladosporia, fodya, ndodo nematode. Pofuna kupewa, ndibwino kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena tizilombo toyambitsa matenda potassium. Zomera zamasamba zimathandiza kupopera phytosporin kapena mankhwala ena okhala ndi antifungal ndi antiviral zotsatira.

Matenda aang'ono nthawi zambiri amakhudzidwa ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, whitefly, thrips. Kuyambira mbalame zouluka zimathandiza kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa mafakitale tizilombo kapena decoction celandine. Madzi a madzi ammonia amatha kupulumutsa kuchokera ku slugs, ndipo nsabwe za m'masamba zidzawonongedwa ndi kusamba kwa zomera ndi madzi ofunda.

Matenda osakanizidwa Marfa adziwonetsera okha m'minda ndi m'minda. Zimagwirizanitsa bwino ndi mitundu ina, kupitiriza kubala chipatso pamene zina tomato sizipanga mazira.

Kukula msinkhuKumapeto kwenikweniKuyambira m'mawa oyambirira
Garden PearlGoldfishUm Champion
MkunthoRasipiberi zodabwitsaSultan
Ofiira OfiiraZozizwitsa za msikaMaloto aulesi
Pink VolgogradDe barao wakudaNew Transnistria
ElenaDe Barao OrangeChifiira chachikulu
May RoseDe Barao RedMoyo wa Russian
Mphoto yaikuluMchere wachikondiPullet