Masamba ambiri "Masha", amapereka zokolola zambiri, ngakhale atakula ngati alimi oyambirira

Tomato Masha ndi mphatso ina yabwino ya obereketsa ku Russian wamaluwa ndi alimi. Mu 2011, adadziwika kuti ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri.

Zipatso za Masha zimasiyanitsidwa osati ndi zokoma zawo zokha, komanso chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito bwino. Zili ndi mavitamini ambiri, pectins, mchere, mapuloteni komanso acids.

Phwetekere "Masha": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaMashenka
Kulongosola kwachiduleKalasi ya indeterminantny ya pakatikati
WoyambitsaRussia
KutulutsaMasiku 112-116
FomuZowonongeka, pang'ono
MtunduOfiira
Avereji phwetekere210-260 magalamu
NtchitoChipinda chodyera
Perekani mitundu25-28 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Zizindikiro za kukulaAgrotechnika muyezo
Matenda oteteza matendaKulimbana kwambiri ndi matenda

Tomato Masha ndi wosakanizidwa chomera cholinga cha onse amateur greenhouses ndi lotseguka pansi. Palibe zilembo za dzina lomwelo.

Malinga ndi mitundu yayitali yamtali, kutalika kwa mphukira kungathe kufika mamita 2 kapena kuposa. Mutu wa chitsamba si. Nyamayi ndi nyengo yapakatikati: zipatso zapsala pa masiku 112-116 kuchokera pakamera mphukira.

Imodzi mwa ubwino waukulu wa zosiyanasiyana ndi yake kukana matenda ambiri khalidwe la tomato. Masha sagwidwa ndi fodya, Fusarium, Alternaria ndi blight.

Mitundu ya zokolola ndi zapamwamba kwambiri! Kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku 5.5 mpaka 12 makilogalamu. Zowonjezera zokolola pamtunda umodzi wa kubzala ndi 25-28 makilogalamu.

Mukhoza kuyerekezera zokolola za mbeu ndi ena mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Mashenka25-28 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Nastya10-12 pamtunda mita
Gulliver7 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Lady shedi7.5 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Mtima wokondwa8.5 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Mphaka wamafuta5-6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Chidole8-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Chilimwe chimakhala4 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Munthu waulesi15 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Purezidenti7-9 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Mfumu ya msika10-12 makilogalamu pa lalikulu mita
Werengani pa webusaiti yathu: mungapeze bwanji tomato lalikulu kunja?

Kodi kukula zambiri zokoma tomato chaka chonse greenhouses? Kodi ndi zowoneka bwanji za mitundu yoyamba ya ulimi?

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Zotsatira:

  • zokolola zabwino kwambiri;
  • zipatso zokoma zonunkhira ndi fungo labwino;
  • Kulimbana ndi kutentha ndi kuzizira;
  • Kulimbana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana.

Chosavuta chachikulu ndi chakuti chiyenera kusemedwa ndi kumangirizidwa.

Zipatso makhalidwe

  • Zipatso za Masha ndizokulu kwambiri, ngakhale zazikulu, zozungulira, zolembedwera pamwamba ndi pansipa.
  • Ambiri alemera - 210-260g, apamwamba - 630g.
  • Sungani bwino, osayamika, olemera kwambiri.
  • Palibe malo obiriwira pafupi ndi pedicel, palibe mabotche.
  • Makamera angakhale 4 kapena 6.
  • Nkhani yowuma ndi pafupifupi 4.8-5.1%.
  • Shuga 4-4,2%.
  • Zipatso sizikusungidwa nthawi yaitali - masabata 2-3 okha.

Ambiri saladi chifukwa cha kukula kwakukulu kwa chipatso, chomwe sichikukwawa pakamwa pakamwa. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito popanga madzi, msuzi ndi pasitala. Zipatso ndizochezeka kwambiri, pafupifupi kucha nthawi imodzi.

Mukhoza kuyerekeza kulemera kwa zipatso ndi mitundu ina mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
Mashenka210-260 magalamu
Bobcat180-240
Kukula kwa Russia650-2000
Chozizwitsa cha Podsinskoe150-300
Ndodo ya ku America300-600
Rocket50-60
Altai50-300
Yusupovskiy500-600
Prime Prime Minister120-180
Mtima wokondwa120-140

Chithunzi

Mutha kudziƔa zithunzi za mitundu ya phwetekere "Masha":

Zizindikiro za kukula

Tomato Masha ndi yabwino ku Central ndi Central Black Earth, m'madera a kumpoto kwa Caucasus, komanso ku Urals, m'dera la Volga, ku Western ndi kum'mawa kwa Siberia.

Kwa mbande, zimalimbikitsidwa kufesa mbewu mu March, nthawi yomaliza ndi kuyamba kwa mwezi wa April. Musanabzala pamalo osasunthika, mitengoyo imadyetsedwa kawiri kapena katatu ndi chomera chomera.

Kumalo otseguka akhoza kuikidwa m'zaka khumi za May kapena khumi zoyambirira za June. Kufika kumafunika kukhala 65 × 45 cm.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino kupanga chitsamba muthamanga, kudula ana onse opeza. Izi ziyenera kumangirizidwa kumbali yowoneka kapena yopingasa kuti tsinde lisaswe pansi pa kulemera kwa chipatso.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa kumachitika malinga ndi ndondomeko yoyenera. Pakati pa 4-6 mababu a zipatso amapangidwa pa mphukira, pamwamba ayenera kupanikizidwa kuti asiye kukula.

Werengani nkhani zothandiza za fetereza kwa tomato.:

  • Organic, mineral, phosphoric, complex and made-made fertilizer kwa mbande ndi TOP.
  • Yatsamba, ayodini, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, phulusa, boric acid.
  • Kodi kudyetsa foliar ndikutani, momwe mungayendetsere.

Tizilombo ndi matenda

Zosiyanasiyana zachi Masha sizimakhudzidwa ndi matenda aliwonse chifukwa cha kukana kwawo.

Kuchokera ku tizilombo towononga tikhoza kuwononga aphid. Kuti muchotse, mungagwiritse ntchito tizirombo monga Iskra M, Detsis Profi, Konfidor, Aktara, Fufanon, Aktellik.

Zopweteka zingayambitse mbozi. Iwo amadya mwakhama masambawo ndi kuchuluka mofulumira kwambiri. Anthu othandizira mankhwala monga Confidor, Coragen, Fastak ndi Proteus amathandiza kuthetsa vutoli. Mungathe kutenga agulugufe akuluakulu pogwiritsa ntchito misampha ya pheromone.

Matimati wa nyamayi wa Masha ndi wolemekezeka komanso wodzichepetsa. Sitikudwala chifukwa cha kusintha kwa kutentha, matenda ndi mavuto ena, choncho ndi abwino ngakhale kwa alimi osamalima ndi wamaluwa.

Mu tebulo ili m'munsimu mudzapeza zokhudzana ndi nkhani zokhudza tomato ndi mawu osiyana:

Pakati-nyengoKutseka kochedwaSuperearly
Dobrynya NikitichPrime Prime MinisterAlpha
F1 funtikZipatsoPink Impreshn
Kapepala kotentha kwa dzuwa F1De Barao ndi GiantMtsinje wa golide
F1 kutuluka kwa dzuwaYusupovskiyChozizwitsa chaulesi
MikadoMtima wamtimaChozizwitsa cha sinamoni
Kuthamanga F1 KwakukuluRocketSanka
Malume StyopaAltaiOtchuka