Kodi mungatani kuti mukhale ndi phwetekere zokoma "Russian chimwemwe F1"? Kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana

Tomato ndi dzina lokongola "Chimwemwe cha Russian F1" ali ngati wamaluwa kwa zipatso zazikulu, zokoma ndi kukana matenda ambiri. Chifukwa cha zikhalidwe zake, izi zimaphatikizapo chikondi ndi anthu ambiri ndipo siziwakhumudwitsa.

Werengani tsatanetsatane wa zosiyana m'nkhani yathu. Tidzanenanso komwe mtundu wosakanizidwa unabzalidwa, momwe ungamere bwino, kaya ukufunika kupewa matenda.

Phwetekere "chisangalalo Russian F1": kufotokoza zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaChimwemwe cha Russia
Kulongosola kwachiduleNthiti ya mideterminantny ya mid-season
WoyambitsaRussia
KutulutsaMasiku 110-115
FomuWopalasa wokhala ndi nthiti pang'ono pa tsinde
MtunduPinki
Avereji phwetekere300 magalamu
NtchitoZonse
Perekani mitundu9 kg pa mita iliyonse
Zizindikiro za kukulaAgrotechnika muyezo
Matenda oteteza matendaMatenda osagonjetsedwa

Ndi wosakanizidwa wa m'badwo woyamba F1. Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu pakati pa mtundu wosakanizidwa ndi zosiyanasiyana ndizosatheka kutengera khalidwe labwino kwa mbadwo wotsatira - mbewu sizingabweretse bwino ku chaka chotsatira. Chomeracho ndi chosatha, m'pofunika kuchotsa mfundo za kukula kwa zipatso zabwino, kawirikawiri 6-8 maburashi ndi zipatso zatsala. Mwa mtundu wa chitsamba - osati woyenera.

Ili ndi tsinde lamphamvu kwambiri, kutalika kwake kuliposa mamita 2. Mphunoyi ndi yamphamvu, yotukulidwa, kuposa masentimita 50. Masamba ndi aakulu, amdima wobiriwira, mtundu wa phwetekere, kapangidwe ka makwinya, popanda pubescence. Inflorescence ali ndi mtundu wosavuta, wamkati. Inflorescence yoyamba imayikidwa pa tsamba 7-8, kenako imabwera ndi tsamba limodzi la 1-2. Pali maluwa ambiri mu inflorescence; ndizotheka kuchotsa angapo kuti apititse patsogolo ndikukula zipatso.

Sungani ndi kutchula. Malingana ndi kuchuluka kwa kucha - zina zolimbitsa, zipatso zokhwima kale zitatha masiku 115 zitakula. Ali ndi kuchuluka kwa matenda oletsa matenda (fusarium, fodya, verticillis, Alternaria). Kulima kuli kupezeka mu greenhouses (filimu ndi masamba otentha).

Zizindikiro

Maonekedwewa amamangidwa, apangidwe pamwamba ndi pansi, a sing'anga. Kukula kwake ndi kwakukulu, kulemera ndi pafupifupi 300 g, zimachitika zambiri. Khungu ndi lakuda, losalala. Mtundu wa zipatso zakupsa ndi pinki, wosapsa - kuwala kobiriwira. Mnofu ndi ofewa, wambiri. Ndi mbewu zambiri, zimagawidwa mofanana pa makamera 4-6.

Mukhoza kuyerekeza kulemera kwa chipatso cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi mitundu ina mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
Chimwemwe cha Russia300 magalamu
Oyambirira F1 F1100 magalamu
Chokoleti chophwanyika500-1000 magalamu
Banana Orange100 magalamu
Mfumu ya Siberia400-700 magalamu
Pinki uchi600-800 magalamu
Rosemary pound400-500 magalamu
Uchi ndi shuga80-120 magalamu
Demidov80-120 magalamu
Kupanda kanthumpaka magalamu 1000

Zouma kanthu - pang'ono. Zipatso zosonkhanitsa zimasungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, zimakhala bwino, kayendetsedwe kabwino kamalekerera. Yokondedwa ndi asayansi - obereketsa a Russian Federation. Amalembedwa mu Register Register ku Russian Federation kuti azilima mu 2010. Kukula kovomerezeka ku Russia konse, ku Ukraine.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito ndi chilengedwe chonse. Tomato ali ndi kukoma kokoma. Oyenera kudya mwatsopano, monga mankhwala osiyana mu saladi, masangweji. Sizimataya kukoma mukamawotcha. Ndibwino kuti mukukonzekera mu phwetekere, tomato ndi madzi. Ena wamaluwa amalima tomato "Chimwemwe cha Russian F1". Lili ndi zokolola zoposa 9 kg pa 1 sq. M. Ndibwino kuti mukuwerenga 1 Chomera chimatha pafupifupi 6 kg.

Maina a mayinaPereka
Chimwemwe cha Russia9 kg pa mita iliyonse
Aurora F113-16 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Leopold3-4 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Sanka15 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Argonaut F14.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Kibits3.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Siberia wolemera kwambiri11-12 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Cream Cream4 kg pa mita iliyonse
Ob domes4-6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Marina Grove15-17 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Werengani zambiri zokhudza matenda a tomato m'mabotolo m'mabuku athu a webusaitiyi, komanso njira ndi njira zothetsera iwo.

Mukhozanso kudziŵa zambiri zokhudza zokhudzana ndipamwamba komanso zopatsa matenda, za tomato zomwe sizingatheke kwa phytophthora.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Zofooka sizidziwika, ndemanga zochokera kwa wamaluwa zimangokhala zabwino.

Ubwino chizindikiro:

  • zipatso zazikulu;
  • zokolola zochuluka;
  • matenda;
  • chosungirako;
  • zovala za malonda.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Ndili wosagwirizana ndi kukomoka pa chiwerengero cha majini. Amakonda bwino kuthirira ndi kudyetsa. Kuyala mbewu za mbande mu March kumachitika mu chidebe chodziwika ndi nthaka yotentha, yotentha. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yambiri mu acidity ndi yodzaza ndi mpweya.

Mbeu zambiri zimatetezedwa m'magawo ofooka potassium permanganate kapena chinthu china, kenaka amatsukidwa ndikubzala mozama pafupifupi 2 cm, ndi mtunda wa masentimita 2-3 pakati pa zomera. kwa chinyezi chinachake.

Kusankha kumachitika pamene mapepala awiri apangidwa bwino. Poyambirira kubzalidwa mu chidebe chodziwika, kusankha ndikofunika kuti chitukuko cha mizu chikhalepo. Dyetsa osachepera kawiri. 2 milungu isanayambe kusindikizidwa ku wowonjezera kutentha, mbande zimaumitsidwa, izi zidzalola kusintha kwabwino kwa madontho otentha. Nthaka mu wowonjezera kutentha imayenera kutayidwa ndi kutenthedwa mpaka madigiri 25 panthawi yodzala.

Werengani zambiri za nthaka ya mbande ndi wamkulu zomera mu greenhouses. Tidzakuuzani za mtundu wa dothi la tomato ulipo, momwe mungakonzekere nthaka yabwino nokha ndi momwe mungakonzekeretse nthaka mu wowonjezera kutentha kwa kasupe kuti mutenge.

Ali ndi zaka pafupifupi 50, mbande zimatha kuziika m'zitsime ndi feteleza, mtunda wa pakati pawo ndi pafupifupi 50 cm. Kuthirira zomera kumayambira pazu, mochuluka. Kuphatikizana ndikulandiridwa. Kupaka zovala ndi kutulutsa kamodzi pamasiku khumi. Masking ndifunikira. Kuyika pa zothandizira zosiyana.

Pali njira zambiri zopangira phwetekere mbande. Tikukupatsani mndandanda wazinthu zomwe mungachite:

  • mu kupotoza;
  • mu mizu iwiri;
  • mu mapiritsi a peat;
  • osankha;
  • pa matekinoloje achi China;
  • mu mabotolo;
  • mu miphika ya peat;
  • popanda malo.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Kupopera mankhwala ophera tizilombo ndi matenda odziwika bwino n'kofunika. Chimwemwe cha Russian F1 - chisangalalo chenicheni kwa wamaluwa, safuna khama kuti likule, zotsatira zake ndi zabwino kwambiri.

Mutha kudziŵa mitundu ina ndi mawu okhwima osiyana pogwiritsa ntchito tebulo ili m'munsimu:

Kukula msinkhuKumapeto kwenikweniKuyambira m'mawa oyambirira
Crimson ViscountChinsomba chamtunduPinki Choyaka F1
Mkuwa wa MfumuTitanFlamingo
KatyaF1 yodulaOpenwork
ValentineMchere wachikondiChio Chio San
Cranberries mu shugaZozizwitsa za msikaSupermelel
FatimaGoldfishBudenovka
VerliokaDe barao wakudaF1 yaikulu