Zizindikiro za mitundu yosiyanasiyana, ulemu, matenda ndi mayendedwe mu kulima phwetekere "Mafuta"

Nyamayi ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana idzayamba alimi okonda chidwi omwe akufuna kubweretsa msika waukulu wa zipatso zapamwamba kwambiri tomato. Kuchokera kwa wamaluwa adzakhala osangalatsa kwa iwo omwe amakonda kudya mwatsopano, yowonjezera saladi kuchokera ku tomato. Mwachidule, Ambiri adzakondedwa ndi ambiri chifukwa cha makhalidwe awo abwino.

Werengani mwatsatanetsatane m'nkhani yathu momwe mukufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, kudziƔa bwino makhalidwe ake, kufufuza makhalidwe ndi kulimbikitsa matenda.

Matimati wobiriwira: zofotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Maina a mayinaMkazi wamafuta
Kulongosola kwachiduleZaka zambiri zapakati pa nyengo
WoyambitsaRussia
KutulutsaMasiku 112-116
FomuZowonongeka
MtunduOfiira
Avereji phwetekere250-320 magalamu
NtchitoKukonzekera
Perekani mitundu6-7,5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Zizindikiro za kukulaSifunikira kuzimitsa
Matenda oteteza matendaMatenda osagonjetsedwa

Zosiyanasiyana ndi sing'anga oyambirira yakucha. Muyesa tomato yoyamba yosonkhanitsa mbeuyi mu masiku 112-116 mutabzala mbewu za mbande. Chitsambacho ndi chokhazikika, chimakhala chachitali cha masentimita 80. Tikulimbikitsidwa kukula m'mabusa a mtundu wa mafilimu ndi greenhouses. Kulima kotseguka kumatheka kokha kumwera kwa Russia.

Zitsamba ndi kuchuluka kwa masamba, kachitidwe ka phwetekere, kuwala kobiriwira. Yabwino okonzekera kubzala tomato adzakhala kolifulawa, zukini, parsley. Mitundu yambiri imakhala yotsutsa bwino matenda a verticillus ndi fusarium. Olima amaluwa ena adawona milandu ya vertex yovunda ya tomato.

Mapulogalamu apamwamba:

  • Zokwanira chitsamba.
  • Zabwino zokoma kukoma.
  • Palibe fosholo yomwe imayenera.
  • Zokolola zazikulu.
  • Kukaniza matenda.

Kuipa:

  • Zowonjezera kutentha kwazomera kuti zikule.
  • Sitingathe salting chifukwa cha kukula kwa zipatso.

Zipatso makhalidwe:

  • Mmene chipatsocho chimapangidwira, chimakhala chokwanira.
  • Kukula kwakukulu ndi 250-320 magalamu.
  • Mtunduwu umatchedwa wofiira kwambiri.
  • Zowonjezera zokolola za mapaundi 6.0-7.5 pa mbewu.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito - kukonzekera ma pasitala, lecho, saladi, juisi, sauces, kumalongeza ndi zipatso zonse sizigwira bwino chifukwa cha kukula kwa chipatso.
  • Kulankhulana bwino, kutetezeka kwapakati paulendo.

Kulemera kwa mitundu ya phwetekere ndi mitundu ina kungakhale patebulo:

Maina a mayinaChipatso cha zipatso
Mkazi wamafuta250-320 magalamu
Marissa150-180 magalamu
Dusya wofiira150-300 magalamu
Kibits50-60 magalamu
Kumayambiriro kwa Siberia60-110 magalamu
Black icicle80-100 magalamu
Chozizwitsa cha Orange150 magalamu
Biya ananyamuka500-800 magalamu
Cream Cream60-70 magalamu
Chimphona chamtundu400

Chithunzi

Zithunzi zina za mafuta a phwetekere:

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mbewu ya phwetekere imafuna kusalowerera, madzi abwino. Ndi bwino kukonzekera nthaka pasadakhale, kusamalira manyowa. Mbewu za mbande zomwe zinabzalidwa kumapeto kwa March. Zosankha zikuchitika m'nthawi ya 2-3 woona masamba. Kubzala mu wowonjezera kutentha kumachitika pamene nthaka ikutha.

Pakati pa mamita a square silingakonzedwe kuti apange zoposa 6-7 zomera. Kumayambiriro kwa maluwa ndi kumayambiriro kwa mapangidwe a chipatso, idyani ndi zovuta mchere feteleza. Komanso pakulima tchire kuti tithe kumasula mobwerezabwereza nthaka m'mabowo, kupalira, kuthirira madzi otentha madzulo.

Pamene kuwala kwa chipatso chiri chochepa, imalangizidwa kuchotsa mphukira zazikulu. Amalangizidwa kuti akule pa gridiyo, kukokera pamtunda wa masentimita 30-40. Tsinde la mbeu lidzamera, ndipo zipatso zotulukira zidzakagona pa ukonde wotambasula. Pofuna kutsegula mpweya wabwino wowonjezera kutentha, masamba omwe ali m'munsi mwa grid akulangizidwa kuti achotsedwe.

Ndipo mukhoza kuyerekeza zokolola zosiyanasiyana ndi mitundu ina patebulo:

Maina a mayinaPereka
Mkazi wamafuta6-7,5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Aurora F113-16 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Nyumba za Siberia15-17 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Sanka15 kg pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Masaya ofiira9 kg pa mita iliyonse
Kibits3.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Siberia wolemera kwambiri11-12 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Maluwa okongola5-6 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi iliyonse
Ob domes4-6 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba
Zithunzi zofiira22-24 makilogalamu pa mita imodzi
Pa webusaiti yathu mudzapeza zambiri zothandiza za momwe mungamere mbande za phwetekere. Werengani zonse za kubzala mbande kunyumba, mutatenga nthawi yaitali mutabzala njere ndikuwathira bwino.

Komanso momwe mungamere tomato mopotoka, mozondoka, opanda nthaka, m'mabotolo komanso malinga ndi zipangizo zamakinala.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Vertex zowola za tomato kawirikawiri zimapezeka pa zifukwa ziwiri:

  • Kubzala mbande za mbewu zosadulidwa.
  • Kutentha kwa mpweya wokwanira mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Zomera pa mbande ziyenera kukhala zokonzeka, mbewu zowonongeka. Kukonzekera kumachitika mu 2% yothetsera potassium permanganate kwa mphindi 20-25. Pambuyo pake, mbewuzo zimatsukidwa pansi pamadzi ndipo zimakhala zochepa. Kuchotsedwa kwa chinyezi kumakhala kosavuta.

Amafuna zambiri, panthawi yake kuthirira. Ngati ulimi wothirira sutha kuthetsa chinyezi, kenaka muike pansi pakati pa tchire lonse, titsegulirani zitsulo ndi madzi. Mndandanda umalowa mu register ya boma ku Russia. Zimalimbikitsidwa kulima m'minda yaing'ono ndi machitidwe aumwini.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere "Fat" idzakondweretsa wamaluwa ndipo, posamala za kusonkhanitsa mbewu, mumadzipulumutsa ku mavuto omwe agula nawo kumapeto kwa nyengo.

Kuyambira m'mawa oyambiriraSuperearlyPakati-nyengo
IvanovichNyenyezi za MoscowNjovu ya pinki
TimofeyPoyambaChiwonongeko cha khungu
Mdima wakudaLeopoldOrange
RosalizPurezidenti 2Mphuno yamphongo
Chimphona chachikuluChozizwitsa cha sinamoniMabulosi amtengo wapatali
Chimphona chachikulu cha OrangePink ImpreshnNkhani yachisanu
Mapaundi zanaAlphaMbalame yakuda