Mmene mungagwirire ndi tizirombo ta orchid

Mitengo yambiri yamakono lero imapezeka ndi alimi amaluwa. Orchids ndi zosiyana. Mutasankha chomera chomwe mumakonda, choyamba iwo amafufuza masamba, nthambi ndi peduncle, kuiwala kuyang'ana pansi. Kubweretsa kunyumba mphika wokhala ndi duwa, wogula nthawi zambiri amabweretsa tizirombo ta orchid omwe alipo kale m'nthaka. Timaganizira mwatsatanetsatane izi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi njira zothana nazo.

Ntchentche yoyera

Whitefly ndi gulugufe laling'ono loyera likuika mazira ake pansi pa tsamba kapena pansi pa makungwa. Mphutsi zamphepete zimadya masamba, zomwe zimayambitsa chomera. Kupopera mbewu ndikutaya nthawi: agulugufe mwamsanga amawomba ndipo sawapweteka. Kuti muwachotse iwo, sungani masamba ndi kukwapula tizilombo toledwa. Njira zothana ndi mphutsi zotsalira: Dulani nthaka ndi yankho la "Phyto farm" kapena "Aktelikt", kubwereza mankhwala pambuyo pa sabata. Ndikofunika kusamba masamba ndi madzi osachepera masiku asanu. Njira ya anthu yogwiritsira ntchito orchids - tizipangitsanso sopo ndikupukuta gawo lonse la mbeu.

Ndikofunikira! Pa mankhwala, muyenera kusiya kudya, mankhwala ambiri (makamaka organic) angathe kuthandizira kubereka tizilombo.

Madzi a padziko lapansi

Nthaka zam'madzi nthawi zambiri zimawombera miphika imakhala pansi m'masitolo kapena kumalo obiriwira. Iwo samavulaza chomera, koma amapanga wamaluwa wamantha. Kuti muchotse mphutsi, ikani mphika mu chidebe chakuya chodzazidwa ndi madzi, kuti madzi aphimbe nthaka mu mphika. Mu mphindi 7-10 mphutsi zidzatuluka. Bwerezani kusambitsa masiku khumi.

Mukudziwa? Nyongolotsi zimakhala zochepa kwambiri; zimachulukitsa poika mazira. Mu kapu imodzi nthawi zambiri pafupifupi mazira asanu. Nyongolotsi zowonongeka zimapereka chakudya, kumasula akuluakulu kuti azisamalira okha.

Dummy ndi chishango

Chishango ndi chishango nthawi zambiri tizilombo toyambitsa matenda phalaenopsis. Ponena za kupezeka kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kumatulutsa chikasu kapena zobiriwira, pansi pake pamakhala munthu wamkulu. Mphungu ya tizilombo imayenda mumbewu yonse, kumwa madzi akumwa ndikuletsa chitukuko cha orchid. Kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, konzekerani yankho "Aktellika", monga momwe tawonetsera m'malemba, ndikukonzekera chomeracho. Kubwezeretsa kumachitidwa mu sabata. Chomeracho chiyenera kuikidwa mu malo atsopano, ngati njira yowonetsera, kuyesa zomera zonse ndi nthaka yomwe ili ndi madzi. Pali mankhwala amtundu wotsutsana ndi tizirombo ta ma orchid. Njira yowonjezera zomera ndi masamba owuma ndikumwaza ndi ethyl mowa. Wosweka adyo akhoza kupukuta malo owonongeka a maluwa ndi kukula, kumene anthu akulu amabisala. Njira yachitatu ndi yankho la mafuta a maolivi (2 tbsp liters pa lita imodzi yamadzi). Iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kumbali zonse zapansi pa mbeuyi ndi burashi kuti imakoke.

Nkhupakupa (kangaude mite ndi flat flat)

Nkhupakupa mite ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono ta mtundu wofiira kapena wachikasu ndi mphutsi zobiriwira. Mutha kuona tizilombo tomwe timakhala ndi galasi lokulitsa. Maluwa a parasitic amataya masamba oyera. Ngati nthawi sichidziwika, peduncle masamba ayamba kugwa, osakhala ndi nthawi yophuka. Kuchotsa tizilombo kumathandiza kupopera mbewu "Fitoferm." Pakati pa firiji yosapitirira 20 ° Njira ndi ° 0 ziyenera kubwerezedwa katatu kamodzi pa sabata. Ngati kutentha mu chipinda chiri pamwamba pa 30 ° C - katatu kapena kanayi ndi nthawi ya masiku atatu. Pa nthawi yomweyi, yambani zitsamba ndi nthaka ndi madzi masiku asanu.

Mthika wa kangaude pa orchid ukhoza kukhala ndi nthawi yayitali, chifukwa amatha kukhala ndi chitetezo chotsutsana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Choncho, kuchotsa tizilombo, njira zina zokonzekera. Kulimbana ndi tizilombo ndizoyenera "Actellic", "Thiofos", "Fitoferm" ndi "Neoron".

Njira yotchuka: Cyclamen tubers kudula mu zidutswa zazikulu ndi kuwiritsa m'madzi kwa mphindi makumi anayi. Msuzi amaumirira tsiku, ndiye fyuluta ndi kutsanulira mbewuzo ndi iwo. Kupopera mbewu kumaphatikizapo katatu kapena kanayi masiku asanu aliwonse. Kwa ma orchid okhala ndi masamba wandiweyani, pukutsani ndi mowa wauchidakwa. Pali chidziwitso chimodzi: musanapukutire, yesani zomwe zomerazo zimagwira pamalo amodzi.

Mokritsy

Monga tanenera kale, orchid nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi tizilombo m'nthaka ndipo nkofunika kudziwa momwe tingawachotsere popanda chiopsezo chotaya mbeu kapena kubwezeretsanso kachilomboka. Tizilombo timene timaphatikizapo nkhuni. Tizilomboti timadya chilichonse chomwe chimabwera: masamba, nthambi, mphukira zazing'ono. Mukhoza kuphunzira za maonekedwe awo pozindikira mabowo omwe ali pamtengowo. Njira zamadzi zidzakuthandizani - kuika mphika ndi duwa muchitsime chodzazidwa ndi madzi. Madzi ayenera kuphimba nthaka yothira madzi. Mafinya amachoka pansi. Bwerezani kusamba pambuyo pa sabata. Pankhani ya mavitamini ambiri komanso kulephera kwa madzi, kusintha nthaka. Chomeracho chiyenera kusamba mizu.

Njira yotchuka: Pofuna kutulutsa nkhuni kuchokera pansi, pambali pamphika pikani nyambo kuchokera ku mbatata yaiwisi kapena maapulo.

Mealybug

Mealybug ndi owopsa chifukwa ikhoza kubweretsedwa ku chomera chabwino ngakhale mphepo yowonekera. Tizilonda toyambitsa matendawa timakhala ndi mphamvu zambiri ndipo timatha kupanga zomera zambirimbiri. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakolola zakudya zonse kuchokera ku duwa, ndipo pa zilonda zomwe zimachoka, amakhala ndi matenda opatsirana. Tizilombo tooneka ngati maonekedwe ndi maonekedwe a masharuba amtundu wautali komanso thupi loyera. Tiyeni tione momwe tingachitire maluwa a orchid panyumba poyambitsa nyongolotsi. Chithandizo chili ndi magawo angapo:

  1. Chotsani mbali zonse zouma za zomera - zimakhala ngati pogona kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.
  2. Osachepera kawiri pa tsiku, kuyendera ndi kuchotsa tizilombo tomwe timayang'anitsitsa, ndi kuvulaza mabala ndi soapy madzi.
  3. Dulani dothi ndi gawo la pansi pa chomera ndi kukonzekera "Fitoferm". Mu sabata, bwerezani kupopera mbewu.
  4. Sungani nthaka ndi masamba a duwa pansi pa madzi masiku asanu, ndipo madzi ayenera kutentha.
Ngati mkati mwa mwezi mulibe zizindikiro za tizilombo, mwathana nazo. Njira za anthu: kupopera mankhwala a maolivi (2 tbsp.) pa lita imodzi ya madzi. Njira yothetsera sopo (15 g ya madzi), mowa wotentha (10 ml) ndi madzi (1 l) angathandize. Njira yachiwiri si yoyenera kwa zomera ndi masamba owonda.

Rootbird

Mbalamezi - izi zimapweteka pa orchid zimawononga mizu ya maluwa. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakhala ndi thupi kuchokera kukula kwa masentimita awiri kapena anayi, pinki, yachikasu kapena yofiira. Chifukwa cha moyo wake, chomeracho chimatha ndipo chimamwalira.

Mankhwalawa amachotsedwa mu mphika, mizu imatsukidwa bwino ndi kuthiridwa ndi njira yochepa ya potassium permanganate. Pamene mizu imauma, chomeracho chimaikidwa mu nthaka yatsopano. Chitsulo chachikulu chiyenera kutayidwa. Njira inanso ndiyo kubzala nthaka ndi tizilombo touma. Mukamamwetsa orchid, tizilombo timayamwa madzi, timakhuta mizu ndi mankhwala. Gome, kudya madzi amadzimadzi, amamwalira.

Bogs (springtails)

Mankhwalawa ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timakhala m'nthaka ndikudyetsa zinthu zomwe zili pamenepo. Mapewa ndi osalakwa kwambiri a tizirombo ta orchid, koma amafunikanso kuti azunzidwe ndi kuwachiritsidwa. Pang'ono, nkhuku zimadya zomwe zimapeza m'nthaka, ndipo zitatha kuswana, ngati pali kusowa kwa zakudya m'nthaka, zimatha kusintha ku mphukira yachinyamata.

Ndi maonekedwe a blackflies, chitani ndi kukonza "Fitoferm", ponena za malangizo. Bwerezani ndondomeko pambuyo pa sabata. Pofuna kupewa, yang'anani malo omwe mphika umasungidwira ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo ndipo musalole kuti muwongolenso.

Nematodes

Nematodes ndi nyongolotsi zazing'ono mpaka mamita awiri, zimakhala zovuta kuzifufuza nthawi yomweyo. Ndi kutalika kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda pa orchid, zomera zimalandira poizoni kuchokera ku zinyalala za tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pang'onopang'ono, orchid imadzazidwa ndi kukhudzidwa kwambiri ndikufa.

Mitengo yowopsya iyenera kuchotsedwa ku maluwa ena. Pochiza chithandizo, pewani piritsi mu lita imodzi ya madzi ndi piritsi lotsekedwa pansi ndi kutsanulira nthaka pamwamba pake. Bwerezani kuthirira mu sabata. Njira ina - mankhwala amadzi m'madzi ndi kutentha madigiri 40. Nematodes amafa phindu limeneli.

Ndikofunikira! Njira zamadzi m'madzi otentha ziyenera kuchitidwa mosamala kuti zisamawononge zomera.

Aphid

Aphid pa orchid - wonyamula matenda. Mukhoza kuizindikira mosavuta ndikuchotsani nthawi yomweyo.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa, timadya masamba osungunuka, timasiya timadzi timene tomwe timapuma. Pa misa yamtundu uwu, spores wa bowa wakuda amachulukitsa ndi nthawi. Chithandizo chikupanga kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa.

Mungathe kulimbana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba mothandizidwa ndi njira zodziwika bwino. Konzani anyezi apakhungu: nthaka anyezi yodzaza ndi madzi otentha ndipo imaphatikizapo maola asanu ndi awiri. Ndiye kulowetsedwa kuyenera kuthiridwa ndi kupopera mbewu. Chitani njirayi kangapo patsiku kwa masiku anayi. Njira yachiwiri: Sambani chomera ndi sopo. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito kulowetsedwa kwa masamba a citrus. Thirani peels (100 g) ndi lita imodzi ya madzi ndikuchoka kwa masiku atatu. Dulani ma orchid maola asanu aliwonse ndi chisakanizo. Manyowa owuma akhoza kuikidwa pansi pambali pa tsinde la maluwa.

Zosangalatsa Nsabwe za m'masamba ndizodziwika bwino ngati ng'ombe zotsuka. Nyerere zimasonkhanitsa "ziweto" za tizilombo, zimawateteza ku tizilombo toyambitsa tizilombo ndi "kuyendetsa" ng'ombe zawo, kupha mimba ndi masewera. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimayambitsanso zakudya zowonjezera ndikuzisakaniza ndi shuga pa "misala", mwachindunji m'kamwa mwa nyerere.

Kupuma

Thrips ndi osawoneka chifukwa cha kukula kwake kakang'ono - kuposa 2 mm. Tizilonda toyambitsa matenda sizingawononge masamba okha, komanso mizu ya orchid. Nthitizi zimayika ana awo m'mapiri a orchid, mphutsi zowonongeka kuchokera mazira, kudyetsa madzi a madziwa. Mawanga akuda amaoneka pa maluwa, masamba amauma, ndi kukula kumazu. Ngati nthawi sichichotsa tizilombo, mbewuyo idzafa.

Kuti muchotse ma thrips, muyenera kufalitsa duwa "Aktellik" kapena "Fitoverm" katatu. Pakati pa kupopera mbewu kwa masiku khumi. Ngati simukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala, fufuzani piritsi, kapena yankho la maolivi ndi madzi.

Slugs ndi misomali

Slugs ndi misomali ndizoopsa kwambiri kwa zomera, pamene zimadya zonse zokoma maluwa a orchid. Mitunduyi imakonda kutentha ndi chinyezi, ndipo nthawi zambiri mumabweretsa limodzi ndi sitolo imene mumagula m'sitolo. Pankhani ya nkhono ndi slugs amafunika kuyeretsa mosamala. Zowononga kuika nyambo: magawo a apulo kapena nkhaka. Pamene tizilombo timene timatuluka, timakolola. Msonkhanowu uyenera kubwerezedwa mpaka utatha. Nkhono zimatha kusiya ana omwe amapezeka patatha masabata atatu, choncho pangani nyambo yolamulira.

Kotero, inu munagula orchid. Musathamangire kukachiika ndi kuika malo okhazikika. Mupange madzi osamba: ikani mphika mu chidebe chodzaza madzi kuti nthaka mu mphika ili pansi pa madzi. Mudzawona ngati tizirombo tabweretsedwera ndi inu kapena ayi. Ngati mubweretsedwe, mwamsanga muwathandize maluwawo, muwume ndiumere mu nthaka yosankhidwa bwino. Kwa ma orchids, phalaenopsis ndi nthaka yomwe ili ndi makungwa ndi moss. Mu nthaka imeneyi, orchid idzawoneka ngati inali yachibadwa, chifukwa m'chilengedwe maluwawo amakula pamagalimoto a mitengo kapena phokoso losakanikirana.