Buku lothandizira momwe mungamere tomato ndi nkhaka zabwino m'nyumba yomwe muli khonde

Pali lingaliro la kuti nkhaka ndi tomato sizigwirizana, koma nanga bwanji ngati palibe malo okwanira kusunga masambawa muzigawo za chipinda, koma mukufunadi kukolola mbewu zonsezi? Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kumvetsetsa zazomwe zimalumikizidwa.

M'nkhaniyi, mudzaphunzira momwe mungamerekere nkhaka ndi tomato komanso momwe mungawasamalire bwino matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zomwe zingakhudze iwo ndi momwe angapiririre.

Kodi n'zotheka kubzala masambawa kunyumba?

Kuti zitheke kukhwima nkhaka ndi tomato, ngakhale kuti n'zovuta, koma nkotheka, ndikofunikira kuti pakhale malo omwe mbewu iliyonse sidzakhudzidwa ndi zosowa zake.

Kukula kwa nkhaka ndi tomato zimasiyana kwambiri. Koma ngati kulimbikitsana kulimbikitsa tomato, nkhaka idzachepa pang'ono kuchokera ku mdima, komabe iwo adzapulumuka. Ngati, komabe, pangani mikhalidwe yabwino yomwe nkhaka - tomato sichidzabala zipatso ndikuyamba kuvulaza kwambiri.

Ngati mu malo a nyumba muli mwayi wokhala ndi zizindikiro zina, ndiye kuti ndibwino kuti muzilima mbewu zogwirizana - pawindo la nyumba kapena nyumba.

Ntchito yokonzekera

Malo ndi zikhalidwe

  • Nkhaka zipatso pa kutentha kwa 25-28 madigiri, tomato pa 22-25. Kuyenera kutseka pa kutentha kwa +25, komwe kumayendera masamba onse awiri.
  • Tomato akudwala ndi chinyezi choposa 70%, ngati mutachiyika pansipa mtengowu, nkhaka sizikhala zovuta, komabe zimatha kupirira. Zonsezi zimayamikira kuzindikira.
  • Malo abwino kwambiri a mbewu ndi mawindo akuyang'ana kummawa kapena kumadzulo.
  • Pakati pa kubzala tomato ndi nkhaka pa khonde kapena mawindo, mukhoza kukhazikitsa gawo limodzi ndi filimu yoonekera.

Mitundu yapadera

Mitedza ya phwetekere ya kubzala pamodzi ndi nkhaka iyenera kukhala yogonjetsedwa ndi fitoftorZimalangizanso kusankha mitundu yochepa yomwe ikukula ndikupereka chidwi chachikulu pa mapangidwe. Kuchokera ku zotsamba za nkhaka, ndibwino kusankha osakaniza omwe sali ovuta kwambiri ku ulimi wothirira ndi chinyezi, komanso kulekerera bwino ma drafts.

Ndi bwino kukula mitundu yochepa yomwe sizingasokoneze zomera zomwe zimayandikana nazo.

Poto

Posankha mfundo za mphika ndi bwino kukhala pa pulasitiki - ndi kuwala komanso kupuma. Pakuti tomato akukula pakhomo, pakhomo ndi pa khonde, zitsulo zitatu ndizoyenera, chifukwa nkhaka, kukula kwa mphika ayenera kukhala malita asanu.

Ground

Mukhoza kugula magawo okonzedwa bwino, "Nkhumba, Pepper", "Nkhaka" kapena kukonzekera nthaka, kusakaniza nthaka, peat ndi humus mofanana. Mukhozanso kusakaniza mbali imodzi ya peat ndi mchenga ndi magawo awiri a masamba a mapepala, kapena gawo limodzi la nthaka ndi dothi la manyowa kuchokera ku kompositi ndi kuwonjezera kwa phulusa la phulusa ndi supuni ya azofoska.

The chifukwa osakaniza ayenera kutsanulira amphamvu yankho la potaziyamu permanganate kwa disinfection. Pansi pa mphika ndikofunikira kukonza ngalande. Pazinthu izi, miyala yoyenera, yowonjezera dongo kapena njerwa zosweka.

Njira yobwera

Mbewu

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu pawindo kapena khonde:

  1. Nkhaka ndizofesedwa bwino m'mapopu apulasitiki.
  2. Atakulira, sungani ku zida zazikuru pamalo osatha.
  3. Kuti bwino kumera muyenera kukhala ndi chinyezi komanso kutsuka mobwerezabwereza.
  4. Panthawiyi, mbewu za tomato, zomwe sizikufuna kutentha kwambiri, zimafesedwa mu chidebe chomwe chili ndi filimuyo isanayambe kumera.

Choncho, zofunikira zofunika pokonza miyambo iwiri pa siteji ya mbeu kumera sizikuphatikizana ndipo sizikutsutsana.

Kodi kubzala mbande?

  1. Kusakaniza nkhaka kumachitika kudzera mu njira yotsitsimutsa, chifukwa iwo amabzalidwa imodzi ndi imodzi mu chidebe chaching'ono mu malo osakhalitsa.
  2. Mukasankha tomato, zomera zimachotsedweratu pamtunda, mzuwo umadulidwa ndikusindikizidwa umodzi m'miphika yayikulu.
  3. Kuyambira nthawi yobzala mbewu kumalo osatha, m'pofunika kusunga mikhalidwe yoyenera kwa miyambo yonse. Choyamba pa nkhaniyi ndi kupereka tomato. Nkhaka ziyenera kukhala zochepetsetsa pang'ono ndipo zizolowezi zowonjezera mpweya.
  4. Chisamaliro

    Kuthirira ndi fetereza

    Kwa tomato:

    • Nthaka m'matangi sayenera kukhala yonyowa kwambiri, mu malo omwe mizu imayamba kugwedezeka ndipo zomera zimamwalira.
    • Kuthirira kumayenera kuchitidwa molingana ndi chiwembu kamodzi pa masiku atatu. Pambuyo kuthirira, m'pofunika kumasula nthaka. Ngati nyengo imakhala mitambo, muyenera kuchoka pa ndondomekoyi ndikuyesa kuthira mbewuzo mobwerezabwereza, ndikuyang'ana kuchuluka kwa kuyanika kwa nthaka.
    • Kuvala koyamba kwa tomato kungapangidwe masiku 40-50 mutabzala.
    • Manyowa abwino kwambiri - humus, omwe angagulidwe m'mawu omaliza m'sitolo. Amadulidwa pansi pamtunda wa masentimita awiri, chifukwa mizu imadzaza ndi oxygen ndipo imalandira zakudya zonse zofunika pa chitukuko.

    Pakuti nkhaka:

    • Kuthirira nkhaka ayenera kukhala yocheperapo, kuti asapangitse kwambiri chinyezi, osasangalatsa kwa tomato.
    • Chomera chomwecho chidzakuwuzani pamene mukuyenera kuvala: masamba ayamba kuuma, zipatso zidzakhala ndi zokopa, ndipo mazira ochepa adzafa.
    • Pakuti nkhaka, ndizofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito zakudya zopyapyala, koma pogawana nyumba zamasamba ndi tomato, njirayi iyenera kupezeka ndipo feteleza ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwachindunji kunthaka.
    • Kwa kuvala, mungagwiritse ntchito chilengedwe chonse cha feteleza Ross.

    Kukonza, kupina pinching, kupindikiza

    Mbali zonse zimathamanga pa nkhaka zimachotsedwa, zimangowonjezera zomerapamene masamba khumi ndi awiri akuwoneka kuti ndi kofunikira kuti uzitsine pamwamba, izi zidzathandiza kuti msanga ukhale wokolola.

    Masamba otsika otsika amachotsedwa ku phwetekere, zimayambira kukula kuchokera kumatenda amachotsedwa (kutsinunkhira), ndi kutsitsa pamwamba.

    Ndi zomangamanga Chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti zomera zomwe zikukula sizimasokonezana ndipo sanagwedeze nthambizo.

    Zojambula, zitapachikidwa

    Pamene masharubu amangooneka mu nkhaka, muyenera kumamatira pansi ndi kumangiriza tsinde. Poganizira kuti kulima kwapakhomo ndibwino kusankha mosakaniza mitundu ya tomato, iwo sadzafuna garters.

    Mungasankhe njira yopachikizira tomato, kuwaponya m'mabotolo a pulasitiki mwanjira inayake ndikuwapachika pamtunda uliwonse.

    Matenda ndi tizirombo

    Kangaude mite

    Amadyetsa masamba a masamba. M'malo otchedwa, malo ochepa omwe amaoneka bwino, omwe amatha kusonkhana ndikupita ku imfa ya tsamba. Njira zogwiritsira ntchito: Kuzindikira nthawi yowonongeka kwa tizilombo ndi mankhwala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

    Gallic nematode

    Mukhoza kulowetsedwa ndi zokolola zonse, kuwononga mizu. Njira zoyendetsera - m'malo mwa nthaka yoipa. Popewera - nthaka disinfection ndi mbewu kuvala.

    Ntchentche yoyera

    Amadyetsa madzi a masamba, zomera zomwe zimakhudzidwa zimadzazidwa ndi bowa. Njira yolimbana ndi njira yochotsa tizilombo ndi kupopera mbewu ndi tizilombo.

    Brown malo a tomato

    Matenda a fungal. Zimapezeka panthawi ya maluwa ndi mapangidwe a zipatso monga mawonekedwe a chikasu-chikasu, choyamba kuchokera kumunsi masamba, ndiyeno pamwamba pa masamba. Mankhwala osakaniza amagwiritsidwa ntchito polimbana.

    Nkhaka Yoyera Rot

    Matenda a fungal omwe amakhudza tsinde la nkhaka mu gawo loyambira. Nsaluzi zimatonthoza, zimang'amba ndipo zimadzazidwa ndi thotho loyera. Kulimbana ndi matendawa kumachitika mothandizidwa ndi mankhwala ophera fungicidal.

    Pamodzi ndikukula nkhaka ndi tomato kunyumba ndizothekaImeneyi ndi ntchito yovuta, koma imadzilipira. Kupeza zokolola za mbeu zosiyana ndi kotheka ndi kumamatira mwachidwi chiwembu cha chisamaliro ndi kukhala ndi maganizo oyenera pa kupewa matenda.