Mitundu yowonjezereka ya tunbergia

Tunbergia ndi banja la Acanta. Ndizochuluka kwambiri, ndipo mmenemo mungazipeze mitundu yonse ya shrub ndi liana. Zomwe zilipo, pali mitundu mazana awiri, malo oyamba a tunbergia ndi otentha ku Africa, Madagascar ndi kumwera kwa Asia.

Mukudziwa? Maluwawo anawatcha dzina lodziwika bwino lachilengedwe la Sweden ndi wofufuza za ku Japan ndi South Africa Karl Peter Thunberg.
Chifukwa cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu, kukula kwake ndi mawonekedwe ake, tunbergia yakula ndi zokondweretsa pakhomo ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito kukongoletsa munda. Mitundu yambiri imafuna madzi okwanira. Tunbergia ndi chomera chosatha, koma chifukwa cha chikondi chake cha kutentha kumpoto, chidzakula ngati chaka. Maluwa - kuyambira May mpaka September.

Tunbergia creepers

Mitundu ya tunbergia yomwe imakula ngati ma liana ndi yaikulu kwambiri kusiyana ndi zitsamba. Mitundu yambiri yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'munda, ingaganizidwe:

  • mapiko a tunbergia;
  • tunbergia zonunkhira;
  • lalikulu;
  • nkhani ya tunbergia;
  • tunbergia laurel;
  • Tunzirgy mizorenskuyu;
  • tutbergia battiskomba.

Winged thunberg

Chiyambi: zozizira za ku Africa. Chinyezi chofunika: osati kufunafuna. Winged tunbergia ndi liana ya udzu. Maluwa ali ndi mawonekedwe oyambirira - mabala okongola a chikasu ndi malo akuda.

Mukudziwa? Ndi chifukwa cha ichi kuti anthu a ku Ulaya nthawi zambiri amatha kutchula tunbergia ya black-eyed Susanna.

Zimayambira kupiringa ndi pubescent pang'ono. Masambawo amakhala aakulu masentimita 7. Miphika yamapiko (pang'ono kapena kwathunthu), pansipo imakhala truncated, yosiyana, yoboola pakati pa mtima kapena katatu. Maluwa amatha kukula masentimita 4, okonzedwa mwaulere, axillary. Mabhala (zidutswa ziwiri) ndizofanana ndi mazira. Chingwecho ndi lalanje kapena chokoma, chokhala ndi mawotchi opangidwa ndi gudumu, ndipo pamwamba pake ndi kutupa kofiira kofiira, ndi mtundu wakuda mkati.

Ndikofunikira!Tingdergium yamapiko a Southerfish nthawi zambiri imakhudzidwa ndi kangaude.

Zamtengo wapatali thunbergia

Chiyambi: India Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%. Mphesa wokwera, womwe umakhala wokalamba, umafika kutalika mamita 6 kunyumba, koma umakula pafupifupi mamita atatu mu nyengo yozizira. Icho chiri ndi phesi la nthambi yodzala. Palinso "ntchentche" yomwe imakhala ndi tsitsi lolimbikitsidwa. Masamba amakula kutalika mpaka masentimita 7. Maonekedwewo angakhale woboola, petiolate, mosiyana kapena katatu. Pamwamba nthawi zonse imakhala yolimba, ndipo m'munsi muli mtundu woboola pakati kapena wamtengo wapatali, pamwamba ndi mdima wobiriwira ndipo pansi kumakhala kowala. Maluwa amafika pamtunda wa masentimita 5, okonzedwa mwaulere, axillary. Mabhala (zidutswa ziwiri) ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira. Thupi lopangidwa ndi magudumu, lokhala ndi mawilo asanu, loyera kwambiri, limadutsa pipope yowongoka. Chiwalo chimagawanika pamapeto.

Thunbergia grandiflora

Chiyambi: kumpoto chakum'mawa Chinyezi chofunika: 60% kapena kuposa. Mphesa wokhazikika wokhazikika pakati pa mitundu yonse. Mphukirazo zimakhala zosabala, masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe a kanjedza. Zitha kukhala zosalala kumbali zonse kapena pubescent. Maluwa a tunbergia grandiflora amafika masentimita 8 m'lifupi mwake, amakula mumdima wandiweyani, ndipo nthaƔi zina amakonzedwa mwaulere. Chotsulocho chimakhala chojambula mu mithunzi yonse ya lilac (nthawi zina yoyera), ziwiri zong'ambika, zimakhala ndi ziwiri zam'mwamba komanso zitatu zochepa. Mitundu imeneyi imatchedwanso tunbergia buluu chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa maluwa okongola a buluu omwe zomerazo zimaphimbidwa.

Thunbergia anafotokoza

Chiyambi: East Africa. Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%.

Kutalika kwa mipesa kufika pa mamita 3-4. Mphukira imakhala ndi mawonekedwe a tetrahedral. Mapepala a leaf amakhala opalasa kapena ofewa, okhala ndi ziboliboli zooneka ngati mphete pa petioles zochepa. Maluwa a akingigia amodzi ndi aakulu kwambiri - mpaka masentimita 10. Amakula pansi pa chikhumbo chawo ndipo amakhala mu tsamba la axils. Chotsegulacho ndi chofiira, ndipo pakamwa pakamwa kuli chikasu.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino kukula tunbergia yokhudzana ndi zipinda, chifukwa mukamakula maluwa amamera kwambiri.

Thunbergia lauroliferous

Chiyambi: Malay Malay Archipelago. Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%. Mbewu iyi lianoobraznoe imatanthawuza za chaka. Mphukira ndi yopanda kanthu, yotchedwa filiform, yomwe masamba nthawi zina amatsutsana. Ali ndi masentimita 15 m'litali, ndi masentimita 8 m'lifupi, ndipo ali ndi mawonekedwe a elliptical. Ma petioles amatalika, mkati mwa masentimita asanu ndi awiri mpaka asanu ndi awiri. Maluwawo amakhala ndi makhala asanu, omwe amamera pamodzi m'munsi mwa chubu, pafupifupi kopanda fungo, la utoto wabuluu.

Mt.

Chiyambi: kum'mwera kwa India Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%. Zimatengedwa kukhala nthumwi yodabwitsa kwambiri komanso yachilendo ya tunbergy. Chomera ichi nthawi zambiri chimaperekedwa ngati gwero la mphamvu zamphamvu. Zimakhulupirira kuti zimapangitsa kuwonjezereka kwa malingaliro ndi zothandizira pakudziwitsa okha. Kutchire, mpesa uwu umakula kufika mamita 10, koma zoweta zake siziposa 6 mamita. Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe okongola ndipo amanenedwa pamapeto. Nthawi zina m'mphepete mwake mumakhala pang'ono, koma nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosalala. Maluwa a liana ali ndi mawonekedwe odabwitsa. Amapachika pamatumba akuluakulu, ndipo kutalika kwake kumatha kufika 50-60 masentimita. Zingwezo zimakhala zobiriwira, komanso maluwawo ndi achikasu. Mphuno ya duwa ili ndi zovuta zozungulira zozungulira zinayi: ziboliboli zapamwamba zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe owongoka, m'munsimu ndi zitatu, ndipo zotsalira ziwirizo zimapotoka kumbuyo.

Thunbergia Battiscombe

Chiyambi: madera otentha a Africa. Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%. Curly mpesa, chifukwa kukula ndi yogwira maluwa zomwe zimafuna chithandizo. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi mphukira zambiri, zomwe zimabala masamba akulu. Iwo ali ndi mawonekedwe opangidwa ndi elliptical, komanso mtundu wobiriwira. Yapezeka mosiyana, ndipo m'mphepete mwake muli osalala. Maluwawo ndi ofiira a buluu, pomwe mcherewo uli pafupi ndi kumera ndikukula pamodzi ndikuwoneka ngati pulogalamu yamakono. Zev kuchokera kunja ndi yoyera, kutembenukira mu buluu la buluu, ndipo mbali yake yamkati imakhala ndi chikasu.

Mukudziwa? Kawirikawiri liana iyi imasokonezeka ndi erect tunbergia. Zili zooneka ngati zofanana, koma Tunbergia ya Battiscombe imasiyanitsidwa ndi masamba ambiri, komanso maluwa akuda. Mabala oyandama ndi aakulu, ndipo pamtunda mwawo mumatha kuona mawonekedwe.

Thunbergia baka

Mitengo ya thunberry, kuwonjezera pa zosiyana zosiyana kuchokera ku mipesa, ziri zofanana ndi anzawo. Zili ndi mawonekedwe okongola ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zokongoletsera. Zitsamba zomwe zimakonda kwambiri ndi izi:

  • Tunbergia Vogel;
  • Natalia Tunbergia;
  • Tunbergia ndi wowongoka.

Thunbergia Vogel

Chiyambi: Masias-Nguema-Biogo chilumba. Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%. Shrub ndi owongoka nthambi. Masamba ndi obiriwira, obiriwira. Maonekedwe a tsambali angakhale osiyana - kuchokera pa ovoid mpaka oblong, mawonekedwe a mphete pamunsi, ndipo pamphepete mwawo akhoza kukhala odekha ndi osachepera. Masamba a tunbergia osiyanasiyana amakhala aakulu, kufika kutalika kwa masentimita 7 mpaka 15. Maluwawo ali ndi masamba oblong, mtundu wawo umakhala woyera pamunsi mwa chikanga, choyera, ndi chikasu chochokera mkati. Duwa lokha limaphatikiza kusiyana kwa mdima wofiirira ndi wowala wachimake.

Thunbergia Natal

Chiyambi: South Africa. Chinyezi chofunika: osachepera 35%. Chitsamba chimenechi chimakonda nyengo yozizira komanso yotentha, ngakhale pamene ikukula m'nyumba. Nthambi sizimangoyenda, koma zimasintha. Iwo amakhalanso a tetrahedral, omwe amadziwika bwino ndi zomera. Masamba ndi obiriwira mdima ndipo mawonekedwe ake ndi ovate, okonzedwa ndipo amawonekera pamwamba.

Mukudziwa? Anapezeka koyamba m'chigawo cha Natal, South Africa, chomwe adatchulidwapo.

Maluwa a Natali ndi Tunnel ali ndi chingwe chokhala ndi zinyama zazikulu pamunsi. Mu mtundu iwo ali wofiira, ndi mithunzi yamtundu kumphepete.

Imani

Chiyambi: African tropical. Chinyezi chofunika: osati kufunafuna. Mtundu uwu wa tunbergia umakumbukiranso za mankhwala otchedwa Natalianergy. Mosiyana ndi zimenezi, zimayambira pano. Amasiya mpaka 6 cm kutalika, moyang'anizana. Iwo ali ofewa, ovate kapena lonse lanceolate. Mabala a mtundu wa chikasu. Maluwa amakula mpaka masentimita 4, kukula yekha. Chomeracho ndi chamoyo zisanu, ndi zikopa za mtundu wofiirira. Zev kunja kwera, ndi mkati - chikasu.