Njira zothandizira kulimbana ndi Medvedka: chemistry ndi ammonia

Medvedka ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amakhala padziko lapansi ndipo amadziwika ndi fecundity. Mkazi amatha kuika mazira 400 panthawi imodzi.

Chiwerengero cha chimbalangondo chikhoza kuwononga kwambiri. ambiri munda zomera, maluwa ndi mababu awo, sitiroberi baka ndi strawberries.

Sikuti amadya zomera zokha, koma amadula mapesi omwe amathyola mapepala.

Pa mabedi ndi mbewu zokha zokhazokha, tizilombo timatuluka m'magawo ambiri, kuwateteza kuti asamere. Kuwomboledwa kwakukulu kuchokera ku zimbalangondo kuli chigwirizano chachikulu cha mankhwala ophera tizilombo omwe amawononga akulu onse ndi ana awo.

Ife tatola Mndandanda wa njira zogwira mtima kwambiri komanso zotchuka zotsutsana ndi Medvedka, yomwe imatsimikiziridwa kuti imapulumutsa munda wanu ku mavuto, popanda kuwononga zomera.

Amoniya

Ambiri wamaluwa wamaluwa akulimbana ndi Medvedka pogwiritsa ntchito ammonia (ammonia madzi). Komanso, ammonia ndi feteleza wabwino kwambiri wa nitrogenous.

Tulukani mawonekedwe

Njira yothetsera madzi m'mapulasitiki kapena magalasi.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

Ammonium hydroxide - 30% ndondomeko.

Njira yogwirira ntchito

Ammonia ndi mankhwala a medvedka, omwe ali ndi fungo losasangalatsa, ndipo izi zimayambitsa tizilombo towononga.

Nthawi yochitapo kanthu

Kfupi kwambiri, fungo limatuluka mofulumira. Choncho, mawu oyambirira ndi ofunika kamodzi pamlungu.

Kugwirizana ndi mankhwala ena

Ammonia motsutsana ndi chimbalangondo sayenera kuphatikizidwa ndi mabala, omwe amakopera chimbalangondo ndi fungo lake.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito liti?

Nthawi iliyonse ya zomera pa kuthirira.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito

Ikani makapu 3-4 a mandimu a madzi ammonia mu chidebe cha madzi, gwedezani bwino ndi kuthirira madzi zomera pansi pazu.

Toxicity

Mankhwalawa ali poizoni kwambiri kwa anthu ndi nyama zonse zotentha-danga 2.

Terradoks

Chithandizochi n'chotsutsana ndi medvedka yomwe imakhudza kwambiri tizirombo zambiri m'nthaka.

Mankhwala odalirika ndi odalirika, otsimikizirika kuti awononge chimbalangondo.

Tulukani mawonekedwe

Ma granules amaikidwa mu phukusi lopanda madzi. Kupaka 100g.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

Chinthu chachikulu ndi diazinon pamtunda wa 40g / l.

Njira yogwirira ntchito

Matenda a neurotoxic amachititsa kufooka kwa mapeto a chimbalangondo. Izi zimachokera ku kulepheretsa muyeso wochuluka kwambiri.Kuphatikizidwa pakufalitsa zofuna za dongosolo lamanjenje.

The enzyme imayenera kuyambitsa hydrolysis ya free acetylcholine, yomwe m'malo mwake imayamba kusonkhanitsa mu synaptic kutsegulira, kusokoneza ndi mapulaneti.

Njira zolowera thupi - matumbo, machitidwe ndi kukhudzana. Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa nthawi zonse, mukhoza kutenga chimbalangondo, anayamba kukana zotsatira zake.


Nthawi yochitapo kanthu

Nthawi ya chitetezo cha zomera kuchokera ku chimbalangondo amatha masiku osachepera 13-15. Panthawiyi, diazinon pang'onopang'ono alowa mmera kudzera muzu.

Kugwirizana ndi mankhwala ena

Diazinon amapita bwino ndi herbicides ndi fungicides. Madzi emulsion amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosakanikirana mu tangi.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito liti?

Ndi bwino kupanga tizilombo mvula isanafike. Mavuto ena sagwira ntchito yapadera.. Zilonda zimayambira pobzala zomera ndiyeno nthawi iliyonse ikukula.

Kupatulapo ndi strawberries ndi strawberries - kukonzekera chitetezo chake chaikidwa mu nthaka mutatha kukolola.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito

Masamba a terradox apangidwa kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito kunthaka. Lembani m'mabedi a m'munda kapena pakati pa mizere yomwe iwo amakoka kapena Grooves ndi kuya kwa 2-4cm, momwe insecticidal granules aikidwas.

10-25 g wa mankhwala akuwonongedwa pa 10 lalikulu mamita. Kwa nyengoyi, mukhoza kupanga mankhwala awiri ndi kupuma kwa miyezi iwiri.

Toxicity

Terradox imayikidwa kuopsa kwa kalasi 3, monga mankhwala omwe ali ndi poizoni kwambiri kwa nyama, njuchi ndi anthu.

Vofatoks

Kuphatikizidwa mu insectoacaricide ntchito yogonongeka kwa tizirombo padziko lapansi. Lili ndi zotsatira zosiyana kwambiri.

Tulukani mawonekedwe

Madzi oundana, odzaza m'mabotolo a 100 ndi 20 ml ndi ma 5 ampoules asanu.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

bifedrin 100 g / l
Imidacloprid 100 g / l

Njira yogwirira ntchito

Bifenthrin, monga ma pyrethroids ena, imasokoneza kusinthanitsa kwa sodium ndi calcium. Imidacloprid imachepetsa kutsegula ma sodium ndipo amalepheretsa ntchito ya ma enzyme yomwe imakhudzidwa ndi kupatsirana kwa maganizo omwe amachititsa mitsempha.

Choncho, kayendedwe kachitidwe ka mitsempha kamasokonezeka nthawi yomweyo. Tizilombo timene timakhala ndi mphamvu zowonongeka, kukhumudwa ndi kukhumudwa, kutembenukira ku ziwalo, ndipo, motero, imfa.

Mankhwalawa ndi systemic, lowetsani thupi kudzera mwa kukhudzana ndi m'mimba. Mpata wokhala ndi vutoli ndi ochepa kwambiri.

Nthawi yochitapo kanthu

Ntchito imatsimikizika kuti idzatha masiku 15-18. Kugawanika kwa njira zonse kumachitika patatha masiku 45.

Kugwirizana ndi mankhwala ena

Kuphatikizidwa ndi zinthu za fungicidal.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito liti?

Zinthu zakuthambo sizikukhudzanso mphamvu ya mankhwala. Kugwiritsira ntchito njira pakagwa mvula.

Kodi mungapange bwanji nyambo?

Maziko amawidwa - ngale ya barele, nsawawa, chimanga, mapira. Phulusa liyenera kukhala lopopera komanso lophika bwino.

Vofatoks (20 ml) imathiridwa ndi madzi pang'ono (100 ml) ndi kuyambitsa mpaka ufa utasungunuka kwathunthu. Yankho liri ndi 1 makilogalamu a phala ndi kusakaniza bwino. Kwa theka la ora chisakanizo chatsalira kuti chikhale chowonadi.

Mafuta asanakhale akugwiritsidwa ntchito, amawonjezera nyambo ya 40-50 ml ndi kuphatikizaponso. Mukhoza kusunga chisakanizo m'malo ozizira osapitirira masiku atatu.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito

Nyerere yokonzekerayi imayikidwa kuzungulira mbande zokalidwa pa nthaka yonyowa yomwe ili ndi dothi laling'ono kuti lisakope mbalame.

Toxicity

Mankhwalawa ali poizoni kwambiri kwa makoswe ndi mbewa, moyenera mbalame osati kokwanira anthu - 3 gulu la ngozi.

Rembek

Chithandizo chothandiza kwa Medvedka, mankhwala osasamala omwe ali ndi mankhwala omwe alibe mankhwala oopsa. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito polimbana ndi nyerere ndi medvedka.

Tulukani mawonekedwe

Croup ya mtundu wachikasu. Kutsekedwa m'maphukusi opanda madzi omwe ali ndi mphamvu 100 ndi 200 g.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

  • Boric acid;
  • Kondomu;
  • Krupa;
  • Shuga;
  • Mafuta a mpendadzuwa;

Njira yogwirira ntchito

Boric asidi, atalowa m'thupi, amawononga matumbo a m'mimba ndi madzi, zomwe zimayambitsa kutaya madzi. Kerosene imaletsa kupuma.

Nthawi yochitapo kanthu

Mankhwala amatha masiku 10-14.

Kugwirizana ndi mankhwala ena

Zodabwitsa kwambiri ndi mankhwala odziwika kwambiri.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito liti?

Chithandizo choyamba chiyenera kuyambidwa musanadzalemo ndikufesa mbewu pamabedi. Kubwereza - ngati n'kofunikira, makamaka makamaka pakubereka kwa chimbalangondo. Mavuto a nyengo si ofunika.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito

Mankhwalawa amapezeka pamtunda wa Medvedka kapena kukonzekera mitengo ndi maenje pamabedi, mabowo ndi mizere yapakati. Mtengo woyamikira - 3-4g (1/2 supuni ya tiyi) dera lililonse la mamita. Kusindikiza kuya - 2-4 masentimita.

Toxicity

Rembek ali payekha monga kalasi yachitatu ya ngozi kwa anthu ndi zinyama - kukhala ndi mphamvu yowopsa.

Ma Hacks

Kuwala bwino tizilombo toyambitsa granular, cholinga cha chiwonongeko cha tizirombo zomwe zimakhala m'nthaka. Izi zikuphatikizapo Medvedki, mphutsi za Khrushchev, mphutsi.

Tulukani mawonekedwe

Mankhwalawa kuchokera ku chimbalangondo - zidulo zofiira ndi zobiriwira, zimayikidwa m'matumba opanda madzi. Kulemera - 100 g

Mankhwala amapangidwa

Mankhwalawa ndi Malathion 50 g / kg.

Njira yogwirira ntchito
Kamodzi mu thupi la tizilombo, Malathion imasandulika kukhala thupi logwira ntchito ndi luso lapamwamba kwambiri poizoni.

Ndi ndalama zambiri tizilombo timayambitsa matendawa. Thupi la tizirombo ngati limeneli limapangitsa kuti liwononge mankhwalawa, n'kulipanga kuti lisakhale ndi poizoni.

Nthawi yochitapo kanthu

Imfa imachitika patatha maola atatu mutatha kumwa mankhwala mu thupi la chimbalangondo. Kutalika kwa ntchito ya poizoni kumapitirira masiku 20 mutatha kuika pansi.

Kugwirizana ndi mankhwala ena

Malathion, pakati pa mapangidwe ena a organophosphorus, akuphatikizidwa mwangwiro ndi ambiri mwa tizilombo todziwika ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito liti?

Choyamba choyika ma granules amapangidwa kwa masiku 8-10 asanadzalemo ndikufesa mbewu mu nthaka yonyowa. Ndibwino kuti muchite njirayi mutatha mvula kapena posachedwa.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito

Nthenda yochokera ku chimbalangondo imayikidwa m'mphepete mwa madzi kapena kumira mpaka 5 cm, kuika Mabala m'malo omwe nthawi zambiri amapezeka ndi Medvedka - milu ya manyowa ndi kompositi, mabedi ndi mabowo, mipiringidzo, mitengo ikuluikulu ya mitengo. Kuchokera pamwamba pa granules muli ndi dziko lapansi. Kugwiritsa ntchito mlingo - 6-10g hafu ya mita iliyonse.

Toxicity

Kudulidwa kumatanthawuza otenthetsa poizoni ali m'kalasi lachitatu la ngozi kwa anthu, zinyama ndi mbalame.

Njira yina

Osati kale kwambiri, wamaluwa wamaluso anazindikira kuti Regent, yemwe cholinga choononga chipatala cha ColoradoImathandizanso kutsutsana ndi chimbalangondo.

Nyerere imapangidwa kuchokera ku chimanga chophika (1-1, kg), yomwe ikukhutira ndi zomwe zili m'gulu limodzi la Regent. 3-4 makapu a mafuta a mpendadzuwa amawonjezeredwa kwa osakaniza, zonsezi zimasakanizidwa bwino ndipo zimayikidwa pa mabedi, mopepuka phulusa ndi nthaka.