Kukula magnolias m'munda

Ndithudi anthu ambiri nthawi imodzi ankayenera kuima kumayambiriro kwa maluwa kumbali ya bwalo kapena munda wina, osadziwa mosadziwika chithunzithunzi chachilendo - maluwa okongola, oyera kapena ofiirira pamtengo wokongola komanso wosakhwima wopanda masamba. Amamasula magnolia. Poyang'ana koyamba zingawoneke kuti chozizwitsa choterechi chingalimbikitsidwe ndi wamaluwa odziwa zambiri, kukhala ndi ndalama zambiri ndikuyika khama lalikulu. Tiyeni tiyese kuona ngati izi ndi zoona pofotokozera momwe tingakulire magnolia.

Magnolia (Magnolia) - Mtengo wokongola kapena wobiriwira wobiriwira ndi shrub kutalika kwa 2 mpaka 30 mamita ndi maluwa okongola okwana masentimita 25, omwe ali pamapeto a nthambi.

Ichi ndi chomera chakale kwambiri. Anatsutsa kuti ndiwe wobwerera m'maluwa a masiku ano. Mtengo uwu umatchuka ku China, kumene kuli zikhulupiriro zambiri za izo.

Mukudziwa? Magnolia ndi ofunika osati kokha kukongola kwake. Masamba, maluwa ndi zipatso zili ndi mafuta ofunikira omwe amathandiza kuthamanga kwa magazi, rheumatism ndi mavuto osokoneza bongo. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pa perfumery.
Mtengo unabwera ku Ulaya m'zaka za zana la 17 ndipo kuno kunali Magnolia kulemekeza mtsogoleri wa munda wina wa zomera ku France, Pierre Magnol. Kuchokera apo, obereketsa anabala mitundu yambiri ya mitundu ndi magnolia. Masiku ano, mitundu yokwana 80 imalimidwa, yosiyana mofanana ndi kukula kwa korona, mtundu ndi maluwa.

Magnolia: kusankha malo otsetsereka

Musanayambe kukonza magnolia m'munda mwanu ndikusamalira, muyenera kusankha mtundu woyenera, zosiyanasiyana ndi malo obzala. Popeza vuto lalikulu la mtengo wa magnolia ndi kulekerera kwa chisanu, posankha mtundu wa chomera, muyenera kumvetsera momwe nyengo yachisanu imakhalira m'dera lanu, ndi mtundu uti umene uli woyenera nyengo yanu. Magnolia Kobus ndi Lebner osasinthasintha kwambiri. Madzulo otentha a Magnolia Sulange, Wilson, Ash amalekerera bwino.

Posankha malo odzala, m'pofunika kukumbukira kuti chomeracho sichimalola kuti zikhale bwino kwambiri, choncho malowa ayenera, ngati n'kotheka, atetezedwe ndi mphepo kuchokera kumpoto ndi kummawa, mwachitsanzo, ndi mitengo yapamwamba.

Ndikofunikira! Musamabzala magnolia pansi pa mitengo ya zipatso, monga zipatso zakugwa zingawononge maluwa ndikuphwanya nthambi za zomerazo.

Ndikofunika kusamalira kuunikira kokwanira kwa malo, kotero kuti mtengo suli mumthunzi wakuya. Komanso, chomeracho sichiyenera kudutsa dzuwa. Kupatulapo kungakhale kwa magnolias Lebner, Kobus ndi mawonekedwe a nyenyezi, omwe akhoza kukula m'madera otseguka. Kobus imakhalanso yogonjetsedwa ndi kutulutsa mpweya ndi mafakitale ogulitsa mafakitale, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zibzalidwe pafupi ndi magalimoto othamanga komanso m'madera otukuka.

Masiku ano, magnolia imagwiritsidwanso ntchito mmunda wamaluwa, malingaliro ochuluka alembedwa momwe angamerekere maluwa-mtengo, makamaka omwe tikugawana nawo.

Nthawi yobzala magnolia m'munda

Mtengo ukhoza kubzalidwa pakati pa masika ndi autumn. Ngakhale odziwa magnolia enieni akulangiza njira yotsirizayi. Ichi ndi chifukwa chakuti asanamalize kubzala mbewu zimapumula, choncho zimakhala zosavuta kuti asamutse nyengo yozizira. Ndipo kumapeto kwa kasupe, mtengo ukuyamba kukula mwakhama, umapereka kuwonjezeka kwakukulu ndipo nthawi zambiri umakumana ndi nyengo yozizira kale ndi mphukira, zomwe panthawi ino sizinakhale ndi nthawi yoti ziphimbedwe ndi nkhuni ndi kufa.

Mmene mungamere magnolia

Magnolia siwopseza kwambiri, koma pobzala ndi kusamalira n'kofunikira kutsatira malamulo osavuta, omwe, choyamba, amagwirizana ndi momwe nthaka ikuyendera, kuthirira ndi kudyetsa.

Zolemba za dothi

Magnolia sapling ndi bwino kupeza m'masitolo odziwika bwino. Kawirikawiri kumeneko amagulitsidwa m'zinthu. Mitengo yotereyi imalekerera nthawi zonse kumayambiriro ndi kumayambiriro kwa nthawi yophukira, chifukwa chakuti abzalidwa ndi clod ya dziko lapansi, yomwe idasinthidwa kale. Olima minda yokhala ndi chidziwitso chodzala amalimbikitsa kupeza zomera 1 mamita mu msinkhu ndi awiri omwe kale akuphuka maluwa. Kotero inu mudziwa motsimikiza kuti nyengo yanu ili yabwino kwa mtundu uwu wa magnolia.

Nthaka yobzala iyenera kukhala yowala, yotsekedwa bwino komanso yochepa. Dothi losaloƔerera kapena losavomerezeka lamtundu wolemera mu zinthu zakuthupi ndi langwiro.

Ndikofunikira! Magnolia amatsutsana ndi nthaka ya laimu ndi saline.

Ngati nthaka pa tsamba lanu ili laimu, ndiye kuti mukhoza kuwonjezera peat kwa izo, zomwe zidzakulitsa acidity.

Malo abwino kwambiri a nthaka:

  • nthaka kapena masamba - 1;
  • peat - 2;
  • mchenga - 0,5.

Magnolia kubzala chitsanzo

Dzenje la kubzala liyenera kukonzekera pasadakhale, 3-5 nthawi kukula kwa mtengo. Mitsuko imayikidwa pansi pa dzenje - 15 cm pamwamba. Kenaka mchenga (masentimita 10), wosanjikiza (masentimita 15), kachidutswa ka mchenga (masentimita 15) ndi kusakaniza kwa nthaka kukonzedwa. Pambuyo pake, mmerawu umayikidwa mu dzenje lophimbidwa ndi dziko lapansi, podziwa kuti khola la mzuwo silinayidwe. Kutalika kwakukulu kumtunda ndi 2.5 masentimita. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yopepuka kwambiri ndi kuthirira mochuluka. Pristvolny m'deralo akhoza kuphimbidwa ndi coniferous makungwa, amene adzasunge wofunika mlingo wa chinyezi.

Magnolia salola kulekerera, choncho imayenera kubzalidwa nthawi yomweyo. Ngati mukufuna kudzala mitengo ingapo, ndiye kuti mtunda pakati pawo uyenera kukhala 4-5 m.

Mbali za Magnolia Care

Pambuyo pobzala bwino magnolia ubwino wake udzadalira chisamaliro chake. Palibe kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa chisamaliro cha mitengo yamba ya zipatso.

Kuthirira mbewu

Muyenera kuthirira madzi okha, komanso m'nyengo youma ndi akuluakulu. Kuti ubwino wa mtengo uyenera kuthirira kamodzi pamlungu kuchuluka kwa ndowa 2-3 za madzi. Ngati chilimwe chili chouma kapena magnolia imakula m'nthaka ya mchenga, nthawi zonse zimakhala zowonjezera.

Kusamalira dothi

Mizu ya magnolias imangokhala yeniyeni, choncho nthaka yomwe ili pansi pamtunda iyenera kumasulidwa kufika masentimita 20, pamene izi ziyenera kuchitidwa mosamala, makamaka popanda kugwiritsa ntchito fosholo kapena jekeseni. Namsongole ndi bwino kuthyola manja. Mtengo ukafika zaka zitatu, bwalo la thunthu likhoza kukhala lopangidwa ndi zipangizo zam'madzi (coniferous makungwa, peat, utuchi, manyowa). Izi zidzasangalatsa nthaka ndikupereka chitsimikizo choonjezera cha zakudya. Pambuyo pa njirayi, dzikoli silingathe kumasula.

Kodi ndi nthawi yotani kumera magnolia?

Ndikoyenera kudyetsa ndi kuthira mtengo osati kale kuposa zaka 2 mutabzala. Kumayambiriro kwa masika, mukhoza kudyetsa kukongola kwanu ndi chisakanizo cha 1 makilogalamu a mullein, 15 g wa urea, 25 g wa ammonium nitrate. Kumayambiriro kwa autumn feteleza ndi nitroammofoska (20 g / 10 l madzi) ndi othandiza. Mpesa wothirira - 40 lita pa mtengo.

Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito fetereza "Kemira-Universal" (1 tbsp / 10 l madzi), komanso feteleza wapadera "Kwa Magnolia".

Ndikofunikira! Ngati kumapeto kwa July magnolia masamba anayamba kuuma, zikutanthawuza kuti panali feteleza wambiri feteleza. Pankhaniyi, chomeracho chimaperekedwa mlungu uliwonse chamadzi okwanira.

Kudulira zomera

Popeza magnolias salola kulola kudulira, njirayi ndi yofunikira yokha yokongoletsera zaka zoyambirira mutabzala kuti mupereke mawonekedwe a korona. Kuchita nawo ntchitoyi kumatsutsana, chifukwa izi zingachititse kuti maluwa asagwire ntchito. M'tsogolomu, akulimbikitsidwa kudulira kamodzi pachaka, kumene nthambi zowuma, zokhota, zowonongeka zimachotsedwa. Ngati korona yakukhuthala, ndiye kuti ndiwe wochepa. Kuti magawowo azichiritsidwa msanga, ayenera kuphimbidwa ndi phula la munda.

Magnolia: momwe angapulumutsire chomera m'nyengo yozizira

Mitengo yokhwima m'nyengo yozizira imalekerera kutentha mpaka -25-30 ° C. Choncho, funso la momwe mungatetezere magnolia okhwima m'nyengo yozizira siyeneranso kwa mwini wake. Koma achinyamata amafunika kudandaula. M'zaka zitatu zoyambirira, gawo lawo la pansi ndi thunthu (kapena ngakhale mitengo yonse) liyenera kusungidwa ndi apadera agrofabric (lutrasil), chiguduli, udzu kapena nthambi zapruce. Ndili ndi zaka, kuuma kwa magnolia kumawonjezeka.

M'zaka zotsatirazi, nthaka muzungulira mtengowo iyenera kukhala yodzaza ndi utuchi, pine makungwa, ndi peat mu kugwa.

Magnolia Kuswana Njira

Magnolias amamera m'njira zitatu:

  • mbewu
  • kugawa ndi cuttings,
  • katemera.

Mbewu

Mu chilengedwe, magnolias amamera ndi mbewu zomwe zimanyamula mbalame. Mukhozanso kuyesa kubzala mtengo kuchokera ku mbewu. Izi ziyenera kuchitika mu kugwa, atangotenga zipatso. Kapena pitani mpaka masika, koma sungani mbeu mu firiji mu thumba la pulasitiki.

Mbeu zoyamba ziyenera kutsanulidwa kwa masiku atatu ndi madzi, ndiyeno kutsukidwa kwa chipolopolo chamtundu wambiri (mwachitsanzo, kupukuta ndi mchenga). Pambuyo kuyeretsa, ayenera kutsukidwa mu sopo yowonongeka ndi kuthira madzi oyera nthawi zambiri. Bzalani mabokosi kuti masentimita atatu mu nthaka yonse. Kukhoza kutsuka m'chipinda chapansi pa nyumba mpaka masika. Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March, ayenera kusunthira ku zenera zisanafike. Mbande ingabzalidwe chaka. Kotero iwe udzakhala ndi magnolia wodzikuza, kubadwa kumene iwe ukudziwa kale momwe ungasamalirire izo.

Mukudziwa? Popeza magnolias amakhala m'chilengedwe m'madera otentha ndi ouma, nyengo yotentha, mbande zimakula pang'onopang'ono m'chaka choyamba cha moyo. Masamba amatha kuyembekezera pakatikati pa chilimwe, ndipo mbande zidzakula pokha pa kugwa.

Cuttings

Pamene njira yosakanikirana yoberekera (kuika ndi kukulumikizanitsa) magnolias kulowa mmaluwa maluwa kale kuposa mbewu. Njira iyi imapereka zotsatira zabwino koposa zaka zoyambirira za moyo wa mtengo.

Mukamakolola posunga nthawi yachisanu, muyenera kugwada ndikuwaza nthambi imodzi pansi. Mu chaka chimodzi kapena ziwiri, mizu iyenera kupanga pa iyo. Pambuyo pake, zigawozo zimasiyanitsidwa mosamala ndi mtengo wa mayi ndikuziika kuti zikule.

Chakumapeto kwa July, mukhoza kuyesa cuttings. Cuttings amatengedwa kuchokera ku mitengo yaing'ono, kusiya masamba 2-3 pamtunda. Gawo la pansi likutengedwa ndi chinthu chilichonse cha rooting. Kenaka amafesedwa mu wowonjezera kutentha, mu chidebe ndi mchenga, ataphimbidwa ndi chivindikiro ndi kusungidwa kutentha kwa 19-22 ° C ndi chinyezi chofunikira. Kuzukula kumayenera kuchitika masabata asanu ndi asanu ndi atatu. Poyera pansi cuttings obzalidwa chaka. Ngati kuphatikizidwa kunkapangidwira pansi, ndiye kuti akuyenera kupereka malo abwino oti athe kutentha.

Katemera

Njira yofalitsira ndi grafts imakuthandizani kuti mufike kukula mofulumira kwa mbewu, poyamba fruiting, kuwonjezera kupirira kwake. Komabe, njira iyi ndi yovuta kuposa kukalumikiza. Katemera amachitidwa kumayambiriro kwa kasupe mu wowonjezera kutentha kapena kutchire ndi njira zowonjezereka bwino, pripriklad kapena kudula.

Mosasamala kanthu za kukongola kwake kosasunthika ndi kuoneka ngati kochepa, magnolia ndi wodzichepetsa akakula. Zimakula mofulumira, nthawi zambiri zimadwala ndipo siziwonongeka ndi tizirombo ndi makoswe. Ngati mumamupatsa bwino, amakukondani ndi maluwa ndi fungo kwa zaka zambiri.