Basil: Kodi mungamere bwanji masamba obiriwira m'nyengo yozizira?

Odziŵa mankhwala a zitsamba zokoma ndi zokoma amamvetsera mwachidwi ku basil. Chomera ichi ndi zovuta zomveka kulawa ndipo fungo lamtengo wapatali ndi lofunika kwambiri mu zakudya za ku Georgian, Armenian, Turkish, Italian ndi French.

Lero, masamba a basil akugwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama ndi a Russia, kuwonjezera pa saladi, soups, mbale mbale nyama ndi nsomba. Masamba ofatsa amapatsa zakudya zosakaniza zokometsera zokoma, pambali pake ali ndi zovuta zonse zothandiza mavitamini ndi microelements.

Ubwino wa wowonjezera kutentha

Basil ikukula bwino m'mabedi otseguka ndi miphika. Koma kubzala mu wowonjezera kutentha ali ndi ubwino wambirizomwe ziyenera kuonedwa ngati woyang'anira minda.

  1. Basil imakula m'mitengo yobiriwira mwamsanga, imatetezedwa ku kutentha kwambiri ndi tizirombo.
  2. Kukonzekera kwaukhondo kumakupatsani inu kukolola kumapeto kwa autumn, nyengo yozizira ndi kumayambiriro kwa masika, pamene mavitamini ndi ofunika kwambiri.
  3. Basil wabwino kupita oyandikana nawo ndi zokometsera zina zitsamba ndi zamasamba. Ikhoza kuyesedwa mu wowonjezera kutentha ndi tomato, eggplant ndi mbewu zina.
  4. Kukula pansi pa malo otentha sikudzangopereka banja ndi greenery, komanso kupereka mwayi wopeza pogulitsa zowonjezera.
  5. Pokula, mungagwiritse ntchito zobiriwira zowonjezera ndi zowonjezera zowonjezera zozizira popanda kutentha kwina.

Kusankha mitundu

Botanists ali ndi mitundu yosachepera 150 ya basil. Zimasiyana ndi kukula kwa chitsamba, mtundu wa masamba, maonekedwe a kukoma ndi fungo.

Wogulitsa minda yamaluwa amalumikiza mitundu yodziwika ndi yosasamala. Mu wowonjezera kutentha, mungathe kupeza njira zingapo nthawi imodzi kapena kuganizira kwambiri okondedwa anu.

  • Basil zonunkhira kapena camphor. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ndi masamba owoneka bwino. Ali ndi fungo lodziwika bwino, ndibwino kwambiri. Mitunduyi ndi yotchuka kwambiri ku Mediterranean zakudya.
  • Basil sinamoni kapena mexican. Pali ma sinamoni ovuta kugonana. Chomeracho ndi chogwirana bwino, kuphatikizapo masamba obiriwira otumbululuka ndi maluwa ofiira owala.
  • Basil zofiirira. Ndiwotchuka kwambiri ku zakudya za ku Caucasus, amawonjezeredwa kumbali yophika nyama, sauces komanso mchere. Kukoma kwa masamba ndi kosavuta, pang'ono mokoma.
  • Basil mandimu. Kufalitsa mbewu, kupereka maluwa ochuluka kwambiri. Masamba ndi aakulu, obiriwira, ndi kukoma kwa mandimu.

Vuto lothandizira pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya basil yakula mu wowonjezera kutentha:

Kodi ndikutentha kotani kumene kumafunikira?

Basil Zingakule mu malo obiriwira ndi kutenthetsa zobiriwira. Choncho, akakula mu nyengo yozizira m'nyengo yozizira, basil ikhoza kuphatikizidwa ndi mbewu zina: tsamba ndi mutu wa letesi, katsabola, parsley, masamba anyezi. Zomera zimenezi zili ndi zofanana zofanana ndi nthaka, ulimi wothirira, ndi nyengo ya kutentha.

Kutentha kwakukulu chifukwa cholima masamba chaka chonse zingakhale zochepa, kuyambira 20 mpaka 50 mita mamita. M. Pa chiwembu, mukhoza kukhazikitsa mapangidwe a mtengo kapena zitsulo. Nyumba zomangidwa bwino kapena zomangidwa bwino.

Zokongola ndi zochepa zowonjezera kutentha pafupi ndi nyumbayi. Muzipangidwe zotero, khoma limodzi limakhala wogontha, lomwe limapangitsa kutentha mkati mwake imakupatsani inu kusunga pa Kutentha. Momwe mungakonzere zithunziynthesis mu wowonjezera kutentha, fufuzani pa webusaiti yathu.

Zowonjezera kutentha zowonjezereka zingaphimbidwe ndi magalasi kapena mapepala a polycarbonate. Njira yowonjezera ndalama - filimu iwiri ya pulasitiki. Iye Chokhachokha chokha ndi kupunduka. Chophimba filimuyo chiyenera kusinthidwa pachaka, komanso, m'madera ozizira ozizira, chitetezo chotere sichingakhale chokwanira.

M'nyengo yozizira, pitirizani kutentha kutentha mu wowonjezera kutentha. adzathandiza zamoyo - kusakaniza manyowa ovunda ndi udzu. Unyinji umasiyidwa pansi pa filimu ya pulasitiki kwa masiku angapo, kenako umayikidwa pamapiriwo ndikuphimba nthaka.

Pakati pa mpweya wa wowonjezera kutentha, zimalimbikitsidwa kufalitsa masamba a ruberoid, omwe amathandiza kuteteza zomera kukazizira.

Pakuti Kutentha zomera gwiritsani ntchito magetsi otentha, otentha, zitovu kapena moto wawung'ono.

Kutentha ndikofunikira pakuyambika kwa chisanu. Kwa kuwombera kumafuna mpweya. Pofuna kuteteza mpweya wozizira kuti usaloŵe mu wowonjezera kutentha, Nyumba yaing'ono imapangidwira pakhomo.

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Basil ndi wokhazikika polemba za nthaka. Mu wowonjezera kutentha, ndi bwino kuchotsa dothi lokhala pamwamba, kudzaza mapiri ndi chisakanizo cha munda, peat ndi mchenga. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yosalala komanso yowonongeka.ndi acidity yochepa. Musanadzalemo, manyowa ovunda amayamba pansi (pamtunda wa makilogalamu 4 pa 1 sq. M). Pakatha milungu iwiri mutabzala, nthaka iyenera kumera ndi madzi amodzi a nkhuku kapena urea.

Mu wowonjezera kutentha, basil akhoza kukula kuchokera mbande kapena mbewu. Njira yoyamba imachepetsa kwambiri nyengo yokula. Mbewu Mbande zafesedwa mabokosiwodzazidwa ndi nthaka yowala. Kuwakhudza iwo safunikira. Mabokosiwa ali ndi pulasitiki.

Mphukira zoyamba zimaonekera patapita milungu iwiri. Pamene zomera zimakhala ndi masamba awiri, zosankha zimachitika. Pakati pa zomera zazing'ono amakhalabe mtunda wa masentimita asanu, izi zidzawathandiza kuti azikhala bwino. Patapita mwezi ndi theka mbande akhoza kupitsidwira ku wowonjezera kutentha. Ndi bwino kufesa nsomba m'nyengo yozizira, kubzala mbande kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Mbali za kubzala ndi kusamalira

Kodi mungamange bwanji basel mu wowonjezera kutentha? Mbewu zimabzalidwa m'mizere yopanda madzi, mtunda wa pakati pa zomera ndi pafupifupi masentimita 15. Masiku asanu ndi awiri, mabedi ayenera kuthiriridwa mochuluka ndi madzi ozizira kwambiri.

Kwa kuthirira ndiko kugwiritsa ntchito zitini zothirira ndi kupopera kwapadera. Wokonda kwambiri komanso kayendedwe kowonongekayomwe imakhazikitsidwa mu mafakitale ogulitsa.

Basil amakonda kukonda. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kukula ndi 22 ° C ... 28 ° C. Kutentha kotentha kwambiri sikukufunika, nyengo yotentha, wowonjezera kutentha amafunika kuwonekera nthawi zambiri. Mu chisanu chozizira ayenera kutetezedwa ku zojambula. Pamene kutentha kudumpha kufika 15 ° C, kukula kumachepetsanso, kuzizira mpaka 5 ° C kungathe kuwononga.

Chokolola choyamba chikhoza kukololedwa pamene mbeu yachinyamata imakwana masentimita 20 kudula ndi shears kapena mpeni kotero kuti pamwamba pa dziko lapansi anakhalabe chitsa ndi masamba awiri. Muyenera kuchitapo kanthu mosamala, mizu ya basil ndi yofooka, ndi kayendedwe kake mungathe kutulutsa msangamsanga.

Pambuyo kukolola zomera zimayenera kuthirira bwino komanso gwiritsani ntchito feteleza kumapiri: ndowe ya nkhuku kapena madzi a urea. Ndondomeko yotereyi idzaonetsetsa kuti maluwa atsopano sakukula bwino; kukolola kudzatheka kamodzi pa sabata. Kwa nyengo kuchokera pa 1 lalikulu. mamita otseka akhoza kusonkhanitsa kuchokera ku 2 mpaka 7 kg ya zobiriwira.

Basil kusamvetsetsa kusamalira ndi kukondwa kotuta. Izi chikhalidwe adzakwaniritsa ngakhale novice wamaluwa. Mukapeza zothandiza, mungayambe kukula mbewu zina, zopanda nzeru.