Taganizirani momwe mungamwetsere mbande ya biringanya: madzi abwino ndi kuthirira kawirikawiri, zida za boma mutatha kunyamula ndi kuziika, zothandiza

Biringanya ndi chikhalidwe chosazindikira kwenikweni chomwe chimafuna kusamalira chisamaliro motsatira malamulo onse a agrotechnical. Palibe zochepa mu njira iyi.

Kupaka pamwamba, kuika, kusunga ulamuliro wa kutentha - kukula kwa zomera ndi zokolola zam'tsogolo kumadalira mfundo izi. Makamaka ayenera kulipira kwa kuthirira bwino.

Chilichonse ndi chofunika: kuchuluka kwa ndondomekoyi, nthawi imene ikuchitika, ubwino ndi kutentha kwa madzi.

Madzi kwa ulimi wothirira: kodi mungasankhe chiyani?

Monga mbande zina, eggplants achinyamata samakonda madzi ozizira: thawed, mvula, yophika. Nthawi zambiri, madzi amadzipopi amatha kusungidwa m'mitsuko yotseguka ya nyengo chlorine.

Kutentha kwa madzi abwino kwa ulimi wothirira kumayandikira kutentha kwa firiji. Kuzizira kungayambitse zomera zochititsa mantha ndipo kumayambitsa matenda osasangalatsa (mizu yovunda kapena mwendo wakuda).

Nthawi ndi nthawi mbande Ndizothandiza kuchepetsa zakudya zopatsa thanzi. Madzi omwe amaphatikizidwa ndi eggshell adzalitsa nthaka ndi potaziyamu ndi calcium. Konzani mosavuta.

Mazira a nkhuku 10 oponderezedwa amathiridwa ndi madzi ofunda ndipo amasiya masiku angapo. Pambuyo poyeretsa kulowetsedwa kungagwiritsidwe ntchito kuthirira.

Zopanda phindu kulowetsedwa kwa tiyi. Masamba a tiyi kapena tiyi amagwiritsa ntchito madzi otentha. Masiku angapo pambuyo pake, kulowetsedwa kumasefu kumatha kuthirira mbande. Idzawonjezera ma microelements ofunika kunthaka, zomera zidzakhala zolimba.

Kuchotsa maliseche ndi zakudya za nthaka amagwiritsidwa ntchito komanso madzi akuwombera phulusa. Manyowa omwe sakhala ochepa kwambiri amathandiza kuti pakhale mchere wambiri, iwo ndi oyenerera kuthandizira kulima masamba popanda feteleza.

Zakudya zopatsa thanzi sizidzakhala zodabwitsa kwa iwo amene amagwiritsa ntchito fetereza feteleza. Mazira, phulusa kapena tizilombo ta tiyi amalowetsa madzi wamba wothirira.

Kodi mungamwetse bwanji mbande ya biringanya mutabzala?

Kuthirira koyamba kumayamba pambuyo pokonzekera nthaka. Kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mbewu imadonthozedwa mu kukula kwa stimulator, ndiyeno yofesedwa mu chidebe chodziwika kapena zida za munthu aliyense.

Mbewu imatsanuliridwa ndi dothi, kenako mwapang'onopang'ono amathiridwa ndi madzi ofunda kuchokera ku botolo la kutsitsi. Werengani zambiri za kukonzekera mbewu musanafese.

Kusunga bwino msinkhu wa chinyezi ndi kutentha kwakukulu kofika pamapungidwe apulasitiki.

Madzi wotsatira amapezeka 2-3 patapita masiku kumera.. Panthawi imeneyi, pamwamba pake muyenera kukhala wouma pang'ono.

Mukhoza kumasula mwachikondi dziko lapansi ndi msomali kapena chitsulo. Ndondomekoyi siidzakhala yowonjezera pamwamba, mbande idzapuma bwino.

Biringanya musakonde chinyezi chokwanira, sangathe kutsanulira. Pofuna kutulutsa mphukira, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito sirinji, supuni ya tiyi kapena botolo la kutsitsi. Nkofunika kuti musayambe kusokoneza nthaka, kuti musabzalidwe mbewu.

Nthawi yovuta: kusankha

Biringanya mizu yofooka kwambiri imene imangowonongeka mosavuta. Chipinda sichimavutikira kukolola, pa nthawi ino chiyenera kusamalidwa mosamala.

Ndondomekoyi imachitika mwamsanga, mwamsanga mutangotumiza mapepala awiri oyambirira. 1-2 masiku asanayambe kusuntha mbande amamwe madzi ambiri. Ngati izi sizinayendeke, zouma zapansi zingathe kuchotsa mizu pamene mukuziika.

Zomera zimayendetsedwa bwino ndi msomali wambiri ndikusamutsira mphika watsopano pamodzi ndi mtanda wa dziko lapansi. Mbewu imayikidwa mu okonzeka bwino ndi mwabwino anathirira paphesi. Njirayi ingathandize mizu kugwirizanitsa, chomeracho chimangoyenda mofulumira kupita kumalo atsopano.

Pambuyo pakusankha tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tisamamwe madzi masiku 4-5. Panthawiyi, mizu idzakhala yolimba ndipo imayamba kuyambitsa chinyezi m'nthaka.

Nkofunika kubuditsa mbande kuchokera kutsitsi kapena kuthirira pang'ono, 1 nthawi m'masiku 6-7. Pakati pa kuthirira nthaka muyenera kuuma.

Ndondomekozi ziyenera kuchitika mu nyengo yofunda, kupewa ingress ya chinyezi pamasamba. Nkofunika kuti mbande zisawonongeke dzuwa, Ndi bwino kumwa madzi m'mawa kapena dzuwa litalowa. Momwemo amavomerezedwa ndi zomera zazikulu.

Pambuyo pafunika koyamba kuthirira kamodzi pamlungu kudyetsa mbande ndi madzi ovuta feteleza. Pambuyo kudyetsa, zimalimbikitsa kutsanulira zomera ndi madzi ofunda.

Kukula kwa mbande kumafuna madzi ambiri kusiyana ndi kumangoyamba kumene. Kupopera mbewu sikoyenera, madontho otsalira pa masamba a kuwala kwa dzuwa angayambitse kutentha.

Biringanya Musalole kulekerera chinyezi chambiri cha nthaka. Pofuna kupewa izi, mabowo amasungidwa pansi pa miphika, kenaka matanki amaikidwa pamatumba. Madzi akuwoneka mu poto ayenera kuthiridwa. Kuteteza biringanya pamene kudula kwambiri kumathandiza phulusa lopanda phulusa lobalalika pamwamba pa nthaka.

Kuthirira pambuyo poika mu wowonjezera kutentha

Madzulo amatha kusamukira kumalo osatha, mbande imamwetsedwa mochuluka. Izi zingathandize eggplants kukhalabe ndi moyo mosavuta, mizu siidzavulala. Musanayambe kusamba nthaka yathyoledwa ndi yankho la potaziyamu permanganate.

Zomera zimasunthira kukonza zitsime ndi njira yosinthira, ndi zotchinga zadothi. Mankhwalawa sayenera kuthiriridwa mwamsanga mutatha kuika.. Mizu yayamba mokwanira, ayenera kukhala amphamvu ndikuyamba kutulutsa madzi omwe alipo m'nthaka.

Ndi kangati kumwa kuthira biringanya mbande? Icho chiyenera kuti chichitidwe Nthawi 1 m'masiku 6-7. Pambuyo kuthirira nthaka mokoma mtima kumasula, kumakuthandizani kuchotseratu kuthamanga kwazitali, zomwe zimalepheretsa kupeza mpweya ku mizu.

Ndikofunika kuthirira mazira a m'mawa kapena madzulo, mu nyengo yofunda. N'zosatheka kusefukira zomera, mchere wambiri umachedwetsa mapangidwe a mazira ndi kuyambitsa mizu kapena apical zowola.

Pambuyo kuthirira kutentha kumalimbikitsidwa kukhala mpweya wokwanira.kusintha maonekedwe a mpweya. Ngati mbiya zamadzi zili bwino mu wowonjezera kutentha, zimakhala zabwino kwambiri.

Kuthirira biringanya mbande: zinsinsi zochepa

Sikovomerezeka kuthirira mbeu ndi madzi amphamvu.kusuntha pansi. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yabwino ya phula kapena payipi.

Mthunzi umagawidwa pa nthaka pakati pa zomera. Kutentha kwa nthaka, ndikosavuta kusintha ndondomeko ya chinyezi.

Nthaka yolimba dothi imatenga chinyezi bwino. Kuti athetse vutoli nthawi zambiri amamasula ndi kulowa m'nthaka gawo laling'ono la peat. Mukhoza kupanga punctures angapo pafupi ndi zomera, iwo amatha kuyamwa.

Kusunga miyezo yambiri ya chinyezi Nthaka ikhoza kusakanizidwa ndi kokonati, udzu, humus kapena zophimba. Njira imeneyi ndi yabwino makamaka kwa zomera kumunda.

Pambuyo pa mulching zomera zimathirizidwira m'mabowo otsalira ndi zimayambira. Nthawi zambiri chinyezi cha nthaka chimachepetsedwa kufikira 1 nthawi m'masiku 6-7.

Pafupifupi, chomera chimodzi chikusowa pafupifupi 3 malita a madzi. Kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kumadalira kutentha kwa mpweya ndi chitukuko cha ma eggplants.

Madzi okwanira akulimbikitsidwa pa maluwa., pambuyo popanga mazira ambiri, imachepa pang'ono. Pamene kutentha kwa mpweya kumachepa, kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kuchepetsedwa; kutentha, mbali zina za madzi zikhoza kuwonjezeka.

Mu wowonjezera kutentha, mungathe kukonza ulimi wothirira. Ndondomekoyi idzapereka chinyezi kwa dosed, zomwe zingapewere kupitirira.

Pakumanga kuthirira madzi sangathe kulumikiza molunjika kumalowa, ngati madzi sangakhale ozizira kwambiri. Sitima yapakati ikufunika kuti ifike pamtunda woyenera.

Kuthira moyenera kumateteza biringanya ku matenda, kuwalola kuti azikula bwino ndikupeza mphamvu za m'tsogolo fruiting. Ulamuliro wokhazikitsidwa udzakhala wopindulitsa osati wachinyamata okha, komanso wamkulu zomera kuziika lotseguka pansi kapena wowonjezera kutentha.

PEZANI ZOKHUDZA! Pezani zomwe zimapangitsa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tiziyenda: Kodi tingachite chiyani ngati mbeu ikugwa, ikuchotsedwa kapena yakufa? Zimayambitsa mawanga oyera, chikasu ndi kupotoza masamba. Komanso ndi tizirombo ziti zomwe zingayambitse ana achinyamata?

Zida zothandiza

Werengani nkhani zina zokhuza kukula ndi kusamalira mbande za biringanya:

  • Njira zosiyanasiyana zolima: mu mapiritsi a peat, mu nkhono komanso pamapepala a chimbudzi.
  • Zonse zomwe zimafesedwa mogwirizana ndi kalendala ya mwezi.
  • Malamulo a golide akukula kuchokera ku mbewu.
  • Makhalidwe a kulima m'madera osiyanasiyana a Russia: ku Urals, ku Siberia ndi ku Moscow.