Mmene mungakulire "Black Prince", kubzala ndi kusamalira tomato wakuda

"Mtsogoleri wakuda" makamaka kudziwika kwa mtundu wa mdima wobiriwira wa zipatso zake. Zina zonse ndizosiyana ndi phwetekere zosiyanasiyana.

"Black Prince" anatulutsidwa ndi obereketsa ochokera ku China. Mankhwala amitundu ina amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa kulima kwake, koma zosiyanasiyana sizinatengedwa ngati GMO, kotero kuti okonda zakudya zathanzi akhoza kugwiritsa ntchito tomato zosiyanasiyana popanda mantha.

Mu nkhaniyi mudzaphunzira zomwe phwetekere la "Black Prince" liri, zizindikiro zake ndi kufotokozera, komanso zodziwika kuti zikukula izi.

"Black Prince": kufotokoza ndi makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana

Ngakhale kuti palibe kusiyana kwakukulu mu kulima ndi kusamalira, phwetekere la Black Prince ndi losiyana kwambiri ndi ena, kenaka ndilongosoledwe mwachidule.

"Mtsogoleri wakuda" amatanthauza zitsamba zosakwanira, ndiko kuti, palibe malire a kukula kwa msinkhu. Monga mitundu yonse ya tomato yaikulu, amafunika garter.

Inflorescences amapangidwa pambuyo pa mapepala 7-9. Pa burashi imodzi amapanga mpaka 4-5 tomato. Zipatso zili ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, nthawi zina zimakhala zochepa pamapeto. Kukoma kwa chipatsocho ndi zonunkhira komanso shuga, ndipo kulemera kwake kulikonse kumatha kufika 400 g

Mtundu wodabwitsa wa chipatso "Black Prince" unali chifukwa cha kusakaniza kwa carotenoid ndi lycopene ndi anthocyanins.

Nthawi ya fruiting mu "Black Prince" ndi yaitali ndithu. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya phwetekere ikhoza kukhala pereopolylyatsya ndi mitundu ina ya mbewu zowonongeka, choncho, alimi odziwa bwino amalangizidwa kudzala "Black Prince" pamtunda wa mamita limodzi ndi theka kuchokera kwa iwo.

Black Prince mitundu yambiri tomato amawotcha mwatsopano, iwo si abwino kwa nthawi yaitali yosungirako ndi kayendedwe. Pamene kuphika mtundu umakhala bwino "phwetekere".

Kusankhidwa kwa mbewu

Posankha mbewu, ndibwino kusankha mitundu ya anthu ogwira ntchito, zomwe zidzasinthidwa kwambiri ndi nyengo. Nthanga zamtengo wapatali nthawi zambiri zimawoneka zokopa, koma zikadzakula, mavuto angayambe kuchitika, zomwe zingachititse kuti mbeu isatayike.

Komanso imodzi mwa nthawi zofunika kwambiri - moyo wa alumaliNgati zatha kale, mbewu zimamera kwambiri ndipo zokolola za omwe zimamera zimakhala zochepa kwambiri kuposa zomwe zimayembekezeka.

Mmene mungabzalidwe "Mtsogoleri Wakuda"

Tomato "Black Prince" ambiri sali osiyana ndi mitundu ina yamtundu wina wa tomato, kotero kuti kulima kwawo sikukhala vuto. Posakhalitsa musanadzale ndikofunika kukonzekera mbewu ndi nthaka.

Kukonzekera Mbewu

Pogulitsa mungapeze mitundu iwiri ya mbewu: Ena mwa iwo anali otayika pa siteji yopanga zakudya, ndipo zakudya zoyenera zinali zofunika kwa iwo, pamene zina zinali zachibadwa. Poyamba pali mabala achikuda, ndipo zonse zimakhala zosavuta ndi iwo: akhoza kubzalidwa nthawi yomweyo mu chidebe cha mbande, palibe kukonzekera kwina kofunikira.

Ngati mbewu ndi zachilendo, ndiye malamulo oyenera a kukonzekera mbeu za phwetekere:

  1. M'pofunika kudula bandeji 20,2424 m'litali, pindani pakati.
  2. Mbewu ikugona pakati pa chidutswa ichi, pukuta ndikulumikiza ulusi.
  3. Ikani chimbudzi chotsekemera mu chotengera ndikutsanulira njira yowonjezera yofiira ya potassium permanganate kwa mphindi 15. Kenaka amafunika kuthiridwa, kusamba mabanki mumatangi, pogwiritsa ntchito madzi.
  4. Dothi la phwetekere lofooka mu bandage ndi kukula stimulator kwa maola 10,1212. Mlingo amasankha malinga ndi malangizo.
  5. Pambuyo pake, yothetsera vutoli, mbewuzo ziyenera kudzazidwa ndi madzi kuti ziphimbe mabanki ndi theka. Siyani malo otentha kwa masiku awiri, koma nsaluyo iyenera kukhala yothira nthawi zonse.
Ndiye, cholinga cha kuuma, njere zimatumizidwa usiku wonse mufiriji, komwe kutentha kudzakhala pamtunda wa +3 - +5 ° C.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mukufuna kupeza nyemba ndi kuyamba kuyamba kukolola mu February, mphukira ziyenera kuwonetsedwa ndi nyali kwa maola 14-16.

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Acidity ya dothi ndi chizindikiro chofunikira pokonzekera nthaka yakukula tomato. Kwa "Black Prince" ndi mtengo wapatali wa 6.0 - 6.7. Mitedza yonse imakonda nthaka yachonde, ngati mchere wochuluka kwambiri, ndiye kuti iyenera kukhala mandimu pazaka 3-4.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati chaka chatha, komwe mudapita kukabzala tomato, physalis, phwetekere, biringanya kapena tsabola zinakula, ndiye simungakhoze kuzibzala m'malo ano.

Chabwino, ngati musanayambe kukula tomato m'dera lodzipereka linakula zukini, kabichi, anyezi, nkhaka, kaloti, maungu, mbatata.

Ku nthaka pamaziko a nthaka nthaka muyenera kuwonjezera humus kapena peat, komanso superphosphate ndi phulusa phulusa. Pofuna kuthetseratu tizirombo ndi tizilombo toopsa, nthaka ikhoza kuyaka kapena kuyatsa asanayambe kusakaniza.

Kuti tomato waku Black Prince akhale wopanda mavuto, tidzatha kufotokozera magawo otchuka kwambiri kwa iwo:

  • Zidutswa zisanu ndi ziwiri za peat;
  • Gawo limodzi la utuchi;
  • 1 gawo la mtunda.
Njira yachiwiri:
  • Zidutswa zitatu za peat;
  • Gawo limodzi la humus;
  • 0,5 mbali ya utuchi;
  • 0,5 mbali ya mullein.
Kuwonjezera pamenepo, kwa 1 m³ ya kusakaniza ndikofunikira:
  1. ammonium nitrate - 1.5 makilogalamu;
  2. superphosphate - makilogalamu 4;
  3. potaziyamu sulphate - 1 g;
  4. borax - 3 g;
  5. zinki sulphate - 1 g;
  6. mkuwa sulphate - 2 g;
  7. potaziyamu permanganate - 1 g.
Koma zonse feteleza zamchere zimatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito posakhalitsa ngati kudyetsa.

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu za "Black Prince"

Mofanana ndi ena, Black Prince zosiyanasiyana tomato wakula pogwiritsa ntchito mbande. Kufesa mbewu kumadalira nthawi ya kubzala mbande, choncho konzekerani nthawi zonse pasadakhale. Zitha kutenga masiku 45 mpaka 80 mbeu isanakwane.

Kawirikawiri, mbande yokonzeka ndi masentimita 35 masentimita chitsamba. Ndikofunika kuti musamere mbande yayikulu kwambiri, mwinamwake siidzakhala mizu bwino ndipo idzapweteka nthawi zonse. Mbeu zokonzedwa zimayikidwa mu nthaka mozama pafupifupi 1-2 masentimita.

Mukudziwa? Kuonjezera phwetekere kumera, mbewu zimayenera kupereka kutentha kwabwino, zomwe ndi +15 ° C.

Kukula phwetekere: momwe mungasamalire mbande

Asanayambe, mbande za "Black Prince" zimasungidwa bwino kutentha kwa 20-25 ° С pa masiku a dzuwa ndi 18-20 ° С - mitambo.

Mukasankha, kutentha kwakukulu kudzakhala 25-27 ° C masana, ndipo 14-17 ° C usiku. M'nyengo yamvula, kutentha kumatha kufika pamtunda wa 20-22 ° C. Patapita sabata, muyenera kutentha kwa 20-25 ° C masana (18-20 ° C mu nyengo yamvula) ndi 8-10 ° C usiku, nthawi zonse.

Mukudziwa? Kusankha (kapena kuthamanga) kumatanthawuza nthawi imene mbande imachokera ku tangi yambiri kuti ikhale yowonjezera.
Posavuta kuti mbande zisamalire chovala, mukhoza kugwira ulimi wothirira ndi madzi ofunda. Mphukira imayamba kuthawa pamene ali ndi masamba enieni 1-2. Izi ziyenera kuchitika pamene zaka za mbeu zimakhala masiku 18-20.

Pambuyo pake, m'pofunika kuyamba kuumitsa mbande, pafupi masiku 12-14 musanafike. Kuthirira pa nthawi ino muyenera kuchepetsa ndi pang'onopang'ono kukulitsa mbewu ku dzuwa. Pa nthawi yomweyi, mbande ikhoza kudyetsedwa ndi feteleza. Zimayambitsa kukula kwa mizu ndikupereka zokolola zambiri pambuyo pake.

Nthawi komanso momwe mungabzalidwe mbande pansi

Nthaŵi yoyenera ikafika nthawi yofesa mbewu za tomato potseguka nthaka imasiyana malinga ndi nyengo, koma izi zimachitika pakati pa June. Mbeuyi yaikidwa m'manda masentimita ochepa ikabzalidwa, pafupi ndi masamba a cotyledon, kutsetsereka kumwera.

Ndikofunikira! Imodzi mwa zolakwa zazikulu za wolima minda pamene akukula mbande - mbewu ndi zazikulu kwambiri ndipo zimabzalidwa mofulumira kwambiri. Kwa kubwereka ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mbande zomwe zili masiku 30-35.

Kusamalira bwino mitundu

Kulima ulimi wa tomato sikovuta, koma muyenera kuchita ndondomeko zonse kuti mukwaniritse zotsatira zabwino ndikupeza zokolola zokoma komanso zathanzi.

Matenda a tomato

Wamtali, makamaka wamkulu-fruited, tomato akusowa garter Mosakayikira, mwinamwake zipatso zomwe ziri pansi pa zolemera zawo zidzakhala zokopa pansi, ndipo pakapita nthawi iwo akhoza kuchotsa burashi yonseyo.

Kuphatikiza pa zovulaza zoonekeratu kuntchito izi, zipatso, zomwe zidzakhale pansi kapena zakhala pafupi nazo, zimakhala zovuta kuti ziwonongeke ndi tizirombo. Zipatso zogwirizana pa zomera zimakula bwino, chifukwa zimapeza kuwala kwa dzuwa komanso mpweya wokwanira.

Njira zotchuka kwambiri za tomato:

  • miphika ya waya;
  • chowonekera trellis;
  • choyimira;
  • zikhomo.

Malamulo odyetsa ndi kuthirira

Musalole kuti nthaka iume pambali ya phwetekere, kuti kuthirira kukhale koyenera nthawi zonse. Nthaŵi yomwe kuli bwino kubweretsa izo ndi nyengo yamvula kapena m'mawa.

Tomato wamtali, omwe akuphatikizapo "Black Prince", ali ndi tsamba lalikulu ndi zipatso zazikulu, motero amafunikira madzi ambiri kuposa mitundu yomwe timakonda.

Kupaka pamwamba Tsamba la phwetekere "Black Prince" ndifunikanso. Muzu ndi chakudya cha foliar ziyenera kusinthidwa pambuyo pa masabata awiri. Mitengo yabwino ya feteleza:

  • Chabwino;
  • Dziwani + 7;
  • Gumat-80;
  • Zinyansi zonse;
  • Emerald;
  • Fertika ngolo.
Komanso, monga fetereza, mungagwiritse ntchito humus ndi slurry.

Phwetekere "wakuda wakuda": nthawi yokolola

Ngati mwachita bwino, ndipo panthawi ya kukula kwa tomato panalibe zodabwitsa za nyengo (chilala cholimba, matalala, mphepo zamphamvu), ndiye zipatso zoyamba zikhoza kuwonekera patapita miyezi itatu, pafupifupi kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa July. Pambuyo pake, kusonkhanitsa kumapangidwa masiku 4-5 alionse pamene zipatso zimapsa.

Monga mukuonera, kukula kwa Prince Black kumakhala phwetekere ndi kosavuta ndipo zotsatira zake ndizofunika. Zipatso za tomatozi ndizowona kuti zimakondweretsa banja lanu. Ngati mumakonda tomato wakuda, Black Prince ndi mitundu yabwino kwambiri kwa inu.