Malo ogulitsira mbeu: magawo omanga ndi zinthu zomwe zikukula mmenemo

Mphuno pamphuno, ndi zomera zina ndi nthawi yokonzekera kubzala. Nanga bwanji ngati kuzizira? Ndiye chikhalidwe chokonda kutentha chidzawonongeka, ndipo zikumbukiro zokha zidzatsala. Pankhani iyi, ndi bwino kuti mupange wowonjezera kutentha.

Nyumbayi ikukumangidwanso pamabedi, izi zidzatetezedwa motsutsana ndi zodabwitsa zachilengedwe.

Masana kudzera mafelemu opangidwa ndi magalasi kapena mafilimu, amalowa mkati, zomera zimapeza kutentha kokwanira, ndipo zimamveka bwino ngakhale kutentha kotentha. Kusiyanitsa pakati pa wowonjezera kutentha ndi wowonjezera kutentha ndikuti wowonjezera kutentha amagwiritsidwa ntchito masika ndi chilimwe (mwapadera nthawi ya kugwa), ndipo wowonjezera kutentha amagwiritsidwa ntchito chaka chonse.

Kodi greenhouses ndi chiyani?

Musanayambe kumanga, muyenera kumvetsetsa kuti ndibwino bwanji. Malo ogulitsira matenti ali ndi chigawo chokhala ndi siteji iwiri ndi denga limodzi, arched, pyramidal, polygonal, ndi zina zotero.

Njira iliyonse ndi yabwino mwa njira yake. Mwachitsanzo, kutentha kutentha kumateteza kwambiri zomera zambiri. Njira imodzi, mumasankha. Ndikoyenera kuti tisakakamize moyo, koma kuti tigwiritse ntchito njira zowonjezera, chifukwa wowonjezera kutentha sikunamangidwa kwa zaka zambiri, nyumbayi ndi nyengo.

Zingathe kusokonezeka (zomwe ziri zoyenera) kapena zosagwirizana. Pachifukwa ichi, wowonjezera kutentha akhoza kufanana ndi wowonjezera kutentha, monga momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira. Maziko ndi ofunika kwambiri.

Ngati nyumbayo imayikidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, ndiye kuti maziko amatsanulira ndi konkire, ndipo ngati kwa nthawi, ndiye kuti maziko osalimba angapangidwe.

NthaƔi zina, sizingatheke, koma njirayi siidakonzedwe, chifukwa patapita nthawi dongosolo lidzatayika.

Timamanga wowonjezera kutentha kwa ma polycarbonate ndi manja athu.

Werengani apa zonse za kubzala nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Phunzirani momwe mungasamalire tomato mu wowonjezera kutentha //rusfermer.net/ogorod/plodovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-v-teplitsah/vyrashhivanie-pomidor-v-teplitse-sovety-i-rekomendatsii.html.

Yambani kumanga wowonjezera kutentha

Malo oyambirira amasankhidwa. Iyenera kukhala dzuwa komanso popanda madzi. Ndi zofunika kuti palibe mitengo pafupi, mwinamwake mthunzi wawo umachepetsa kuchuluka kwa dzuwa. Zowonjezera kutentha zimapangidwa ndi maolivi, zimachokera kummawa mpaka kumadzulo, ndipo malowa ndi abwino kusankha osungidwa ndi mphepo.

N'zotheka kutentha nthaka osati ndi biofuel (izo zinalembedwa pa gawo lachitatu la nkhaniyo), komanso mothandizidwa ndi magetsi. Pankhaniyi, mukufunikira chingwe chapadera. Imaikidwa pamwamba pa mchenga m'mitsinje ingapo, ndikuwaza pansi pamwamba.

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti nthaka ikatenthedwa ndi magetsi, dziko lapansi limauma mofulumira, choncho mumayenera kuthirira mbeu nthawi zambiri. Mpweya wobiriwira uyenera kukhala pafupi ndi mphamvu, makamaka kumadzulo kapena kumadzulo kwa khoma la nyumbayo.

Timapanga nkhuni

Kuti mupange wowonjezera kutentha 3000x1050x600 mm, muyenera kupeza matabwa. Kukula kwakukulu kwa zizindikirozi ndi 25x150 mm. Musanayambe kupanga chimango, matabwawa amachiritsidwa ndipadera, imateteza mtengo kuti ukhale wovunda ndipo amaletsa kubereka ndi tizilombo.

Poyamba, makoma awiri a 3000x600 mm apangidwa. Pa khoma limodzi mumayenera mapu 4 a mamita 3. Iwo ali pafupi kwambiri. Ndi malo okwana 30 mm kuchokera pamphepete mwa pamwamba, mtanda wa pamtanda ukugwedezeka kuti uwononge 200 mm kuchokera m'mphepete imodzi ndi 600 mm kuchokera kumzake. Momwemonso, zomangazo zimakhazikitsidwa ndi matabwa ena awiri: pakati ndi pansi (30 mm indentation amapangidwanso m'munsimu).

Ndi mfundo yomweyo, khoma lachiwiri limapangidwa. Zojambula zonsezo zimapangidwira. Pachifukwa ichi, mbali zowonongeka za 200 mm zili pansi. Payenera kukhala mtunda wa 1050 mm pakati pa zishango. Tsopano, pansi pa matabwawa akugwirizana ndi matabwa asanu ndi atatu (anai kumbali iliyonse). Kumtunda, matabwa atatu a kutalika 1050 mm amathandizidwa ndi majekiti 600 mm.

Amatsalira kuti apange denga

Izi zidzafuna mapuritsi asanu ndi limodzi (550 mm) kutalika. Pambaliyi, amajambula pamtunda wa 30 ° ndipo amaikidwa pamwamba pamtunda wa mamita atatu, zidutswa zitatu. Bungwe lofala limaphatikizidwa pakati pawo ndikukonzekera ndi misomali. Makona opopera amayenera kupukuta kuti polyethylene isang'ambike. Tsopano ndikofunikira kupenta chimango.

Monga chophimba, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito filimu yapadera. Zomwe zimakhala bwino kwambiri ndi 60-220 microns.

Kukula topinambur kuli kosavuta komanso kosavuta.

Phunzirani momwe mungapangire vwende poyera pansi //rusfermer.net/ogorod/plodovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-v-otkrytom-grunte/dynya-na-sobstvennom-ogorode-vyrashhivanie-uhod.html.

Kukula zomera mu wowonjezera kutentha

Musanayambe kupanga wowonjezera kutentha, ndikofunika kudandaula za nthaka yabwino. Choyamba, dzenje limakumbidwa pamalo omwe akukonzekera kukhazikitsa wowonjezera kutentha. Kuzama kwake kuyenera kukhala pakati pa 500 mm ndi 750 mm. Monga feteleza, manyowa osavuta kapena utuchi wothira ndi nthaka amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kusakaniza kukuikidwa ndi kutalika kwa 400-450 mm, ndipo pang'ono ndi zofanana ndi mafoloko.

Sikofunika kupondereza feteleza, monga manyowa odzaza kwambiri amawombera bwino, nthawi zina amangozizira. Mphuno yopanda madzi ya 100-150 mm imakumba mu feteleza pakati pa wowonjezera kutentha. M'lifupi mwake liyenera kukhala mkati mwa 300 mm. Kuti zikhale zowonjezereka, zamoyo zamtunduwu zimatsuka ndi phulusa, ndipo masiku awiri kenako nthaka imathiridwa kuchokera kumwamba.

Mbeu imabzalidwa masiku awiri mutatha ntchito yomanga nthaka. Kenaka nthaka yayamba kale kutentha, ndipo mizu ya zomera imatha kukula. Ndikofunika kuyika mbande molingana ndi msinkhu wawo. Ngati nkhaka yabzalidwa, ndiye kuti mbande 6 mpaka 12 pamtunda umodzi. Pankhani ya phwetekere - 2-4 mbande pa mita imodzi. Ngati zipatso ndizoyamba kucha, zikhoza kuikidwa nthawi zambiri.

Zomera zimathiriridwa mu wowonjezera kutentha 1-2 pa sabata, koma ndi madzi otentha komanso pansi pazu. Ngati chinyezi cha nthaka chili pansi pa 70%, ndiye kuti ukali udzaonekera chipatso.

Komabe, kutsanulira sikuli koyenera, mwinamwake zomera zidzayamba kuvunda, "mwendo wakuda" ukhoza kuwonekera. Ngati nyengo ikuloleza, wowonjezera kutentha ayenera kuwonetsedwa tsiku ndi tsiku. Ndikofunika kukweza chimango popanda nyengo yozizira panja, mwinamwake mbewu idzamwalira.

Masiku onse 10-12 amapangidwa kuvala. Pochita izi, pangani chisakanizo cha nkhuku zowakometsera (kuchuluka kwa 1:12), mullein (1: 8) ndi slurry (1: 6). Panthawi yapadera, zigawozo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito padera, koma isanafike zipatso zoyamba. Ndikofunika kuteteza kutentha kwa nthaka, ziyenera kukhala mkati mwa 20 ÷ 24 ° C.

Mothandizidwa ndi wowonjezera kutentha, zomera zimatetezedwa mozizira ku chimfine, zimabereka zipatso mofulumira, zimakula molimbika, ndipo zimabala mbewu. Chinthu chachikulu ndikutsatira malangizo, ndipo chilengedwe chimadziwa bizinesi yake.

Werengani pa tsamba lathu lonse za ubwino wa sorelo.

Phunzirani momwe mungakulire parsley //rusfermer.net/ogorod/listovye-ovoshhi/vyrashhivanie-i-uhod/petrushka-eyo-polza-dlya-zdorovya-posadka-i-vyrashhivanie.html.