Momwe mungamere ndikulitsa daffodil mu mphika

Anthu ambiri amaganiza kuti daffodils ndi zomera zokha zokha. Komabe, maluwa awa akhoza kubzalidwa ndikukula pamudzi mu mphika. Iwo ndi odzichepetsa, osavuta kuyeretsa. Nkhaniyi ikukamba za mitundu yambiri yotsalira yobzala ndi kusamalira pakhomo, malamulo a kusankha mababu, makamaka kubzala ndi kuyang'anira zitsamba zamkati.

Narcissus: mitundu yabwino yoyera kunyumba

Mafuta amatha kukhala mizu m'nyumba mwanu mumiphika ndikukondwera ndi maluwa okongola kuyambira December mpaka March. Komabe, si mitundu yonse ya zomera yomwe ikuyenera kukula pakhomo. Choyenera kwambiri chodzala mu miphika ndi mitundu:

  • Banjali.
  • Pepala
  • Inbal.
  • Ziva.
  • Magnet.
  • Grand Soleil d'Or.
  • Erlichir.
Mitundu yonse kupatula Magnet ndi Grand Soleil d'Or ikhoza kukhala ndi mitundu itatu yokongola: beige, zonona, zoyera. Oimira awiri oyambirira alipo khungu lokha. Maluwa a Avalanche ali ndi malo a chikasu ndi maluwa oyera, ndipo Erlicir amasiyana ndi ena maluwa okongola, omwe amafanana ndi maonekedwe a velvet. Odzichepetsa kwambiri komanso maluwa ambiri amatengedwa kukhala Avalansh, Bumazhny ndi Ziva.

Momwe mungasankhire mababu obzala

Mababu a Daffodil akukula kunyumba ali ndi zofunikira za kukula ndi chisamaliro. Ngati mukufuna kuti chomera chigwiritse bwino mumphika woumba, sankhani mababu akuluakulu. Iwo sayenera kuonongeka (mabowo, mawanga wakuda, zikopa, malo okuza). Pambuyo pogula mababu a chipinda cha chipinda choyenera amalimbikitsidwa mwamsanga kuti mubzalitse miphika. Musanabzala, chodzala chiyenera kusungidwa pamalo amdima, owuma komanso okwera mpweya wabwino.

Ndikofunikira! M'nyumba yonyowa kapena yotentha, mababu amayamba kukula mizu, komanso amatha kuwonongeka ndi fungal.

Momwe mungabzalitsire daffodil, zofunika zofunika

Daffodils amadzichepetsa. Komabe, kuti chomera chikhale cholimba komanso chakukondweretsani ndi maluwa ake okongola, muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena odzala ndi kusamalira. Akaphedwa, maluwa a narcissus amatha kukondedwa kuyambira m'nyengo yozizira mpaka pakati pa March. Nthawi zina pali zodandaula kuti mbewuyo siili ndi zizindikiro za matenda ndi zowonongeka, koma ndizing'ono kapena sizimafalikira konse. Nthawi zambiri chifukwa cha vutoli ndi njira yolakwika yobzala.

Momwe mungasankhire mphika wa daffodils

Mphika wolima daffodils ayenera kukhala otsika (pafupifupi masentimita 15), kukula kwake pakati (10 mpaka 13 cm). Mu mphika umodzi womwewo akhoza kubzalidwa kuchokera ma awiri mpaka 4 mababu, malingana ndi kukula kwake ndi zosiyanasiyana. Koposa zonse, ngati ndidothi kapena ceramic chidebe.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mphika uli wamtali kapena wochulukirapo, mbewuyo siidzaphuka.
Pansi pa mphika ayenera kukhalapo mabowo. Amaonetsetsa kuti madzi owonjezera pa ulimi wothirira angatuluke mu thanki. Mu nthawi ina, chinyezi chidzachepa pansi, chomwe chidzapangitsa kuola kwa mbewu.

Kodi nthaka yoyenera kubzala daffodil iyenera kukhala yotani?

Mu masitolo ogulitsa maluwa mukhoza kugula dothi lapadera la daffodils. Komabe, chomera ichi chidzazulidwa bwino mumunda wamba. Pofuna kuphulika bwino ma daffodils, tikulimbikitsidwa kuwonjezera kanyumba kakang'ono, mchenga kapena dongo pansi.

Dziko lapansi liyenera kukhala lofewa ndi lopepuka. Ngati pali mabere m'nthaka, ndipo zidutswa za dziko lapansi zimayamba kugwirizana pakati pawo, nthaka siidzalandira mpweya wokwanira, womwe umadzetsa kugonjetsedwa kwa mbeu ndi matenda a fungal. Zimalimbikitsanso kuthira nthaka ndi mchere kapena phulusa.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yambiri ya pepala yotsamba ikhoza kuikidwa mu galasi beaker ndi miyala. Pa nthawi yomweyi, nsonga ya babu iyenera kuyang'ana pang'ono (pafupifupi 5 mm), ndipo pansi (pafupifupi 1, 5-2 cm) ili ndi madzi.

Momwe mungabzalitsire daffodil

Pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi dothi, takhala tikuganiza kale, tsopano tidzakambirana momwe tingamangire daffodils. Pansi pa mphika ayenera kuikidwa madzi (miyala yaying'ono, miyala yozungulira) yosanjikiza ya zala zitatu. Izi zidzathandiza kuti ma oxygen apitirize komanso kuti athetse madzi owonjezera pa ulimi wothirira. Kenaka, lembani chidebecho m'mphepete mwa nthaka. Mababuwa amaikidwa pamwamba ndikukankhidwa pang'ono pansi. Pamwamba pa zokolola ayenera kuyang'ana pamphepete mwa mphika.

Chiwerengero cha mababu omwe aikidwa mu mphika chimadalira kukula kwake. Mwachitsanzo, mu chidebe chokhala ndi mamita 9 masentimita mukhoza kuika anyezi atatu ndi kukula kwa masentimita 10-11. Mulimonsemo, mababuwo asamamatirane. Mutabzala, nthaka imathiriridwa. Musasowe kudzaza mphikawo, mwinamwake zokolola sizidzavunda kapena kuyamba kuvulaza. Kuti mababu akhale mizu, zitsulozi zimayikidwa pamalo ozizira (kuyambira +8 mpaka +3 digri) malo amdima kwa miyezi itatu. Kenako amasamukira m'chipinda. Mababu a Ziva ndi Bumazny mitundu sasowa nthawi yozizira, akhoza kuyika pazenera sill nthawi yomweyo mutabzala.

Kubzala nthawi kumadalira nyengo yofunika: ngati kuli kofunikira kuti chomera chiphuke m'nyengo yozizira, chomera kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa September, ngati chakumapeto kwa November kapena kumayambiriro kwa December. Kuti musataye, werengani kufotokozera kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana, nthawi yochuluka bwanji yomwe zomera zimasowa rooting ndi kukonzekera maluwa.

Zomwe zimasamalira daffodil kunyumba

Kukula kwa daffodils mu miphika sikufuna khama kwambiri. Zokwanira kutsatira malamulo ochepa, ndipo mutha kukulirapo pa March 8, zomwe zingadabwitse banja lanu ndi alendo. Chimodzi mwa zinsinsi zoyambirira za momwe mungakweretse daffodils pawindo sikuti muwaike pafupi ndi maluwa ena. Zomerazi zimaphatikizapo zinthu zina zoopsa zomwe zingathe kuvulaza kwambiri zomera posamalira mizu yofooka.

Mukudziwa? Kwa ma daffodils amasamba pa March 8, kubzala kumakhala pakati kapena kumapeto kwa November (zimadalira zosiyanasiyana). Ndiye miphika imayikidwa mu mdima, ozizira (kuchokera +8 mpaka +3 madigiri), malo abwino podutsa mpweya. Masabata awiri isanayambe nyengo ya maluwa, miphika imasamutsira m'chipindamo ndikuyikidwa pawindo lowala.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa

Kuthirira koyamba kumaperekedwa mutatha kukwera. Pa nthawi yoweta, kuthirira kumakhala koyenera - kamodzi pa masabata awiri. Pambuyo miphika imasamutsira m'chipindamo, madzi nthawi zambiri ngati nthaka ikuuma. Izi zimapangidwa bwino ndi madzi kutentha ndi poto. Pamene chomera chimamasula, madzi nthawi zambiri, pambuyo pa maluwa - moyenera. Masamba atakhala achikasu, kuthirira kwaimitsidwa.

Kwa daffodil kunyumba bwino mizu ndi bloomed, zomera akulimbikitsidwa kudyetsa. Pochita izi, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza ya nitrogen-potassium. Kudyetsa koyamba kumachitika pambuyo pooneka ngati zikuphuka. Ndiye_pamene masamba amawonekera, kamodzi pa masabata awiri. Mu nthawi ya maluwa ndi kutha kwa ulimi wothirira fetereza sizothandiza.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene maluwa amaonekera, chomeracho chiyenera kuikidwa pamalo ozizira kuti atulutse maluwa. Pa kutentha kwa + 10 ... + madigiri 12, iwo amasintha kwa pafupifupi milungu itatu.

Kudulira ndi kusamalira daffodil mutatha maluwa

Daffodils amafunika kusamalidwa pambuyo maluwa. Maluwa owuma ayenera kusamalidwa mosamala, msiyeni mbewu zonse ziume. Panthawi imeneyi, imathirira madzi ndi kudyetsa (pafupifupi kamodzi masiku khumi). Masamba atatha, gawo la nthaka limadulidwa ndi lumo kapena mpeni. Kenaka ikani mphika wa anyezi m'malo amdima, ozizira.

Mababu amathanso kuchotsedwa pansi. Ikani zokolola mu thumba la pepala kapena thumba la nsalu musanayambe kusamba ndi malo pamalo ozizira. Yambani kuyang'ana mababu: taya mavitamini kapena ovunda mwamsanga.

Mukudziwa? Pakhomo, babu womwewo ukhoza kusungidwa kwa zaka zitatu. Komabe, chaka chilichonse chotsatira, maluwawo adzakhala ochepa, ndipo maluwawo sali ochuluka kwambiri. Anyezi otere kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe akhoza kubzalidwa m'munda.

Matenda ndi tizirombo ta chipinda cha daffodil

Matenda ambiri a daffodil ndi matenda a bowa. Izi zimachitika pamene kuthirira ndi kusungirako mababu kumalo otentha kwambiri. Pofuna kuteteza zokololazo ku matendawa, musanabzala zingathe kuchiritsidwa ndi fungicides. Pakati pa tizirombo ndi mitundu yotsatirayi:

  • mphutsi;
  • zopanda;
  • nematodes.
Pofuna kuteteza matenda a zomera, nthaka yozungulira iyo imatsukidwa masamba ndi masamba, amamasulidwa, atayikidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Kuphatikiza pa zochitika zoterezi, tsatirani malamulo oyang'anira chisamaliro: musati muzitha kusefukira, musasunge mababu pa kutentha pamwamba pa madigiri 9-10.

Kotero ife tinaganiza ngati tizisunga daffodil kunyumba. Kugwirizana ndi malamulo odzala ndi kusamalira kudzaonetsetsa kuti nthawi yayitali yamaluwa imatha. Kusungunuka kwa daffodils kunyumba sikufuna khama lalikulu, nthawi ndi ndalama.