Kukongola kosasamala - Crocosmia

Crocosmia ndi chomera chokongoletsera chosachokera ku latitudes.

Komabe, ndiwe wokondwa komanso wokongola kwambiri kuti watenga nthawi yake m'mitima ya alimi a maluwa.

Mitengo yake yobiriwira pamodzi ndi masamba osakhwima amakongoletsa maluwa m'madera ouma kwambiri, kumene abale ena a banja la Iris amatha.

Chifukwa chiyani muyenera kuyamba kukula crocosmia:

  • ndi wodzichepetsa, mosavuta kusinthasintha zosiyana;
  • bwino amapanga malo, ngakhale popanda inflorescences;
  • Zimakondweretsa diso pamaluwa;
  • musafunike chisamaliro chosamalitsa;
  • pafupifupi osadwala.

Ngati mwasankha kuyambitsa crocosmia kapena, monga imatchedwanso, montbrecia, ndi bwino kudziŵa bwino mbali zina za mbeu.

Werengani zambiri zokhudza kusamalira hymenocallis.

Pezani apa za zochitika za kubzala ndi kusamalira forsythia.

Zambiri pa chisa cellosis: //rusfermer.net/sad/tsvetochnyj-sad/vyrashhivanie-tsvetov/vyrashhivanie-naryadnyh-tsvetov-tselozii.html

Maonekedwe

Pali zambiri kuposa makumi asanu izi zisatha. Iwo amadziwika ndi kutalika kwa mphukira (kuyambira 60 mpaka 150 masentimita), mawonekedwe a masamba (mzere, xiphoid), mtundu wa maluwa (kuchokera ku chikasu mpaka wofiira).

Zinyama zakutchire, inflorescences ndizithunzi zochepa komanso zowonjezereka kwambiri; poziswana, zimakhala zowala komanso zazikulu.

Nthawi yamaluwa imasiyananso: kuyambira pakati pa chilimwe mpaka kumapeto kwa September.

Kutalika ndi kuchuluka kwa njirayi kumadalira momwe nthaka imasankhidwira komanso malo ounikira malo awo.

Kukula

Pakubereka Crocosmia iyenera kunyamulidwa m'maganizo kuti imachulukitsa motere:

  • mbewu;
  • mababu;
  • ana.

Chomerachi chimagonjetsa mofulumira madera akuluakulu. Choncho ndikofunikira kuonetsetsa kuti mbewu kapena mababu amakhalabe m'malo awo omwe akufuna.

Ngati mukufuna kupewa kubzala, chotsani inflorescences mwamsanga. M'tsogolomu, mbeu zosonkhanitsa zingagwiritsidwe ntchito. Zofesedwa motere, zomera zimatha kuponya maluwa m'chaka chachiwiri.

Onani kuti chomeracho n'chopatsa mungu wochokera. Choncho, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imabzala bwino patali. Inde, ngati cholinga chanu sichiyenera kubala mtundu watsopano.

Mababu-ana amaoneka kuchokera kumapeto kwa September. Mu October ndi pamaso pa chisanu choyamba, mukhoza kuwasonkhanitsa. Crocosmia, kuchepetsedwa ndi mababu, imakula kwambiri komanso molimba kwambiri.

Mukufuna kuona inflorescences kumayambiriro kwa July? Pezani mitundu yoyambirira yamaluwa: Crocosmia paniculata, Crocosmia masoniorum. Kuchokera maluwa otchuka kwambiri ndi Nyenyezi ya Kummawa, Emily McKenzie, Spitfire.

Tikufika

Mababuwo abzalidwa mu nthaka yonyowa (ideally chernozem) ku kuya kwa 10-15 masentimita. Onetsetsani kuti iwo osati wandiweyani kwambiri.

Mtunda wa masentimita 10 pakati pa tubers udzakhala wabwino kwambiri.

N'zotheka kudzaza malo alionse ndi iwo, koma magulu akuluakulu a montrebies amayang'ana bwino.

Kusankha malo

Kuyambira pamene Crocosmia ikuchokera ku Africa, ndizo amakonda dzuwa. Choncho, dera lodzala chomera ichi liyenera kukhala lotenthedwa bwino mu nyengo yofunda.

Penumbra yaing'ono imaloledwanso. Kuwala kochuluka kumene kumagwa, kwakukulu ndi kochuluka kwambiri mtunduwo udzakhala.

Samalirani komanso nthaka chinyezi. Sayenera kukhala yonyowa kwambiri. Crocosmia akukumana ndi chilala chophweka kwambiri kuposa madzi ambiri. Mbali imeneyi iyenera kukumbukiridwa mukamamwetsa.

Chosiyana ndi Crocosmia pottsii zosiyanasiyana. Zimachokera ku dothi, choncho zimapangitsa kuti nthaka imere bwino kuposa achibale ake. Komabe, dzuwa lowala ndilofunika kwa iye.

Orchid, maluwa okongola kwambiri. Phunzirani malamulo a kuthirira orchid.

Komanso fufuzani kuti madzi otsekemera otsekemera ndi: //rusfermer.net/sad/tsvetochnyj-sad/vyrashhivanie-tsvetov/fitilnyj-metod-poliva-fialok.html

Kodi ndi nthawi ziti zomwe zikufunika kuchepetsa kufalikira kwa Crocosmia?

Kugawa malire ayenera kukhala ngati:

  • ngati chomera chiri mbali ya bedi limodzi la maluwa. Ndi kufalitsa mofulumira kudzasokoneza dongosolo la malo;
  • ngati mukufuna kukwaniritsa inflorescences zazikulu ndi zopitirira. Mbalame zotchedwa crocosmia zimakula, zochepa komanso zochepa. M'madera ozungulira kwambiri akhoza kukhala obiriwira.

Kodi montbretia ayenera kuloledwa kuti akule liti?

Ngati mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito chomera ngati chivundikiro cha munda. Maluwa amadula crocosmia amawoneka bwino komanso opanda maluwa.

Chophimba ichi ndi chabwino chosiyana ndi udzu wa udzu.

Chisamaliro

Ngakhale kudzichepetsa kumafuna chidwi. Choncho musaiwale za:

  1. Kuthirira. Ziyenera kukhala zosavuta (kamodzi pa sabata), koma zakhala zambiri. Ngati chilimwe chiri mvula, ndikwanira kumasula nthaka pambuyo pa mvula.
  2. Kupaka pamwamba. M'chaka cha kukula kwa Crocosmia, feteleza feteleza angafunike. M'chilimwe - potashi zowonjezera. Amafunika kuti apangidwe bwino. Chovala chokongoletsera ndi 10% mullein yankho ndikulandiridwa.
  3. Kulamulira tizilombo. Adani a chomera ndi Putin a mite, Medvedka, ndi thrips. Kwa matenda ambiri a zitsamba, zomera zimakhala zolimba.

Phunzirani momwe mungasamalire munda wanu mwa kuwerenga nkhani pa webusaiti yathu.

Zonse zokhudzana ndi kukwera tsinde losalala, werengani chiyanjano: //rusfermer.net/sad/tsvetochnyj-sad/vyrashhananie-tsvetov/poskadka-i-vyrashhivanie-shahmatnogo-ryabchika.html

Zima yosungirako

Crocosmias amalekerera nyengo yozizira bwino pansi. Komabe ngati dera lanu liri kawirikawiri chisanundi bwino kuphimba chomera m'nyumba.

Pochita izi, kumapeto kwa nthawi yophukira, munthu ayenera kukumba crocosmia yonse, kusiya gawo lochititsa chidwi la nthaka pa mizu. Sungani pa mababu ndi njira iyi yosungiramo sichiyenera. Chomera chokonzekera chabzala mu mphika kapena pansi mu chipinda chapansi, kumene chimasungidwa mpaka kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Ngati palibe pansi, mungagwiritse ntchito yosungirako. Kwa iye, crocosmia ayenera kukumbidwa kunja, kugawidwa mu mababu amodzi ndikuchotsa chapamwamba (tsinde ndi masamba), kusiya 5-7 masentimita.

Pambuyo pake nkhaniyi ikaikidwa mabokosi kapena matumba, peppetsya utuchi, peat wouma. Nkofunika kuti ndi njira yosungiramo ma tubers ali owuma, koma osati owonjezera, kutentha mu chipinda chiri chozizira (mpaka 10 ° С).

Komabe, ngati pali mwayi, ndi bwino kuchoka ku crocosmia mpaka nyengo yozizira. Kotero izo ziyamba kukula patsogolo, maluwa adzakhala aakulu, ndi zomera zokhazo zamphamvu.

Mabedi ayenera kutetezedwa ku chisanu mochedwa kwambiri, ndipo atsegulire kumayambiriro kwa masika, pamene frosts zamphamvu zatha. Monga malo ogona, mungagwiritse ntchito masamba owuma, shavings, udzu, agrofibre.

Zima za zomera zimadalira mitundu yawo.. Mwachitsanzo, Crocosmia masoniorum, Crocosmia Lucifer ndi wolimba kwambiri. Ndipo Nyenyezi ya Kummawa kwa dzinja ndi bwino kukumba. Mitundu imeneyi imalephera kuzizira.

Zomwe anakumana nazo wamaluwa amalimbikitsanso gwirizanitsani njira zosiyanasiyana zosungirako. Choncho, ngati mbali ya Crocosmia idzawombera pansi, mukhoza kubwezeretsa chiwerengero cha mababu omwe amasungidwa m'chipindamo.

Crocosmia ndi chomera chabwino kwa wopanga maluwa. Ngakhale osamalidwa bwino, izo zimakondweretsa wofalitsa ndi masamba obiriwira, kukhululukira zolakwika ndi miscalculations mu kuthirira ndi kudyetsa.

Mukasamala bwino, mudzakhala munda wamaluwa obiriwira komanso zonunkhira bwino za safironi, ndikufalikira pamphuno.