Mbali za kukula kwa wisteria m'munda

WisteriaMwina chomera chochititsa chidwi kwambiri padziko lapansi. Amene anali ndi chisangalalo kamodzi m'moyo kuti aganizire maluwa ake ndikumveka ngati fungo lapadera, adzakumbukira nthawi yabwinoyi kwa moyo wake wonse. Mapulotenti otha kufalika kwambiri a mtundu wa wisteria amatha kufikira mpaka theka la mita, amaika chomeracho mumagulu a zamatsenga, ndipo pakuwonekeratu iwo akuwoneka kuti wagwera m'nthano.

Wisteria: Kutanthauzira Zomera

Wisteria - zokongoletsera zokongola zomwe zimatha kusungunuka, zomwe zimakhala zozizwitsa zotseguka masamba ndi buluu, lilac kapena whitish inflorescences. Ndi maluwa okongola omwe anapangitsa wisteria kukhala otchuka kwambiri m'dziko lathu.

Wisteria, kapena wisteria, ndi wotchuka kwambiri wa mitengo yodutsa yamitengo yambiri ya banja la legume. Mitengo yambiri ya zomerazi imakula kokha m'madera otentha otentha.

Amaluwa am'mudzimo amayesetsa kukhala ndi ziwembu zomwe wisteria akufalikira komanso Chinese wisteria.

Mukudziwa? Pogwiritsa ntchito zinthu zabwino kwambiri, wisteria amatha kutalika mamita 10.

Chinese Wisteria ndi zonunkhira, koma osachepera kutentha kwa chisanu, pamene wachibale wake akuphuka kwambiri akhoza kupirira kutentha kwapang'ono kufika madigiri -23.

Zimene muyenera kuziganizira mukamabzala mipesa

Wisteria ndi ofunika kwambiri kuwonongeka kwa mpweya, choncho zomera zimatha kukula bwino m'madera omwe ali ndi nyengo yabwino. Chomeracho chimamasula zaka zisanu zokha mutabzala mbewu, cuttings kapena cuttings. Dothi lotsekemera ndi losalala bwino ndi loyenera kubzala wisteria, momwe chinyezi sichidzaphulika.

Kudzala mbewu zomwe zimapangidwa mumitengo yokonzedwa 60/60/50. Kusamalira chomera sikukutengerani nthawi yambiri ndi khama. Kuti wisteria ikhale bwino ndikukula bwino, muyenera kuyesa kuthirira bwino komanso kupatsa feteleza pang'ono. Kudyetsa wisteria mu kugwa kudzapambana ngati mutakhala kumadera akummwera omwe amadziwika ndi nyengo yochepetsetsa ndipo palibe kusintha kwakukulu kwa kutentha.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti chomeracho chisangalale ndi maluwa okoma, ndi bwino kuchepetsa mphukira zake. Momwemonso, kutalika kwa nthambi za wisteria sikuyenera kupitirira masentimita 30.

Ngati chomeracho chimawunikira kumpoto, ndiye kuti chisanu chisasokonezeke, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tizitha kuphimba tchire mosamala. Chifukwa chakuti mphukira za wisteria ndizolemera kwambiri, muyenera kudandaula za kukhazikitsa mapulogalamu ngakhale musanayambe maluwa.

Ndikofunikira! Wisteria ikukula mofulumira, choncho nthawi zina nthawi zina zimayenera kudula tchire kangapo pa nyengo.

Zofunikira za Kuunikira

Liana ali ndi chikondi chachikondi cha kuwala, choncho amachitira molakwika chifukwa cha kusowa kwa dzuwa. Glowcine wisteria wokonda kuwala, yomwe imakula pang'onopang'ono, sitingathe kukukondweretsani ndi maluwa okongola, mitundu yowala kwambiri komanso maulendo opita patsogolo.

Mitengo yomwe imakhala yopanda kuwala kwa dzuwa, imawoneka yofooka ndi yopweteka, nthawizina kusowa kwa kuwala kumakhala chifukwa chachikulu chomwe chikhalidwe chimakana kuphulika.

Kodi chinyezi ndi kutentha kumayenera bwanji kukula?

Liana ndi thermophilic, choncho amamva bwino m'madera otentha. Ngakhale kuti ali ndi malingaliro abwino ku kutentha, wisteria salolabe kutentha kwambiri kuposa madigiri 35. Kuti zomera zipirire zabwino wintering, mphukira zake zimayenera kukulunga mosamala, makamaka mu chisanu chitetezo cha thunthu la mtengo.

Ngati chiweto chanu chiri cha mbewu zapanyumba, ndiye kuti m'nyengo yozizira ziyenera kulimbidwa m'nyumba mkati kutentha pafupifupi madigiri 10. Kukulitsa wisteria m'mipata ya Spartan kudzateteza maluwa ake msanga.

Ndikofunikira!Mukakulira m'nyumba, chomeracho sichifunikira kupopera mbewu zina. Komabe, polima wisteria m'chipinda chomwe muli ma radiator, chifukwa cha mpweya wambiri, kupopera mbewu zamasamba kungagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti ziwononge chilengedwe, kapena akasinja amadzi akhoza kuikidwa pafupi ndi chomeracho.

Momwe mungabzalitsire wisteria

Mukamabzala wisteria, payenera kupatsidwa chidwi pa malo osankhidwa: ziyenera kutetezedwa kuzithunzi ndi kutentha. Ndi bwino kudzala mbande za glyciniis kumbali yakum'mwera, ndipo ndikofunika kuganizira mozama za malo omwe akuthandizira.

Ndikofunikira! Liana sali wovuta kwambiri ponena za nthaka, koma mbewu idzamva bwino pa nthaka yathanzi, yosungunuka komanso laimu.
Kubzala kumachitika mu dzenje lokonzekera, limene poyamba linaphatikizidwa kompositi. Mutabzala, ayenera kuonetsetsa kuti kuthirira bwino kwambiri.

Mukudziwa?Musaope ngati mpesa uleka kukula poyamba. Koma mutatha nthawi yowonongeka, idzakudabwitsani ndi kuyendetsa bwino kwa chitukuko.

Kudzala zigawo

Wisteria kuberekanso ndi kutchuka kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa. Monga cuttings angagwiritsidwe ntchito chaka chatha mphukira. Kumayambiriro kwa masika, mphukira imayikidwa bwino pamwamba pa chiwembucho ndi dziko lapansi.

Ndikofunikira! Kuchokera kwa amai omwe adzalima mphukira, akhoza kupatulidwa osati kale kuposa chaka.

Mmene mungamere wisteria kuchokera ku mbewu

Kubzala mbewu za glycine kumachitika mu November kapena kumayambiriro kwa December. Mbewu imafesedwa pamwamba pa nthaka yomwe ili ndi pepala, nthaka ndi mchenga pa chiƔerengero cha 4 x 1 x 1. Pambuyo kufesa, ndibwino kuti muphimbe mbewuzo ndi mchenga womwe suli oposa 1-2 millimeters wakuda.

Kenaka sprayed ndi madzi otsekemera ndikuphimba chidebe ndi galasi kapena chidutswa cha polyethylene kuti mupange mulingo woyenera kwambiri wa microclimate. Ikani chidebe pamalo otentha, kutentha kumene kumatha kusiyana ndi madigiri 22 mpaka 25.

Ndikofunikira! Mpaka nyembazo zikuphuka, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti dothi lomwe lili mu chidebe sumauma ndipo nthawi zonse limakhala losauka..

Kuwombera kumawoneka pambuyo pa masabata 3-4, ndipo patatha masiku 7-10 chidebecho ndi mphukira chikhoza kusunthira ku kuwala kosavuta, koma kutetezedwa ku malo a dzuwa.

Pambuyo pakamera mphukira za masamba awiri, zimasambira ndi kuziyika pamodzi ndi dothi ladothi m'dothi lokha, kenako kuthirira ndi njira yochepa ya potaziyamu permanganate.

Malamulo a chisamaliro cha zomera zokongola

Ngakhale mphunzitsi amatha kusamalira chisamaliro cha mkazi wokongola. Kulemera kwa liana wisteria, kubzala ndi kusamalira zomwe sizikufuna kukhala ndi chidziwitso chapadera, zimasiyanitsidwa ndi zomwe sizingatheke. Chomeracho chidzayamikira maluwa okoma kwambiri pokhapokha ikadzawunikira bwino komanso kutetezedwa ndi mphepo.

Pamene mukukula wisteria, muyenera kumangirira maluwa awo. Kuti chomera chisangalale maluwa, mphukira yake imafunika kudulira nthawi zonse.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kulima mipesa idzafunika kuonetsetsa kuti mizu yake siuma, ndipo pokhapokha idzapanga maluwa angapo, omwe amachititsa kuchepa kwa chiwerengero cha inflorescences.

Kusamba madzi

Wisteria amakonda chinyezi, koma amachitira mowa mwauchidakwa kwambiri. Kuti mudziwe kuti ndi nthawi yoti madzi azitsuka, yesetsani kufinya dothi lanu, ngati dothi limangotenga mawonekedwe ake, ndipo panthawi yomwe imapuma, nthawi yothirira siinabwere. Ngati mukulephera kupanga dothi, zomera zimasowa kuthirira.

Ndikofunikira! Kumbukirani kuti kusowa kwa chinyezi kumapangitsa wisteria kuyamba kuyesa maluwa.

Mukakulira m'nyumba kapena kumadera otentha ndi nyengo yotentha, kuthirira mipesa kumatha mu December ndikuyamba kukonzekera nyengo yozizira.

Kodi ndi nthawi yanji yodyetsa wisteria

Wisteria - ndi liana yaikulu kwambiri, ndipo kuti chomera chikhale ndi mtundu wolemera nthawi yonse yomwe ikukula, imafunika kuyambitsa chakudya nthawi ndi nthawi. Podyetsa wisteria ndi zovuta zamchere feteleza, amafotokozedwa motere: 10 malita a madzi okhala ndi magalamu 20 a feteleza omwe amadzipangidwira amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa 1 mamita.

Komanso, liana idzayankha mwatcheru kuyamba kwa tincture wa manyowa ovunda okonzedwa pa mlingo wa 1 x 20 kapena choko yankho (100 gm ya youma chokiki ufa amasungunuka mu chidebe chimodzi cha madzi).

Kudulira mipesa

Amaluwa ambiri samadziwa momwe angadulire wisteria. Koma zimadalira kulondola kwa kudulira mowolowa manja mpesa udzaphuka. Kudulira wisteria kumachitika kawiri pachaka.

Mutabzala, m'pofunikira kuchepetsa mphukira yayikulu ya chikhalidwe kuti ikhale yolimba. Komanso, mphukira zonse zimatha, zomwe zimayambitsa chitukuko chachikulu.

M'chaka choyamba, m'chilimwe cha garter tchire, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti mphukira yake yayikulu ili pamtunda, ndi zina ziwiri - pangodya pafupifupi madigiri 45.

M'chaka chachiwiri m'nyengo yozizira, tsinde lalikulu liyenera kufupikitsidwa kuti kutalika kwake lisapitirire masentimita 80. Pambuyo pake timapanga mphukira zowonjezera ziwiri ndikufupikitsa.

Chilimwe chotsatira, timangiriza tsinde la mtengo wa mpesa ku chithandizo, sankhani mawanga awiri ena ndi kuwamanga pambali yofanana ndi madigiri 45. Ngati pangakhale mphukira zina zowonjezera zomwe zimayambira pansi pa mbeu, ziyenera kuchotsedwa.

Pa gawo lotsatirali, timangiriza tsinde lomwe tangoyamba kumene ndikufupikitsa nthambi zonse zachiwiri mpaka masentimenti 20 pa izo.

Ndikofunikira! M'chaka chachitatu, komanso m'zaka zotsatirazi, zidzakhala zofunikira kuchita zonse zomwe tatchulazi zokhudzana ndi kukula kwa mbewu.

Wisteria kubereka

Njira yosavuta yopangira Wisteria - kugawidwa kwa chitsamba. Njira imeneyi ndi yabwino kwa zomera zazing'ono, zomwe zimakhala zaka zitatu mpaka zisanu. Zitsamba zakale zimangoyenda mbali imodzi ndi kugawa gawo laling'ono la chomera.

Olima amalonjeza kuti kubzala wisteria kumapeto kwa nyengo kudzapambana, chifukwa nthawi ya chilimwe chomera chidzakhala ndi nthawi yozika mizu ndi kukula.

Olima munda amafalitsa zidutswa za wisteria. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa, shrub ya mbewu yaikulu imalephereka, ndikudula mizu yonse yomwe ilipo.

Mizu yonse ikuluikulu imadulidwa mwachindunji pamtunda, ndipo kenako wisteria yawonjezeredwa dropwise ndipo nthaka yatsopano imaphatikizidwira kudzenje.

Mukudziwa? Zochita zoterezi zimayambitsa chomeracho, chomwe chimachititsa mizu kupanga. Mizu yatsopano ya zinyama imadziwika ndi luso lapamwamba lokhazikitsa masamba atsopano, omwe mphukira zazing'ono zidzakula mtsogolomu.
Chaka chotsatira, chitsambachi chiyenera kuchepetsedwa ndi kudula mizu yaying'ono pa khola la mizu, lomwe lidzagwiritsidwe ntchito pozumikizanitsa.

Ndikofunika kusankha mizu yokha yomwe siili yoonda kuposa pensulo ndipo imakhala ndi masentimita 10 mpaka 15. Pachigawo chotsatira, mizu yosankhidwa imayambitsidwa ndi fungicides ndikubzala mu nthaka yosasunthika.

Panthawi imeneyi, cuttings amafunika kuthirira madzi okwanira. Mu kugwa, iwo amaikidwa pa malo osatha kapena ku wowonjezera kutentha kuti akule.

Matenda ndi tizirombo a wisteria

Mukudziwa? Chifukwa cha poizoni wa wisteria sichikhoza kutenga matenda ndi tizirombo ndi matenda.
Koma nthawi zina mpesa umayambidwa ndi aphid wobiriwira, chifukwa cha chiwonongeko chomwe amagwiritsa ntchito sopo-mankhwala kapena mankhwala osokoneza bongo "Tanrek".

Chinyama china, chimene sichiopa mantha a wisteria, ndi clover mite. Pofuna kuteteza chomera pa nkhaniyi, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa "Karate Zeon".

Kukonzekera chomera m'nyengo yozizira

Pambuyo yophukira kudulira kuteteza tchire ku chisanu, imathamangira pansi. Pambuyo pochotsa chithandizo, timayambitsa mphukira pazowonjezera zowonjezera kapena zowonjezera ndikuphimba nthambi ndi masamba owuma owuma.

Ndikofunikira! Masamba a maoli amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti aphimbe creeper, chifukwa siivunda, ndipo izi zikusonyeza kuti kutentha komweko kumakhalabe kolimba.
Masamba a Oak omwe ali pamwamba ali ndi kapangidwe ka lapnik kapena chophimba chilichonse. Bend nthambi za mpesa ziyenera pang'onopang'ono, makamaka kusankha masiku otentha. Ndi bwino kupanga njirayi pakatha masana, chifukwa pa nthawi ino zimayambira ndi pulasitiki.

Visceria - chomera chokongola, ndipo ngati mukufuna kulima mpesa uwu pa chiwembu chanu, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungasamalire wisteria m'munda. Chomeracho ndi chodzichepetsa, ndipo ngati mukuchizungulira mosamalitsa komanso mosamala, ndithudi chidzakusangalatsani ndi maluwa okoma.