Zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudza kubzala thuja, momwe mungamerekere shrub yobiriwira

Thuja - imodzi mwa oyimira kwambiri kwambiri a vidiyo zobiriwira zachilendo. Kawirikawiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekera mapangidwe a malo. Mapiramidi okongola kwambiri a zomera awa ali odzichepetsa kwambiri pa chisamaliro ndipo ali ndi katundu wothandiza kuti atulutse zinthu zowonongeka m'nthaka - phytoncides. Izi ndi zomwe alimi wamaluwa okongola okongola ndi anthu okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe, omwe amamera kukula, adayamba kukondana. Thuja amabereka cuttings ndi mbewu. Kubzala zipatso za mitundu yosiyanasiyana zingathe kugulidwa kumera kapena kumunda wamaluwa omwe amawadyetsa. Kuchokera mu mbewu yomweyi, ndi kosavuta kuti muzitha kukula nokha Tiyeni tiyesetse kupeza momwe mungakulire nokha.

Mukudziwa? Thuja kumadzulo kumakula muzochitika zonse za kulima, kudzichepetsa koteroko kudzapempha oyang'anira wamaluwa.

Nkhumba za Thuja: ubwino ndi kuipa kwa njira iyi

Phindu lalikulu lokulitsa mbewu za tui kunyumba ndizotheka kukula mbuto zambiri panthawi yomweyo, ndipo zidzakhala zofanana ndi msinkhu. Izi ndi zokondweretsa kwa iwo omwe akukonzekera kupanga mpanda kapena chida pa chiwembu chachikulu. Kuonjezera apo, thuja adakula kuchokera ku mbewu, zidzasinthidwa bwino kumalo olima.

Njira iyi ndi yotchipa kuti igwiritse ntchito, koma ili ndi zovuta zake:

  • Kutalika kwa kukula kwa mmera. Nthawi yochokera kumbewu kubzala mbewu m'nthaka imatha pafupi zaka zisanu;
  • Mbande zidzakhala zofanana ndi maonekedwe, koma zikhoza kutaya mawonekedwe ndi ubwino wa mitundu yawo yoyamba.

Momwe mungakolole mbewu ndikukonzekera nthaka

Ngati munaganizira bwino izi ndipo mwaganiza kuti mubwerere ndi mbeu, muyenera kuyandikira nkhaniyi mozama. Zonsezi zimayamba ndi kusonkhanitsa mbewu kumayambiriro kwa nthawi yophukira. Pachifukwa ichi, masamba obiriwira kapena obiriwira amachotsedwa ku mtengo wa kholo ndipo amauma m'chipinda chofunda masiku angapo. Pamene mphukira ikuwululidwa, muyenera kuigogoda mofatsa. Izi zidzakupatsani mpata wochotsa ndi kusonkhanitsa mbewu zochepa. Mutatha kusonkhanitsa mbewu, ndizofunika kuti muzisunga.

Dulani nyembazo ndi nsalu ndikuziika m'manda, kuziphimba ndi masamba omwe agwa kapena kuti mulipo. Mbewu zowonongeka zimachotsedwa pansi pa thawed ndi kuthira mu chidebe chodzaza ndi mchenga kuchokera kumwamba, chomwe chiyenera kuikidwa m'firiji kwa miyezi ingapo. Gawo lotsatira lofunika ndi kukonzekera kwa nthaka. Kuti ukhale wabwino, thuja amafunikira zakudya zamtundu wapadera: nthaka ya sod ndi peat mu magawo ofanana ndi magawo awiri a mchenga.

Ndikofunikira! Kupatsa korona wa Tui zolembera zofunika zingakhale zitsamba za m'munda, kudula kumtunda kwa mphukira pambali ndi pamwamba.

Kufesa teknoloji: njira yofalitsira mbewu za thuy

Pansi pa bokosi la matabwa, musanayambe kukonza madzi osachepera 2 masentimita, kusakaniza kosakaniza kumeneku kumatsanuliridwa kuchokera pamwamba, kudalitsidwa ndi kuwerengedwera. Kenaka, mbeu za thuja zimafesedwa mofanana mumphepete. Mpiringidzo sayenera kukhala pansi pa 6-7 masentimita. Mbeuzo zimathyoledwa pang'ono ndi mchenga wosakaniza, kuthirira ndi mfuti, ndipo bokosilo liri ndi filimu kapena galasi musanamere. Kuthirira kumaphatikizapo pogwiritsa ntchito botolo lazitsulo kuti musapewe leaching ya mbewu m'nthaka.

Phika ayenera kukhala pamalo otentha mbeu isanayambe kumera. Mbewuzo zitamveka, mphika ndi thujas imasamukira kumalo ozizira ndi kuwala kokwanira. Pachifukwa ichi, kuvomereza ndi kuchotsa zowonongeka ndikololedwa. Patatha masiku 40 mutabzala, mbande ziyenera kukwera bwino, kenako filimuyo imachotsedwa. Njira yowonjezera ya mbeu imapereka bwino kwambiri kumera, koma imafuna khama lalikulu komanso kupezeka kwa mphika wodzala.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yambiri ya Tui Smaragd ndipulumukadi, imakula mpaka zaka 150.
Komabe, pali njira ina, momwe mungamerezere thuja kuchokera ku mbewu m'njira yosavuta. Pachifukwa ichi, mndandanda wa mbeu umapangidwa mu November ndipo nthawi yomweyo imamera pansi popanda chithandizo chamankhwala. Sizimapweteka kugona chifukwa chofesa utuchi, umene umapanga malo abwino kwa mbewu. M'chaka, ngati njirayi ikupindulira mbeu zanu, mphukira zidzawoneka ngati maonekedwe a dill. Ndi njira yowonjezera yowonjezera mbeuyi imakula mpaka masentimita 7 mu msinkhu.

Kodi kusamalira mbande

Choncho, tadziwa momwe tingabwerere, ndipo tsopano tiphunzira njira yosamalira mbande. Ngati zotchedwa Tui mbande sizing'ono kwambiri ndipo pali malo oti mbewu iliyonse ikule, ndiye m'chaka choyamba cha moyo wawo, mbewu sizikufalikira. Mukhoza kutsanulira mu bokosi nthaka yosakaniza yomwe mbewuzo zidabzalidwa.

M'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo m'chaka, mbande ziyenera kubzalidwa miphika yosiyana ndi kuziika pamalo amdima pamsewu. Kuthirira panthawi imodzimodziyo kumakhala koyenera. M'nyengo yozizira zomera zimasamutsidwa ku chipinda. M'chaka chachitatu cha moyo kuyambira mwezi wa Meyi, mbande zimatulutsidwa kunja kwa msewu, ndipo mu kugwa amakhala okonzeka kubzala pamalo osatha.

Thandizo la kutentha

Chomeracho chiyenera kukhala mu penumbra, kutentha kwakukulu kwa mbande m'chilimwe kuyambira ku17 mpaka + madigiri 232. Mphika wokhala ndi thuja uyenera kukhala wozizira ndi kutentha kwa +15 mpaka madigiri a +18.

Mutabzala pamalo otsekera m'nyengo yozizira, mbande ziyenera kuzungulidwa.

Kusankha kwauni

Mbande zimafunika chitetezo ku dzuwa lachindunji. Mukasunga bokosi ndi mbande za thuja kunyumba, ikani pawindo la kumpoto kapena kumadzulo. Mbewu zidzakhala ndi kuwala kosawonetsa kwathunthu kwa chitukuko.

Kudyetsa mbande

Kuonjezera kukula kwa mbande kumafunika kudyetsa mchere nthawi zonse monga potaziyamu, phosphorous ndi nitrogen, komanso kumathandiza molybdenum, boron ndi manganese. Manyowa a Agricol and Mortar ndi oyenerera kutero. Manyowa mbande kawiri pa mwezi.

Ndikofunikira! Mukasamukira, musayambe kuuma mutu wa mbewu, izi zikhoza kupha imfa.

Nthawi yopatsira mbande ndi momwe mungachitire

Kusindikiza kwa mbande kumalo otseguka sikunapangidwe kale kuposa chaka chachitatu ngati kuli kotheka, koma ndibwino kuti tichite m'chaka chachisanu cha moyo. Choyamba muyenera kusankha mpando wakuda ndi kukonzekera. Kuti muchite izi, m'pofunika kudzaza mita iliyonse ya munda wam'munda wam'munda ndi zotsatirazi: chidebe cha humus, 2 tbsp. supuni "Nitroammofoski" ndi galasi la nkhuni phulusa. Kusakaniza kumeneku kuyenera kusakanizika, kufalikira pansi ndi kukumba bwino m'deralo.

Tsopano mfundo yofunika kwambiri - momwe mungamere tumu pamalo otseguka. Mbande zimabzalidwa kotero kuti mkatikati mwa masentimita 30 pali malo omasuka a kukula ndi chitukuko. Atapatsa mmera, umathirira madzi ndipo umayendetsedwa ndi peat. Kusamalanso kwina kuli kosavuta, kumafuna madzi okwanira, kumasula ndi kuchotsa namsongole. Pambuyo pa ming'aluyo ikafika kutalika kwa theka la mita, chomera chikukonzekera kupita kumalo osatha.

Tsopano tikudziwa kufalitsa mbewu za thuy. Ngakhale ndizochitali chotalika chomwe chimatenga nthawi yoposa chaka chimodzi, koma chosangalatsa kwambiri. Kusonkhanitsa mbewu, kukonzekera, kubzala, mphukira zoyamba, kudodometsedwa - mwadzidzidzi, katsabola, osati thuja, maonekedwe a nsolo yoyamba, ndiye chikhalidwe cha "mamba", zingapo zowonongeka - ndipo chomeracho chimakondweretsa iwe ndi korona wake wambiri.

Popeza alimi enieni sakuopa mavuto, amagwiritsa ntchito njira yoberekera ya pyramidal ndi yozungulira mitundu ya thuja.