Njira ya kuswana ya chinanazi, momwe mungabwerere chinanazi mu malo am'chipinda

Kwa anthu ambiri omwe adayang'ana makatoni ali aang'ono, kumene mapaini a pepala amamera pamitengo, amapezeka kuti chipatso ichi chimakhala ndi moyo weniweni - Chomeracho ndi herbaceous ndipo chimakula pa tchire ting'ono pansi. Kupeza kwina kwakukulu kwa anthu a m'dera lathu, tikuganiza, zidzakhala kuti mapaini apangidwe wamkulu pawindo lawo. Mukawerenga nkhaniyi, mudzaphunzira zimenezo kubereka kwa chinanazi panyumba - izi si ntchito yovuta, ngakhale, ndithudi, kuti mukwaniritse zotsatira zoyenera, muyenera kuyesetsa.

Mmene mungamere munda wa chinanazi

Zipatso zosasangalatsa zimafala m'njira zinayi: mbewu, mphukira, kugawanika kwa mizu komanso kugwiritsa ntchito apical. Nthawi zambiri sagwiritsa ntchito njira ya mbewu, chifukwa ndi yaitali kwambiri.

Musanayambe chinanazi kuchokera ku mbewu, muyenera kupita ku kugula zipatso zabwino kwa ntchitoyi. Iye ayenera kuti akhwime bwino. Ngati mumayang'ana mosamala chipatsocho, mukhoza kuona kuti ndi tsinde lokhala ndi zidutswa za zidutswa zosakanikirana, zomwe zimakonzedweratu. Kapangidwe ka chinanazi ndizofanana ndi kondomu.

Pafupifupi mlingo uliwonse uli ndi mbewu imodzi. Mungathe kuziwona nokha mwa kuyang'ana chipatso kapena kudula mu magawo. Komabe, sizingakhale zopindulitsa kuti mutengepo m'zigawo zanu nokha; ndi bwino komanso kosavuta kugula m'masitolo apadera.

Momwe mungakonzekerere mbeu ndi nthaka kuti mubzala

Ngati mudasankha kukulitsa ana a chinanazi a sitolo, ndiye kuti madontho a mtundu wa bulauni ayenera kuchotsedwa, otsukidwa mu njira yochepa ya potassium permanganate ndi zouma bwino. Mufunikanso njira yapadera yokonzekera nthaka yobzala chinanazi. Kufesa, dothi, mchenga ndi peat mofanana kapena coniferous nthaka ndi abwino.

Mbewu ya Ananas Yokera Mbewu

Mbewu yoperekera mbewu ndi yophweka. Mbewu imayikidwa pansi ndi 2 masentimita. Mutabzala, nthaka imathiriridwa mochuluka, kenako imaphimbidwa ndi zojambulajambula kapena kapu. Miphika ya mbewu iyenera kuikidwa pamalo otentha. Chofunika kwa chinanazi ndi malo omwe kutentha kudzakhala pa 20-25 ° C.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha kwa chipinda chimene chinanazi chimalimidwa kuchokera ku mbewu zimakhudza kwambiri kukula kwa mbewu. Kutalika kwake ndi, mofulumira mbewu idzamera. Mwachitsanzo, kutentha kwa 30-35ºє kumapanga njira yawo mkati mwa masiku 15-20.

Ndifunikanso kudziwa kuti mbewu sizikula mofanana, ndipo kumera kwa ena kumatha kuchedwa kwa miyezi isanu ndi iwiri (kapena yochulukirapo).

Momwe mungasamalire mbewu

Mbande zimafuna kusamalidwa nthawi zonse. Amayenera kuthiriridwa, kutetezedwa ku dzuwa komanso kulunjika. Manyowa bwino kawiri pa mwezi ndi feteleza wapadera kapena zitosi za mbalame (15-20 g pa lita imodzi ya madzi). Pamene filimuyo ikukula pamiphika, m'pofunika kuti mutsegule pang'ono kuti mbeuzo ziwume mdima.

Kugwiritsira ntchito chotsitsa pamwamba pa kuswana

Momwe mungamere chinanazi kuchokera ku mbewu, taphunzira kale. Tsopano ganizirani njira yowonjezera yobereka - kuchokera pamwamba.

Mmene mungasankhire chinanazi kuti muziswana

Makamaka ayenera kulipira kugula zipatso mu sitolo. Zifunika kucha, koma osati pamwamba, ndipo masamba pamwamba ayenera kukhala wobiriwira, olimba, opanda kuwonongeka ndi malo osiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Mukhoza kudziwa ngati chinanazi chachapa ndi kukoka pang'ono chidutswa pansi. Ngati mwamsanga abwerera ku malo apachiyambi, zikutanthauza kuti chipatso chimadzala.

Amene adagwiritsa ntchito njira yoberekera, adalangizidwa kuti agule zipatso ziwiri kamodzi - kuti zitsimikizidwe.

Zojambula zowonongeka

Chikwama chapamwamba chikhoza kupatulidwa ndi kupotoza. Kuti tichite zimenezi, masamba onse ayenera kumangidwa ndi kutembenuka mwamphamvu. Pamodzi ndi malowa mudzabwera phesi laling'ono. Masamba ndipo mungathe kudula ndi mpeni, pamene mukugwira zamkati pang'ono.

Ndikofunikira! Mnofu uyenera kuchotsedwa mosamala pa thunthu, mwinamwake ngakhale pang'ono pokha ikagwera pansi, izi zidzatsogolera ku purulent njira ndi imfa ya chomeracho.

Pambuyo poyeretsa, zimakhala zofunikira kuchotsa pansi pa korona - mpaka mzuwo utuluke (madontho ang'onoang'ono kapena mabwalo oyandikana ndi tsinde lakuzungulira). Yesetsani kuwawononga iwo, chifukwa ndiwo mayambi a mizu. Mutha kuwaza kagawo ndi khungu kuti muteteze thupi.

Timachotsa masamba otsika kuti thunthu likhale lopitirira masentimita 2-3. Pambuyo kuyeretsa, apical rosette ayenera kuuma kwa masiku awiri, zomwe zidzalola kuti zipserazo zikhale zowonongeka ndi kupewa kuola.

Pakuti mizu ikukula pogwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo. Imodzi mwazothandiza kwambiri ndikumera m'madzi. Pochita izi, thunthu 3-4 masentimita atakulungidwa mu kapu kapena mtsuko wa madzi.

Mukudziwa? Mu zitsamba zamdima, mizu imakula mofulumira.

Madzi amasinthidwa masiku awiri aliwonse. Pogwiritsa ntchito mmalo mwake, gwiritsani ntchito madzi ogawanika kutentha kapena kutentha. Zipangizo ndi nsonga ziyenera kuchotsedwa kutali ndi zojambula, dzuwa ndi dzuwa ndi kusintha kwa kutentha. Kuti muwonjezere mizu, mukhoza kuwonjezera "Kornevin" (1 g / 1 l madzi) kapena "Zircon" kuti madzi.

Pambuyo pakuoneka mizu muyenera kusamalira zomwe mukufunikira nthaka ya chinanazi. Rosete ndi mizu inaikidwa mu nthaka ndi zotsatirazi: Gawo 3 la sod, 1 gawo la humus ndi 1 gawo la mchenga. Zosakaniza zokonzedwa bwino za "Cactus" ndi "Bromeliad" zili zoyenera kubzala.

Kukula kwa mphika wozungulira kumagwirizana ndi kukula kwa korona pamwamba. Musanadzaze ndi nthaka pansi pa mphika ayenera kuikidwa 2-3 masentimita a madzi. Bzalani chingwe chapamwamba m'nthaka ndikuyika mphika pamalo abwino. Sitikulimbikitseni kuti muzitsuka kwambiri mu mphika.

Kusamalira Ananas

Kusamalira chinanazi ndi kumwa madzi, kuyang'ana ndi kudyetsa nthawi zonse. Kuthirira kumakhala koyenera - nthaka iyenera kukhala yonyowa, koma osati yonyowa. Kuzukula kwathunthu kumachitika mkati mwa milungu isanu ndi umodzi ndi umodzi. Panthawiyi, manyowawo sali okonzedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Mukawona zowola pamwamba pa chomera kapena nthaka, ndiye chinanazi sizinapulumutsidwa. Ndi bwino kuyesa kukula kwatsopano.

M'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya moyo, masamba akale a pamwambapo adzafa, ndipo achinyamata adzakula pakati pake. Ndiye masamba owuma ayenera kuchotsedwa. Kusamba madzi chaka chonse kumalimbikitsidwa kamodzi pa sabata. Patapita chaka, chinanazi chiyenera kuikidwa mu mphika waukulu. Kupaka zovala zapamwamba popanga maulendo awiri pamwezi kuchokera pa May mpaka August mothandizidwa ndi feteleza ndi feteleza kwa bromeliads.

Maluwa akhoza kuyembekezera kwa zaka 3-4, pamene masamba amatha kutalika kwa masentimita 60. Maluwa a chinanazi amawoneka ngati timachubu, mkati mwa maluwa amasintha mtundu mkati mwa masabata awiri: kuchokera ku buluu mpaka kumdima wakuda. Kuwonjezera pa mitundu yowala, chipinda chanu m'nyengoyi chidzadzaza ndi kukoma kwake kwa chinanazi.

Pambuyo pake mwana amabadwa. Kuchokera nthawi ya maluwa mpaka kukula msinkhu kumatenga 4-7 miyezi. Zipatso zambiri zimakula pang'ono - kufika 300 g koma zimatha kufika kilogalamu.

Pambuyo maluwa kuziika mwana zitsulo. Ngati chinanazi sichimasintha, ndiye kuti chimaikidwa chaka chilichonse.

Popeza chinanazi ndi chomera cha herbaceous, imamwalira pambuyo pa fruiting. Komabe, nthawi zina osatha akhoza kusangalatsa eni ake kwa zaka zitatu. Kawirikawiri, pa nthawi ya imfa, amithenga amatha kubzala ana ambiri a chinanazi.

Mukudziwa? Ngati chinanazi sichimasamba kwa nthawi yayitali, mukhoza kuyesetsa kuchichita ndi mphukira yamaluwa: Sungunulani supuni 1 ya calcium carbide (yogulitsidwa m'masitolo omanga) mu 0,5 malita a madzi. Pangani yankho la maola 24 mu mtsuko wotsekedwa, ndi kutsanulira 50 ml kamodzi pa tsiku kwa sabata pakatikati pa "kanjedza".

Mananasi angakhudze magazi, mealybugs, mamba, nsabwe za m'masamba ndi phylloxera. Pofuna kuchiza, gwiritsani ntchito madzi ndi sopo ndipo muwafe ndi Actellic (1-2 ml pa madzi okwanira lita imodzi).

Palinso njira ina yowonjezera chinanazi kuchokera pamwamba. Dulani kapena kupotoka nsonga zouma kwa milungu iwiri, makamaka kusiya pansi, ndiyeno mubzalidwe mwamsanga pansi. Phika atenge pang'ono. 2 masentimita a miyala yachitsulo ndi kukwezedwa dothi amatsanulira pansi, nthaka - yosakaniza peat ndi mchenga mumtsinje wofanana.

Masiku awiri musanabzala, gawo lapansi liyenera kukhala lopatsiridwa ndi tizilombo toononga ndi madzi otentha. Pamwamba imamizidwa mu nthaka pansi pa masamba ndi sprayed. Chofunika kwambiri kuti njirayi yobzala ndiyo kuphimba mphika ndi thumba la pulasitiki kapena botolo la pulasitiki.

Bzalani kuti muike malo otentha (25-27 ° C). M'nyengo yozizira, mukhoza kuika batiri, koma onetsetsani kuti muyika mbale kapena buku pansi pa mphika. Mizu ya chinanazi iyenera kupangidwa mkati mwa mwezi. Ngati panthawiyi dziko lapansi mu mphika likuwala, ndiye kuti liyenera kuthiriridwa ndi madzi otentha patsiku. Ngati masamba ali ouma kwambiri, ayenera kupopedwa. Pambuyo potsegula thumba kapena botolo lichotsedwe mu mphika.

Kubalana kwa chinanazi mbali amawombera ndi basal mphukira

Mananasi cuttings, monga lamulo, amapezeka nthawi kapena pambuyo fruiting. Kuwedza kwa ziwalo zowonjezera kumapangidwa kokha pambuyo pofika ku ½ kukula kwa korona wa amayi, pafupifupi masentimita 15.

Kukonzekera kwa kubzala zakuthupi

Poika mwanayo mphukira ndi scions mosamala. Asanadzalemo, amasungidwa masiku 4-7. Panthawiyi, pulasitiki imapangidwira pamalo odulidwa, omwe angapulumutse kuthawa mabakiteriya ndi kuvunda. Cuttings zouma m'chipinda chamdima cha firiji mumalo osungunuka omwe amaimitsidwa.

Momwe mungayambire kudula

Nanainayi scion panthawi yobereka akhoza kukhala opanda madzi kwa miyezi yambiri. Pamene zipsera padulidwazo zimachiritsidwa, zimatha kupangidwa ndi mafuta ndi makala ndikubzala mu mphika kuti zitheke.

Analangizidwa ndi nthaka: nthaka yachinyontho, nthaka yowirira, ikukwera peat, birch utuchi, mchenga (3: 2: 2: 2: 1). Tsiku limodzi musanadzalemo, m'pofunikira kuti mankhwalawa asakanike kapena kutsanulira madzi otentha. Kudula kumabzala mu mphika ndi madzi okwanira 2.5-3 masentimita. Phika ili ndi thumba la pulasitiki, chikwama cha pulasitiki kapena chida.

Mbali kusamalidwa kwa cuttings

Zomwe zimasamalidwa ku cuttings zimakhala zofanana ndi kuphulika kwa njira ya apical njira "pansi." Chipinda ndi contraindicated mwachindunji dzuwa ndi kwambiri kuthirira, kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi kutenthetsa kutentha akulimbikitsidwa. Kuzukula kumayenera kuchitika mu miyezi 1.5, monga kuwonetseredwa ndi maonekedwe a masamba aang'ono.

Tsopano mumadziwa kulima chinanazi mumphika, ndipo mungayesere kuzichita panyumba. Komabe, muyenera kumvetsetsa kuti mumangokula chomera chokongoletsera, ndipo ngati chipatsochi chimapangidwira, izo zidzakhala bonasi yabwino kwa inu.