N'chifukwa chiyani pachimake forsytsiya, waukulu zikuluzikulu kusamalira chitsamba

Forsythia (dzina lina - Forsythia)- zokongola zitsamba zamasamba, membala wa banja la azitona, zomwe zidzalimbikitsa chisomo ndi kasupe m'masiku oyambirira ofunda. Chomera cha dzuwa sichidzangowonjezera maonekedwe a munda wanu, koma chidzachititsanso kaduka pakati pa onse odutsa. Koma chomera ichi sichitha kukondweretsa nthawi zonse ndi maluwa ake okongola kwambiri, ndipo m'nkhani ino tiyesa kudziwa chifukwa chake forsythia sichimasintha, ndipo amatchula zifukwa zomwe zimawonekera kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Si mitundu yonse ya forsythia yomwe ingalekerere nyengo yovuta ya pakhomo, ndibwino kuti nyengo yachisanu ikhale yotentha forsythia Giralda (mpaka madigiri 35 a chisanu) ndi Siezold forsythia.

Kukana kwa forsythia ku matenda ndi tizirombo

Forsythia, mosasamala kanthu kuti nthawi yayitali bwanji (makamaka masiku 22-25), mosiyana ndi zitsamba zina za m'munda, zomerazo ndizodzichepetsa. Ngakhale kuti nthawi yoyamba imaoneka ngati maluwa, chitsamba sichimafuna titanic kuyang'anira. Kawirikawiri amagwiritsa ntchito wamaluwa osadziwa zambiri.

Chinthu chokha chomwe chitsamba chikuwopa ndi chimene chimayambitsa matenda ambiri ndi chinyontho chochuluka, koma m'nyengo youma zimakhala bwino. Choncho, matenda ambiri a forsythia ndiwo mizu yovunda, yomwe ndi yovuta kuchiritsa, koma yosavuta kupewa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati forsythia yayamba kale kudwala mizu yovunda (mng'oma mwiniwake umasonyeza izi: mtundu umatha, masamba amazengedwera), ndiye kuti kumasula nthaka kumangowonjezera mkhalidwewo, ndipo potsiriza kuchotsa vutoli, chitsamba chiyenera kukumbidwa ndikuchotseratu mphukira zonse zowonongeka.

Matenda ena akuluakulu omwe angathe kuwononga forsythia ndi bacteriosis, yomwe ndi yoopsa chifukwa imafalikira nthawi yomweyo ku tchire lapafupi. Ngati matendawa atha kale kuwononga mbewu yanu, ndiye kuti mutha kuchotsa shrub, kuikonzanso, ndi kuwononga malo omwe shrub yanu "inakhala" ndi njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Koma kuchokera ku tizirombo timene timakhala tizilombo toyambitsa matenda nthawi zambiri timayambitsa nematodes (tizilombo zomwe zili pamwamba pa nthaka ndipo zingathe kuwononga mizu). Mukhoza kumenyana ndi matendawa pogwiritsa ntchito tchire ndi nthaka kuzungulira chitsamba ndi Carbation.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, mwinamwake umodzi mwa zomera zomwe zimapezeka pa munda wonse, ndi aphid, zomwe zimawononga masamba.

Mbalame zomwe zimakonda kudyetsa masamba osaphulitsidwa zingayambitsenso kuwonongeka kwa zomera, kotero, kuti zithetse, ndibwino kuti pogona pakhale kugwa ndikuphimba thunthu ndikuwombera ndi matope asanatseguke.

Monga momwe mukuonera, boma la forsythia limadalira kwambiri khalidwe ndi nthawi yamasamalidwe omwe amapatsidwa.

Chifukwa chiyani tosythia samasamba: kuyatsa kokwanira

Pali zifukwa zingapo zomwe forsythia imamasula bwino, ndipo chinthu chofunikira kwambiri ndi kuwala pang'ono. Chomera chilichonse chimafuna malo oyenera kukhalamo, zomwe zisankhidwe ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa osati pamtunda wokha, komanso kwa oyandikana nawo omwe amamera pafupi ndi chitsamba, ndi kuunika.

Forsythia - The shrub ndi yowala kwambiri ndipo imafuna zofanana kuyatsa, ndipo pambali, ndi thermophilic kwambiri. Inde, zomera sizidzafa kokha chifukwa zimakula mumthunzi wa padera, koma sizongopanda kanthu kuti maluwa a forsythia amatchedwa "mabelu agolide" kapena "mabilombo a golidi". Forsythia imamasula kwambiri komanso mochuluka, ndipo penumbra mtunduwo udzatayika.

Mukudziwa? Ngati zinachitika kuti forsythia inasiya kuphuka, ndiye kuti kuthetsa vutoli, ayenera kulingalira kuti oyandikana nawo a forsythia amalepheretsa kupeza kuwala, ndipo ngakhale m'magulu a magulu ndi bwino kulima forsythia patali 1.5-2 mamita kutentha kosatetezeka .

Kufikira kwina kwa dzuwa kudzakhala bwino kupewa zowola mizu, chifukwa ndi kuyatsa bwino, chinyezi chochulukira chidzasungunuka mofulumira ndipo sipadzakhala kulira kwa madzi.

Mofanana ndi zitsamba zambiri za m'munda, Forsythia amakonda malo otentha ndi owala, ndipo, pokhala mutapereka zinthu ziwirizi, mudzalandira chomera chodabwitsa chomwe chidzakondweretsa diso kwa nthawi yaitali.

Zolakwika pamene mukudiririra ndi kudyetsa forsythia

Kawirikawiri amapezeka pamasewera a mafunso awa: momwe mungapangidwire pachimake, ngati kudyetsa kwina kuli kofunika, momwe mungayamwe madzi bwino. Forsythia safuna madzi okwanira kwambiri; kuthirira mbewu tsiku lililonse masiku atatu, chidebe cha madzi pansi pa chitsamba chimodzi mu chikhalidwe chachikulu cha chilala.

Ndi nyengo yozizira komanso nyengo yozizira, chinyezi chomwe chili m'nthaka n'chokwanira kuthengo. Pofuna kupewa vuto la kutayika kwa maluwa chifukwa cha madzi, ndikofunikira kupereka chingwe chodzaza panthawi yobzala, pogwiritsa ntchito zinthu zogulidwa, kapena njerwa zofiira, peat, miyala. Ngati forsythia imakhala yonyowa kwambiri kapena yowuma kwambiri, sikuti mtundu wokhawo udzakhala wowawa (umakhala wochepa kwambiri, utoto wowala kwambiri udzatha), koma masambawo adzatayika maonekedwe awo okongoletsera.

Ngakhale kuti forsythia ndi wodzichepetsa pa chisamaliro, akusowa feteleza. Muyenera kudyetsa bwino: Ngati kumayambiriro kwa nyengo, zitsamba zamadzimadzi zimakhala zofunikira, ndiye kuti muzitsamba za feteleza zimangopweteka, ndipo chitsamba chidzatayika.

Chofunika kwambiri pakusankha bwino feteleza ndi koti ngati nthaka imakhala yowonongeka, kenako imayika mandimu, yomwe iyenera kuyenderera muzu wa maluwa ndi kukula, komanso kuimika pH mlingo, ikhoza kukhala zinthu zina.

Ndikofunikira! Nkofunikanso kuti musapitirire ndi feteleza kwa forsythia, chifukwa izi zidzasochera mtundu wa mtundu komanso kuwonjezeka kwa tsamba lakuda.

Kusagwirizana ndi malamulo a kudulira ndi kulakwitsa kwakukulu kwa osamalira wamaluwa.

Chimodzi mwa zifukwa zazikulu mu chisamaliro cha forsythia ndiko kudulira. Ngakhale oyamba kumene amadziwa kufunika kwa njirayi, osati kokha kubwezeretsa, komanso kukhazikitsanso chitsamba. Kawirikawiri, chifukwa cha kudulira kosafunika, maluwa amathera, ndipo izi ndichifukwa chakuti ku Forsythia maluwa a maluwa amapezeka pa mphukira za zaka ziwiri, choncho, ngati mphukira yafupikitsidwa molakwika, mukhoza kuchotsa maluwa osasinthika.

Pofuna kudulira mitengoyo ndi bwino, ndi bwino kuchitapo kanthu pang'onopang'ono, popanda kuchotsa mphukira zonse nthawi yomweyo.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa oyamba kumene amalangiza kudulira pambuyo maluwa, osati pamaso pake.
Kudulira - mfundo yofunika kwambiri pakulima forsythia, chifukwa ngati chomeracho "chimathamanga", ndiye kuti kutulukira kwa dzuwa kudzakhala kochepa, ndipo mizu idzawononga "mphamvu" pa mphukira zosafunika.

Ndizotheka kugawa njira yokonzera ku magawo atatu:

  • kuchotsedwa kwa nthambi zakale;
  • chitsamba thinning;
  • kuchepetsa nthambi zomwe zatha (ndi zitatu).

Kusanyalanyaza malamulo a nyengo yozizira

Kawirikawiri wamaluwa amanyalanyaza ubwino wa malo ogona, omwe amamangidwa ku chitsamba m'nyengo yozizira, ndipo zotsatira zake n'zakuti nthambi za m'munsi zimangoyamba kugwa kapena maluwawo amakula kwambiri. Malingaliro akuti chisangalalo chapadera chokhudza "denga" sichifunikira kwa Forsythia ndizolakwika, chifukwa nthambi sizingakhoze kuzizira basi, koma ngati sizizitetezedwa mokwanira, mbalame zomwe zatsala m'nyengo yozizira.

Kawirikawiri, amaika bwalo la thunthu m'nyengo yozizira ndikuphimba nthambizo. Mukuganiza: mungathe bwanji kuphimba chitsamba chokwanira? Zophweka: nthambi zimaphatikiza chingwe.

Mukudziwa? Monga malo obisalamo, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zokhazokha zomwe zimalola mpweya kupyola kuti impso zisadutse.

Ngati zidachitika choncho mutagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zopanda nsalu, chotsani malo oterowo ndi ofunikira pang'onopang'ono. Kuti mudziwe malo owonjezera mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito chisanu.

Monga momwe mukuonera, thanzi la shrub ndi mawonekedwe ake makamaka zimadalira chisamaliro chomwe mbewuyo imalandira, ndipo tikuyembekeza kuti nkhaniyi ikuthandizani kuti muzisamalira bwino.