Mitundu yotchuka ya chisanu yosagwidwa ndi chisanu cha kumadzulo komwe ikufotokoza ndi chithunzi

Thuja kumadzulo - Ichi ndi chokongola chobiriwira. Mitengo ndi zitsamba zimakhala zosalala, zosagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu. Ku Ulaya, zinatumizidwa kuchokera ku North America. Poyamba ankakhala m'mphepete mwa mitsinje ndi mitsinje, osasamala kuti asamalire. Choncho, ndi wotchuka kwambiri m'maluwa okongola. Thuja kumadzulo ali ndi mitundu yambiri, ndipo musanasankhe zomwe zimakukondani, muyenera kudziwa zomwe zilipo. Timapereka mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya chisanu ya kumadzulo.

Thuja kumadzulo kwa Smaragd

Mtengo wotsekemera wa Coniferous. Mpando wachifumuwo ndi wopapatiza, wamakono, wandiweyani, wofanana, wozungulira, wokhala ndi mamita 1.8 mamita. Zisoti ndi mdima wonyezimira wobiriwira, wobiriwira, wonyezimira, wowonyezimira,. Kutalika kwa zomera ndi pafupi mamita asanu. Zipatso ndizomwe zimakhala zofiirira zokwana 0.7 masentimita. Zimakula pang'onopang'ono, zimakula ndi masentimita asanu okha ndi 10 cm pamwamba pa chaka.

Tui Smaragd ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana, koma palibe tsitsi lokhala ndi khungu. Mmerawo ndi wodzichepetsa, amakhala ndi moyo nthawi yaitali (mpaka zaka 150) ndipo amatha kusintha bwino nyengo. Amamera pafupifupi dothi lonse, koma amasankha mwatsopano loam ndi nthaka ndi mandimu. Mavuto a Mzinda amayima bwino. Kwambiri kwambiri chisanu kukana, koma kumayambiriro kasupe akudwala kutentha kwa dzuwa.

Ndikofunikira! Pambuyo pa chipale chofewa, gwedezani nthambi kuti musamawononge korona ya thuja, ndipo m'chaka chiri chofunikira kuphimba chomera (makamaka achinyamata) kuchoka ku dzuwa.

Ndi bwino kudzala chomera m'madera owala, ngakhale kuti imalekerera mthunzi. Ndimadziwa bwino ndikuyeretsa mpweya. Amakula monga chidebe chamagulu, amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mipanda yamoyo komanso nyimbo zina za kumbuyo.

Mukudziwa? Phiri lakumadzulo la Golden Smaragd linapatsidwa ndondomeko ya mkuwa pamsonkhano wapadziko lonse wakuti "Green is Life" mu 2008 ku Warsaw.

Thuja kumadzulo kwa Columna

Mtengo uwu wobiriwira. Akuwonetseratu mitundu yambiri ya kumadzulo. Mitundu yokhayo yomwe imatha kufika kutalika kwa mamita asanu ndi atatu. M'chaka chimakula mpaka masentimita 20 m'litali ndi masentimita 4-6 m'lifupi. Amakhala mpaka zaka mazana awiri. Korona ndi yopapatiza, ofukula, kolonovidnaya, pafupifupi mamita 1.5 m'lifupi mwake. Zingwe zake zimakhala zobiriwira, zakuda, kunyezimira ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira. Zipatso - kuzungulira bulauni zina.

Mbewu ndi yopapatiza. Thuja Kolumna ndi wodzichepetsa, koma salola kuti nthaka ikhale yozungulira ndipo imafuna lonyowa, osati nthaka yowuma. Iyo imakonda malo owala ndi othunzi, korona wake idzakhala yowuma ndi yowala dzuwa, ndipo kuwerengeka kudzatayika mumthunzi. Ali ndi kukana kozizira. Ndi chikhalidwe chosazizira kwambiri cha mitundu yonse ya kumadzulo kumadzulo. Zokwanira popanga mipanda yapamwamba ya moyo. Zimafalitsidwa ndi cuttings.

Thuja kumadzulo Fasciata

Thuja Fastygiata ndi wamphamvu kwambiri yokongoletsera mtengo wa coniferous ndi yopapatiza ndi wandiweyani korona. Kutalika kwazomera kuposa mamita asanu ndi limodzi. Chaka ndi chaka chimakula ndi masentimita 25 m'litali, ndi masentimita asanu m'lifupi. Makungwa a zomera zazing'ono ndi ofiira-bulauni, ndipo akuluakulu ndi ofiira-bulauni ndi osalala. Zisotizo ndizowala, zobiriwira, zobiriwira. Zipatso - zosawerengeka, zochepa, zofiira zogonana za 1 masentimita m'litali.

Chomera ndi chisanu cholimba. Ndibwino kuti muyambe kulima Thuyu Fasigiata mu malo owala kapena othunzi. Amafuna nthaka yothira, yonyowa, yothira laimu. Mtundu woterewu umawoneka bwino m'magulu amodzi ndi a gulu, oyenera kupanga zolemba zokongola, kubzala m'mphepete. Chomera chimakhala zaka mazana awiri.

Thuja kumadzulo kwa Globoza

Zowonongeka zowonongeka. Kutalika kwa zomera ndi 1.5 mamita ndi kukula komweko. Amakula pang'onopang'ono: masentimita asanu m'litali ndi zisanu m'lifupi pa chaka. Amakhala zaka 200. Korona wa chomera ndi wandiweyani, wapakati. Zipatso ndizozungulira, zofiira, mpaka 0.7 masentimita. Zingano zimakhala zobiriwira, zazikulu, zowopsya.

Mukudziwa? Thuja kumadzulo kwa Globoza amadziwika mu chikhalidwe kuyambira mu 1874.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti akhale otsika, mipando yokongoletsera yokha komanso yopanga gulu. Amakonda kuunikira, malo opanda mphepo ndi shaded. Imafuna nthaka yothira, yatsopano, yochuluka, yachonde. Amalekerera zovala zosiyanasiyana.

Thuja West Golden Globe

Izi ndizomwe zimakhala zowoneka bwino, zokhala ndi shrub zowoneka bwino, zowonongeka komanso zowonongeka. Zisoti ziri zagolide, zachikasu, zobiriwira, zazikulu. Kulowera pang'ono zosiyana. Chomera chachikulu chiri pafupi mamita okwera mamita 1.2.

Mzuwo uli wonyenga, sumalekerera dothi lakuda ndi chinyezi. Thuja kumadzulo kwa Golden Globe amasankha malo owala ndi othunzi.

Ndikofunikira! Mu mthunzi mbewuyo idzatayika mtundu wake wa golide, idzakhala wobiriwira wobiriwira.

Amakonda mwatsopano, wothira, wothira zipatso popanda madzi osadziwika. Kusakanikirana. Musaiwale kuti kumayambiriro kwa masika, nthaka isanakwane komanso dzuwa likuwala, zomera zazing'ono zimatha kutenga singano zowonongeka.

Choncho, muyenera kuwaphimba ndi agrofibre kapena nthambi za spruce, mpaka nthaka itasungunuka. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamphepete mwazitali kapena m'mphepete mwachindunji, pofuna kutanthauzira mwatsatanetsatane m'magulu osiyanasiyana okongoletsera.

Thuja kumadzulo

Chomera chachimanga chokongola chomera chomera chokhala ndi thupi lochepa kwambiri, chimakhala ndi mphukira, zomwe zimadzaza ndi singano m'mitengo yachinyamata - iyi ndi Thued's Thuja. Kukula kuli pang'onopang'ono kwambiri. Kutalika kwa chomera cha zaka khumi ndi chaka cha mamita atatu, ndipo m'lifupi ndi mamita 0.4. Zisoti zimakhala zobiriwira (autumn - bronze), zoonda, singano. Crohn wozungulira, osasunthika pang'ono ndi nthawi.

Izi zidzasowa mokwanira (sizingalekerere mpweya wouma ndi nthaka youma) ndi nthaka yachonde, koma imakula msanga kuchokera ku overfeeding ndi kutaya mawonekedwe ake. Ndibwino kuti zikhale zazing'ono, minda yamaluwa, mapiri a alpine, minda yamaluwa ndi miyala. Amakonda malo owala kapena othunzi. Ndizozizira, koma kumayambiriro kwa kasupe zimatha kuwotcha singano kuchokera ku dzuwa, kotero musaiwale kutenga zofunikira zoyenera.

Thuja kumadzulo kwa Kholmstrup

Iyi ndi yapadera kwambiri ya kumadzulo kwaja, kukhala ndi mawonekedwe apachiyambi omwe ali ndi piramidi yopapatiza komanso yowongoka. Mmerawo ukhoza kukula mpaka mamita awiri kapena atatu. Ngakhalenso popanda kupukuta tsitsi, imasunga mtundu wake wokhazikika. Kukula kwa Korona 1.2 mamita.

Ndikofunikira! Mitunduyi imakhala ndi korona yambiri kuposa mitundu ina ya kumadzulo.

Kusatha kosakaniza kondomu chomera chobiriwira. Amakula m'chaka cha 10-20 masentimita mu msinkhu ndi masentimita 4-6 m'lifupi. Mphukira ndi yaifupi, yambiri. Zisoti zimakhala zakuda, zakuda, zakuda, osasintha mtundu chaka chonse. Thuja Holmstrup ndi wodzichepetsa pa nthaka, koma amasankha chonde chamadzimadzi chonyontho, sichimalola nthaka youma ndi yowonjezereka.

Bzalani bwino m'madera owala kapena mumthunzi wochepa. Thuja Holmstrup mu dzuwa ndi lowala kwambiri, mumthunzi korona ndikupatulira - osati mapuloteni okwanira. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pagulu ndi kumalo osakwatira, kumanga mipanda, munda wa labyrinths ndi otsika. Kulimbirana bwino kuyima m'midzi.

Thuja kumadzulo kwa Sankist

Chimodzi mwa mitundu yamtengo wapatali kwambiri ya kumadzulo kwaja ndi golide wa singano, yoyenerera mwangwiro pakupanga khoma la golide-golide, mosiyana ndi kuyang'ana motsatira maziko a zomera zakuda. Konzani mwangwiro mapepala ndi zolemba zosiyanasiyana. Chokongoletsera choterechi chokongoletsera chachikulu chotchedwa shrub. Kutalika kwazomera ndi mamita 3-5, ndi m'lifupi - mamita 1.5. Nthambi zake ziri zowongoka ndi zowonongeka, pang'ono zopotoka.

Zozizira zazingwe, zokongola, zazikulu, zowala, golide wonyezimira mu zomera zazing'ono. Amamera bwino dzuwa kapena mthunzi, ndipo amasanduka wobiriwira mumthunzi, korona imamasuka. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yodzichepetsa, koma idzafuna nthaka yachonde, yatsopano komanso yowuma. Chomeracho ndi chisanu chosagonjetsedwa, mphepo yosagwira, mthunzi wololera. Iye amawopa kutentha kwa dzuwa kumayambiriro kwa nyengo, kotero ndikofunikira kuphimba chomera ndi agrofibre kapena fir fur nthambi. Pogona imachotsedwa pamene nthaka ikutha.

Mukudziwa? Karl Linney mu 1753 anayamba kufotokozera chakumadzulo. Kenaka adapeza dzina lake.

Thuja kumadzulo kwa Reingold

Kukula mofulumira (kukula kwa masentimita asanu okha) ndi zitsamba zomwe zimawoneka ngati mazira kapena mazira. Ndili ndi zaka khumi zimakhala pafupifupi mamita 1.5. Mtundu wa singano ukusintha: m'chilimwe, golide wachikasu, ndi m'nyengo yozizira - bulauni. Nthambi zazing'ono zimaphimbidwa ndi singano, ndipo akuluakulu zisoti zimakhala zovuta. Zipatso - kuzungulira, mabala a bulauni pafupifupi 0,7 masentimita.

Malo okonda kwambiri mthunzi wonyezimira komanso wosakondera, m'malo amdima, masingano amatha kutaya mtundu wawo wa golide ndi wachikasu. Mwakonda nthaka yachonde ndi yothira, popanda madzi. Tui Rheingold ali ndi nyengo yolimba yozizira. Kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, tikulimbikitsidwa kubisa zomera ndi agrofibre kapena nthambi za spruce kuti tipewe kutentha kwa dzuwa. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa malo ang'onoang'ono, m'mphepete mwazitali, m'minda yamatabwa, kumalo osakwatiwa ndi magulu.

Thuja Western Woodwardy

Chomera chachilendo cha conifer chokhala ndi chomera chobiriwira, ndiyeno - chopereka. Kutalika kwazitali kufika mamita awiri, ndipo m'lifupi ndi mamita 0.4. Zisoti ndi zobiriwira, zofiira. Akuwombera wandiweyani, wathanzi, wowongoka. Zipatso ndizochepa, zofiirira. Amakonda nthaka yachonde ndi yonyowa.

Mu nthaka yamchenga ayenera kupanga dothi pang'ono. Amakula bwino mumthunzi, koma amasankha malo owala. Chomeracho ndi chopanda chisanu ndi mthunzi wolekerera. Zokongoletsera zokongoletsera m'madera ozungulira, gulu ndi osamalidwa m'minda yamaluwa. Zowonjezereka kulima m'mitsuko monga zokongoletsera masitepe kapena makonde aakulu.

Mukudziwa? Thuja kumadzulo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa perfumery (zotupa za tsitsi ndi thupi, mankhwala obirira mafuta ndi mafuta a fungo) ndi mankhwala (chithandizo cha matenda a khungu monga mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi expectorant), komanso mafuta oyenera amapangidwa kuchokera ku singano.