Momwe mungalengeze nkhumba za kugwa mu kugwa

Thuja kapena, monga iwo amazitcha izo mwa anthu, "mtengo wa moyo" - chomera chobiriwira ku banja la cypress. Tui ndi odzichepetsa pansi komanso nyengo, choncho zimakhala zosavuta kugwirizana m'mizinda ikuluikulu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri osati m'mapiri a megalopolises okha, komanso m'munda. Zitsamba ziwonetseratu gawolo ndikubzala kuchokera kumalo ozungulira. Kulima kwa chomera nthawi zambiri kumachitika mwa kudula. Tidzakambirana m'nkhaniyi momwe mungadzulire thuja kuchokera ku sprig.

Kodi kukonzekera cuttings

Kusankha cuttings zabwino ndi kuika izo ndi sitepe yofunika kwambiri. Zambiri mwazomwe zimafalitsidwa ndi cuttings, komanso thuja ndi zosiyana. Nthawi yabwino yokolola cuttings ndi autumn, ndi nthawi yomwe madzi akuchepetsera mmera. Mwinamwake chitsamba chidzakhazikika, chikuwonjezeka. Muyenera kusankha nthambi pafupi ndi korona kapena payekha.

Zimalangizidwa kukhalabe pa shrub, yomwe ili ndi zaka ziwiri ndi zitatu. Kuthetsa nthambi ziyenera kuyenda mofulumira, kuti mapeto akhalebe "chidendene", makungwa onse a chaka chatha. Ndipo kutalika kwa izi ndibwino. Mfundo ina yofunikira: muyenera kudula makungwa, omwe anayamba kutuluka. Gawo la pansi la nthambi liyenera kuchotsedwa ku singano pafupifupi masentimita atatu. Masamba a singano ayenera kukhala athanzi ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 15-20 (osaposa 50 cm).

Njira rooting cuttings

Pali njira zingapo zowonjezera thuja kuchokera ku sprig. Njira zowonjezereka: njira ndi madzi wamba, kukonzekera gawo lapaderadera kapena kulima mizu mu filimuyi. Pa njira iliyonse muyenera njira inayake, nthawi ndi zinthu.

Momwe mungayambire mdulidwe wa autumn m'madzi

Njira yosavuta. Pa ichi mumasowa tangi yamadzi ndi nthambi. Ndikofunika kutsanulira madzi mu chotengera chokonzekera, kuika cuttings mmenemo, kumiza chidendene chokha. Masamba sayenera kukhudza madzi. Izi zingachititse kuwonongeka kwa singano, ndipo kudula kudzasokonekera. Mu chidebe chimodzi ndi madzi simungakhoze kumiza kuposa nthambi zitatu. Ikani ma cuttings m'malo ozizira koma dzuwa.

Kusintha madzi panthawi ya rooting sikovomerezeka. Ndibwino kuti pang'onopang'ono muthe madzi abwino. Pakamwa kotheratu kamadzimadzi, chakumwa cha mizu chikhoza kuthyoledwa, ndipo kudula kumachepa kapena kusiya kukula kwathunthu. Madzi abwinobwino, zakudya zopatsa thanzi sizinthu zambiri, choncho timadula timadula nthawi zambiri ndipo sitimera mizu m'nthaka.

Rooting cuttings mu filimuyi

Kusokoneza filimu ndi filimu kumakhala kovuta kwambiri kusiyana ndi njira ndi madzi. Pa ichi mukusowa filimu, chidutswa cha nsalu ndi peat moss kapena, monga amatchedwanso, sphagnum. Choyamba, ife timabzala kulimbikitsa kulikonse mu madzi ndi kugwetsa nthambi zokonzeka kumeneko kwa maola pafupifupi 10. Lembani mossi ndi madzi ofunda otentha, achoke kuti mudye madzi kwa maola angapo.

Pambuyo pake, mukhoza kuyamba rooting cuttings thuja. Timafalitsa chidutswa chachikulu cha nsalu ndikupatsana maganizo mwa magawo awiri. Timayika moss wothira kutalika kwa kutalika kwa kutalika kwake, ndi kusiya gawo lakumunsi mfulu, ayenera kuphimba cuttings okha. Timafalitsa nthambi pafupi. Molimbika timaphimba ndi sphagnum malo oswa. Timatenga gawo lakumunsi, timaphimba tizidulo, ndikusiya masingano aulere, timayendetsa zonse ndikukhala bwino. Chimene chinatuluka, timakumba thumba la pulasitiki ndikuliyika pamalo owala, koma kutali ndi dzuwa.

Firimuyi, yomwe inaphimba nthambi, idzakhala ngati mita yapadera. Ngati polyethylene ili ndi mphamvu yokhala ndi mphamvu, muyenera kuikweza pang'ono, motero muonetsetse kuti mpweya wabwino ukuyenda. Ndipo ngati filimuyo yayuma, muyenera kumeta ndi nsalu ya sprayer. Njirayi ndi yabwino chifukwa moss amasunga chinyontho kwa nthawi yaitali, kudyetsa cuttings ndi kukhala ndi mabakiteriya katundu, potero kupulumutsa mizu ku kuvunda.

Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji gawo lothandizira rooting

Ndipo njira yabwino yothetsera thuja kuchokera ku sprig ndi substrate. Pansi pazitsulo - michere ya zakudya kwa zomera, ndipo kukonzekera sikovuta kwambiri. Ife timasakaniza mu ofanana ofanana peat, deciduous humus ndi mchenga. Timayika mu uvuni ndipo timatha kuwerengera molingana ndi kutentha kwake.

Sungunulani njira yowonjezera ya potaziyamu permanganate ndi kutsanulira chifukwa chosakaniza. Monga momwe zinalili pa filimuyi, muyenera kuika cuttings mu njira yothetsera kukula kwa maola 10. Mitsuko ya rooting thuja cuttings mu kugwa akufunika kutenga masenje angapo pansi kuti mupangidwe bwino kwa oxygen. Pansi pansi mutha kukhetsa madzi - miyala yaying'ono. Timadzaza zitsulo ndi gawo lapansi ndikupanga zida zazing'ono za nthambi. The cuttings enieni amaikidwa pafupi 2 masentimita ndi kuwawaza ndi mchenga, zomwe zingakhale bwino kuti asanatenthe.

Pewani mchenga, yikani ndi filimu ya cellophane ndikuiyika pamalo okongola, koma mutetezeni ku dzuwa. Ngati pali filimu pa filimuyi, ikani pang'ono ndi mbali imodzi ya mpweya wabwino. Chimodzi mwa mfundo zazikulu za kudula uku ndi kuthirira. Ndibwino kuti muzigwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa.

Mukudziwa? Ngati thuja inayamba kuoneka singano zatsopano, zomerazo zimachokera.

Malamulo osamalira a cuttings

Mukamaliza kugwedeza thuja cuttings mu kugwa, muyenera kusamalidwa musanafike pansi.

Kudula m'madzi

Pamene mukukula nthambi mu madzi pali chinthu chimodzi chofunikira. Ichi ndi chisamaliro cha madzi. Pali njira ziwiri zoyang'anira cuttings. Pa nthawi ina, mukhoza kumalowetsa madzi. Kuti muchite izi, chotsani ma cuttings ndi kukulunga mu chigamba chisanayambe. Sungunulani bwino, tsitsani madzi abwino pansi ndi kumiza zidutswazo.

Mukhoza kuwonjezera njira yochepa yochepa ya potassium permanganate. Njira yachiwiri imayesedwa yodalirika kuti ikule. Zimaphatikizapo kuwonjezera madzi monga chinyezi chimaphatikizidwa ndi cuttings. Choncho, popanda kusokoneza kuikidwa kwa mizu, timadontho timeneti timakhala tikukula pa tsamba.

Cuttings mu filimuyi

Kusamalidwa kosavuta kwa cuttings omwe amamera mu filimuyo. Sphagnum ndi nsalu zimakhala bwino kwambiri. Moss wothira kale akhoza kusunga chinyezi kwa nthawi yayitali. Kuti mumvetse zomwe zidutswa za cuttings zikufunikira tsopano, yang'anani cellophane yomwe munaphimba nthambi. Ngati filimuyi yayuma - muyenera kuthira nsalu pang'ono. Izi ndizochitidwa bwino ndi botolo la kutsitsi. Ndipo ngati pali kukhudzidwa kwambiri pa filimuyi, yonyamulira pang'ono ndikupuma.

Cuttings mu gawo lapansi

Kusamalira cuttings mu gawo liyenera kuyandikira ndi chachikulu kwambiri ndi udindo. Ntchito yofunika kwambiri ndikuteteza kuchuluka kwa chinyezi. Mulimonsemo sangathe kuthirira madzi a cuttings a kuthirira akhoza. Madzi ochulukirapo amatha kuchepetsa pansi, ndikuwonetsa chidendene. Izi zidzatsogolera kuwonongeka kwa njirayi kapena mizu yake. Muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito, monga momwe zinaliri pa filimuyi, phulani mfuti.

Musalole kuti zouma zitheke kunja kwa nthaka, koma musamapitirire kuthirira ndi kuthirira. Pankhani yoyamba kutentha kapena mochedwa rooting, muyenera kudzaza chidebe ndi masamba a cuttings. Ndipo ngati kutentha kumadutsa pansi pa madigiri asanu, ndibwino kuti muwaphimbe iwo ndi filimu, nthawi zina kuwatsegula, kupereka mpweya wabwino.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mwasankha kubzala thuja kumtunda wobiriwira, muyenera kusamalira nthawi yake. Pambuyo pa zaka ziwiri zochepa kukula, thuja amayesetsa mwakhama. Simukuyenera kulola kutalika kwa chomera pamwamba pa mamita 1.5, mwinamwake sikungakhale kovuta kudula.

Zomwe muyenera kuchita pambuyo pa rooting

Mutatha kukonzekera cuttings mwa njira imodzi, funso limabwera: kodi, ndi liti, ndi liti kuti muchite. Pamene autumn rooting nthambi za thuja anabzala m'munda wapadera munda, angakhale chaka chotsatira. Pakuti mabedi obwera pansi amapangidwa, omwe amatchedwa shkolka. Kwa mabedi, sankhani malo ndi mthunzi wamba. Pambuyo pa derali padzakumbidwa, mutha kuthira manyowa ndi peat wokhazikika.

Musanayambe kutenga timadzi kuchokera mu thanki (pambali ya gawo lapansi), tsanulirani pang'ono, kotero zidzakhala zosavuta kupeza nthambi. Tchire tating'ono tifesedwe pamtunda wa masentimita 25 kuchokera kwa mzake. Pambuyo pofika pansi, tsitsani pansi. Pambuyo pa cuttings ali m'nthaka, chiopsezo chotayika chomeracho n'chochepa. Imwani nthaka nthawi zonse ndikuchotsa namsongole. Zikakhala choncho, patatha zaka zitatu, kapena mwina zaka ziwiri, zidzatheka kuti muthe kumalo ake osatha.

Mukudziwa? Tuya ndi zophweka kupereka mawonekedwe omwe mukufuna: mukhoza kukonza shrub monga mawonekedwe a cube kapena trapezoid popereka korona wokongola kwa chomera. Nthawi zina amapanga kanyumba kobiriwira.

Kuberekera kwa thuja cuttings m'dzinja sikumakhala kovuta. Muyenera kusamala pang'ono ndi kuleza mtima - ndipo shrub yobiriwirayo idzakongoletsa mbali iliyonse ya tsamba lanu.