Zapadera za phwetekere "Dubrava" ku dacha

Pakati pa mitundu yonse ya tomato pamsika lero, wamaluwa akuyesera kusankha anthu omwe ali odzichepetsa akamakula msinkhu, musafune garter ndi pasynkovaniya. Zopindulitsa zonsezi zili Mitundu yambiri ya phwetekere.

Matimati Dubrava: mitundu yosiyanasiyana

Mtedza wa tomato uwu uli ndi tsinde laling'ono - silimakula kuposa masentimita 70 mu msinkhu. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, ili ndi nthambi zochepa chabe, koma masambawo amadzaza chitsamba chonsecho.

Chipatso cha chomera chikukula pafupifupi, kufika mpaka 110 g, ngakhale wamaluwa amati mu nyengo yotentha akhoza kukula kwambiri. Kuwonekera kofiira kwambiri, ali ndi makoma amphamvu kwambiri komanso mbewu zochepa. Choncho, amafunikanso kuti azigwiritsa ntchito mwatsopano komanso pokonza.

Tomato Oak ali ndi malongosoledwe otsatirawa: ozungulira, ovunda, ngakhale mawonekedwe, amakhala ndi nsonga zachinsinsi, zong'amba pang'ono pambali.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yamtengo wapatali chifukwa cha kucha kwake koyamba komanso zokolola zambiri. Pankhaniyi, kumusamalira kumasowa. Chomera chikulimbana ndi matenda a tizilombo, chisanu. Chomera chokwanira chikhoza kukula ngakhale pawindo la nyumbayo.

Zimadziwika kuti mitundu yambiri ya phwetekere imakhala yovuta kwambiri pa msinkhu wa chinyezi. Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu kuchokera kumalo abwino kungakhale ndi zotsatirapo zomvetsa chisoni, koma osati mu nkhaniyi.

Nyamayi Dubok ikukula bwino m'madera onse kumpoto ndi kummwera, ndi makhalidwe abwino. Nthawi yokhayo ndi yakuti nthawi ya maluwa ndi pollination ayenera kuonetsetsa kuti kutentha sikuposa 25 ° C.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa phwetekere Dubok (Dubrava)

Chofunika kwambiri cha zosiyanasiyanazi ndi chisangalalo chochuluka cha chisamaliro ndi zokolola zambiri. Zokwanira kuti udzule udzu kawiri, pamene chitsamba chake chikuyamba kumera namsongole, kupulumutsa mlimi kuti apitirize kulima nthaka.

Mitengo ya tomato ya Dubrava imakula kwambiri pa tsiku la 110 pambuyo pa kumera kwa mbeu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mitundu ikhale yovuta. Chomeracho chimatha kupirira kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha, kuzizira. Zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ambiri, makamaka motsutsana ndi vuto lochedwa.

Mutha kulikula popanda chopaka chapadera komanso kumangiriza. Pa nthawi yomweyo, zimasonyeza zokolola zambiri - mpaka makilogalamu 5 a mbewu akhoza kukolola pa mita imodzi iliyonse.

Zina mwazovuta zimatchedwa zipatso zazikulu kwambiri zomwe zimakhala zosavuta kuti zitheke. Iwo sangakhoze kudula, koma mu mabanki a khosi samakhala prolazyat.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato Dubok ndi imodzi mwa anthu ochepa masiku ano omwe angabweretsedwe mwa kusonkhanitsa mbewu zanu. Nthaŵi zambiri, kulima mitundu ina pambuyo pa kumera kwa mbewu zawo kuti tipewe tomato ndi makhalidwe a amayi ndi kosatheka.

Mmene mungamere mbande, kubzala Dubrava

Monga momwe zilili ndi mitundu ina, kubzala mbewu kumalo osatsegula sikungakhale koyenera kulima. Matenda a mandimu amafunika kulima mbande, zomwe zimabzalidwa kunja.

Zosowa za nthaka

Pofuna kubzala mbeu za phwetekere, mungagwiritse ntchito osakaniza osakaniza ogulitsidwa m'sitolo. Koma mungagwiritse ntchito magawo omwe alipo omwe akutsalira ku kulima parsley, katsabola, zukini.

Chilichonse chimene mungasankhe, Ndibwino kuti asamalidwe kapena kusamitsa nthaka asanayambe kubzala mankhwala.

Nthawi yobzala mbewu

Monga lamulo, mbewu za mbande zimabzalidwa zaka khumi zapitazi za March. Komabe, muyenera kulingalira zenizeni za nyengo ya gulu lanu: mu zigawo zotentha mungathe kuzifesa kale, ndi kumadera ozizira - kenako.

Mbewu zofesedwa m'nthaka, zimayikidwa m'zida za pulasitiki. Onetsetsani kuti aliyense wa iwo ali ndi dzenje pansi, zomwe zimapereka madzi abwino pamene amamwetsa mtsogolo.

Kukonzekera mbewu ndi kubzala mbeu za phwetekere zosiyanasiyana Dubrava

Musanabzala mbewu ayenera kukhala okonzeka. Ngati mukufuna, mukhoza kuthana ndi kukula kwa stimulator, koma nkofunika kuti muzitsitsimutsa mu potsekemera 2 potaziyamu permanganate. Atatha kufesa, amamera pafupifupi chirichonse.

Kodi kusamalira mbande

Mphukira zazing'ono zimayambitsidwa kutsamba ndipo sizimamwe madzi kuti zisawononge izo. Pamene mbande ifika miyezi iwiri, mukhoza kuyamba kuumitsa pokonza zokwera pansi. Kuti achite izi, amakhutira ndi kutentha kwa masana pa 17-18 ° C, ndipo usiku - 12-13 ° C.

Mukudziwa? Izi zosiyanasiyana za tomato zimachokera m'zaka za XXI. Abusa ku Siberia. Ankafuna kutulutsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chisanu yomwe, pansi pa nyengo yozizira, idzabala zipatso zabwino ndipo sizidzatetezedwa ndi matenda. Ndipo iwo anapambana!
Pamene mphukira idzapanga 3-5 masamba, akhoza swoop pansi mu makaseti osiyana kapena muli. Kenaka ndikulimbikitsanso kuti muzisamba ndi njira yapadera kwa mbande, mwachitsanzo, Agricola. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kowonjezera kowonjezera kukula - feteleza feteleza ndilolandiridwa.

Momwe mungamerekere tomato potseguka pansi

Matimati wa Dubrava sumafuna kuti udzu wapadera udwale ndikusamala, uyenera kukhala wofanana ndi mitundu ina ya tomato. Chinthu chokha chomwe sichiri chovomerezeka ndi kudzala kwambiri thickly - osapitirira sikisi tchire pa mita imodzi iliyonse. Apo ayi, tchire la mbewu lidzaponderezana wina ndi mzake, kukhale kovuta kukula ndi kuchepetsa zokolola.

Zonse za Dubrava zimangofunika kumasula, kudyetsa, namsongole ndi kuthirira madzi otentha. Zowonjezera zazikulu ndikuti tchire sichiyenera kumangirizidwa, simukusowa kuchotsa mbaliyo. Izi zimathandiza kuti azisamalira.

Nthawi yomwe ingabzalidwe mbande mitundu Dubrava (Oak) pamalo otseguka

Kulima kumamera pamtunda wotseguka umachitika pamene otentha chisanu achoka. M'nthawi yathu ino, nthawiyi imagwera chakumapeto kwa April ndi kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May. Pa nthawi yomweyi, mbande iwowo ayenera kukhala ndi masiku osachepera 55 kuchokera kumera.

Njira zamakono

Kwa tomato zamitundu yosiyanasiyana, ndikofunikira kudzipatula kumwera kwa munda wa ndiwo zamasamba, koma pamtundawo akhoza kukula kwa zaka zingapo motsatizana, pokhapokha ngati nthaka ikudyetsedwa ndi apamwamba kwambiri feteleza. Ndikoyenera kuti anyezi, nkhaka, kabichi, ndi zukini zikhazikike pa tsamba lino pamaso pa Dubrava.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati dothi lili lolimba kwambiri, m'pofunika kulikonzekera kuti mutenge tomato zosiyanasiyana m'nyengo ya kugwa. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kukumba malowa ndi ufa wa dolomite kapena laimu. Pa nthawi yomweyi mukhoza kuwonjezera feteleza: 50 g wa superphosphate ndi 8 makilogalamu a humus pa mita imodzi. Mu kasupe mungathe kuwonjezera 20 g wa potashi ndi feteleza feteleza.
Masenje a tchire amakumbidwa pamtunda wa masentimita 40 mpaka 50 kuchokera mzake, mtunda wa pakati pa mizere iyenera kukhala 50-60 masentimita. Monga tawonera, sipangakhale zitsulo zisanu ndi chimodzi pamtunda umodzi kuti tipeze malo okula. Izi zidzawathandiza kusamalira iwo ndi mapangidwe awo. Chitsamba chilichonse chiyenera kukhala ndi ziwiri kapena zitatu zimayambira.

Momwe mungasamalire Dubok (Dubrava) tomato zosiyanasiyana

Kusamalira phwetekere ndi kophweka kwambiri. Kuonjezera apo, chomeracho sichimavutika ndi mochedwa choipitsa. Koma muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena kuti mutenge zokolola.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa

Tsiku lililonse, palibe chifukwa chokhalira chomeracho, koma sikutheka kuti zitheke kuyanika kwadothi kumtunda. Choncho, nthawi zina kuthirira Dubrava kumasonyezanso. Ndizofunika kuchita izi zitatha dzuwa litalowa komanso mobwerezabwereza.

Nthaŵi zambiri ndi kofunika kudyetsa chomeracho. Pochita izi, gwiritsani ntchito chisakanizo chokhala ndi phulusa (250 g), superphosphate (50 g), feteleza (1: 5). M'nthaka amapangidwa kamodzi mu masiku 20. Pochita izi nthawi zonse, mudzawonjezera kwambiri zokolola za tomato.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa mitundu ya tomato ya Dubrava, chinyezi chapamwamba chimaposa chilala chokhazikika. Komabe, kutentha sikukusokoneza kuchuluka kwa zokolola. Padzakhalanso zipatso zambiri, koma zidzakhala zocheperapo.

Kukumba chomera

Chidziwitso cha mitundu yosiyana ndi chakuti sichikusowa. Komabe, odziwa bwino wamaluwa amalimbikitsabe kuti achite izi kuwonongeka, kupanga chitsamba kwa awiri kapena atatu zimayambira.

Kusamalira dothi (kuchotsa udzu ndi kukulitsa)

Kusamalira chomera kumaphatikizapo kupalira mmimba nthawi zonse. Zoona, muyenera kuchita mosamala kamodzi kapena kawiri. Kenaka chitsamba cholimba chidzamera namsongole.

Nthaŵi zonse kumasula nthaka kumalimbikitsa. Izi zimayambitsa kukula kwa mizu, kuwonjezeka kukula kwa chitsamba chokha, ndipo, motero, kumawonjezera zokolola zake.

Matimati Dubrava: Kukolola

Zitsamba kupereka mowolowa manja ndi wochuluka kukolola mu July - August. Ngati mutatsatira malamulo onse oti muwasamalire, mukhoza kuchotsa makilogalamu 7 a tomato kuchokera pamtunda umodzi. Zipatso zoyamba zipse pa tsiku la 80-105th mutabzala, ndipo zotsirizirazo zikhoza kuchotsedwa ngakhale kumapeto kwa autumn. Panthawi imeneyi, zipatso zimapsa pang'onopang'ono, ndipo zokolola zimachotsedwa mosalekeza.

Tomato a mitundu iyi amakhala okoma acidity, minofu, ndi zochepa za mbewu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosavuta kwa saladi, amadya yaiwisi. Zimatengedwa bwino ndipo zimakhalabe zogulitsa pambuyo pochotsedwa. Komanso amatha kuyamwa bwino, salting, kuzizira, kuyanika. Zili ndi 6% ya nkhani youma, choncho zimayang'ana kuchokera kwa iwo.

Matimati wa tomato Dubrava uli ndi makhalidwe abwino kwambiri, omwe amathandiza kwambiri kuti asamalire, atenge zokolola zambiri komanso kusunga mawonekedwe komanso kukoma kwake. Chifukwa chake, wamaluwa amamupatsa iye dzuwa lakumwera mabedi pa ziwembu zawo, kusonkhanitsa mbewu zambiri kwa zaka zingapo mzere.