Kodi magnolia ndi chiyani mumunda?

Genus Magnolia (kuchokera ku Chilatini Magnolia) - mtundu wakale kwambiri wa zomera. Ndili mitundu yambiri (mitundu yoposa 120) ya mtundu wa Magnolia, ena mwa iwo ndi osagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu, akukula m'madera ndi nyengo yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Mtundu umenewu unali wochokera kwa Charles Plumier, yemwe anaupatsa dzina laulemu wa zomera za ku France dzina lake Pierre Magnol.

Magnolia amapezeka kuthengo, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imamera m'nkhalango ndi nyengo yozizira komanso yotentha. Amapezeka m'mphepete mwa mitsinje ya Himalayan, Japan, Malaysia, komanso kum'mwera chakum'maƔa kwa United States kupita ku Brazil. Tsoka ilo, pakali pano mitundu yoposa 40 ili pafupi kutha.

Mitundu yosiyana ya magnolias ikuwoneka mosiyana, koma zonse zimakhala zokongoletsera m'munda wanu. Ganizirani mitundu yambiri yotchuka ndi mitundu ya magnolia, kuti muthe kusankha chomwe chili chabwino pa munda wanu.

Magnolia ankanena (nkhaka)

Dziko lakwawo: Central North America. Mwachilengedwe, imakula kumapazi a mapiri, monga mbali ya nkhalango zakuda, komanso m'mphepete mwa mapiri ndi m'mphepete mwa mitsinje yamapiri. Ndi mtengo wovuta. Slender pyramidal korona imakhala yozungulira ndi zaka. Amakula mpaka mamita 30 m'lifupi. Masamba ndi ovunda kapena opangidwa mozungulira. Maluwa - mawonekedwe a bluebells, amakula mpaka masentimita 8 m'mimba mwake, wobiriwira wachikasu ndi maluwa a bluish. Amayamba kuphuka pambuyo pa masamba pachimake, maluwawo alibe fungo. Amakula mwamsanga, osagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu. Zipatso ndi zofiira.

Siebold magnolia

Dziko lakwawo: Korea Peninsula, China, Japan. Siebold magnolia ndi shrub yazitali, nthawi zina kufotokozera kumanena kuti ndi mtengo wochepa kwambiri (mpaka mamita 10). Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe aakulu. Maluwa amaphuka mu June mwamsanga pambuyo pa masamba. Chovala chokhala ndi chikho, choyera, ndi fungo losangalatsa. Maluwawo amakonzedwa mwakachetechete pamtambo woonda kwambiri wodumpha. Mtundu uwu wa magnolia umatengedwa kuti ndi umodzi wa ozizira kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Zomera zazikulu zimatha kulekerera chisanu mpaka 36 ° C popanda kuwonongeka.

Magnolia Kobus

Dziko lakwawo: Japan, Korea. Mtengo waung'ono kapena shrub yaikulu. Pokhala wachinyamata, ali ndi mawonekedwe a khunyu, ndi msinkhu, nthambi zazikulu zimakhala zikufalikira, ndi korona. Magnolia Kobus amakula mpaka mamita 10 m'lifupi, akhoza kukhala wolemera mamita 4 mpaka 8. Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe a obovate ndipo amakonzedweratu. Amamasula kwambiri kuyambira m'ma April mpaka sabata yoyamba ya Meyi. Zipatso ndi mabokosi a mtundu wofiira wamakono. Amagwiritsa ntchito mitundu yosazizira, koma amaipitsa kwambiri chisanu.

Magnolia Lebner

Dziko lakwawo: zomwe zimapezeka mwa kudutsa mitundu. Magnolia Lebner anapeza mwa kudutsa nyenyezi magnolia ndi Kobus magnolia. Ili ndi mawonekedwe a chitsamba chokhala ndi mamita 4-6 kapena mtengo wokhala ndi mamita 8. Korona ya mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi ikufalikira, kuphatikizapo mitundu imene idapangidwira. Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe a obovate kapena oblong-oval oval. Maluwa kumayambiriro kwa maluwa okongola kwambiri, ndipo atatha kutsegulidwa mokwanira amakhala okonzeka. Mzere wa duwa ukufika pa masentimita 10-12, uli ndi fungo losangalatsa, ndipo mtundu, monga wa mtundu wa makolo, uli woyera.

Miphika pa maluwa onse amapangidwa mpaka zidutswa khumi ndi ziwiri, ali ndi obovate (mawonekedwe pang'ono), pomwe akugwedeza kumunsi. Maluwa amayamba ngakhale asanafike masamba - mapeto a April - kumayambiriro kwa May. Zipatso zimaonekera kumapeto kwa theka la September. Amalekerera chisanu.

Nyenyezi magnolia

Dziko lakwawo: Japan Magnolia yooneka ngati nyenyezi ndi shrub yamphamvu, yofala kwambiri. Ili ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, amakula kufika mamita atatu m'litali ndi m'lifupi. Amakula pang'onopang'ono. Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe a obovate kapena opangika, okonzedweratu. Iyamba kuphuka musanayambe masamba, mu March-April. Mphepetezo ndi lakuthwa pamapeto, nambala yawo pa maluwa amodzi akhoza kufika 40, kunja kwa nyenyezi. Maluwawo ndi oyera, amakhala ndi fungo losangalatsa. Mitundu imeneyi imagwiranso ntchito ku chisanu.

Magnolia Large Leaf

Dziko lakwawo: North America. Chodabwitsa mtengo wa sing'anga kukula. Pazaka 15 mpaka 20 zoyambirira, korona ili ndi mawonekedwe, koma ndi msinkhu umakhala wosasintha. Thunthu liri pafupi nthawi zonse molunjika, nthawizina nthambi kumunsi. Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe ovuta ndipo ali ndi kukula kwakukulu - mpaka mamita 1 m'litali. Zili zolemetsa kwambiri, koma panthawi yomweyi ndizoonda, ndizing'onoting'ono. Pansi pake pali mawonekedwe a mtima, pamwamba pa mdima wonyezimira wowala, wosalala. Mtundu wa pansi ndi mtundu wa bluu ndipo umakhala ndi "mfuti". Mbali yodziwika bwino ya maluwa ndi mawanga atatu ofiira pazitsamba zamkati. Maluwawo ali ndi fungo lokoma ndi lalikulu. Mtundu wawo kumayambiriro kwa maluwa ndi woyera, ndipo pakapita nthawi amapeza mthunzi wa njovu. Nthawi yamaluwa: kutha kwa April - May.

Magnolia grandiflora

Dziko lakwawo: Kumwera cha Kumwera kwa America. Akuyimira mitundu yambiri ya mtundu wa magnolia. Kutalika kumatha kufika mamita 30. Masamba ovate, aakulu. Zipatso za mitundu iyi ndi pineal polyleaf, mkati mwake muli mbewu zofiira kwambiri.

Mbewu za mitundu iyi sizimagwa nthawi yomweyo kuchokera ku chipatso chophwanyika: zimapachika pa pedicels, maonekedwe akufanana ndi kukongoletsa kwa Khirisimasi. Maluwa a magnolia amenewa ndi oyera kapena a kirimu, omwe ndi aakulu kwambiri. Mukhale ndi fungo lonunkhira, ndipo pachimake chimatha chilimwe chonse.

Magnolia officinalis

Dziko lakwawo: China Magnolia officinalis amatanthauzanso magnolia obiriwira. Masamba achikopa amakhala ndi mawonekedwe okongola. Kutalika, mtengo uwu ukufika mamita 20. Chifukwa cha pubescence wambiri wa masamba ndi bulauni-bulauni. Zimakonzedweratu, ndipo kutalika kwake kufika pa masentimita 25. Maluwa: May-June. Maluwa okongola, mawonekedwe ndi fungo ali ofanana ndi magnolia aakulu.

Mukudziwa? Mankhwala a magnolia agwiritsidwa ntchito m'zipatala zachi China ku zaka zoposa 2000.

Magnolia Nude

Dziko lakwawo: China Mtengo wa pyramidal, nthawizina shrub. Amakula mpaka kutalika kwa mamita 8-10. Masamba ali ndi mawonekedwe a obovate, ndipo kutalika kwake kumafikira masentimita 15. Maluwawo ndi a mtundu wachilendo wofiira, woyera kwambiri. Mu mawonekedwe ofanana ndi kakombo.

Nthawi ya maluwa ndi masiku 10-12 okha, imayamba mu April kapena kumayambiriro kwa May. Mu Oktoba, magnolia osasamba amayamba kubala chipatso, zipatso zake zimakhala 5-7 cm kutalika, zofiira mu mtundu, mbali yowunikira ili ndi madontho oyera.

Magnolia ambulera

Dziko lakwawo: kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa America. Magnolia iyi ili ndi dzina lina - katatu. Mtengo mpaka mamita 5-6. Mitundu imeneyi idalandira mayina ake chifukwa cha masamba omwe amasonkhanitsidwa atatu kumapeto kwa mphukira, motero amapanga mtundu wa ambulera. Masamba ndi obovate kapena oblong mawonekedwe. Maluwawo ndi oyera, oyera, mpaka masentimita 25. Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina, ambulera magnolia maluwa amakhala ndi fungo losasangalatsa. Nthawi yamaluwa: kutha kwa May - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa June. Nthawi - mpaka masiku 20. Zipatso ziri mu mawonekedwe a ziphuphu zofiira, zomwe zimayamba kubereka zipatso kumapeto kwa September.

Magnolia Sulanzha

Dziko lakwawo: South ndi North America. Mtengo wodulidwa uli ndi thunthu lalifupi kapena shrub yaikulu. Piramidi ya korona muunyamata, ndi ukalamba umakhala wozungulira. Nthambi ndi lotayirira ndi shirokoraskidistye, atagona pansi ndi kuyang'ana kwenikweni pachiyambi. Zimakula pafupifupi mofananamo m'lifupi ndi kutalika - kufika mamita 4-8. Masamba ochuluka kapena obovate. Maluwa amayamba maluwa asanaphuke. Maluwawo amaoneka ngati ma tulips oyera ndi mawanga ofiira-pinki. Nthawi yamaluwa: April - May. Zipatso zimakhala zofiira kwambiri. Magnolia Sulanzha ozizira osagonjetsedwa, koma maluwa akhoza kuvutika ndi mochedwa frosts, koma kufotokozera kungakhale kosiyana malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana.

Monga mukuonera, mitundu ina ya magnolia ndi yofanana, ndipo ena ali ndi kusiyana kwakukulu. Magnolia iliyonse imakhala ndi mitundu yambiri, yomwe imayenera kulima mosiyana, choncho mtundu uliwonse wa zomera udzakula mumunda wanu, zimadalira inu.