Ndi mtundu wanji wa chrysanthemum wakulima mmunda, wotchuka mitundu ya maluwa yotseguka pansi

Chrysanthemums ndi maluŵa okongola, koma ambiri amalima oyambirira akukhumudwa ndi zotsatira zosakwanira za kulima. Nthawi zambiri amadziimba mlandu. Posankha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chrysanthemums yobzala pa malo anu, choyamba, phunzirani masiku ake a maluwa ndi zizindikiro, ndiye maluwawo sangawononge mavuto ndipo adzasangalatsa diso mpaka nthawi yophukira.

Valentina Tereshkova

Izi zosiyanasiyana zimabzalidwa ndi abambo a Crimea. Tsinde lopweteka limadzipangira palokha masamba akulu. Kuchokera pa mapangidwe a maluwa kumaluwa kumatenga pafupi miyezi iwiri. Maluwa amitundu yosiyanasiyana kumayambiriro kwa September. Mbali yam'mwamba ya pamakhala ndi mdima wamdima wakuda, kuwala kwapafupi. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imeneyi imaphuka, monga lamulo, mpaka kumapeto kwa October. Maluwa amaima nthawi yaitali maluwa odulidwa, masamba amatha, ndipo masambawo amakhala atsopano. Ichi ndi chrysanthemum yotseguka, koma kuyambira nyengo yoipa ikagwa iyenera kujambula ndi kanema, makamaka popeza mcherewo suopa kutulutsa kwa filimuyo. Amayi akumwa a Valentina Tereshkova zosiyanasiyana amasungidwa chapansi m'nyengo yozizira ndipo popanda kumwa madzi.

Ndikofunikira! Sitikulimbikitsidwa kubzala izi zosiyanasiyana ndi chitsamba chonse, kudula ndikofunikira.

Chrysanthemum yafika

Dzina lachiwiri la chrysanthemum ndilo saladi ya saladi. Chomera ichi chimadyedwa. Chrysanthemum ili ndi tsinde lopanda kanthu, molunjika mpaka masentimita 70 cm, nthambi pang'ono pamwamba. Masamba opangidwa ndi maola kapena ellipsoid ali pafupifupi masentimita asanu ndi atatu m'litali. Maluwa a saladi chrysanthemum ndi okongola kwambiri: mkati mwake ndi lalikulu stamen, ndi lokhala ndi mabala awiri a marigold, omwe ali pafupi ndi stamen ya chikasu chowala, ndipo theka lachiwiri la petal ndi loyera. Iyi ndiyo mtundu wapamwamba wa mitundu, pali mitundu ina. Maluwa a zinthu zosiyanasiyana ali ndi fungo lapadera, mabala amakometsera zakudya zosiyanasiyana, nthawi zambiri mchere. Mazira ndi maluwa onse amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza mbale zosiyanasiyana. M'dziko la Dzuŵa, mchere umaphatikizidwira ku pickles ndi marinades, saladi ndi mizimu.

Mukudziwa? Ku Japan, kwakhala kale kachitidwe ka kuika zida zazing'ono ndi mbale. Anthu a ku Japan amakhulupirira kuti mwambo umenewu udzabweretsa thanzi labwino komanso moyo wautali. Asungwana achijapani amasonkhanitsa mame mame kuchokera ku chrysanthemum pamakhala, pokhulupirira kuti kusamba kudzawapatsa iwo kukongola ndi atsopano kwa zaka zambiri.
Ngakhale kuti ma chryshemhemums amatchedwa saladi, maluwawo ndi abwino kwambiri kumunda. Iwo amafesedwa pamtunda mu May, kawirikawiri pamayendedwe a munda, kuwagwiritsa ntchito ngati chilema.

Alpine Chrysanthemum

Alpine chrysanthemum - yosatha. Chitsamba chochepa chimachokera ku mapiri a mayiko a ku Ulaya. Chrysanthemum imakula mpaka 15 cm wamtali. Mbalameyi imakula kuchokera ku mizu, tsamba lapamwamba la tsamba ndi lobiriwira, ndipo pansi ndizabwino. Chokhazikika chimayambira korona ndi maluwa osavuta kapena awiri ofanana ndi daisies. Alpine Chrysanthemum imamasula mu July. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chrysanthemums ndi yabwino kwa munda. Anabzala mu flowerbeds, alpsine slides, mu miphika kapena m'miphika. Zosiyanasiyana zolimbana ndi kuzizira.

Chrysanthemum keeled

Ichi ndi nthambi, cholungama chomera. Mutu wapakati ndi wandiweyani. Lekani wandiweyani ndi mbale zosiyana za feathery. Inflorescences ndi mabakitale, osakaniza kapena osiyana-siyana. Mitundu ya bango imakhala mitundu yosiyanasiyana: yoyera, yachikasu, yofiira. Pali maluwa ojambula mu zizindikiro ziwiri. Chimake mu July. Mitengo yamaluwa yachitsamba imachokera ku mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chrissanthemum. Iwo amasiyanitsidwa ndi oyambirira maluwa ndi wandiweyani wozungulira chitsamba.

Chrysanthemum Champagne Splashes

Champagne - spray chrysanthemum. Kutalika kwa chitsamba kumadutsa 30 mpaka 70 masentimita. Zimayambira ndi molunjika ndi masamba oblong obiriwira. Chrysanthemum imamera mu October ndipo imamera mpaka chisanu choyamba. Maluwawo ndi aakulu ndi masamba ngati singano, mtundu wochokera ku pinki wofiira ndi golide. Maluwa okongola kwambiri amawoneka ngati singano zamagalasi, ndi kupopera kofiira golide pa stamen. Maluwa amakhala abwino osamalidwa, mu flowerbeds ndi nyimbo ndi kuwala kowala maluwa (asters).

Chrysanthemum Rivardi

Maluwa otchedwa Rivardi garden chrysanthemums ndi abwino kwa nyengo yozizira. Zimakhala zozizira ndipo sizikusowa pokhala m'nyengo yozizira. Izi ndizitali, mpaka mamita okwera, ndi masamba a masamba obiriwira ndi mapesi owongoka. Phukira mu November ndi pachimake mpaka chisanu. Maluwa akuluakulu amadziwika ndi pinki yokongola, pichesi, mandimu yofiira komanso ma thokasu okoma. Mitengo yopanda mphepo isanafike nyengo yozizira imapangidwa ndi potashi-phosphorous mankhwala kuti nyengo yozizira iziyenda bwino. M'mapangidwe a munda, kawirikawiri ma chrysanthemum amabzalidwa pafupi ndi singano zokongoletsera, amawoneka bwino ndi salvia, coleus ndi elimus.

Shrub Chrysanthemum

Imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya munda m'madera omwe ndi ofunda kwambiri ndi shrub chrysanthemum. Kuyambira nthawi zonse, mpaka kufika mamita okwera mtengo ndi ofunda nthambi zowonjezera. Zowoneka bwino m'munsi mwa zolimba. Magazi amagawidwa m'magulu angapo. Maluwa aakulu ndi terry ndi theka-kawiri pamasamba zidutswa zitatu mpaka zisanu ndi zitatu pa nthambi. Mtundu wa pamakhala ndi wosiyana: woyera, wachikasu, pinki. M'madera okhala ndi nyengo yowawa, maluwa angabzalidwe muzitsulo zazikulu, ndi nyengo yozizira panyumba.

Chenjerani! Mitundu ina ya chryshememums imakhala ndi fungo labwino, sizitonthozedwa kuikidwa pafupi ndi bedi, makamaka mu chipinda chosagwiritsidwa ntchito. M'mawa mumatha kudzuka ndi kupweteka mutu.

Multicolour Chrysanthemum

Izi ndi mitundu yambiri yosakanizidwa. Mphukira zamphamvu, zokhazikika pamunsi ndi zaka. Masambawa ndi aakulu ngati mawonekedwe, pali mano akulu pamphepete mwa masamba. Mabala a masambawa ndi amchere, onunkhira ndi otsala ochokera kunja, mpaka masentimita asanu ndi awiri kutalika. Mbalame zazikulu zazikulu maluwa otentha kapena ochepa-awiri, ndi bango lamitundu yosiyanasiyana. Pali zachikasu, pinki ndi zoyera, koma mtundu wokongola kwambiri ndi wa lilac-wofiira ndi mpanda woyera m'mphepete mwake.

Zosangalatsa Maluwa a maluwa anayamba kumera mu 551 BC. er ku China. Kenako maluwawo anadza ku Japan ndipo anayamba kudziwika ndi anthu okhalamo kuti adapeza maluwa a dzikoli.

Chrysanthemum Pink Daisy

Ichi chrysanthemum, ngati chamomile - mtundu wofiira wa pinki. Amamasula mu September, pachimake chimatha mpaka chisanu. Chrysanthemum Pink daisy imalekerera bwino nyengo yozizira. Ndi chophatikizira shrub mpaka mamita wamtali, ndi zimayendedwe zolunjika ndi mapepala apakatikati ofiira a masamba. Mitundu ya dothi sichifuna. Amakonda penumbra kuchokera ku chitsamba kapena khoma kuchokera kwa okwera. Izi zimayenda bwino ndi maluwa, asters, rudbeckies ndi stonecrop.

Chrysanthemum Multiflora

Pofotokoza chrysanthemum Multiflora nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza ndi masamba a mtengo. Masamba alidi odulidwa ndi mapiri osongoka, ozungulira, monga mumtengo. Fungo la maluwa ndi lofanana ndi fungo la chowawa. Izi ndizitali zakuya mpaka masentimita 70. Chrysanthemum imamera mu August, maluwawo ndi a sing'anga, osiyana siyana: zofiira, chikasu, lilac ndi zina. Multiflora ndi yabwino yokonza miphika, mu flowerbeds ndi zomera zokha. Amagwirizana bwino ndi balsamines, kosmey, mkamwa wa mkango ndi asters. Amakhulupirira kuti mazira oyambirira omwe ankakula pakhomo anali maluwa onga kangaude. Iwo ankagwiritsidwa ntchito osati kokha mu zokongoletsa za m'munda, komanso mu mankhwala, kuphika ndi cosmetology. Anthu okhala ku China ndi Japan adakali chrysanthemum amalemekezedwa ngati chizindikiro cha matsenga ndi amulet.