Kusamalira bwino strawberries mutatha kukolola

Wamasamba aliyense amafuna kupeza zipatso zowakometsera, zazikulu ndi zamadzimadzi mu nyengo. Ndipo ndi nthawi yosamalira zokolola zam'tsogolo mutatha kukolola.

Kusamalira mabulosi onunkhira ndi nthawi yayitali, pafupifupi nyengo yonse, koma pokhala atamva chisamaliro cha wolima munda, strawberries samamupatsa mphoto ndi kukolola kwakukulu. Lingalirani momwe mungasamalire nthaka mutatha kukolola strawberries.

Kudulira sitiroberi wakale masamba ndi ndevu

Chomeracho chinasunthira madzi ake ku zitsamba zakumunda; tsopano ntchito ya mlimi ndi kuthandiza tchire kubwerera, perekani mwayi wopanga masamba atsopano ndikukonzekera nyengo yozizira kwambiri kuti mukhale ndi nyengo yokolola yotsatira.

Ndikofunikira! Zaka zisanu zapangidwe za strawberries ziyenera kusinthidwa ndi achinyamata zomera.

Mutatha kusonkhanitsa zipatso zotsiriza kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe, m'pofunikira kuti muzichita Kupalira mabedi ndi strawberries, chifukwa nthawi yonse ya fruiting weeding sikuchitika. Kenaka yeretsani udzu, utuchi, pine singano ndi mulch wina ndi mosamala kumasula nthaka pansi pa tchire ndi timipata.

Chakumapeto kwa July, tikulimbikitsidwa kudula wakale, kuyanika sitiroberi masamba, mphukira ndi mphukirapamene akuchoka pansi pa chitsamba ndi kutalika kwa 50 mm. Ntchito yotereyi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ku chitsamba cha chaka chachiwiri ndi chachitatu cha moyo.

Dulani zakuthupi ayenera kuchotsedwa pa mabedi. Izi zikuwoneka ngati nkhanza zidzathandiza kuti chitsambacho chimasulire masamba atsopano ndi masamba.

Kupeza mphukira zambiri kutayidwa ndi chomera, funso lachilengedwe limayambira: chochita ndi sitiroberi masharubu. Chilengedwe chimanena kuti sitiroberi ya masharubu imayenera kokha kubereka.

Choncho, ngati kuli koyenera kufalitsa timabowoti, tizilombo tolimba kwambiri timasiyidwa kuti tipeze rooting, ndipo mbande zazing'ono zimapatulidwa mu kugwa ndikuziika pamabedi.

Masachevu otsala ayenera kuchotsedwa, chifukwa amatha kutenga juzi ndi mphamvu kuchokera ku chitsamba cha mayi, motero amalephera ndi kuchepetsa zokolola za chaka chotsatira. Kutayidwa ndi chomera chosafunika ku munda wamaluwa ndevu zidulidwa ndizomwe zingatheke pansi pogwiritsa ntchito mpeni wambiri kapena mpeni.

Kuthetsa ntchitoyi kumadzaza ndi kuchotsa ndi kufa kwa mbewu yonseyo. Popeza strawberries amaponya masharubu kangapo nthawi yotentha, masharubu amakonzedwa kangapo pamene akuwoneka. Izi zidzateteza chitsamba kuntchito yosafunikira.

Kodi mungadyetse bwanji strawberries mutatha kukolola

Chomeracho chikusowa zakudya zabwino kuti zibwezeretse, choncho ndikofunikira sitiroberi feteleza mutatha kukolola. Mungathe kuchita izi ndi kusakaniza: Potaziyamu sulfate, ammonium nitrate ndi superphosphate mu chiƔerengero cha 1: 1: 3 kusungunuka m'madzi ndi kutsanulira tchire ndi njirayi.

Froberberries imathandizanso kukonkha pansi pa shrub ndi biohumus, yovunda kompositi, kapena kuyika chomeracho ndi zidutswa za manyowa wouma. Mukhoza kudyetsa sitiroberi malo, owazidwa ndi nkhuni phulusa - 2 kg pa mita imodzi.

Mukudziwa? Pambuyo pa miyezi iwiri ya kukula, masamba a sitiroberi ayamba kukalamba.

Momwe mungamwetse strawberries mutatha kukolola

Mukakololedwa, sitiroberi samasowa madzi okwanira. Nkofunika kuthirira zitsamba panthawi youma. Chinthu chachikulu sichilola kuti nthaka iume pambuyo pa fruiting.

Pa malo kukula strawberries akulimbikitsidwa nthaka mulching udzu, peat kapena utuchi - izi zidzasunga chinyezi m'nthaka. Pambuyo kuthirira, kulola nthaka kuzungulira strawberries uume pang'ono ndipo mosamala kumasula nthaka pamabedi.

Mmene mungagwiritsire ntchito strawberries kuti muteteze matenda ndi tizirombo

Pambuyo pomaliza fruiting chomera ayenera kuyang'aniridwa ndikupanga kuchiza matenda ndi tizirombo.

Matendakukantha strawberries:

  • powdery mildew - Imawonetseredwa ndi imvi pachimake pa masamba, omwe amatha, amapindika ndi kugwa. Kuchiza, mabedi amathandizidwa ndi yankho la colloidal sulfure - 50 magalamu pa 5 malita a madzi ofunda.
  • imvi zowola - amadziwonetsera ngati mawanga okhudza mavitamini, amachiritsidwa ndi mkuwa chloroxide yankho - 40 magalamu pa 10 malita a madzi.
  • zovunda zakuda - analogue imvi, mawanga okha pa zipatso ndi zakuda, njira zochizira ndizofanana.
  • kuona - tsamba la zilonda ndi mabala ofiira ofiira, lichotseni ndi mkuwa oxychloride yankho - 50 magalamu pa 10 malita a madzi.

Ndikofunikira! Masamba a mtundu wofiira amadulidwa ndikuwotchedwa pokonzekera nyengo yozizira - idzapulumutsa zomera kuchokera ku tizirombo

Ziwembu zowonjezera zipatso zimafunikira kulimbana nthawi zonse ndikuziteteza ku tizirombo tosomba.

Nthawi zambiri tizirombo:

  • sitiroberi weevil - tizilombo timadya masamba ndi masamba, kuchotsani ndi kupopera mbewu ndi karbofos - 75 g pa 10 malita a madzi.
  • sitiroberi mite - tizilombo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, komwe kumatulutsa masamba ofooka a chikasu. Chotsani izo mofanana ndi weevil.
  • kangaude - umapanga intaneti pa masambawo, kumenyana nawo ndiko kulimbana ndi chomera ndi phytoverm yankho, komanso kudula ndi kuyaka masamba onse mutatha fruiting.
Mukudziwa? A good fruiting sitiroberi amatha zaka zinayi, kenako amatha.

Pambuyo pa zokolola, mutapereka mabedi mosamala, mutha kuwerengera zipatso zabwino za chaka chotsatira. Zigawo zazikulu za kusamalira sitiroberi: kuchotsedwa kwa masamba akale ndi njira, kuthirira moyenera, feteleza, kumasula, nthaka mulching, komanso kulamulira nthawi yeniyeni ya tizirombo ndi matenda a strawberries.