Chrysanthemum cuttings: kasupe, chilimwe, autumn

Kudula Chrysanthemum - Njira yopindulitsa kwambiri komanso yovomerezeka yoswana mitundu iyi. Pakubereka mwa njira zina - ndi mbewu, pogawanitsa chitsamba - chiwonongeko chosapeŵeka cha makhalidwe abwino a mitunduyo imapezeka.

Masowa ndi amphamvu kwambiri komanso okongola kwambiri, osagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi kuzizira, amakhala ndi korona wokongola komanso pachimake kwambiri. Choncho, kulima chrysanthemum cuttings ndibwino - ndi kophweka komanso odalirika kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Kudula ndi njira yobzala mbeu.

Momwe mungakonzekerere nthaka ya cuttings

Zolemba zomveka - nthaka ndi humus zimasakanizidwa mu gawo limodzi ndi magawo awiri a mchenga. Mchenga wambiri (mtsinje) mu chiwerengero cha 1: 1 ndi peat wosanjikiza wa 3-5 masentimita amatsanulira mu mphika.

Kapena iwo amatenga mbali zofanana dothi ladothi, mchenga, peat. Kapena osakaniza 2: 1: 1 - nthaka, tsamba ndi mchenga. Mchere wosakaniza - 10-12 masentimita, mchenga wambiri (mtsinje) mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 1 ndi peat wosanjikiza wa 3-5 masentimita amatsanulira pamwamba pake, mungathe kungokhala mchenga popanda peat.

Kwa rooting, perlite amagwiritsidwanso ntchito ndi mchenga, mchenga ndi sphagnum moss, mchenga ndi peat, mchenga ndi vermiculite - 1: 1.

Kuberekera kwa chrysanthemum cuttings kunyumba kumasonyeza kuperewera kwa madzi kukonzedwa kwa nthaka. Nthaka ikhoza kuyamirizidwa ndi kuwerengera mu uvuni maola 1-1.5, kapena kugwiritsira ntchito nthunzi mu madzi osamba kwa maola anayi.

Pambuyo pake, onjezerani chimodzi mwa zokonzekera - "Alirin", "Fitosporin", "Baikal M-1", "Hamair". Izi zidzateteza chitukuko cha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda m'nthaka ndipo nthawi yomweyo timadyetsa zinthu zothandiza.

Ndikofunikira! Kuphatikizitsa kusankha zamoyo zathanzi, zowonjezereka komanso zamphamvu za ma chrysanthemums.

Kudula chrysanthemum

Nthaŵi yabwino yosonkhanitsa pamodzi ndikumapeto. Kuchokera pa March mpaka April - kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chrisshemums, kuyambira April mpaka May - pakati ndi mochedwa. Kodi mwamsanga kukula chrysanthemums ku cuttings kwa kasupe kubzala mu nthaka? Ndi zophweka.

Pamene mukufunika kudula chrysanthemum

Kuchokera pakati kapena kumapeto kwa February, chitsamba chimasamutsidwa ku chipinda chofunda ndi kuthirira mochuluka. Mukhoza, koma osati, kudyetsa chomera ndi organic fertilizer. Kukula bwino kumapereka ammonium nitrate.

Pamene mphukira zazing'ono zikuwonekera - pafupifupi, masiku 8-12, amaloledwa kukula mpaka masentimita 10-12, ndipo atatha kudula kutalika.

Ndikofunikira! Pa tsamba lodulidwa liyenera kukhala ndi magawo anai opanda kanthu - mtunda wa pakati pa masamba, omwe amatchedwa internodes.

Kodi kukonzekera cuttings

Nsongazo zimachoka kapena kuchotsedwa kwathunthu, kusiya masamba 2-5 pa chiberekero - izi ndi zokwanira kuti ayambe kukula. Pa cuttings okha, pofuna kupewa kupeola kwawo, masamba ochepa amakololedwa ndipo masamba apamwamba amafupikitsidwa ndi 1/3 - kutsina, ngati pali masamba ochepa pamphepete, amadulidwa ndikubzala.

Ndikofunikira! Pogwiritsa ntchito rooting, achoke m'munsi mwadothi kwambiri. Ndi zofewa kapena zolimba, njirazo zimayambira.

Kudzala kudula mu gawo lapansi

Kubzala dothi kuyenera kusungunuka bwino. Kuzama kwa dzenje - osaposa 2 cm, mtunda pakati pa cuttings - 5-6 masentimita, ngati obzalidwa atatu kapena anayi cuttings mu thanki. Mukhoza kuika chidutswa chimodzi mu kapu kapena kapu ya pulasitiki.

Mmene mungasamalire chogwirira

Ngati ili pakati ndi mochedwa ndipo nyengo imakhala yotentha, zitsulo zimatengedwa kupita mumsewu, mpweya wabwino, koma zimakhala pansi pa denga pofuna kuteteza ku mvula ndi mphepo.

Madzi moyenera komanso mosamala, kupewa kupezeka kunja kwa nthaka kapena madzi owonjezera. Pambuyo pa masiku 14-16 patatha mphukira ya cuttings, amatha kuziika pamalo osatha.

Mitengo yoyambirira, pamene bwalo likadali lozizira, litaphimbidwa ndi filimu kuti mabokosi omwe ali ndi cuttings anali pansi pa dome. Malo omasuka pakati pa nsonga za cuttings ndi filimu yasungidwa osachepera 35 masentimita.

Madzi okwanira nthawi zonse kuchotsa filimuyo. Chizindikiro chachikulu cha rooting ndi kukula ndi maonekedwe a masamba atsopano. Pambuyo pakuoneka mapepala atsopano asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi awiri (7). Nthawi yachiwiri kufupikitsa masamba apamwamba pamene mbali ikuwombera kufika kutalika kwa masentimita 9-10.

Mukudziwa? Chifukwa cha kusinthasintha nthawi zonse kwa mphukira ngati regrowth imapanga chitsamba chokongola bwino chokhala ndi nyengo yabwino.

Kwa masiku 7-10 asanadzalemo "filimu" cuttings ayenera kuumitsidwa. Kuti muchite izi, amatsegulidwa ndikugwiritsidwa pa veranda kapena khonde, mukhoza kutsegula zenera popanda ma drafts, ndipo usiku ndi bwino kubisa kachiwiri. Anabzala iwo pansi pambuyo poopsezedwa ndi chisanu.

Pali njira yofalitsira chrissanthemum cuttings popanda chisanafike kumera ndi rooting mu muli. Izi ndi zina za kasupe kudula chrysanthemums - molunjika pansi.

Zimapangidwa kumapeto kwa nyengokatikatikati - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May ndi mwezi wa June, ndiko kuti, ngati nyengo ikuda. Cuttings amadulidwa kuchokera pamwamba-wintered ndipo kale anapatsidwa mphukira achinyamata wa tchire.

Kuchita izi, sprig ya chrysanthemum iyenera kukula ndi masentimita 14-15. Dulani mpaka theka - pafupifupi masentimita 7-8. Iwo amafesedwa nthawi yomweyo pabedi lapamwamba, odzaza mchenga ndi kuthirira.

Phimbani ndi filimu pamwamba, mpweya pakati pa pamwamba ndikudula filimu pafupifupi 50 masentimita. Ngati nyengo ili yotentha, ndiye kuti simukufunika kuphimba ndi polyethylene, ngati kuzizira, ziphimbe.

Pambuyo pa masiku 15-18 pambuyo pa rooting, mbande zikhoza kuikidwa pamalo awo osatha.

Ndikofunikira! Chrysanthemums ndi ofunikira, ndipo ndi bwino kuwakhazikitsa momasuka, osati malo othunzi. Kotero iwo adzakula ndikuphuka bwino. Ndi malo oyenera pa malo ndi chisamaliro, chryshemhemums ikhoza kusamba kwa zoposa mwezi.

Mmene mungadulire chrysanthemum m'chilimwe

Mitengo ya chilimwe ndi yosavuta kwambiri, zimachitika kuti nthambi ya chrysanthemum yomwe imangokhala mumtunda padziko lapansi imayamba mizu ndikupanga chitsamba chatsopano.

Nthawi yabwino yothandizanitsa

Pafupifupi nyengo yonse ya chilimwe ndi yoyenera kukalumikiza. Ndibwino kuti musatenge mphukira mu kutentha kwakukulu, nyengo yoipa, ndi chisanu chozizira m'chilimwe.

Kodi kukonzekera ndi kuti chodzala phesi

Mtoto wobiriwira, osati nsonga zolimba za zimayambira 12-15 masentimita ataliatali, amachotsedwa kapena kuthyoledwa pamtunda. shaded (!) malo.

Kusamalira chogwirira

Tsiku ndi tsiku, 2-3 pa tsiku, mbande zimatulutsidwa ndi kuthirira mokwanira. Pambuyo masiku 15-21 mapesi amayamba kuphuka ndikuyamba kukula. Pambuyo pake, amasamutsidwa kuchoka kumalo osakhalitsa omwe amakhala osakhalitsa kupita kumalo osatha.

Kokani mizu ndipo, limodzi ndi matope a mudope, mulowe mu chitsime chatsopano. Chitsamba chimakula mwamsanga ndipo chimakhala ndi nthawi yakuphulika m'dzinja.

Mukudziwa? Kudziko lakwawo ku China, chrysanthemums sizitengera zokoma zokondweretsa, zokongoletsera okha minda ndi minda yamaluwa. Anthu a ku China amadya ma inflorescences awo - amapanga mchere kuchokera kwa iwo, tiyi ya tiyi. Maluwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamasewera achi China monga wothandizira.

Mmene mungadulire chrysanthemum mu kugwa

Kubalana kwa chrysanthemums ndi cuttings m'dzinja ikuchitika kuchokera mfumukazi selo okonzekera wintering.

Zachitika motere: chitsamba chosungunuka chimadulidwa pansi pazu ndi kumusiya pansi masiku 14-15, sungani ngakhale mpaka chisanu choyamba. Kenaka amazikumba ndikuziika m'chipinda chozizira kapena kutentha.

Kodi kukonzekera cuttings zomera

Patangopita masiku ochepa, ziwombankhanga ziyamba kuonekera pafupi ndi chitsamba. Akamakula mpaka 8-10 masentimita m'litali, amapatulidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Kutulukira cuttings wa chrysanthemums ali ndi kusiyana kwakukulu kwa kasupe - iwo samadula cuttings, koma kuwadula iwo ku mizu.

Kubzala kudula

Dulani zidutswazo zimakhala muzitsulo kapena miphika ndipo zimayang'aniranso pamodzi ndi "cuttings" cuttings.

Kodi kusamalira cuttings wa chrysanthemum mu kugwa

Ngati simabzala mizu ya roottings pakati, pamtunda mpaka kumapeto (ngati nyengo ikufunda) mu September mutseguka pansi, ndiye amasiyidwa m'nyengo yozizira. Zikhoza kukhala zosakanizidwa pansi panthaka, kutentha ma veranda kapena khonde.

Zikatero, amayang'ana nthaka chinyezi - sayenera kuyanika kwathunthu, koma sayenera kuthiriridwa mochulukira, koma imangotulutsa madzi. Nkhalango zazikulu zomwe zidabzalidwa pansi pamtunda wotsatira.

Momwe mungakulire maluwa a chrysanthemum

Ngati pali maluwa omwe adadulidwa kale mumtsuko, ndiye mungatani kuti mukhale ndi zomera zatsopano? Kuchita izi, mphukira zobiriwira zokha zimadulidwa kuchokera ku nthambi, zimathamanga masentimita 8-10 mpaka 15 masentimita sichisonyeza zizindikiro za kuuma, kuika m'madzi ndikudikirira masiku 7-12 mpaka nthambizo zizuke.

Kenaka nthambi zikuphwanyani, kuchotsani mapepala apansi ndikubzala mu makapu kapena miphika. Ndibwino kuti musamabzala mbande imodzi, koma nthawi yomweyo mpaka 3-4 mu mphika, ndiye patapita nthawi yochepa mumapeza chitsamba chosakanikirana chokhala ndi chrysanthemums.