Kuthamanga kwa maluwa a grouse

Maluwa amalumikiza (fritillaria) amapezeka m'minda. Gulu - zomera zosatha zowonongeka, membala wa kakombo. Banja ili likuyimiridwa ndi mitundu yoposa 150 yomwe ikukula kwambiri mu malo ozizira a kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi. Ku Ulaya, hazel grouse amatchedwa "misonzi ya maria" chifukwa chakuti timadzi timadzi timatuluka kuchokera ku duwa ndikuyambitsa nthaka pafupi ndi chomera.

Mukudziwa? Gulu linalandira dzina lake lachilatini kuti lifanane ndi maluwa ndi mbale ya mbale.

Mababu a Fritillary amasinthidwa pachaka. Masamba a maluwawo amakhala ochepa kwambiri kapena amphongo. Zindikirani zimakopa peanth yowala, yomwe imatha kujambulidwa mu chikasu, chofiirira, choyera kapena chofiira. Maluwa akhoza kukhala osakwatira kapena osonkhanitsidwa mu inflorescences mzidutswa zingapo mu mawonekedwe a ambulera kapena panicle. Pa mitundu yambiri ya grouse ife timayankhula mochulukirapo.

Haman grouse (amtengo wa fritillaria)

Fritillaria amana. Mtundu uwu wa grouse wakhala ukulimidwa kale kwambiri, kuyambira mu 1975. Zamoyo zakuthupi za mitundu iyi ndi mitengo ya limestone yomwe imakhala ndi mitengo yambiri komanso udzu wambiri. Malo okongola a kukula kwa grouse ndi mapiri a Turkey, Lebanon ndi Syria. Mtundu uwu wa grouse ndi wochepa kwambiri, umafika kutalika kwa masentimita 25. Tsinde la duwa ndi lopanda kanthu. Kumayambiriro kwa maluwa, masambawo ndi ofiira, ndizosatheka kuwasiyanitsa ndi mtundu wobiriwira wa chomeracho, koma dzuwa litangotentha, mphukira imatsegulidwa komanso gawo la chokoleti chofiirira limawonekera pamphepete mwa phala. Kuchokera ku tizilombo toonong'ono, kukula kwake komwe kuli pafupifupi masentimita 3, chiwerengero chachikulu cha ana ofanana ndi mbewu za mapira zimakula. Aman grouse nthawi yomweyo monga oiwala-ine-nots, muscari, chipinda. Kuti duwa likhale losangalala, ndi bwino kulima pamalo amdima. Ndi bwino kusankha nthaka ndi madzi abwino ndikuwonjezera choko, rakushnyak kapena hydrated laimu ku phando lirilonse lodzala. Mitunduyi ndi yopanda ulemu ndipo imalekerera chisanu ndi kuzizira. Haman grouse imakula m'madera onse a dzikoli.

Davis Habit (Fritillaria davisii)

Fritillaria davisii ndi mitundu yomwe inapezeka ku Greece mu 1940. Ichi ndi chomera chochepa - osati masentimita 15. Maluwawo ndi ofiira-chokoleti, sera. Zokongola, masamba obiriwira a mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira ali pansi pa mawonekedwe a "palmu".

Ndikofunikira! Gulu la Davis siliyenera kusokonezeka ndi mtundu wa Greek greek. Kusiyana kokha pakati pawo ndi mzere wobiriwira wofiira pakati pa tsamba lachi Greek.
Mitundu imeneyi ilipo, yomwe imapezeka pamapiri achigiriki pakati pa tchire, komanso m'mapiri a azitona a Peloponnese. Davis grouse ndi njira yothetsera zokongoletsera za alpine ndi rockeries. Mtunduwu ndi wodzichepetsa pochoka ndipo mwangwiro umazoloŵera m'munda. Chinthu chokha chomwe zaka ziwiri zilizonse chiyenera kukumba kunja mababu ndi kuwawotha, komanso kuphimba maluwa m'nyengo yozizira. Davis grouse n'zosavuta kubala ana.

Hazelnut yagolide (Fritillaria aurea)

Chomera ichi chimabwera kuchokera ku mapiri a Antalya. Mitunduyi imayimiridwa ndi phesi laling'ono kwambiri (mpaka 15 cm), lomwe silingathe kupirira kulemera kwake kwa maluwa, kujambula mu golide wofiira. Mbali yamkati ya petal imakongoletsedwa ndi "zofiira" zofiira. Lingaliro limeneli ndi njira yabwino yothetsera minda yamwala ndi minda yamaluwa. Ngakhale kuti nyengo yoyambirira ikukula, masamba ndi zinyama bwino zimalekerera chisanu ndi kupirira kutentha kwa kutentha. Ndi bwino kudzala golidi kuyika golidi kumbali ya kummwera, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, ngakhale kuti chisanu chimawatsuka, chiyenera kukhala ndi masamba, makamaka kumpoto ndi kummawa.

Imperial Fritillaria (Fritillaria imperialis)

Imperial Hazel grouse ndi mtundu wotchuka kwambiri pakati pa alimi. Maluwa achifumu, omwe amatchedwanso chomera mwa anthu wamba - woimira gulu la Petilium. Zimasiyanasiyana ndi mitundu ina ya maluwa omwe amawoneka bwino, omwe amaposa ena onse - kutalika kwa tsinde kumatha kufika masentimita 90. Pamwamba ndi pamtunda waukulu 6-10 maluwa aakulu amakhala mu kukula mpaka 6 masentimita awiri. Maluwa mu shapekorony pamodzi ndi "korona" wochuluka wa masamba pachimake mu nthawi yomweyo yamatcheri ndi tulips. Mtundu wa mfumuyi imasiyana malinga ndi zosiyanasiyana: chikasu, bulauni-bulauni, malalanje, zofiira. N'zochititsa chidwi kuti mitundu yambiri yachikasu ya mababu ndi yaying'ono kuposa mababu ofiira.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa a Imperial Imperial amasiyana ndi mitundu ina ndi bulbu yaikulu kwambiri, yomwe kukula kwake kungakhale pafupifupi masentimita 12.
Mitundu yodziwika kwambiri ndi masamba a variegated: ndi malire oyera kapena ndi chikasu chachikasu. Imperial hazel grouse sangathe kusokonezeka ndi mitundu ina, chifukwa babu yake ili ndi fungo lapadera.

Kamchatka Fritillary (Fritillaria camtschatcensis)

Kukula kwa maluwa m'mphepete mwa nyanja osambitsidwa ndi Pacific Ocean ndi chomera chokonda kwambiri komanso cha chikondi cha mthunzi. Chimakula ku North America ndi Asia. Maluwa a mitundu imeneyi ndi ofanana ndi aatali, a chokoleti, amafanana ndi kakombo, omwe maluwawo amatchedwa "chokoleti kakombo" kapena "Kamchatka kakombo". Kusiyana kwa Kamchatka hazel grouse kusiyana ndi mtundu wa corolla malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ili ndi chikasu choyera, ndipo mitundu ina imasiyana mosiyana, mwachitsanzo, mu mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Flore Pleno, ili ndi masamba pafupifupi 15 pa maluwa amodzi. Ndi bwino kukula phokoso likulumikiza pamalo ozizira, osungunuka komanso othuthuka. Ponena za nthaka, ndibwino kusankha malo otayirira, pang'ono acidic, nthaka ya peaty.

Mtundu uwu ndi wosavuta kusunga, makamaka chofunika, kuti muwone zoyenera za chinyezi.

Mikhailovsky's Grouse (Fritillaria michailowskyi)

Mikhailovsky's grouse (Fritillaria Michailowskyi) ndi chomera chosakhwima komanso chosalimba. Pa peduncle imodzi yomwe imakula mpaka 25 masentimita, pali 2 maluwa a mtundu wolemera wa burgundy ndi brownish tinge ndi malire achikasu m'mphepete mwa maluwa. Koperani kakang'ono ka mtundu umenewu kamangobedwa posachedwapa, kukula kwake ndi masentimita 15. Mitundu imeneyi inabwera kuchokera ku Turkey ndi ku Caucasus. Mitunduyi ndi yopanda ulemu ndipo imalekerera chisanu ndi chilala mwangwiro. Chomera chabwino chomeracho chimakhala malo ofunda ndi owuma.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti ukhale wolimba bwino, udzu wa Mikhailovsky umafuna nthaka yabwino.

Kawirikawiri zomera izi zimafalitsidwa mu njira yambewu, pamene kufalitsa kwa zomera sikubweretsa zotsatira zabwino. Ngati maluwawo akukula m'madera ndi ozizira, nyengo yam'mvula imakhala bwino kukumba mababu mabala ndi zaka zambiri ndikuwotha.

Persian Grouse (Fritillaria persica)

Persian grouse (pichesi fritillaria) ndiyo okha amene amaimira gulu la Theresia. Mtundu uwu wa fritil wodziwika kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XIX ndipo umakula m'mapiri a Iran ndi Turkey. Kutalika kwa zomera kumachokera ku 60 mpaka 100 masentimita, ndipo pa inflorescence yofanana ndi kondomu ili pafupi maluwa 30. Masamba ndi a buluu ndi bluish ndipo maluŵa a mtundu wakuda amavomerezana bwino ndikumangika pamodzi. Mitundu yambiri ya Persian hazel grouse idangobedwa posachedwa; zipilala zake ndizobiri: bulauni kunja ndi beige mkati. Ndi bwino kukula mtundu uwu kuchokera kummwera, kukatola dothi la mchenga. Chomeracho chimakhala bwino, koma amafunika malo okhala ndi masamba.

Mukudziwa? Persia grouse ali ndi chidziwitso chimodzi chofanana ndi kukula kwa babu: chachikulu pa babu, nthawi zambiri zomera zimadwala, choncho ngati mumakhala mu mvula yambiri, ndi bwino kukumba babu pa nyengo yozizira.

Fritillary modestest (Fritillaria pudica)

Hazelnut wodzichepetsa amadziwika ndi kukula kwake. Peduncle mumtundu uwu sakula kuposa masentimita 20, ngakhale kuti babu ndi yaikulu. Maluwa osiyanasiyana Fungo - zokhazokha zokha ndi fungo losasunthika la violet. Maluwa a mitundu iyi ndi golide wachikasu, ndipo, monga lamulo, maluwa amodzi ali pa peduncle imodzi. Pofuna kufalitsa grouse tidzakhala ndi nthawi yambiri. Kuti chomera chikhale cholimba, chiyenera kubzalidwa m'nthaka ndi malo abwino otentha.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kufufuza bwinobwino kuchuluka kwa dothi la dothi, chifukwa odzichepetsa odzichepetsa salola kulemba, mizu ikhoza kuvunda, ndipo zomera zidzafa.
Chomerachi chimamera kwambiri msanga, chipale chofewa chimasungunuka, koma kukula maluwa awa kunyumba mu mphika ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yolizira kukakamiza.

Fritillary chess (Fritillaria meleagris)

Hazel grouse ndi mawonekedwe ofala kwambiri m'matumba athu. M'masitolo ogulitsa maluwa, malo ambiri omwe amapezeka mumtunduwu ndi Saturn ndi Mars, omwe angakhale ofiira-violet, pinki kapena oyera. Mitundu imeneyi imakhala ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana, Flore Plone, yokhala ndi matope. Maluwawo amatchedwa dzina lake chifukwa zimakhala zokongoletsedwa ndi kachitidwe ka checkerboard. Grouse chess ili ndi mitali yamtali: 40-50 masentimita mu msinkhu, omwe nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pocheka, ndipo maluwa ochepa samapitirira 30 masentimita. Pa peduncle amatha kukhala maluwa okwera 1 mpaka 3. Fritillary chess imamasula kwa masabata 2-3. Kuti mukhale ndi maluwa abwino mumakhala bwino kutentha malo, dzuwa ndi mthunzi. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yachonde komanso yosungunuka bwino, makamaka nthawi ya kukula. Kubala zipatso kumatha kubzala zonse komanso zomera.

Elvis Fritillary (Fritillaria elwesii)

Elvis's Grouse anabwera kwa ife kuchokera ku Asia Minor, komanso amapezeka kum'mwera kwa Turkey. Mitundu imeneyi ndi imodzi mwabwino kwambiri kudula. Chomeracho chimayimiridwa ndi m'malo okwera peduncle - 35-45 masentimita ndi masamba ofanana ndi narcissus masamba. Masamba a imvi amawoneka okongola ndi maluwa a elongated violet-mtundu wofiira. Mbali ya kunja ya petal imakongoletsedwa ndi mzere wobiriwira. Chomerachi ndi chisanu-cholimba, koma m'madera oundana kwambiri, Elvis's hazel grouse ndibwino kwambiri ndi masamba. Muyenera kukula mu dzuŵa, ndikutentha, ngakhale kuti mchenga umalekerera mthunzi wowala. Ngati dera lanu lili ndi chilimwe chozizira komanso chofewa, ndi bwino kukumba mababu pazaka zingapo ndikuwotha. Monga mukuonera, pali mitundu yambiri ya mitundu ya grouse yomwe imayenera kulima m'munda. Kuti chomera chikongoletseni munda wanu, sizikutenga khama lalikulu, ndipo miniti iliyonse yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito posamalira grouse idzabwezeretsani mu mawonekedwe a maluwa okongola.