Kodi ntchito ya digitalis ndi yani?

Digitalis (Digitális) ndi udzu wa banja la plantain. Kufalikira ku Mediterranean, kumapezeka ku Asia ndi kumpoto kwa Africa.

Zamakina za digrii

Mapangidwe a digitalis ali ndi zotsalira zamagulu a organic, omwe, pamodzi ndi chakudya, amapanga glycosides. Chomeracho chili ndi mankhwala asanu: digitoxigenin, gitoxigenin, gitloxigenin, digoxigenin ndi diginigenin.

Madzi a glycosides ali m'gulu la foxglove amatchedwa cardinolides kapena cardiac glycosides (cardiotonic glycosides). Mfundo zazikulu ndi lanatozida A, B, C.

Zomwe zimachitika pamagulu, kugwirizana ndi madzi glycosides amapanga mankhwala atsopano: digitoxin, acetyldigitoxin, acetylgitoxin, acetyldigoxin, gitoxin, digoxin.

Mmerawo uli ndi organic acids: flavonoids (luteolin), saponins. Masamba a Foxglove ali olemera mu macro ndi micronutrients: magnesiamu, potaziyamu, calcium, selenium, zinki, chitsulo ndi phulusa.

Mankhwala a digitalis

Digitalis imakhala ndi machiritso ambiri. Choyamba, chomerachi chimathandiza ndi matenda a mtima monga mtima wolephera.

Digitalis amachitira ndi kuthetsa mavuto ozungulira. Ndilibwino ku matenda oopsa komanso edema chifukwa cha matenda a mtima.

Pochiza digitalis, mosiyana ndi mankhwala ambiri, sichimakwiyitsa timapepala ta m'mimba.

The digitalis mu malemba a mankhwala angachepetse mpweya wochepa, normalize zizindikiro ndi kuonetsetsa chikhalidwe chonse cha thupi.

Ndi mankhwalawa mungathe kufulumizitsa njira yakuchiritsa mabala.

Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa digito kwa mankhwala ochiritsira

Mu mankhwala ovomerezeka, digitalis amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mavuto ndi ntchito ya mtima. Akatswiri a zakuthambo amapeza digitoxin, gitoksin ndi kordinidov, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mankhwala kuchokera ku masamba a digitalis wofiira ndi wamkulu.

Kukonzekera kwa mankhwala omwe amachititsa mtima kukhala minofu, gwiritsani ntchito peolglove. M'magulu a chomera ndi Celanid ndi acetyldigitoxin, omwe ali mbali ya mankhwala oterowo.

Pogwiritsa ntchito foxglove kapena kutenga mbali, mankhwala osokoneza bongo amakonzedwa ndi matenda, mantha, ndi kukonzekera machiritso.

Mankhwala otchuka kwambiri kuchokera ku digito: gitalen, digipuren, lantoside, cordigid, digitoxin.

Kodi mukudziwa! Kuchokera kuzinthu zina zimapezeka kuti digitalis monga mankhwala amadziwika m'zaka za zana lachisanu. Komabe, choyamba cholembedwa cholembedwa cha 1543 chaka. Kulongosola kwake kuli kwa herbalist wa dokotala Leonart Fuchs, yemwe analongosola chomeracho mwatsatanetsatane.

Maphikidwe a zamankhwala: kuchiza matenda osiyanasiyana mothandizidwa ndi digitalis

Mu mankhwala ochiritsira, mankhwala osokoneza bongo ndi infusions a digitalis amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, komanso mafuta.

Kuthamanga kwa magazi

Kwa kukonzekera kwa mankhwala ochizira matenda Thirani galamu imodzi ya udzu wouma, wodula bwino ndi kapu ya madzi otentha (200 ml). Pitirizani kusakaniza kwa mphindi makumi anayi.

Tengani supuni imodzi ya mchere katatu patsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Ana akhoza kutenga kulowetsedwa kuchokera zaka khumi ndi ziwiri zokha pa supuni imodzi.

Machiritso ovulaza

Anagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza mabala ufa. Udzu wouma umasanduka ufa.

Fukulani chilonda nawo. Mukhoza kuphimba ndi bandage yapamwamba, gauze ndi bwino, kotero khungu limapuma.

Matenda a mantha

Ndi mavuto ndi dongosolo la manjenje zakonzedwa tincture wa foxglove pa mowa. Thirani zouma zowonjezera za foxglove masamba mumdima wa galasi botolo, kutsanulira 200 ml ya vinyo mowa pamenepo. Mphamvu imayandikira kwambiri ndikuumirira m'malo amdima, nthawi zina kugwedezeka.

Pambuyo pa sabata, kukanika, kutsanulira mu chidebe choyera ndi kusungira pamalo amdima. Mlingo umodzi sungadutse madontho makumi atatu.

Kulephera kwa mtima

Pamene kulephera mtima kumakonzedwa kulowetsedwa. Galamu imodzi ya masamba ophwanyika ili ndi madzi otentha a 200 ml. Pambuyo kulowetsedwa, tenga supuni ya supuni katatu patsiku. Ana akukonzekera njira yowonjezera - 0,5 gramu pa 180 ml ya madzi.

Chenjerani! Musati muzidzipangira mankhwala ndipo musamamwe mankhwala kwa nthawi yaitali. Zina mwa zigawo zikuluzikulu zimadziwika mu thupi ndipo zimayambitsa poizoni.

Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji mankhwala opangidwa kuchokera ku digitalis?

Amasonkhanitsa foxglove kwa mankhwala mu August - September. Ndibwino kuti mupange kukonza zipangizo za digitala usiku.

Masamba atadulidwa popanda tsinde: ilibe zinthu zothandiza. Madzulo, foxglove ili ndi zinthu zothandiza kwambiri.

Masamba pamtundu wopanga zouma amauma pamadzi ozizira apadera pa kutentha kwa madigiri 60. Mukamayanika, zipangizozo zimatembenuzidwanso mobwerezabwereza kuti zikhale zoyera.

Zopangirazo zakonzeka pamene mbale yapamwamba imatenga mtundu wofiira. Sungani katunduyo mu matumba a nsalu kapena makatoni m'malo ouma kwa miyezi 24.

Zotsutsana komanso zotsatira zake

Glycosides, omwe ali ndi zitsamba, amatha kuunjikira ndipo amachotsedwa pang'onopang'ono kuchokera ku thupi.

Ndi kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama zamakono kuchokera ku digitalis zotheka poizoni. Chipatso cha foxglove ndi chomera chakupha cholimba.

Zosangalatsa Ku England, chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa chiwopsezo, digitoyi inaletsedwa kuchita. Anakhazikitsanso zomera mu 1756, William Withering, yemwe adapeza kuti digitalis ili ndi matenda a mtima.

Digitalis ili ndi kutsutsana kwakukulu kwa matenda oterowo: matenda opatsirana, kusadziwika bwino kwa thupi, bradycardia, matenda a mtima, myocardial infarction. Ndibwino kuti mupereke chithandizo choyenera cha ana.

Ndi zizindikiro za poyizoni (arrhythmia, kutsegula m'mimba, milomo yabuluu ndi kunyoza, kukukuta ndi kusanza), nkofunika kuti mwamsanga mubweretse m'mimba ndi madzi ambiri ndi kuonana ndi madokotala.

Pokhala mukuchita chithandizo cha digitalis molingana ndi maphikidwe a mankhwala, musaiwale za mankhwala ovomerezeka. Chithandizo chirichonse chiyenera kugwirizanitsidwa ndi dokotala - icho chidzakupulumutsani ku zotsatira zosakondweretsa.