Makina opangira zida za Clematis, momwe angayankhire chomera ndi nthawi yanji

Chumatisti chokongola kwambiri chimatha kukongoletsa malo osayenera komanso osangalatsa kwambiri. Ndi shrub yokongoletsera yomwe mumawona moyenerera pamene mukudzala pulasitiki. Koma ngati simukuchita nthawi yake, ndipo chofunika kwambiri, kudulira kolondola - mpesa umasandulika kukhala udzu wobiriwira wobiriwira.

Malamulo a Common Clematis Kupondereza

Kuti chomera chikhale chokongola ndi chamaluwa maluwa, ndikofunikira kuti pakhale mapangidwe ake a nthambi.

Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kudula mmera mmakina, ndikusiya masamba atatu pansipa. Kuwotcha mpesa wokwawa mofulumira. Ndichifukwa chake mu masabata angapo ayenera kupfupikitsidwa kachiwiri.

OdziƔa bwino wamaluwa amanena kuti m'chaka choyamba cha moyo, kutalika kwabwino kokonzedwa clematis sayenera kupitirira 40 cm.

Mukudziwa? Mawu akuti "clematis" amachokera ku chi Greek klema, chomwe chimatanthauza liana. Kwa anthu dzina loti "clematis" lakula mwamphamvu kwambiri ku shrub, mwinamwake chifukwa cha fungo lolimba la mizu yachangu kapena mbewu zokhota.

Chisamaliro cha zomera zobwerezabwereza chimadalira mtundu wa clematis kudulira. Pali magulu atatu, komanso nyengo, zokonza ndi zaukhondo.

Nthawi zonse samalirani zomera ndi lakuthwa kufufuza. Gawo liyenera kukhala lopanda madzi kuti lisapangire madzi, pafupifupi 7mm kupitirira kuchokera pa impso. Kuyambitsa chitsamba chatsopano, musaiwale kuti muzimitsa mankhwalawa.

Ngati mupitiriza kukula bwino, pambuyo pa zaka ziwiri, chidwi cha chikhalidwe chidzathokoza mitundu yambiri. Tiye tiwone chomwe chiripo magulu odulira omwe alipo.

Mukudziwa? Nthawi ya maluwa clematis ikhoza kupitilidwa mwa kudula mphukira zamphamvu kwambiri.

Gulu loyamba la kudulira, momwe mungayambitsire oyambirira maluwa clematis

Izi zimaphatikizapo mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zakutchire, komanso Macropetal, Patents, Armandi, Montana, machulukidwe a Jacakman hybrids, Texas ndi Oriental clematis. Iwo amasamba pa nthambi zakale kuyambira May mpaka July. M'chaka amamera pachimake pa nthambi za chaka chatha.

Ambiri amaluwa amanena kuti oyambirira maluwa clematis sakusowa kudulira. Kusamalira iwo kumatsika kuti achotse ziphuphu zakale, zowonongeka, zakufa kapena zofooka zitatha zigwa.

Zitsamba zazikuluzikulu zimamera, osasamala. Mu clematis yomwe imamera moyandikana ndi nyumba, mphukira siikwera kuposa masentimita 20, mu zomera zakale - 50 cm.

Ngati clematis ya gululi siidulidwe kumayambiriro a masika, zomerazo zidzataya mawonekedwe ake ndipo zidzapitirizabe kuphuka pa mpesa wakale.

Chifukwa chake, padzakhala pang'onopang'ono gawo lake la pansi ndi maluwa okha pamwamba, osatheka kufika pamaso. Olima amaluwa ovomerezeka sayenera kuiwala kuti mothandizidwa ndi kudulira kungasinthe kokha mawonekedwe a chitsamba, komanso malo a maluwa.

Nthawi yoyenera

M'zaka ziwiri zoyambirira za nyengo yokula, clematis imadulidwa m'chaka, ndipo m'chaka chachitatu chimadulidwa chilimwe pamene chimamasula.

Ngati muli ndi nthawi yopanga mphukira zamphamvu pa sapling wamng'ono pamapeto pa May - kuyambira mu July, ndiye mu August chiyambi choyamba chikutheka.

Mu January ndi February, amadula mitengo yonse yazaka ziwiri, ndikusiya kukula.

Pofuna kuteteza zomera kuti zisasokoneze chisanu, zimayenera kukhala bwino mulungu m'nyengo yozizira.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito

Pogwiritsa ntchito gulu loyamba la kudulira, poyamba, nthambi zazikulu zakale zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuzinthu zothandizira ziyenera kufupikitsidwa ndi theka. Pamene maluwawo akuphulika, dulani mphesa pamphepete mwawo.

Chaka chotsatira, mu June, nkofunika kuchotsa mphukira zomwe zimatuluka m'chaka, ndikusiya masamba ochepa kuchokera ku nthambi yam'mbuyo. Anthu ophwanya maguluwa amapanga maluwa pamapangidwe atsopano.

Zilonda zonse podulira mitengo yozizira zimachotsa mpesa wofooka ndikudula chitsamba chosapitirira 1 mita. Onetsetsani kuti mukuphimba chomeracho.

Gulu lachiwiri la kudulira (kumayambiriro kwa maluwa a chilimwe)

Mitengo imeneyi imamera masika mumphesa wokhwima komanso m'nyengo ya chilimwe. Mitundu ya "Florida", "Lanuginosa", "Patents", "clematis" ya ubweya ndi hybridi zambiri zomwe zimabweretsa maluwa mu May-June, komanso mu August-September, zidagwa pano.

Nthawi yokonzekera

Kudulira gulu clematis 2 ndi kudula kwawo kumapeto kwa autumn. Ndi bwino kutenga secator mu October - November. Izi ndi chifukwa chakuti ovary amapanga nthambi za chaka chatha.

Kujambula zamakono

Kudulidwa kwa Clematis kwa gulu lachiwiri kumaonedwa kuti ndi kovuta. Yoyamba nyengo, kuyambira chaka chachiwiri, ndi yofatsa kwambiri. Zitsamba zakulungidwa mu June, pamene mpesa udzagwetsa maluwa.

Dulani mphukira ndi mbande. Pambuyo pa maluwa awiri, nthambi zimadulidwa kwambiri, osasiya mamita 1 kuchokera pansi.

Ndikofunikira! Clematis wa gulu lachiwiri, kamodzi pakatha zaka zisanu, amameta kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira kuonjezera nthambi ndi phokoso.

Gulu lachitatu la kudulira: momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito maluwa a clematis

Mitengo ya gulu ili, mwinamwake, m'munda uliwonse. Pali mitundu yosiyana, yamakedzana, ya hymrid clematis ya mitundu ya Texensis ndi Vititella, komanso mitundu yambiri yofiira, yaikulu-flowered ndi ngakhale udzu mitundu.

Blue Clematis, okondedwa ndi ambiri, imakhalanso ndi gulu lachitatu la kudulira. Zonse zimatuluka kuchokera mu July ndi mtsogolo.

Pamene kukumbidwa kumayamba

Clematis wa gulu lachitatu kudulira mitengo yodulira mitengo kamodzi pachaka mu kugwa, chifukwa maluwa amawonekera mmawa wotsatira pa mphukira zazing'ono.

Mmene mungakolole zomera

Kupanga kudulira m'njira yachitatu, clematis chitsamba ayenera kudula pafupifupi 30 masentimita kutalika, kusiya 2-3 awiriawiri wa masamba.

Zomwe mungachite ngati gulu lodulira silidziwika: makina osakaniza omwe akudulira

Dziwani kuti magulu a liana angakhalebe m'sitolo. Kawirikawiri pa phukusi la mbande za lipoti ili. Koma ngati munda wanu ukukongoletsa kale chitsamba cha clematis cha gulu losadziwika, lomwe, komanso, silinayambe laphulika, momwe mungapezere momwe mungadulire?

Chomera ichi chikufunika kuphatikiza pamodzi. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pa mitundu yambiri ya hybrid, yomwe imapezeka chifukwa chodutsa ma liana osiyanasiyana.

Pofuna kupewa zolakwa, clematis ayenera kudula mpesa mopanda chifundo kumayambiriro kwa kasupe: 1-2 internodes kuchokera pansi, ndipo pambuyo pa maluwa oyambirira kukonzanso chitsamba kuchotsa nthambi, zomwe zili zaka zoposa zitatu.

Ndikofunikira! Pogwiritsa ntchito kudulira kudulira pachimake choyamba, zimakhala zochepa.