Kodi ndi chisamaliro chotani chomwe chimafunikira kunyumba kwa rosi mu mphika mutagula m'sitolo?

Za iye olemba ndakatulo a mibadwo yonse.
Palibe china china chokoma komanso chokongola padziko lapansi
Kuposa mtolo uwu wamagulu ofiira,
Anatsegulidwa ndi mbale yonyeketsa ...

Ndiyambanso nkhaniyi ndi ndakatulo ya ndakatulo ya S. Marshak chifukwa ili pafupi ndi duwa limene limakondweretsa aliyense popanda kupatulapo. Mfumukazi ya mitundu yonse. Choyimira cha ungwiro ... Ndi mtundu wanji wa zozizwitsa zomwe sizipereka rosi kuti zisangalatse kukongola kwake.

N'zosadabwitsa kuti ambiri okonda kumanga nyumba akulota kuti azisangalala ndi maluwa ndi fungo la chozizwitsa cha chilengedwe chaka chonse. Komabe, si kovuta kukula maluwa pakhomo. Kusamalira izo ndi zosiyana kwambiri ndi kusamalidwa kwa zomera zina zamkati. Ndipo ngati mutasankha pa zochitika izi nthawi yoyamba, ndiye ichi ndi vuto loyamba ...

Sitolo yamaluwa

Pali mitundu yambiri yokhala ndi zomera zomwe zimatha kuphulika chaka chonse.. Iwo ali ndi mawonekedwe ophatikizana, kukula kwakukulu, mitundu, matalala ndi kukhuta kwa Mphukira, ndipo kawirikawiri zonunkhira. Koma ... zambiri mwa maluwa omwe amakoka maluwa akugulitsidwa ngati "maluwa", omwe adzakhala moyo kwa miyezi imodzi kapena miyezi mkati.

Chowonadi ndi chakuti makampani omwe amalima zitsamba amaganizira za phindu labwino pambuyo pa kugulitsa, osati za moyo wautali wa maluwa. Choncho, nthawi zambiri zomera zimagwidwa ndi mankhwala, zomwe zimawononga kwambiri chitetezo chawo komanso supersaturate nthaka ndi mchere wambiri. Zitsamba zing'onozing'ono zimalowa mu mphika waing'ono. Ndipo kotero, pamene adakali abwino komanso atsopano, kukongola kwachinyamata kumasintha mikhalidwe ya sitolo kupita ku zikhalidwe za nyumba zomwe sizikhala zabwino kwa iwo.

Nthawi yobwezeretsa mbewu yomwe idagulidwa

Kunyumba kungakhale bwino kubwezeretsanso wosankhidwayo momwe analili poyamba: kutentha kwa mpweya, chinyezi, ulimi wothirira, malo mumthunzi kapena pamalo owala ... Kufananirana ndi zikhalidwe za ndende kumathandiza msungwana watsopano kuti asinthe. Kenako m'pofunika kumusamalira bwino.

Nthawi yobwezeretsa idzatha masabata 2-3. Ndipo nthawi iyi idzakhala yovuta kwambiri. Choncho n'zovuta kuti athe kutaya masamba onse ndi maluwa, koma ngakhale masamba.

Pambuyo pokonzanso, rosette iyamba kukula kachiwiri, ndipo posamalira bwino idzaphuka! Zidzakhala pafupifupi miyezi 1-1.5. Anagula mphukira mu mphika ndipo sakudziwa momwe angamusamalire? M'munsimu muli chitsogozo chosamalira.

Kodi mukufunikira chisamaliro chotani panyumba?

Kodi mungatani mutagula duwa mu mphika? Kusamalira rosi kumayamba mwamsanga mutagula. Mukamasula filimuyi, yang'anani mosamala. Dulani nthambi zouma ndi mphukira zakuda. OdziƔa bwino amalima akulangizidwa kuti achotse masamba ndi maluwa, popeza atakopeka maluwa kwambiri amalephera kutero.

Ngakhale palibe tizirombo tomwe timapezeka, chomeracho chiyenera kutsukidwa ndi madzi osamba. Izi ziyenera kuchitidwa pofuna kupewa tizilombo toyambitsa kangaude. Mankhwala opangidwa ndi antitifungal mankhwala (Fitosporin) sangakhale oposera.

Mungapeze kuti?

Maluwa amkati ndi ofunikira ndipo ndi ofunika kuwakhazikitsa kumwera ndi kumwera chakum'mawindopamene mukupewa kuwala kwa dzuwa pa maluwa. Zofunikira - kuwala kuchokera maola 16 mpaka 18 patsiku. Ngati chifukwa cha malo okhala kapena nyengo, kuyatsa sikukwanira, mungathe kugwiritsa ntchito nyali za fulorosenti. Good summer maluwa adzakhala pa khonde. Mukhoza kuwatengera ku dacha mumiphika ndi kuwaika m'munda wamaluwa, pamalo amdima.

Choncho, m'chilimwe, maluwawo akuyamba kukula, ayenera kuthiriridwa nthawi zonse, amadyetsedwa nthawi yake, amawotchedwa. M'dzinja, pamene mpweya umataya, kukula kwa duwa kumachepa. Choncho, kudyetsa zomera kumayima, kuthirira kuchepa.

M'nyengo yozizira, chifukwa chokondweretsa kwambiri ndi maluwa ake, ndi nthawi yopumula. Ndi nthawi yokonzanso kukula kwake. Nthambi iliyonse imadulidwa ndi mpeni, osati masamba asanu okha otsala pamtunda uliwonse. Tsopano maluwa akhoza kuchotsedwa mu mdima ndi ozizira, pafupifupi 10 ° C, malo. M'chaka, masamba atsopano adzawonekera pa duwa lopuma. ndipo ilo liyamba kukula kachiwiri.

Malamulo a kusamalira duwa mu mphika

Kuthirira

Kuthirira bwino ndikofunika kwambiri kuti bwino kulima m'nyumba maluwa. Kuthirira, monga akunena mu mabuku ambiri, ayenera kukhala ochuluka, koma ... osati nthawi zambiri. Nthaka mu mphika iyenera kukhala ndi nthawi yowuma. M'nyengo yozizira m'pofunika kuitsatira makamaka mosamala. Chomeracho chiyenera kusowa madzi okwanira kawiri pa tsiku - m'mawa ndi madzulo. Mpaka kukwanira kwathunthu. Ngati madzi akulekanitsidwa ndi kutentha.

Njira yabwino yowunikira ngati ndikofunika kuthirira madzi, kukhudza. Ngati nthaka yothira - dikirani ndi kuthirira.

Mfundo yakuti ndi ulimi wothirira umatchedwa woyera scurf pamwamba pa nthaka (nkhungu) ndi fungo losasangalatsa la mphika. Maluwawo anayamba kuvunda mizu ndipo imatha. M'nyengo yozizira, pamene chomeracho "chimagona," kuthirira kuchepetsedwa kukhala osachepera.

Kupaka pamwamba

Ndikofunika kudyetsa duwa nthawi zambiri kuposa zomera zina.. Maluwa amatenga mphamvu zambiri kuchokera ku chitsamba chaching'ono. Ndizomveka kuti Cinderella iyi iyenera kubereka mu nthawi ya kukula ndi maluwa.

Ndibwino kuti, ngati chovala chokongoletsera ndi feteleza chamchere chidzasintha ndi chovala chokongoletsera. (Kuchokera ku feteleza zachilengedwe kwa maluwa, chabwino ndi mullein yothetsera, ingathe kugulidwa pa shopu la maluwa).

Kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa - njira zothetsera mankhwala monga Epin. Yambani kudyetsa mwamsanga - mwezi umodzi mutatha kuika, kenako masabata awiri ndi maonekedwe a ovari - kamodzi pa sabata. Madzulo, mutatha kuthirira. M'dzinja, kuthirira kuchepa, ndipo kudyetsa sikukufala. M'nyengo yozizira - popanda kuvala pamwamba.

Momwe mungasinthire?

Florists alibe lingaliro limodzi: liti kubwezeretsa duwa? Ena amakhulupirira kuti atangotenga, ena akulangiza kupereka duwa 2-3 masabata kuti azitha kuwonjezereka. Monga heroine mwiniwake amasonyeza mbiri iyi pinki, chikhalidwe chake. Kodi maluwawo alibe kachilombo koyambitsa matenda, osati mizu ikukwera kuchokera mumabowo a chidebe chopanda phokoso, simununkhiza ngati zowola kuchokera pansi ... Aliyense amavomereza pa chinthu chimodzi: Nthawi yabwino kwambiri yoikiranso ndikumayambiriro kasupe kapena kumapeto kwa chilimwe.pa mwezi ukukula.

Choncho, timapangidwira maluwa mwamphamvu tisanasambe ndikukonzekera zonse zofunika. Phika ayenera kukhala lalikulu kuposa lakale ndi masentimita 2-3, kutalika kwa mphika ndikofanana ndi kutalika kwa chomera. Chophimba - mphika wa ceramic ndi glazing. Dothi losavuta kutenga mu shopu la maluwa: chifukwa chodzala maluwa, palibe wina. Oyenera kukhetsa claydite, shards, foam.

Musanabzala mbiya yakale imamizidwa mu chidebe ndi madzi kuti dziko lapansi lilowetse. Pamene mutenga duwa, ingozisiya, mulole chomera chidutse pakati pa zala zanu. Mphuno ndi mizu idzabwera mosavuta ndi yosasuntha. Ngati pali zitsamba zingapo m'zakudya, ndi bwino kuzigawa ndi kuziyika m'miphika osiyanasiyana. Kotero kuti maluwawo sanali odzaza ndipo iwo sanali mthunzi wina ndi mzake. Zowola ndi zouma zimachotsa mosamala.

Pansi pa mphika watsopano - ngalande (masentimita 2-3), pamwamba - chovala cha dziko lapansi ndi mizu (2 masentimita pamwamba) ndi kudzaza m'mphepete mwawo. Sindikiza pogwedeza mphika, popanda kupalasa. Ngati nthaka imatha pambuyo kuthirira, ikani. Kuthirira pa tsiku la kuika sikufunika tsiku. Koma kutsitsi - makamaka, ngakhale kawiri.

Langizo: Musayambe kubzala mbewu nthawi yomweyo mumphika wawukulu - madzi adzachepa ndipo dothi lidzasaka.

Mavuto angakhalepo

  • Rose - chidebe chokoma kwa tizirombo zambiri. Nthawi zambiri zimakwiyitsa akangaude. Maonekedwe a tizilombo timene timafotokozera ndi madontho pamasamba, ngati kuti ndi singano, intaneti ikuwonekera pazinthu. Masamba amatembenukira chikasu ndikugwa.

    Kodi mungapulumutse bwanji duwa lokula mumphika? Kuchokera ku nkhuku, mankhwala omwe amadziwika kwambiri ndi Fitoverm, chomeracho chimapulidwa ndi njira yothetsera ndipo nthaka imathira. Ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa 2-3 nthawi ndi nthawi ya masiku 7-10. Vutoli likuwoneka chifukwa cha kusowa kwa chinyezi, kusamba mobwerezabwereza ndibwino kupewa.

  • Mphukira ndi mphukira yaying'ono mwadzidzidzi zinayamba kuphulika, kupotoka ndi kuuma, kuyang'anitsitsa. Mukuwona tizilombo ting'onoting'ono? Awa ndi aphid. Musazengereze, samalirani bwino ndi sopo yankho. Chemistry - mankhwala omwe ali ndi karbofos.

    Ndipo pano pali chida china chodabwitsa: ngati nsabwe za m'masamba ndizochepa, mukhoza kubweretsa ndi kubzala mbalame zing'onozing'ono kuthengo, ndikufuna kuti omaliza azidya chakudya chanu.

  • Masambawo ankaphimbidwa ndi mdima. Anayamba kutembenukira chikasu ndikugwa. Rose ali ndi matenda a fungal. Zimachokera ku chinyezi chokwanira. Mwachitsanzo: pansi pa filimu yosungira m'masitolo, pamene madzi amafika pamadzi akamamwetsa (kuthirira ayenera kukhala pansi, osati mbewu yonse).

    Masamba opatsirana ayenera kuchotsedwa ndi kuwachiritsira pogwiritsa ntchito fungicidal agents. Pamwambapa anatchulidwa Fitosporin.

  • Ngati chomeracho chimasinthidwa mwadzidzidzi (kutentha usiku pambuyo pa masiku ofunda), powdery mildew imawonekera. Masamba ndi masamba ali ngati ufa ndi ufa woyera. Kuchiza: kuwononga zowonongeka za mbewu ndi kachiwiri - mankhwala ophera fungicidal.
  • Masamba amakhala ndi mitsinje yachikasu kapena mawanga. Mwina izi ndi khansa ya bakiteriya. Mizu ndi mbali yapansi ya duwa zikuvunda. Rose adzayenera kukumba ndi kuwononga, popeza palibe njira yothetsera vuto. Dziko lopweteka silikugwiritsidwanso ntchito.
  • Rosette anadandaula: masambawo amauma, masamba akuuma ndi kugwa - zonsezi zikhoza kusonyeza kulakwa kwa chisamaliro. Ngati mphukira zuma - mpweya wochepa komanso wouma. Timabwereranso mwamsanga! Ndikofunika kuchotsa nthambi zouma kufika 3-4 cm kuchokera pa thunthu. Thirani ndi kuyika mphika ndi duwa mu poto yodzaza madzi. Kapena timapanga wowonjezera kutentha kuchokera ku thumba la pulasitiki.

    Chomvetsa chisoni kwambiri, ngati chisoni choduka nthambi siuma, ndi kuvunda. Izi zikufalikira. Ndipo chipulumutso ndikusamukira kudziko latsopano ndi kuchotsa mizu yovunda.

Kusintha kwa malo okhala, madzi ozizira ndi owuma a ulimi wothirira, kutentha kwambiri m'chilimwe, mpweya wouma m'nyengo yozizira, kupopera mbewu ndi kuthirira mu chipinda choziziritsa, mphika wochepa, wosaphimbidwa maluwa ... Phunzirani "kumva" ndi kumvetsa duwa lanu. Ndipo adzakuthokozani ndithu!

... Kotero mnyumba yathu kumapita chaka ndi chaka,
Ndipo m'nyumbamo maluwa okongola amakula.
Iye sali maluwa, koma mwana wokongola,
Amamwetulira ngakhale atagona
Iye ndi wabwino ngati maluwa onse m'munda
Imene imaphuka mwezi uliwonse pachaka!