Njira zonse zowonjezereka mankhwala ozunguza bongo kunyumba: ndondomeko yothandizira pa ndondomekoyi

Spathiphyllum ndi chomera chodabwitsa cha wamaluwa chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwake, mawonekedwe okongoletsa komanso kukonza mpweya mu chipinda.

Kuwonjezera apo, chomera chachikulu chingagwiritsidwe ntchito mosavuta ngati kubzala pakhomo. Taganizirani za mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya maluwa.

Ndi liti pamene mungathe kuchulukitsa duwa "chisangalalo chachikazi"?

Monga zomera zina zambiri, spathiphyllum ili ndi nyengo yowonjezereka chaka chonse, pamene mbewu ikukula mwakuya. Ikubwera kuyambira nthawi ya April mpaka September. Ngati ndi nthawi yomwe kuswana kwa spathiphyllum kukugwiritsidwa ntchito, ndiye kuti mwinamwake mtengowo udzapitirira mosavuta, ndipo ziwalo zomwe zimatengedwa kuti zizale, zidzasintha mofulumira kumalo atsopano.

A Kuyambira November mpaka February, zomera zimakhala bwino kuti zisakhudze, chifukwa nthawi ino ndi nthawi yopumula, chitukukocho chaimitsidwa kwa kanthawi, chomera chimapumula ku nyengo yowonjezera yogwira ntchito.

Koma ndi zosowa zapadera, zimaloledwa kufalitsa mbewu ndi cuttings kapena kugawaniza rhizome chaka chonse, koma kubereka mbewu kumakhala bwino mpaka masika.

Kukonzekera muzinthu

Pamwamba pa ceramic kapena miphika ya nkhuni ndi yangwiro. kapena zida zina zofanana. Mufunikanso lumo lakuthwa, koma mungagwiritse ntchito pruner. Mukufuna galasi kapena thumba la pulasitiki kuti muphimbe mbande, kapena thanki ya madzi kuti muzuke zidutswa.

Malangizo ndi ndondomeko: momwe mungayendetsere?

Pali njira zitatu zokhazikiramo zokhala ndi nyumbayi: cuttings, kugawa chitsamba ndi mbewu.

Mbewu

Ndikofunika kufotokozera pomwepo: kubwezeretsana kwa mbewu ndi mbewu ndizovuta kwambiri, chifukwa zimakhala zovuta kupanga maulendo odziteteza okha kuti apeze mbewu, komanso, kuti azichita zoyenera kuti apeze mbande. Ngakhale theka la mbewu zowonongeka sizidzawuka.

Ndondomeko:

  1. Pansi pa thanki / poto yosankhidwa kukonzekera ngalande.
  2. Lembani malo otsalawo ndi peat ndi mchenga nthaka (chiwerengero cha 1: 1).
  3. Pangani nyembazo mofanana pa gawo lapansi mu thanki ndikuziwaza pang'ono ndi nthaka, palibe chifukwa chokhalira!
  4. Phimbani poto ndi galasi kapena thumba la pulasitiki kuti mupange wowonjezera kutentha.
  5. Ikani mbeu mu chipinda ndi kutentha kwa madigiri 24 mpaka 25.
  6. Condensate ayenera kuchotsedwa tsiku ndi tsiku kuchokera mu thumba kapena galasi, ndipo mbeu yotupa mpweya.
  7. Pakubwera kwa masamba oyambirira ndikofunika kudzala mbewu zonse miphika yambiri.
Ndikofunikira! Popanda mpweya wabwino m'phika, nkhungu ikhoza kuwonekera, yomwe idzawononge mbande.

Cuttings

Cuttings amatchedwa leaf rosettes, omwe ali masamba akulu pafupi ndi maziko a chomera chatsopano. Pali milandu iwiri: pamene mizu ili ndi pamene ilibe. Pachiyambi choyamba, phesiyo ili wokonzeka kubzala pansi.

Ndondomeko ya kudula:

  1. Ikani kukhetsa pansi pa thanki.
  2. Ikani njira ya poto ndi rhizome.
  3. Fukuta ndi gawo (zolemba zomwe zafotokozedwa pamwambapa).
  4. Imwani madziwo ndi madzi ochepa kutentha.

Pamene phesi silikhala ndi rhizome yomwe yakhazikitsidwa, iyenera kuikidwa m'madzi osakanikirana ndi kuphwanyidwa kukhala tiyi tating'onoting'ono tomwe timayika ndi mpweya ndikukhala pamenepo mpaka mizu ionekere.

Pambuyo pake, mungathe kutsatira malangizo omwe ali pamwambawa, koma ndikutsutsa: nthaka iyenera kukhala yochokera ku perlite, sphagnum moss ndi peat mosskomanso nthawi yomwe mukufunikira kupanga wowonjezera kutentha pamwamba pa kudula, mpaka potsirizira pake kumakula. Ngati ndi kotheka, akhoza kuikidwa mu chidebe china.

Kenaka, kanema yowonera za kubzala cuttings spathiphyllum:

Kugawa chitsamba

Njira imeneyi ndi yosavuta, yothandiza kwambiri komanso yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa florists. Mmera wamkulu akhoza kugawidwa mosavuta mu magawo angapo, komanso, ziwalozi kale zapangidwa ndi rhizome, mosiyana kwambiri ndi zidutswa zambiri zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu izi.

Ndiponso Kusiyanitsa chitsamba kungagwiritsidwe ntchito kuchepetsa chomera chobiriwira kwambiri, chifukwa cha zokondweretsa. Mbali zowonjezera zimachotsedwa mosamala, ndipo zomwe ziyenera kukhala zotsalira zikukhala monga momwe tafotokozera pansipa.

Ndikofunikira! Kubalidwa pogawanitsa chitsamba chiyenera kuchitika pa kutentha pamwamba pa madigiri 20 kumayambiriro kwa nyengo ya kukula ya spathiphyllum.

Ndondomeko:

  1. Musanayambe ndondomeko, chomera chachikulu chiyenera kuthiriridwa kuti chichepetse chipinda chadothi.
  2. Pambuyo pochotsa spathiphyllum mu mphika, yambani mizu ndi madzi.
  3. Dulani rhizome ndi mpeni ndi kuwaza iwo ndi makala opangidwira.
  4. Ngati ndi kotheka, chotsani zouma kapena zowola mizu, masamba.
  5. Pansi pa mphika pali dothi losungunuka, lomwe lingathe kukhala ndi chinyezi chokwanira kuti muzitsuka mizu.
  6. Mbali ya chomera chachikulu imayikidwa mu chidebe.
  7. Malo otsalawa adzaza ndi nthaka (mungagwiritsire ntchito chisakanizo cha peat ndi mchenga, kapena dothi lokonzekera la zomera zowononga).
  8. Gawo lapansi liyenera kukhala lopangidwa moyenera.
  9. Zopangidwa ndi kuthirira zomera ndi madzi pang'ono.

Simusowa kuti mumvetse bwino kwambiri khosi la mchenga wa maluwa, mwinamwake simungakhoze kudikira kuti liphuphuke konse.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema kanema ponena za kufalitsa kwa spathiphyllum pogawanitsa chitsamba:

Choyamba musamalire chomera chatsopano

Maluwa amene amangoyamba kufalikira amafunikira kuwala kosawoneka., masamba ake ochepa omwe amawotchera amawotchera nthawi yomweyo, ndipo zomera zowonjezereka sizikusowa zina.

Kutentha m'chipindacho ndi achinyamata otchedwa Spathiphyllum sayenera kugwa pansi pa 23 - madigiri 25. Kuthirira kumayenera kuchitidwa monga momwe zimakhalire ndi zomera zazikulu: monga pamwamba pa gawo lapansi.

Mavuto ndi zovuta

MaseĊµera aang'ono omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi achinyamata amakhala osamala kwambiri ndi momwe aliri, mosiyana ndi zomera zomwe zakula kale.

  • Popanda kuunikira, masamba a zomerawo adzakhala amdima obiriwira ndi ochepa, kenako amaletsa kukula kwake. Mungagwiritse ntchito nyali zina zowonjezera.
  • Mnyamata wina wotchedwa Spathiphyllum pa cholembera akhoza kufa kwathunthu, chifukwa kutentha kwake sikunakonzedwe.
  • Pangopangidwa masamba okha, mawanga amdima amatha kuwoneka, kuwonetsera kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kapena kusanjikiza kosakonzedwa bwino.
  • Kuperewera kwa chinyezi kudzatsatiridwa ndi kuphulika kofulumira kwa duwa.
  • Chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa masamba, masamba a chomera akhoza kuyamba kuuma.
Kwa chomera chokhala ndi thanzi lachikulire, malingaliro awa sadzapweteka kwambiri, koma kwa mbewu yomwe yatangoyamba kufalikira ndipo yosasinthidwa ku malo atsopano, ikhonza kukhala yowononga. Zowonongeka kwambiri ndi zolakwika zoterezi, zopezeka ndi kubereka ndi mbewu.

Zili choncho, kufalitsa kwa spathiphyllum ndi ntchito yovuta yomwe imafuna kuleza mtima. Kwa oyamba kumene, kubalana pogawanitsa chitsamba kapena cuttings ndi changwiro, ngati mukusamala kwambiri, komanso kwa alimi odziwa bwino omwe akufuna kuyesa mphamvu zawo, mbewu.