Kukula Pelargonium Rosebud wa ku Australia. Matenda omwe amatha kuwonekera ndi kubalana

Rosebud pelargoniums ndi mmodzi wa otchuka kwambiri a banja labwino la maluwa.

Mitundu yodziwika kwambiri pakati pa alimi a maluwa ndi Avtralian. Iye sali wosasamala mu chisamaliro, ndipo maluwa ake okongola ndi onunkhira sangasiye aliyense wosasamala.

Kuchokera m'nkhaniyi muphunzira momwe mungasamalire bwino, kudzala ndikufalitsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya pelargonium.

Mafotokozedwe a botaniki, mbiri ndi ndalama

Pelargonium Pink Rosebud wa Australia ndi mbewu yosadzichepetsa yomwe ingakulire pakhomo pakhomo kapena kubzalidwa pamtunda. Maluwa amatha m'nyengo yozizira, ndipo poyambira m'dzinja, chitsamba chiyenera kukumba, kudula ndikuikidwa m'chipinda chozizira, kumene kutentha kudzakhala madigiri 12-14.

Mwachilengedwe, dziko la Australia la rosebud limakula ku Africa, ndipo linabweretsedwa ku Ulaya m'zaka za zana la 17.

Mu shopu la maluwa mungagule zochepa za cutla za pelargonium Avtralian pamtengo wa ruble 50 pa chidutswa chimodzi, komanso chitsamba chachikulu - ma ruble 250 pa chidutswa.

Kufotokozera maonekedwe ndi zinthu

Maluwawo amadziwika ndi masamba ochititsa chidwi omwe amakhala ndi maluwa awiri.. Pali zambiri zomwe ziweto zawo sizikhoza kutseguka. Kuwonjezera pa maluwa, chitsamba chili ndi masamba okongoletsa, omwe ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira, ndipo malire osiyana akuyenda motsatira mmbali.

Pelargonium Avtralian ndi shrub yomwe kutalika kwake ndi 0.6-0.8 ndi. Lili ndi masamba owopsa komanso otsika kwambiri, komanso inflorescences amakhala mwamphamvu pa peduncles. Nkhuku zimakhala ndi zofewa zofewa.

Mukhoza kuphunzira zambiri zokhudza Pink Pelargonium Rosebud ku Australia:

Kodi ndikuti ndingabzala bwanji?

Musanadzalemo chomera, muyenera kuchita zochitika zosiyanasiyana.:

  • Konzani zakutchire;
  • sankhani malo otsika;
  • Konzekerani dzenje kuti mutenge.

Kuunikira ndi malo

Pamene mukukula pelargonium Avtralian ndikofunikira kusankha malo abwino. Pomwepo chitsamba chidzaphulika kwambiri.

Ngati deralo liri ndi dzuwa, dzuwa limakhala lowala kwambiri. Ngati mukukula chomera pakhomo, ndi bwino kusankha mawindo akumwera.

Popeza Pelargonium Avtralian ndi mbeu zowononga kutentha, malo otsetsereka ayenera kutetezedwa ku mphepo ndi ma drafts. Malowa sayenera kukhala madzi osasinthasintha, pamene mizu ya mbewu imayamba kuvunda kuchoka pamwamba.

Kufika kwa njira ndiko motere:

  1. Kukumba dzenje, kuyala ngalande ndi njerwa zosweka, miyala kapena miyala yaying'ono. Thirani nthaka kusakaniza kuchokera pamwamba, yomwe imapezeka ndi kusakaniza munda nthaka, peat ndi kutembenuka manyowa. Zonsezi zimagwiridwa mofanana.
  2. Ikani nyemba mu dzenje lakudzala, ndipo muphatikize nthaka mozungulira.
  3. Pamapeto a mbewu madzi ndi kuika wosanjikiza wa mulch wa utuchi.

Zosowa za nthaka

Pamene mukukula pelargonium Avtralian ndikofunika kukonzekera nthaka yowala ndi madzi.

Chisamaliro

Kuthirira

Pelargonium Avtralian youma amalekerera bwino kuposa madzi. Ndikofunika kuthirira chomera nthawi zonse, koma moyenera. Kwa mizu, chinyezi chochepa chimakhala chofunika kwambiri cha thanzi. Pakuti ulimi wothirira umagwiritsa ntchito madzi otentha komanso osungunuka.

Kupaka pamwamba

Kuyamba chakudya kumakhudza nthawi ndi kuchuluka kwa maluwa. Mungathe kupanga zotsatirazi:

  1. Mchere wamchere feteleza ndi phosphorous yapamwamba ndi otsika nayitrogeni. Pangani izi ndizofunikira panthawi ya kukula kwa chitsamba. Zisanachitike, mbeuyo iyenera kuthiriridwa, mwinamwake mukhoza kutentha mizu.
  2. Potaziyamu. Ndikofunika kwa maluwa ambiri.

Mukhoza kugula feteleza mu shopu la maluwa ndi kuwagwiritsa ntchito malinga ndi malangizo kapena kugwiritsa ntchito kompositi yovunda.

Kudulira

Chifukwa cha njirayi, zotsatirazi zikukwaniritsidwa:

  • chitsamba chimapangidwa ndi korona wowongolera;
  • Zolemba zambiri za inflorescences zimapangidwa;
  • ziwalo za matenda zimachotsedwa;
  • Zokongoletsa zapamwamba zimapangidwa.

Kuti mupeze chitsamba chobiriwira mothandizidwa ndi mphukira kumbali, nkofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito kudula chitsamba. Iyi ndiyo njira yomwe nsongazo zimachotsedwa ku mphukira zazing'ono. Kuchotsa masamba omwe amafa kumathandiza kuti maluwa ambiri abwere.

Poyambira m'dzinja, asanafike chisanu, Pelargonium Avtralian ayenera kuikidwa mu mphika ndikuikidwa m'chipinda chofunda.

Kuwaza

Pelargonium wa mitundu yowerengeka ikukula, kotero iyenera kuikidwa mu chidebe china. Ndibwino kuti muzitha kuziika m'kati mwa masika, maluwawo asanayambe. Muyenera kusankha mphika umene uli waukulu kuposa wapitawo. Apo ayi, Avtralian sichidzaphuka, koma idzapita kubiri wobiriwira. Pambuyo pakugwiritsira ntchito mphika watsopano, chitsamba sayenera kudyetsedwa miyezi 1-1.5. Mu gawo latsopano la zakudya zidzakhala zokwanira kwa nthawi yoyamba.

Matenda wamba ndi tizirombo

Avtralian ya Pelargonium makamaka imakhudza matenda a fungal ndi mabakiteriya. Amawonekera ngati mawonekedwe a mabala, omwe amapangidwa pa bolodi la pepala.

Sungani maluwa kuchokera muzu ndi tsinde lovunda sichigwira ntchito, liyenera kuwononga nthawi yomweyo, kudula nsonga pasadakhale kuti mubwerere. Komabe, mitundu yambiri ya mawanga imatha kusamalidwa ngati fungicides amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Avtraliya akhoza kutenga matendawa.:

  • whitefly;
  • chongani;
  • aphid
Pofuna kuteteza chomeracho ayenera kufufuza nthawi zonse, makamaka mkati mwa masamba kuti akhalepo mphutsi kapena mazira a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Ngati tizilombo tawuka, amatha kutsukidwa ndi madzi a sopo, kenako amachizidwa ndi tizilombo:

  • Aktar;
  • Confidor;
  • Kuthamanga.

Zinthu zoberekera

Cuttings

Izi n'zosavuta Njira yoberekera ndi iyi:

  1. Konzani mpeni, musanayambe kumwa mowa. Simungagwiritse ntchito chida chophwanya, chifukwa chidzawononga minofu ya zokolola ndikuchepetsa kukula kwa mizu yotsatira.
  2. Cuttings amadulidwa kuchokera ku mphukira yomwe imayendetsedwa kumbali yoyenera kwa yaikulu. Ayenera kukhala osachepera 3 masamba.
  3. Kutalika kwa kudula kuyenera kukhala 5-7 cm.
  4. Mdulidwewu umapangidwa pamakona abwino mpaka tsinde.
  5. Ikani ma cuttings pazowuma kwa maola awiri kuti muume mdulidwe.
  6. Bzalani chomera mu miphika yodzaza ndi nthaka yowonjezera ndi ngalande.

Mbewu

Njira yoberekera ili ndi zizindikiro zake:

  1. Nthawi yofesa. Ndi bwino kufesa mbewu kumapeto kwa January - kumapeto kwa February, pamene kuwonjezera kwina sikufunika.
  2. Kusankhidwa kwa kubzala zakuthupi. Mbeu zathanzi ziyenera kukhala zazikulu, zandiweyani, zikhale ndi mawonekedwe oblong ndi mtundu wofiirira.
  3. Kukonzekera kwa dothi. Kukonzekera gawo lapansi la zakudya, muyenera kusakaniza zinthu zotsatirazi:

    • peat - gawo limodzi;
    • mchenga - gawo limodzi;
    • pansi - magawo awiri.

    Kwa mphindi 2-3, kuphika nthaka kusakaniza ayenera calcined mu uvuni.

  4. Kutentha. Ngati mbande zikukula pamatentha osapitirira 18 madigiri, ndiye kuti sizingafike pamwamba. Mtengo wapatali umakhalabe - osapitirira madigiri 22.

Njira yobwera:

  1. ikani mbewu pansi ndi mtunda wa masentimita asanu kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake;
  2. kuwaza iwo ndi woonda wosanjikiza wa dziko - 2 mm;
  3. Thirani mbande ndi madzi kuchokera mu botolo la kutsitsi;
  4. kuphimba chidebe ndi polyethylene;
  5. tsiku ndi tsiku filimuyi iyenera kutsegulidwa kuti izitha;
  6. patatha masiku 14 filimuyo imachotsedwa, ngati mphukira ikuwoneka;
  7. Pambuyo mapangidwe a 2-4 amachoka mbande.
Tikukulangizani kuti mudzidziwe nokha ndi zipangizo zathu zokhudzana ndi kulima, kubereka ndi kusamalira mitundu yambiri ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zinyama: Zonartic, Prince Gustav, Mildfield Rose, Patricia Andrea, Salimoni, Lady Gertrude, Bold, Clara Sun, ndi Richard Hudson.

Pelargonium Avtralian - chomera chokongola chimene chimakula pa khonde, kunja ndi kunja. Ngakhale kuti malingaliro ochititsa chidwi, duwa ndi losavuta kukula, lomwe ngakhale wokongola wamaluwa akhoza.