Mmene mungagwirire ndi tizirombo ndi matenda a horseradish

Mwinamwake, sipadzakhalanso masamba otere omwe mu Chirasha padzakhala mawu ochuluka kwambiri, mawu otetezeka ndi matemberero, monga horseradish Choyamba, amatsindika kukoma kwake kwakukulu ndi kowawa. Panthawiyi horseradish (lat. Armorácia) - zokhala ndi zokometsera zokometsera, zothandiza kwambiri kwa anthu, ndi zowonongeka zambiri. Choncho, nthawi zonse zimakhala zosasangalatsa pamene mbewu yokha imadwala. Pa njira zothana ndi matenda ndi tizirombo ta horseradish, tsopano tikulankhula.

Njira zoletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda

Horseradish nthawi zambiri imakula mu minda ya masamba ndi m'midzi yakumidzi, ndipo njira yoberekera ichi herbaceous osatha sivuta - horseradish ndi wodzichepetsa mwina kunthaka, kapena kusamalira, kapena kutsirira ndi feteleza. Cholinga chachikulu cha kulima kwake ndi chithandizo cha muzu.

Tsoka ilo, osati anthu okha, komanso tizilombo, omwe amafunanso kudya monga chakudya, kuposa kuwononga chomeracho, amaona kuti ndibwino. Tikupereka kuti tidziƔe tizilombo toononga kwambiri ndi njira zomwe tingawathetsere.

Babanuha

Amakonda kudya pamasamba a zamasamba, monga, mwangozi, zomera zina kuchokera ku kabichi, kabulu kakang'ono ka babana kapena kabichi (horseradish). Ndi tizilombo tating'ono ting'onoting'ono (3-4 masentimita) ndipo tizilombo tawo timadula masamba kuti nthawi zina sieve imasiyidwa masamba. Kumayambiriro kwa June, pofunafuna chakudya, mabombawa amachoka m'nyengo yozizira.

Zilombozi zimayika mazira pa mbale zowonongeka ndipo mbeu yatsopano ikuwonekera kumayambiriro kwa August, kuwononga chomera patatha milungu itatu. Pambuyo pake, tizilombo timayamba kuphunzira.

Njira zovuta. Ngati mumapeza mabowo ochulukirapo pambewu, koma simungamvetse chifukwa chake masamba a horseradish ali mumabowo, timalimbikitsa kuti muthe kuchotsa ziwalozo. Ngati chomera chachikulu chikugonjetsedwa, m'pofunika kuti muzitha kukumba nthaka, ndikutsata mankhwala ndi tizilombo. Kuchita izi, mankhwala oyenera "Fury", "Aktellik", "Karbofos", "Inta-vir" ndi ena.

Ndikofunikira! Poyambirira, zinalimbikitsidwa kuyesa kukonzekera mankhwala pa chitsamba chimodzi kokha, ndipo patsiku, ngati palibe chochitika chosayenera, zomera zonse zimasinthidwa.

Ndi kufalikira kosafunikira kwa tizirombo, kusakaniza makina kukulimbikitsidwa - kusonkhanitsa kafadala ndi mphutsi ndi dzanja ndikuwagwedeza pa zinyalala. Komanso kutsimikiziridwa bwino ndi kumanga misampha.

Monga njira yina yogwiritsira ntchito abanukha, kutentha kungapangidwe ndi kusakaniza kopuma, komwe kumaphatikizapo: 1 chikho cha phulusa la nkhuni, supuni 1 ya tsabola wouma mpiru ndi tsabola. Chithandizochi chiyenera kuchitika kasachepera katatu ndi nthawi ya masiku 4-5. Kuyambira mbewu tizilombo analimbikitsa mankhwala ndi decoctions wa yarrow, chamomile, waluso.

Mukudziwa? Kupambana kwa kukonzekera zopangidwa ndi dzanja, ndi 30-40%. Pofuna kupeza zotsatira zapamwamba, zomera zimagwidwa ndi broths ndi infusions kasachepera katatu pa masiku asanu ndi awiri. Ngati matendawa akuwonongeka, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Popeza nyongolotsi zimakhala zowonongeka pansi pa masamba osalongosoka ndi m'nthaka pafupi ndi mizu, pofuna kupewa kuthamanga kwa kabichi kapena masamba a horseradish, nthawi yophukira muyenera kuchotsa zitsamba zowuma, kukumba nthaka muzitsamba, ndikuchotsanso namsongole pakapita nthawi.

Nkhungu yambiri

Mlendo wina wosasangalatsa kwa munda wa ndiwo zamasamba kumene horseradish ikukula, kawirikawiri umakhala utitiri wa wavy. Kachilomboka kakang'ono kameneka (3 mm) kachilomboka kangabweretsere chomera chachikulu. Zitha kuzindikiridwa ndi mtundu wake wakuda ndi mikwingwirima yachikasu pamphepete mwace. Mofanana ndi ana aamuna, nthata imadya masamba, imadya kuchokera mumabowo mwa iwo. Iyamba kuyambira kwake mu mwezi woyamba wa masika. Zinyama zimayika mazira pa nthaka, zimachititsa masamba a horseradish kuti aume ndi zomera kuti zife.

Njira zovuta. Kuti musalole utsi wa jekeseni wanu m'munda wanu, kumapeto kwa vuli muyenera kuchotsa masamba owuma ndikuwongolera mosamala nthaka. Zimalimbikitsanso nthawi ndi nthawi kumasulidwa kwa nthaka pansi pa kukula kwake. Popeza kuti asanakhalepo masamba a zomera zowonongeka, tizilombo timadyetsa namsongole, tiyenera kuwataya nthawi yake.

Ngati nthitizi zinkakhalabe kudera lanu, ndiye kuti mukugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa "Foksim" ndi "Aktellik". Kupopera mbewu kumaphatikiza katatu: panthawi yomwe ziphuphu zimayamba, kumayambiriro kwa kusankhidwa kwa masamba ndi pambuyo maluwa. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophera tizilombo - mu nkhani iyi, muyenera kusankha mankhwala omwe ali ndi fodya.

Komanso, njira yowona ingakhale yogwiritsira ntchito misampha yolimba (yopangidwa ndi glue, uchi, mafuta, etc.) amagwiritsidwa ntchito ku masamba a chomera kapena mapepala kuti aphimbe horseradish.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene mukupopera mankhwala ndi koyenera kutsatira ndondomeko za chitetezo. Kukonza kumachitika nyengo yamtendere, manja ayenera kutetezedwa ndi magolovesi, maso - magalasi, mphuno ndi pakamwa - chigoba.

Kuchokera ku mankhwala amtunduwu mukhoza kuyesa phulusa losakanizika la phulusa, mpiru ndi tsabola wofiira (okonzekera ngati kumenyana ndi abanukha). Ambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito popopera mankhwala a viniga (1 chikho cha viniga 9% mu chidebe cha madzi), adyo-phwetekere kulowetsedwa (ndi 1 chikho cha adyo akanadulidwa pamwamba pa phwetekere kuti asungunuke mu 10 malita a madzi ofunda, kuwonjezera sopo yachapa), decoction ya tansy.

Katchi Mace

Horseradish mphutsi ndi adani a njenjete - kabichi njenjete. Agulugufe kawowo ndi kakang'ono ndipo ali ndi mapiko a masentimita atatu. Iwo ali ndi bulauni thupi ndi mikwingwirima yamdima pamapiko apambali. Nyama yozizira m'nyengo, ndipo imabwera pamwamba pa June, kenako agulugufe amawonekera. Akazi amaika mazira pamunsi mwa tsamba. Pambuyo pa masiku khumi pali mbewu yowonongeka, yomwe imadula masamba a horseradish kwa mwezi umodzi. Ndiye izo zimapita mu nthaka kwa maphunziro ndi wintering.

Njira zovuta. Zizindikiro zotsutsana ndi tizirombo toyambitsa matendawa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana ndi zigawenga za majeremusi omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa. Horseradish ayenera kubzalidwa mwamsanga - kusanatulukidwe kwa agulugufe. Kwa matenda akuluakulu, anti-parasitic tizilombo mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kabichi bug

Chizindikiro chimene your horseradish amakhudzidwa ndi kabichi kachilombo adzakhala chikasu masamba, kumene mabala kufa adzawonekera kenaka. Bulu wamkulu ali ndi thupi lofiira lofiira ndi mawanga wakuda 8-10 masentimita yaitali. Azimayi amaika mazira pamunsi mwa pansi pa tsamba la masamba. Kukula kwa mphutsi kumachitika mwezi woyamba wa chilimwe, ndi kuyamba kwa masiku oyambirira otentha. Mphutsi ndi akulu amamwa madzi kuchokera masamba ndi mphukira. Kuwombera kumapeto kwa zotsalira zokolola.

Njira zovuta. Kuti muthe kulimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, nkofunika kuti tipeze njira zowonongolera poyambirira kufesa, nthawi ndikukumba, kuwonongeka kwa namsongole ndi zotsalira zamasamba mutatha kukolola.

Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osungunula (makamaka mankhwala a masamba ndi sopo madzi: 300 g sopo amatsitsidwa mu chidebe cha madzi) kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala owuma ndi phulusa losakanizidwa ndi mchenga ndi naphthalene, kapena fodya wothira mchenga ndi nthaka. Kupopera mankhwala ndi chamomile, ma tepi a anyezi amathandiza kwambiri.

Ngati kuwonongeka kwakukulu ndi kachilombo (awiri kapena kuposa anthu pa chitsamba), tizilombo "Actellic", "Phosbecid", "Belofos", ndi zina zotere zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Kudya zomera zothandizidwa ndi mankhwala sizingakhalepo kale kuposa masiku 30 mutapopera mankhwala.

Njira zolimbana ndi matenda oopsa

Kuwonjezera pa tizirombo, horseradish imakhudza matenda angapo. Zowopsya kwambiri mwazo ndi zowonongeka ndi dzimbiri loyera.

Ascohitoz horseradish

Zizindikiro zazikulu za horseradish ascochitis ndi mabala akuluakulu achikasu pamasamba. Malo okhudzidwawa amawoneka a mycelium, kumene bowa ndi nyengo yowonongeka ya causative. M'tsogolomu, mapepala amauma ndi kutha. Bowa la tizilombo limakula kukula mu malo ozizira, ndipo amatha kukhalabe muzakolola, nthaka, mbewu kwa nthawi yaitali.

Njira zovuta. Pofuna kupewa njira zowonongeka ndi kuphatikizapo kusamalidwa kwa mbewu, kukolola masika ndi kulima munda wa ndiwo zamasamba. Pofuna kuchiza matendawa, masamba okhudzidwa amachotsedwa, mankhwala ndi 1% Bordeaux fluid kapena m'malo mwake amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Onani kuti ndi bwino kupopera kawiri, pakapita masabata awiri.

Vuto loyera

Kuvunda koyera ndi matenda opatsirana opatsirana omwe amakhudza masamba a horseradish ndi mizu (iwo ali ndi white mycelium ndi black sclerotia). Pamaso pa matenda, chomeracho chimangoyamba ndipo chimamwalira. Mbewu ya bowa imayambira makamaka nthawi zamvula, m'dothiadish kapena pamwamba pa nthaka yopangidwa ndi nayitrogeni.

Njira zovuta. Kupewa matendawa kumaphatikizapo kuchotseratu zifukwa zabwino zowonjezera bowa, ndiko kuti, muyenera kutero:

  • onetsetsani kuti dothi lomwe lili pansi pano silinapambane;
  • chomera cha horseradish chiri pamtunda wa 30-50 masentimita kuchokera kwa mzake; Mzere wa mzere uyenera kukhala wokwana 60-70 cm;
  • kudyetsa chomera ndi feteleza feteleza;
  • nthawi yochotsa namsongole;
  • nthaka yakuda;
  • Gulani mbewu zokha m'masitolo apadera owonetseredwa.
Pakakhala zilonda zam'mimba zowola, ndibwino kuti ziwononge ziwalo za matenda ndi kuzigwiritsira ndi fungicides zamkuwa.

Mukudziwa? Ngati phokoso lakuda m'munda wanu lagwedezeka ndi zovunda zoyera, ndiye kuti mubzalidwe pamalo omwewo pambuyo pa zaka 3-4.

Belle

Mukawona kuti masamba, zimayambira, ma pedicels, mayesero a mbeu yanu ali ndi maluwa, ofanana ndi utoto woyera wa mafuta, zikutanthawuza kuti horseradish yanu inagwidwa ndi belle. Pamene matendawa akupita, ziwalo za zomera zimasanduka bulauni ndikufa. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timatengedwa ndi zotsalira zokolola.

Njira zovuta. Akavulazidwa kwambiri, amatha kupopera mankhwala opangira mkuwa.

Verticillary wilting

Ndi mavitaminiwa, tizilombo ta tizilombo timalowa m'matumbo a horseradish. Choyamba, masamba apansi amafota, kenako pang'onopang'ono mbewu yonse. Spores ya bowa overwinter mu nthaka, ndipo akhoza kupitiriza kumeneko kwa zaka zingapo.

Njira zovuta. Ngati mukuganiza kuti matendawa, muyenera kuyang'ana mabedi masiku khumi, ndikuchotsani zomera zakupha pamodzi ndi zosanjikiza za nthaka pansi pawo. Pambuyo kuthirira, kumasula nthaka mozama, komanso kuwononga mosamala zitsamba za zomera mutatha kukolola ndikumba kwambiri nthaka.

Downy mildew

Downy mildew kapena horseradish perinosporosis imayambitsa masamba. Choyamba, iwo ali ndi mawanga obiriwira kapena achikasu, ndipo kumbuyo kwa pepala la pepala amapanga chovala choyera kapena choyera. Ndiye mawangawo akuphatikizana palimodzi, masamba amawoneka ofiira ndipo amafa. Chomera chimakhala chofooka ndipo chimapereka yaing'ono mizu masamba.

Njira zovuta. Popeza njira yayikulu yothandizira zomera ndi matendawa ndi nkhumba zomwe zimakhudzidwa, ziyenera kuwonongedwa musanadzalemo. Pazizindikiro zoyamba za matendawa, zomera za matenda ziyenera kuchotsedwa, ndipo ngati matendawa akufalikira, kupopera mankhwala opaka mkuwa kumalimbikitsa.

Kuchepetsa kwambiri chiopsezo cha matenda ndi kuwonongeka kwa tizirombo kungakhale, kusamalira munda wawo ndi zomera, kuwapangitsa kukhala olimba ndi osagonjetsa. Njira zothandizira zidzakhala:

  • kusintha kwa mbewu ndi kusintha kwa zipatso;
  • Kupalira bwino ndi kusamalira udzu;
  • kuthirira madzi ozizira ndi kuwonjezera kwa mbewu zowononga tizilombo;
  • feteleza;
  • kukolola kwa kugwa kwa zotsalira za mbewu;
  • kukumba nthaka.

Zonsezi zidzathandizanso kupewa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala.