Ngati mtundu wa mizu ya orchid yakhala yoyera, yobiriwira kapena yofiirira: chifukwa chiyani izi zikuchitika ndi choti achite?

Mizu ya orchid imasiyana kwambiri ndi zomera zina zamkati.

Ndipotu, mbali ya mizu ili pansi, ndi zina zonse m'nthaka. Choncho, pali mafunso ambiri okhudza izi.

Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa momwe amawonekera mu chilengedwe chawo, ndi momwe angazindikire mizu ya matenda.

Kodi ndi mtundu wanji wa mizu yathanzi?

Muzu ndi chiwalo chodyera chomwe chimayambitsa njira zofunika. Mothandizidwa ndi mizu, maluwa am'maluwa amaikidwa pa gawo lapansi, potero amakhalabe malo owonekera.

Mizu imatenga chinyezi ndi micronutrients zomwe zimapezeka m'nthaka. Komanso, mizu pamodzi ndi masamba ikuphatikizidwe ndi mapuloteni.

Kusintha kwa mthunzi wa pansi pa nthaka kapena mizu ya mpweya ndi chizindikiro choti muyenera kumvetsera maluwa. Mitundu yambiri ya mizu yathanzi imakhala yobiriwira kapena yofiira. Pothira madzi, mtundu umakhala wodzaza, mthunzi wakuda. Osati mtundu wabwino - wakuda bulauni, wotumbululuka chikasu ndi pachimake choyera.

Mwachikhalidwe, mtundu wa belamen ndi woyera kwambiri. Choncho, zikuganiziridwa kuti mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mizu imatha kusiyana ndi zobiriwira ndi siliva.

Komabe mtundu wa mizu ya orchid ingakhale yosiyana malinga ndi:

  1. mitundu;
  2. gawo lapansi limene limakula;
  3. ntchito yamchere feteleza;
  4. kuunikira.

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti kudziwa kuti mizu ya mtundu ndi yolakwika bwanji. Ndikofunika kufufuza chikhalidwe chawo. Mizu yathanzi yotanuka, yosalala, wandiweyani. Ngati cholembera chala chadothi chimakhala chopanikizika pazitsamba, zimatanthauza kuti zowola kapena zowola.

Pogwiritsa ntchito mtundu wa mizu, n'zotheka kudziwa chomwe chomera chimakhudza.

Timapereka kuti tiwone kanema yowonera za mtundu wa mizu:

Nchifukwa chiyani chikusintha?

Pali zifukwa zambiri zomwe zimakhudza mtundu kusintha kwa mizu:

  • choyimira cha substrate chosayenera;
  • madzi pang'ono;
  • kupweteka kwamakono ku mizu;
  • nyengo ya kutentha ndi chinyezi mu chipinda;
  • kusowa kwauni;
  • ukalamba;
  • matenda opatsirana;
  • kukula kosavuta;
  • kugwiritsa ntchito madzi osauka abwino kuti ulimi wothirira.

Ndondomeko ya sitepe ndi sitepe: choyenera kuchita ngati mtundu wasintha?

Pa zobiriwira

Chigoba chakunja cha muzu, belamen, chimakhala chobiriwira pamene chimanyowa, ndipo pamene chimalira, chimakhala silvery imvi. Mtundu wobiriwira wa mizu umasonyeza maluwa abwino.. Ndi zophweka kukhazikitsa siteji ya kukula ndi mtundu wa mizu - mizu yaing'ono ili ndi kuwala kobiriwira, pamene mizu yakale imakhala ndi mthunzi wofooka, wosadziwika.

Chenjerani! Kuwoneka kwa mizu yobiriwira yobiriwira iyenera kuyendetsedwa. Ngati sichiwoneka kwa miyezi ingapo pamzere, nkofunika kubwezeretsanso kayendedwe ka ulimi wothirira.

Yoyera

Kusintha kwa mtundu koteroko kumagwirizana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito madzi a pompopu, madzi osatsukidwa monga ulimi wothirira. Madzi ovuta ali ndi salt wambiri.omwe amatha kuwonjezeka m'nthaka, potero amasintha mawonekedwe ake ndi kutseka kutuluka kwa mpweya ku mizu. Zotsatira zake, mukhoza kuona kuwala kofiira pamwamba pa gawo ndi rhizome.

Ndondomeko yotengedwa:

  1. Chotsani maluwa mosamala kuchoka mu mphika ndikuchotsa nthaka yonse;
  2. yambani mizu pansi pa madzi otentha;
  3. kuchepetsa malo owonongeka a mizu;
  4. Thirani mu orchid mu gawo latsopano;
  5. Gwiritsani ntchito madzi oyeretsa okha;
  6. Sinthani nthaka zaka zitatu, osachepera.

Olima amodzi akulangizidwa kuti asonkhanitse thawed kapena madzi amvula, ndi kusakaniza chomera nacho.

Thandizo! Pofuna kuti madziwo akhale otsetsereka, onjezerani madontho pang'ono a madzi a mandimu.

Pa bulauni

Ndikofunika kuyang'anitsitsa mizu ya epiphytes.. Ngati maluwawo abzalidwa m'phika loonekera, likhale losavuta. Zimakhala zovuta kwambiri ngati orchid imakula mu ceramic, dothi ladongo, yopanda kuwala pang'ono. Pankhaniyi, mtundu wa mizu ungasinthe.

Taganizirani, vuto ndi chiyani, ngati mizu ya orchid yokhala yokhala ndi bulauni. Mtundu womwewo pazitsamba zimayambira chifukwa chodzala kwambiri mu gawo lapansi. Mizu, yopanda kuwala kwachirengedwe, silingathe kuchita nawo mbali yopanga photosynthesis, ndipo chifukwa chake, chlorophyll siimapangidwa, yomwe imayambitsa mtundu wobiriwira.

Ndondomeko yotengedwa:

  1. chotsani maluwa ku mphika wakale;
  2. gwiritsani ntchito gawo la pansi pa chomeracho mumtsuko ndi madzi ofunda, pita kwa maola awiri;
  3. Pukutani pang'ono mizu ndi pepala la pepala;
  4. ngati pali malo owonongeka - kuchotsa;
  5. akuwombera orchid mu mphika wa pulasitiki wowonekera;
  6. Ikani malo abwino.

Chifukwa china chomwe mizu imasanduka bulauni ndivunda. Chimachitika pamalo omwe ali ndi chinyezi, kutanthauza kuti, ndi madzi okwanira nthawi zambiri. Matenda akulu ovunda: imvi, bulauni ndi zowola mizu. Ndi matenda oterewa amapezeka nthawi zambiri: mabala a bulauni pamzu, maluwa, mawanga ofiira pa masamba.

Ndondomeko yotengedwa:

  1. ikani chomera chotsitsa;
  2. Chotsani malo owonongeka a mizu ndi chida chowongolera;
  3. Kukonzekera nthaka ndi chomera ndi njira ya 0.2% yokonzekera "Readzole" kapena "Topsina";
  4. Ndizofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito njira yophatikiza mphika mu mankhwala osakaniza, ngati akufotokozedwa mu ndondomeko za kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala;
  5. Bwerezani ndondomekoyi katatu ndi masiku 10-14;
  6. kawirikawiri zigawo za microclimate mu chipinda;
  7. Sinthani dongosolo la ulimi wothirira.

Timapereka kuti tiwone kanema yowona za njira yopulumutsira ma orchid ndi mizu yakuda:

Bwanji ngati chomera chikufota, koma mizu ikudali yobiriwira?

Zowonjezera, pamene masamba auma, ndipo mizu ikadali yobiriwira, ikhoza kukhala chiwerengero chachikulu, kuyambira ku banal hypothermia mpaka ku matenda aakulu a fungus.

  • Mphepo yozizira yomwe imalowa mmera.

    Inde, hypothermia amachititsa kuti masamba asagwe, kutayika kwa masamba a turgor, koma mizu idzakhala yosasunthika. Mwamwayi, maluwa ndi masamba omwe akukhudzidwa sakhala ochiritsidwa. Mafuta opanda moyo ayenera kuchotsedwa, kenako amasunthira chophika chomera ku chipinda chotentha ndi kuthirira. M'tsogolomu, pewani ma drafts. Ndi kusamalira bwino pakapita kanthawi mphukira zazing'ono zikuwonekera.

  • Kuchuluka kwa chinyezi.

    Pamene chinyezi chokwanira chikuwoneka chovunda. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono orchid imawonongeka masamba ake, ndipo mizu ikhoza kukhala yathanzi. Masamba akhale ofewa ndi osowa. Zikatero, ziyenera kukhala:

    1. Pezani orchid kuchokera ku mphika;
    2. yeretsani mizu ya nthaka zotsalira ndikuzitsuka ndi madzi ofunda;
    3. Chotsani mawanga akuluakulu, kudulidwa kwachitsulo chophwanyika;
    4. kusiya maluwa kuti uume usiku wonse;
    5. kuika zosowa mu gawo latsopano, ndi kukhalapo koyenera kwa wosanjikiza;
    6. onetsetsani dongosolo la ulimi wothirira.
  • Ndi fusarium wilt, matenda opatsirana amakula mofulumira, amawononga masamba.

    Amayamba kutembenukira chikasu n'kugwa. Ngati siteji ya zilonda siziyenda, ndiye kuti mizu ikhoza kukhala yathanzi. Choncho, nkofunika kuti mutengepo kanthu mwamsanga:

    1. ikani maluwa mwaokha;
    2. kupanga zinthu zabwino za kukula;
    3. sungani mbali yotsala ya orchid ndi dothi pamwamba ndi njira yowonongeka.

Ngati chifukwa cha matendawa sichikhazikitsidwa, ndi bwino kusamutsa chomeracho ndi mizu yathanzi kwa wowonjezera kutentha. Sungani kutentha kumeneko + 25ºє, chinyezi 60-70%. Onetsetsani kuti mumaphatikizapo kuunikira kwakukulu ndi kuthirira madzi ndi madzi ozizira. Kukula masamba sikuthamanga, choncho lezani mtima.

Kuiwala za mavuto ndi mizu, muyenera kutsata ndondomeko zitatu: onetsetsani kayendedwe ka ulimi wothirira, kusunga nyengo yabwino ndi chinyezi, kuonetsetsa kuti chomeracho chili ndi malo owala. Malamulo ndi osavuta, koma ngati mumamatira, iwo adzabweretsa madalitso ambiri.