Chokongola kwambiri - Pelargonium tulip. Kufotokozera, mitundu, malamulo a chisamaliro ndi kubereka

Tulip pelargonium ndi mmodzi wa oyimira okongola kwambiri a banja lino.

Dzinali la maluwa linali chifukwa cha kufanana kwapadera ndi thunthu losatulutsidwa.

Kawirikawiri izi zosiyanasiyana zimasokonezeka ndi rozbudna geraniums. Koma zomera izi ndi zosiyana kwambiri.

M'nkhani ino tidzasanthula mbali zosiyanasiyana za tchili ngati pelargonium.

Malongosoledwe ka mtundu wa botanical mitundu, mbiri ndi chithunzi

Kwa nthawi yoyamba izi zosiyanasiyana za Pelargonium zinkaonekera kwa anthu ambiri mu theka lachiwiri la zaka makumi awiri ndi ziwiri - mu 1966. Chochitika ichi chinachitika ku United States, m'mayamayi Andrea. Mitundu yoyamba ija inapatsidwa dzina pofuna kulemekeza mmodzi wa mamembala a abambo Patricia Andrea. M'zaka zotsatira, banja ili la olima maluwa amabweretsa mitundu yambiri.

Ndikoyenera kunena kuti ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya pelargonium yomwe ndi yovuta kwambiri kubzala, motero panthawiyi mitundu 14 yokha ya tulip imadziwika. Ngati tikulankhula za mtengo wa maluwa, ndiye kuti sizing'onozing'ono - pafupipafupi, kudula mizu imodzi kumapanga ndalama zambiri zopangira mabakiteriya 400. Ndipo mtengo wa mitundu ina imabweretsa ma ruble 700. Monga tanenera kale, mulibe mitundu yambiri pa pelargonium iyi. Timafotokoza kwambiri - Marbaska Tulip ndi Emma Tulip.

Marbaska Tulip

Kalasiyi imasiyana ndi zokopa zapadera ndi kukonzanso. Nkhuku zimakhala zofewa, nthawi zina zimakhala zoyera. Koma pamphepete mwa maluwawo mumakhala mthunzi wakuda wa pinki, womwe umachititsa kuti maluwawa akhale obiriwira, ndipo maonekedwe ake ndi apadera.

Tidzawona bwino mu kanema zomwe Pelargonium Marbasca Tulip amawoneka ngati:

Tulip emma

Izi zosiyanasiyana zodabwitsa ndi mawonekedwe ake - ndi masamba ndi pang'ono ochepaTengani mthunzi kwinakwake pakati pa chikasu ndi beige. Ndalama zimasonkhanitsidwa mu burashi kwa zidutswa zingapo.

Kufotokozera za maonekedwe a mitundu ndi zinthu

Maluwa a mtundu wa tulip ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa yomwe imatha kukopa aliyense akudutsa. Mitengo yotere ingabzalidwe mkati ndi kunja. Onani kuti maluwa oterewa ndi ofanana kukula ndi amamera.

Mphepete pamphepete ikhoza kukhala yosavuta kapena yosalala, ndipo nthawi zina ngakhale pang'ono. Kumakhudzana ndi petry ndi terry. Mkati mwa mkati mumakhala wowala kwambiri kuposa kunja. Chodabwitsa ichi chimapatsa zomera zonse zest wapadera. Mafinya amasonkhanitsidwa nthawi zonse mu burashi kwa zidutswa zingapo - mu inflorescences pakhoza kukhala zidutswa 20 mpaka 40. Izi zimapanga mtundu wa "chipewa cha maluwa" m'dera lonse la pelargonium.

Ngati tikulankhula za mithunzi yamtambo, ndiye apa mukhoza kuyang'ana zosiyanasiyana, komabe imayang'aniridwa ndi pinki ndi burgundy mithunzi. Nthaŵi zambiri pamakhala mitsempha pambali yakunja ya pamakhala.amene mtundu wake uli wakuda kwambiri kuposa mtundu wonse wa Mphukira. Ichi ndi chinthu china cha pelargonium. Mapepala a masamba a nyumba yowuma, ngakhale okhwima, owopsya, maonekedwe ochepa pang'ono. Kutalika kwa zomera kumadalira mtundu wa mbewu. Zitha kufika pamasentimita 30 mpaka 70.

Kodi mungabzala bwanji?

Kusankha malo ndi kuunikira

Mofanana ndi ena onse oimira pelargoniums, iwo amakonda malo abwino. Komabe, timakumbukira kuti kuwala kuyenera kukhala, ndithudi, kochuluka, komabe muyenera kubisala duwa ku dzuwa lotentha. Nthawi yotentha, Pelargonium ili ndi zipangizo zosiyanasiyana. Izi zikhoza kukhala pepala pawindo ndipo, ngati ili lotseguka, ndiye mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito galasi.

Ndibwino kusamalira kuwala kozizira m'nyengo yozizira. Chomeracho chidzapulumuka nthawi yozizira bwino, ndipo chisamaliro choyenera chidzakondweretsa mlimiyo ndi maluwa ake.

Zochitika alimi amalimbikitsa kwambiri kuti azikhala akukula chomera ichi mumthunzi. Popeza pakadali pano maluwa salandira mchere wonse, ndiye kuti imakula mosavuta. Chizindikiro choyamba cha kusowa kwa kuwala ndi kotumbululuka ndi ofooka omwe amawonekera pamwamba. Ndipo chizindikiro chachiwiri sichiri masamba otsegulidwa kwathunthu.

Kusankhidwa kwa dothi

Pofuna kudzala pelargonium tulip, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito gawo lokonzekera lokonzekera, lomwe lingathe kugulitsidwa ku dipatimenti iliyonse yamaluwa. Koma mukhoza kukonzekera dothi komanso kunyumba. Pachifukwa ichi muyenera kutenga peat ndi munda. Kenaka yonjezerani kwa osakanizidwa osakanizidwa ndikuwonjezera mchenga wa mtsinje. Izi ndi zofunika kuti nthaka ikhale yowonjezereka ndi madzi.

Thandizo! Musaiwale komanso zazing'ono zosanjikiza, zomwe ziyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 3-4. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito miyala ya ceramsiti.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji?

Ngakhale zili zokongoletsa, pelargoniums ndi odzichepetsa kwambiri pa chisamaliro. Ndikwanira kuthira madzi panthawi yokha komanso kuonetsetsa kuwala kwabwino.

Kuthirira

M'nyengo yozizira, m'pofunikira kubudula nthaka nthawi zambiri kusiyana ndi nyengo yozizira. Makamaka, pelargonium imathiridwa pafupifupi 3-4 pa sabata m'chilimwe, koma m'nyengo yozizira - kamodzi kokha masiku asanu ndi awiri. Pothirira nthaka, ndi kofunika kuonetsetsa kuti madzi sadzikundikira poto. Mwamsanga mukangopeza izi, yambani kukhetsa madzi owonjezera. Kuchokera kwa chiwerengerocho kungachititse kuti kugonjetsedwa kwa mizu, komanso ku imfa yonse ya mbeu.

Kupaka pamwamba

Pelargonium kawirikawiri imakhala ndi feteleza panthawi ya kukula ndi chitukuko, imachitika kumayambiriro kwa masika mpaka m'mawa. Pa dormancy chomeracho sichifunikira kudyetsa kwina. Ndikofunika kusankha makonzedwe okonzeka kupanga feteleza, ndizofunikira kuti zikhale zamadzimadzi - zidzakhala zosavuta kuzibweretsa m'nthaka. Perekani zokonda zovuta zoterezi zomwe nitrojeni idzazisunga pamlingo wosachepera. Apo ayi, sipadzakhalanso maluwa, kapena sipadzapezeka.

Kudulira

Pelargonium tulip imafuna kudulira nthawi zonse ndi kusinthanitsa mphukira zatsopano. Izi ndizofunikira kuti apange chitsamba chofewa. Kuwonjezera apo, kudulira kuli ndi ubwino wotsatira:

  • mphukira zowonjezera zimachotsedwa;
  • mawonekedwe a inflorescences mofulumira komanso mochuluka.

Chotsatira cha pinching ndi mawonekedwe abwino a chitsamba. ndi kufalikira kwa maluwa. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti musaiwale kuchotsa maluwawo, chifukwa amachotsa zakudya zonse kuchokera ku chomera chonse ndipo samalola masamba atsopano kupanga.

Mbalameyo atangozindikira kuti masambawa amakhala otseguka ndipo nthawi yomweyo amatha kutaya mawonekedwe a tulip, zoterezi zimachotsedwa, kotero kuti masamba omwe satsatira "sakhala ndi kachilombo kofanana." Pambuyo potulutsa "inflorescences" yolakwika, mphukira zatsopano zidzakula ndi mitundu yoyenera. Kawirikawiri, izi zikusonyeza kuti posankha mitundu ya zamoyo sizakhazikika bwino mu zomera za zomera.

Chipinda

Ziyenera kukhala mpweya wokwanira, chifukwa mpweya wambiri ukhoza kuyambitsa chitukuko cha matenda ndi tizilombo toononga pa pelargonium tulip. Komabe, ndikofunika kuonetsetsa kuti kuwomba sikusandulika kukhala zojambula zoipa.

Ngati chomera chikukula panja, ndiye kuti pamphepo zamphamvu zimalimbikitsidwa kubisala maluwa kuchokera pazojambulazo ndi chinachake.

Nthawi zina zimachitika kuti pelargonium tulip imatayika mbali zake ndikukhala woimira banja lake. Pofuna kupewa izi, muyenera kutsatira malamulo otsatirawa:

  1. panthawi yake chotsani masamba owuma;
  2. nthawi zonse muzitsuka mphukira;
  3. kuchotsani ma inflorescences omwe ali ndi makhalidwe olakwika;
  4. malire chomera kuchokera ku zitsulo ndi kutentha kwa dzuwa.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mofanana ndi zomera zina zomwe zimalimidwa, pelargonium tulip imatha kuwonongeka ndi tizirombo ndi matenda. Ganizirani momwe mungazindikire matenda ndikuwathandiza. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa pa pelargonium ndi whitefly ndi kangaude. Ngati tikulankhula za matenda ofala kwambiri, ndi dzimbiri ndi kuvunda (tsamba ndi mizu). Dziwitseni kumayambiriro kwa chitukuko kungakhale pazifukwa zotsatirazi:

  • woyera ndi dzimbiri pigmentation;
  • tuluka pachimake cha masamba;
  • Kufiira kwa masamba a masamba ndi mphukira.

Zonsezi zimathandizidwa ndi chithandizo cha mankhwala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Ndikofunika kuti muwapeze m'sitolo yapadera, ndiyeno mosamalitsa kutsatira malangizo oti mugwiritse ntchito, osapitirira mlingo. Ntchito imodzi sidzakwanira. Zidzakhala zofunikira kupanga duwa kangapo, kusunga nthawi ya masiku 7-10.

Njira zoberekera

Kunyumba, n'zotheka kufalitsa Pelargonium tulipu ngati mawonekedwe. Mbeuyi ili m'dera lovuta kwambiri lofikirapo, sizingatheke kuti wolima maluwa amodzi adzatha kuchotsa mbewu - wokhala ndi zodziŵa zambiri akhoza kuchita izi. Pakuti kuswana cuttings amafunika:

  1. Tengani mphukira ya mphukira yaing'ono, yomwe muli masamba angapo.
  2. Kenaka phesi imayikidwa m'madzi kuti ikhale ndi mizu. Pakuti izi zikwanira kwa masiku angapo. Komanso, kukula kwa mizu imeneyi kumatheka popanda mitundu yonse ya zokopa.
  3. Pambuyo pake, phesi imabzalidwa m'mbiya yaing'ono, yomwe imayenera kukhala ndi dothi lofanana ndi la munthu wamkulu. Tawonani kuti kupulumuka kwa pelargonium yooneka ngati tupi ndibwino kwambiri.
Ngati mukufuna chidwi ndi zina za pelargonium, werengani za Klara San, Zonartic, Yellow, Bold, Norland, Grandiflora, Denise, Pink, Salimoni, Anita.

M'nkhani ino tinakuwonetsani ku mbewu ngati pelargonium tulip. Khalani omasuka kubwezeretsanso chomera chanu chomera ndi chomera ichi, chifukwa chakuti mumakhala osamala kwambiri, koma panthawi imodzimodziyo ali ndi makhalidwe apamwamba.